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Publication numberUS2907260 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 6, 1959
Filing dateNov 4, 1957
Priority dateNov 4, 1957
Publication numberUS 2907260 A, US 2907260A, US-A-2907260, US2907260 A, US2907260A
InventorsCharles Davies
Original AssigneeCharles Davies
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air diffuser
US 2907260 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. DAVIES AIR DIFFUSER Oct. 6, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed NOV. 4, 1957 C. DAVIES AIR DIFFUSER Oct. 6, 1959 2 Shee ts-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 4, 1957 INVENTOR: 6 Zes BY a Ila EA ORN Unite S ates Pate 03 AIR DIFFUSER I Charles Davies, New Rochelle, N .Y. Application November 4, 1957, Serial N 0. 694,459 '5 Claims. (CI. 98-40) This invention'relates generally to the art of moving air, as in air conditioning systems, and has particular reference'to diffusers for employmentat air duct outlets, and to air flow control means or dampers for use in connection with the difiusers.

It is one object of the invention to provide an improved difiuser' which will have oblique air passages so disposed and arranged that direct air blast through the outlet will be prevented, and the delivered air diffused or diverted into crosswise flowing streams. In this way drafts can be avoided, and the noise level materially reduced.

7 It is an object of the invention to provide a diffuser which is particularly adaptable for elongated or so-called strip outlets.

A further objective is to provide a diffuser construction which is structurally simple, composed of relatively inexpensive readily manufacturable elements, economical to fabricate and assemble, easy to install, and efiicient in use. l A characterizing feature of the improved diffuser resides in the formation of a grill by an assembled stack of relatively narrow corrugated strips with intervening flat planar partition strips or separators, and with oblique air passages alternately arranged in a manner to secure diffusion and turbulence in the delivered air flow. More particularly, each corrugated strip and the partitions alongside of it define a layer of adjacent parallel airpassages, and the corrugations in each strip are not only at an oblique angle across the strip but arranged crosswise with res'pectfto the angularity of the corrugations in each adjacent strip. Thus the air is delivered in successive layers flowing crosswise with respect to -one another.

"In accordance with this invention the corrugations in each strip, are of regular essentially sinuous character whereby the air passages in each layer are substantially uniform in cross-sectional area. Also, the strips are so oriented that at the exposed face of the difiuser the crests of thecorrugations in each strip are aligned with the adjacent crests and thus form a symmetrical pattern of nested substantially triangular outlet openings.

It is another object of the invention to provide a simplified damper construction and control therefor, which i can be employed in conjunction with a difluser'grill of the ch aracter' abovementionedor with other types of grills,"a nd which'will operate smoothly and effectively to regulate theair flow. e To attain these and other'objects and advantages I have devised the arrangementof parts shown in the accompanying drawings wherein an illustrative embodiment of the'iinventi'on is disclosed. In the jdrawingsgFigureQlis a front elevational .viewf of a diffuser construct'ed'in' accordance with the invention;

Figure 2 is a sectional view, taken substantially on the line 2-2 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a view of a part of one of the stripsernployed in the diffuser grill;

Figure 4 is a top plan view of the strip of Figure 3;

2,907,260 -Paitented Oct.-.6,-19 59 2 7 Figure 5 is a plan view ofa part of a second type of strip; r W Figure 6 is a front elevational view of the strip shown in Figure 5;

Figure 7 is a top plan View, on a reduced scale, of the structure shown in Figure 1; V

Figure 8 is a plan view of the damper mechanism;

Figure 9 is a transverse sectional view through the same;

Figure 10 is an end elevational view, on an enlarged scale, of the toggle mechanism for the damper; and

Figure 11 is a fragmentary perspective view showing one end of the device. l V T In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, I have chosen to show a diffuser of the straight-line or strip type wherein the grill is of relatively narrow, elongated form. It is intended for use at the outlet of an'air duct. The structure illustrated includes a housing provided with a top wall 1, and 'a similar lower wall 2, each of these walls being. in the form of a relatively thin metal plate (see Figure 2). The walls 1 and 2 may be held in spaced relation by means of rear braces 3 although obviously other mechanical expedients may be resorted to. The housing is provided at the front with spaced face plates 5 and 7 to which the offset flanges 4 and 6, respectively, of the Walls 1 and 2, are attached. Each. of the face plates 5 and 7 is provided at the rear with gasket material 8, such as soft rubber. Screws 9 and 10 extending through the face plates 5 and 7 and through the flanges 4 and 6, secure the device Within the wall opening at the outlet of an air duct. The supply ductwith which the difiuser is to -be used is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the diffuser and coextensive in length. The top and bottom walls of such a duct are indicated at 37 and 38in Figure 2. They engage snugly with the corresponding walls 1 and 2 of the diffuser housing.

The face plateS is provided with an integral, rearwardly-extending flange 11, and a similar flange 12 is provided on the face plate 7. These two flanges 11 and 12 are maintained in spaced relationship by braces 13.

The diffuser grill is located and held between the flangesll and 12 by a series of pins 35. It is composed of a:stack ofundulated or corrugated strips 16 and 17 arranged in alternating relation between which there are flat uncorrugated spacer strips or planar partitions 14 and 15. The pins 35 extend through this stack at spaced intervals and hold the superposed layers together. The ends of the pins extend through the flanges 1 1 and 12 and are turned downas shown. 1

The strips 16 and 17 may be produced by passing flat strip metal stock of relatively narrow Width, such as of an inch or so, between corrugating rollers. The corrugationsare formed in the strip at an oblique angle which has been illustratively shown as a 45 angle. The corrugations 18in the strip 16 extend angularly in one direction, while the corrugations 19 in the strip 17 extend angularly in an opposite or crosswise direction.

In the assembly of the grill the strips 17, and 16 are alternated so that the superimposed strips form successive layers of air passages extending angularly in diiferent directions. Each strip, along with the planar partitions alongside of it, defines a layer of air passages arranged side by side. One layer directs air in one direction, the adjacent layer in acrosswise direction, and so on. .Thus, in the upper mp1s as shown in Figure 1, the air flow be tween the corrugatidnswillbeangularly toward the right, while in the case'of the .strip 17 located below the upper strip 16, the air flow will be 'an'gularly toward the left. This disposition of the strips 16 and 17 is continued down through the grill, the strips 16 and 17 alternating and being spaced apart by the flat, uncorrugated spacing strips or partition members 14 and 15.

It will also be noted that in the arrangement of the corrugated strips, they are so oriented that at the front of the grill the apices or crests of the corrugations meet. The corrugations are uniformly made and this produces a symmetrical pattern of outlet openings, as shown in Figure 1. The arrangement is such that the blowing of the air alternately to the left and right, by the successive layers, results in turbulence to break down the direct air blast effect which is sought to be avoided.

The device may be as long as may be desired, and may be finished off at the end in any desired manner. For example, as shown in Figure 11, a face plate 35 may be provided which joins the spaced plates 5 and 7, and an end wall 36 may be provided to connect the top and lower walls 1 and 2.

For controlling the air flow through the diffuser, an improved damper mechanism is provided, as best disclosed in Figures '2 and 8 to 10-inclusive. It will be noted that one of the separator or partition plates (e.g., is'extended rearwardly. Connected to its rear end, by means of the hinge 22, is a pair of wings or damper elements and 21. The pivotal connection 22 between these wings is such that the wings may be moved toward each other to open the damper, as shown in Figure 2, or separated to any desired extent to close oif the back of the grill. A partly open position of the damper is shown, for example, in Figure 9.

The wing or damper element 20 is provided on one of its faces with straps 26 through which a rod 24 extends, this rod projecting through a leg 27 of a toggle. Similarly, the wing or damper element21 is provided with straps 25 through which a rod 23 extends, this rod 23 passing through the leg 29 of the toggle. The toggle legs 27 and 29 are pivotally mounted on the pivot pin 28 and spring-biased toward open or spread position by means of the torsion spring 36 (Figure 10) extending about the pivot pin 28. Pivot pin 28 carries a nut 30 (Figure 10) which threadably engages an adjusting screw 31. This screw is rotatively mounted in bracket 32 carried by the plate 15. One end of the adjusting screw 31 is secured to a flexible shaft 33, and this shaft is provided at its free end with a slotted head or terminal 34 adapted for engagement by the blade of a screw driver or other tool. Thus the flexible shaft 33 may be manually rotated whereby the adjusting screw 31 operates the toggle and causes the wings 20 and 21 to be either spread apart or moved toward one another. The flexible shaft 33 is extended forwardly and angularly through one of the cells of the grill and is thus accessible at the front of the housing.

By the simple use of a screw driver or other tool the flexible shaft can be easily turned in the direction required to position the damper wings in the desired relation to control the air flow through the grill.

In this way, notwithstanding the fact that the damper is behind the grill, the air flow may be readily regulated from the front, without requiring any dismounting of the diffuser housing and by a regulator which is inconspicuous and which does not mar the appearance of the installation.

From the foregoing, the operation of the structure will be apparent. The alternating oblique air passages or cells in the grill tend to divert the air streams in two different directions and create a desirable turbulence; and by the use of the damper behind the grill, quantitative control of the air flow may be readily achieved. By the arrangement disclosed the corrugated strips may be made relatively narrow thus avoiding undue frictional resistance to the air flow between them. The corrugated strips are made by simple corrugating methods and may thus be readily and economically produced. 7

Although I have described only a single embodiment of the invention, it is obvious that the invention is not to be restricted thereto, but is broad enough to cover all structures coming within the scope of the claims appended hereto.

What I claim is:

1. An air difiuser for attachment to the outlet of an air duct, comprising a stack of relatively narrow corrugated strips arranged one above the other and having planar partitions between them, means for holding said strips together, and means for supporting said stack at said air duct outlet, each corrugated strip and the partitions alongside of it defining a layer of adjacent parallel air passages of appreciable lengths, the corrugations in each strip extending at an oblique angle across the strip and at a crosswise angularity with respect to the angularity of the corrugations in each adjacent strip, whereby the air is delivered by said diffuser in successive layers flowing crosswise with respect to one another.

'2. An air diffuser as set forth in claim 1, the corrugations in each strip being'of regular essentially sinuous character so that the air passages in each layer are of substantially uniform cross-sectional area.

3. An air diffuser as setforth in claim .2,- the strips being so oriented that at the exposed face of the diffuser the convex portions of the corrugations in each strip are aligned withthe adjacent convex portions of each adjacent strip, thereby forming a symmetrical pattern of nested substantially triangular outlet openings.

4. In an air diffuser installation, an air duct, and an air outlet housing provided with a diffuser grill including a plurality of flat, straight, narrow separator strips arranged in spaced parallel relation, and corrugated strips located between the separator strips, said corrugated strips having the convex portions of their corrugations contacting the separator strips, each corrugated strip being crimped along parallel oblique lines, said corrugated strips and separator strips defining oblique air passages of appreciable lengths through the grill, the angularity of the convex portions of the corrugations of some of the strips being opposite to that of the convex portions of the corrugations of other strips.

5. In an air diffuser installation, the combination with the elements defined in claim 4, of a damper means supported in the housing behind the grill, said damper means including a pair of pivoted wings adapted to be spread apart or brought together, a screw-operated toggle connecting the wings and operative to move them apartor toward one another, a screw operatively' connectedto the toggle, along an axis perpendicular to the plane of the grill, and a flexible shaft connected to the screw, said shaft extending obliquely forwardly through the grill and having a terminal positioned in one of the air passages for engagement to rotate the flexible shaft and cause rotation of the screw to operate the toggle and control the adjustment of the wings.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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US1945972 *Sep 30, 1931Feb 6, 1934Uni Flo Grille CorpRegister and grille
US2000274 *Sep 24, 1934May 7, 1935Hart & Cooley Mfg CompanyHoneycomb directional grille
US2240617 *Feb 8, 1939May 6, 1941Air Devices IncAir distributor
US2560802 *Aug 1, 1947Jul 17, 1951Air FactorsLaminar counterflow grille
US2687746 *Sep 22, 1950Aug 31, 1954Connor Eng CorpHigh-pressure diffuser
FR489717A * Title not available
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GB776277A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3067669 *Jul 8, 1958Dec 11, 1962Air Devices IncAir diffuser
US3101690 *Dec 15, 1959Aug 27, 1963O'day Cortland NAir diffusers and methods of making the same
US3238860 *Feb 2, 1962Mar 8, 1966Air Devices IncElongated air diffuser
US3948155 *Aug 12, 1974Apr 6, 1976Allied Thermal CorporationAir diffusers
U.S. Classification454/309, 454/323, 454/331
International ClassificationF24F13/06, F24F13/072
Cooperative ClassificationF24F13/072
European ClassificationF24F13/072