US 290688 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
. (No Model.)
W. J JOHNSON.
No. 290,688. Patented Dec. 25,1883.
fiventor Ilmrnn STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM JAMES JOHNSON, OF COLUMBUS, MISSISSIPPI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 290,688, dated December 25, 1883.
Application filed April 19, 1883. (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM J. J OHNSON, a citizen of theUnited States, residing at Columbus, in the county of Lowndes'and State of Mississippi, have invented a new and useful Ornamental Chain, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to ornamental chains such as watch-chains, neck-chains, and thelike; and its object is to provide a chain possessing superior advantages in point of simplicity, inexpensiveness, durability, and general efficiency.
In the drawings, Figure l is a side View of a portion. of a watch-chain embodying my i1nprovements. Fig. 2 is a detail perspective view of one of the links of which the chain is composed. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal detail sectional view of one of the links of the chain. Fig. 4 is a transverse detail sectional view of one of the links.
Referring to the drawings, A designates the links of the chain, each of which is formed of a single piece of wire, as shown. The main portion or body of the link is formed by a coiled section, B, of the wire, and from the two ends of this coiled portion the wire is given a sharp bend, as at C, from whence it is carried down against the outside of the coil B, as shown at D, to the other end of the same, when it is bent around the edge of the coiled section B, as shown at E, and is carried through the coil to the end from which it started, as shown at F, and is formed into an eye, G. By reason of the ends of the wire at the ends of the coil being thus carried along the outside of the coil to the opposite end and then brought through the coil to the end from whence it started, the said coil, which forms the body of the link, is prevented from being stretched or displaced by the said encircling strands, and the eyes of the said strands, which are designated by the letter G, prevent the strands from slipping back into the coil.
In constructing the chain the links are connected together by eyes or loops H, that are preferably formed of coiled wire and are engaged in the eyes G at the ends of the links.
The arrangement and advantages of my invention are obvious. It is very simple and can be manufactured at a comparatively minimum expense. At the same time it will present a very attractive and pleasing appearance. V
I claim as my invention-- 1. As a new article of manufacture, an ornamental chain composed of links formed of a single piece of wire and having a coiled body portion, from the ends of which the wire is carried along the outside of the coil to the opposite end and is then passed through the said coil to the end from which it started, the links being secured together by these ends projecting from the coil, as set forth.
2. As a new article of manufacture, an ornamental chain composed of links formed of a single piece of wire bent in the form of a coil and connectedtogether by the ends of the wire projecting from this said coil, as set forth.
3. As a new article of manufacture, an ornamental-chain link formed of a single piece of wire bent in the form of a coil and having its ends (one or both) bent around and encircling the said coil longitudinally, as set forth.
4. As a new article of manufacture, a link for ornamental chains formed of a single piece of wire bent in the form of a coil and having its ends carried along the outside of the coil to the opposite end and then passed through the said coil to the end from whence it started, an eye being formed at the end of the wire projecting from the coil. as set forth.
5. The combination of the links formed of a single piece of wire and comprising a coiled body portion, from the ends of which the wire is carried along their outside and then passed through the said coil to the end from whence it started and formed into an eye at this end, and the connecting rings or loops engaged in the said eyes, as set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM JAMES JOHNSON.
WM. 0. MEEK, J. B. BELL.