US 2910803 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 3, 1959 c. F. CLOSE 2,910,803
FURNITURE Filed Sept. 9, 1957 1N VENTORI CHARLES F. CLOSE United States Patent,
2,910,803 FURNITURE 7 Charles F. Close, Arlington Heights, Ill., assignor to Arlington Seating Co., Arlington Heights, 111., a corporation of Illinois t x 1 Application September 9, 1957, Serial No. 682,687
4 Claims. I 01. 45-137 This invention relates to furniture and, more particularly, to base structures therefor which areparticularly well adapted for use as bases for desks, and the like.
It is a primary object of my invention to enable a novel article of furniture tobe constructed in a novel and expeditious manner.
An ancillary object is to enable novel base structures to be afforded for desks, and the like.
Another object of my invention is to afford a novel base for'desks, and the like, embodying a novel scuff plate constituted and arranged in a novel and expeditious manner. p p I A further object of my invention is to enable a scuff plate to be disposed in substantially completely enclosing relation to the portion of the base of a school desk, or the like, which is the portion primarily exposed to scuffing by the feet of the people using the desk.
Another object is to afford a novel base of tubular-type construction having horizontally extending lowermost portions protected in a novel and expeditious manner by a scuff plate.
Yet another object of my invention is to afford a novel base having elongated tapering portions protected by a removable scuff plate constituted and arranged in a novel and expeditious manner.
Another object ofmy invention is to afford a novel base of the aforementioned type having horizontally extending elongated leg portions with the top and opposite longitudinally extending sides thereof protected in a novel and expeditious manner by a novel scuff plate.
A further object is to afford a novel base for desks, and like articles of furniture, which has horizontally extending elongated leg portions with a scuff plate mounted in a novel and expeditious manner on the upper portions of said leg portions.
Other and further objects of the present invention will be apparent from the following description and claims and are illustrated in the accompanying drawings which, by way of illustration, show a preferred embodiment of the present invention and the principles thereof and what I now consider to be the best mode in which I have contemplated applying these principles. Other embodiments of the invention embodying the same or equivalent principles may be used and structural changes made as desired by those skilled in the art without departing from the present invention and the purview of the appended claims.
In the drawings:
Fig. l is a front perspective view of a desk embodying the principles of my invention;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail perspective view of a portion of the desk shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is an exploded detail perspective view of a portion of the desk shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail perspective view of a part of the structure shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view taken substantially along the line 5-5 in Fig. 2; and
Fig. 6 is a detail sectional view taken substantially along the line 6-6 in Fig. 2.
A novel desk 10, embodying the principles of my invention, is shown in the drawings to illustrate the preferred embodiment of my invention.
The desk 10 embodies, in general, a body portion 12 supported in elevated position on the upper ends of two legs 14 and 15, which afford a supporting base for the body portion 12, Fig. l.
t The body portion 12 may be of any suitable type, but as shown in the drawings, embodies a substantially rectangular-shaped housing 17 having a rectangular-shaped top wall 18 which affords the desk top for the desk 10.
The legs 14 and 15 are identical in construction, except that they are mirror images of each other, and it is only deemed necessary to describe in detail the construction of one of the legs 14, the parts of the other leg 15 being indicated in the drawings by the same reference numerals as those indicating the corresponding parts of the leg 14.
Thus, referring to the drawings, it will be seen that the leg 14 includes an elongated horizontally extending lower arm 21 and an elongated vertically extending arm 22 which projects upwardly from the arm 21 between the ends of the latter, Figs. 1 and 2.
The arm 21 of the leg 14 has a transverse cross sectional shape substantially that of a figure 8, Figs. 3, 5 and 6, having an enlarged substantially elliptical-shaped "upper edge portion 24 and an enlarged substantially elliptical-shaped lower edge portion 25 connected together by a reduced intermediate portion 26, Figs. 2 and 5, to thereby afford the effect of two tubular members disposed one on top of the other in longitudinally extending relation to each other. The arm 21 of the leg 14 has arear end portion 21a and a front end portion 21b, projecting in opposite directions from the junction of the arm 21 with the arm 22 of that leg 14.
The arm 21 of the leg 14 may be made of any suitable material, such as, tubular steel, and preferably is tapered in construction, each of the end portions 21a and 21b thereof gradually narrowingin cross section from the junction of the arms 21 and 22 toward the respective free ends of the arm 21. i In forming the arm 21, I prefer to use a straight tubular steel member of substantially round cross-sectional shape, and having the desired longitudinal taper, and deforming the tubular member inwardly along opposite sides thereof, in the horizontal plane of the longitudinal center line thereof, to thereby afford the aforementioned cross-sectional shape of the arm 21.
The rear end portion 21a of the arm 21 is preferably substantially twice the length of the front end portion 2112, so that the vertical arm 22 is disposed rearwardly of the front end of the arm 21 approximately one-third of the length of the arm 21.
The vertical arm 22 of the leg 14 is similar in construction to the arm 21, in that it is tubular in construction and has a cross-sectional shape substantially that of a figure 8, Figs. 1 and 2. However, the arm 22 is preferably of two-piece construction, having a lower end portion 27 and an upper end portion 32 telescopingly arranged relative to each other so that the length of arm 22 may be readily adjusted as will be discussed in greater detail presently.
The lower end portion 27 of the arm 22 gradually diminishes in cross-section from thetop end to the bottom end thereof, and, like the arm 21, preferably is made from a straight tubular steel member of circular crosssectional shape, and having the desired longitudinal taper, the tubular member having the longitudinally extending central portion 30 thereof deformed inwardly to thereby afford two oppositely disposed longitudinally extending tubular portions 28 and29 interconnected by an intermediate portion'30 of reduced cross-section, Figs. 1 and 2. The intermediate portion 30 of the lower-end-portion- 27 of the arm 22 is preferably not reduced in size to the extent that the intermediate portion 26 of t'he arm 21' is so reduced, the tubularportions28 and-29 preferably being substantially round in cross section.
The upper end portion 32 of the vertical arm 22 of the leg 14 is substantially L-shaped, and has a vertically extending leg 32a anda horizontally extending leg 32b, Fig. 1. The upper end portion 32 may be made of suitable material such as, for example, tubular steel in the same manner as heretofore discussed with respect to the lower end portion 32. The vertically extending leg 32a of the upper end portion 32 is preferably substantially complementary in cross-sectional size and shape to the lower end portion 27 of the leg 14 and is telescopingly mounted in the end portion 27. The horizontal leg 32b of the upper end portion 32 of the leg 14 extends perpendicularly in a horizontal direction from the upper'end of the vertical leg 32!) and is secured to the bottom of the housing 17 of the body portion 12 of the deskby any suitable means such as, for example, being welded to brackets 34 secured to the lowerface of the housing 17.
The vertical leg 32a of the upper end portion 32 ofthe arm Z'Zis slidingly mounted in the lower end portion 27 of that arm for longitudinal reciprocation relative to the latter. The vertical leg 32a has a series of spaced openings 36 extending transversely through the intermediate portion 30 thereof, the openings 36 being spaced from each other longitudinally of the leg portions 32a, Fig. 1. A bolt 38 is removably mounted in, and extends through the upper end portion of the intermediate portion 30 of the lower end portion 27 of the vertical arm 22, and may be extended through any one of the openings 36, aligned therewith, to thereby hold the end portions 27 and 32 of the arm 22 in suitable vertically adjusted position relative to each other. A nut 39 may be mounted on the bolt 38 to hold the bolt 38 in proper position in the arm 22. With this construction, it will be seen'that the length of the arm 22 may be readily adjusted;
The arm 21 of the leg 14 embodies a scuff plate 41 mounted on the rear end portion 21a thereof. The scuff plate 41 is substantially identical in cross-sectional size and shape to the edge portion 24 of the end portion 21a and may be longitudinally slid onto the edge portion 24 of the end portion 21a from the rear' end of the leg portion 21 toward the front end thereof. The scuff plate 41 is preferably of such length that when it is disposed in proper position on the leg 21 it is disposedin'abutting engagement with the vertical arm 22 at its front end, and the rear end of the scuff plate 41 is disposed forwardly of the rear end of the rear end portion 21a of the arm 21'.
The scuff plate 41 may be made of any suitable material such as, for example, sheet steel, and is substantially channel-shaped in cross section, being of such shapeth'at the longitudinally extending free edge portions 41a and 41b thereof fit into the oppositely disposed recesses formed by the reduced intermediate portion26 of the arm 21 in position to effectively prevent displacement of the scuff plate 41 from the end portion 21a in a lateral direction, Fig. 5.
Two caps 43 and 44 are mounted onthe rear and front end portions, respectively, of each of the horizontal arms 21, Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 6. Each of the caps 43 and 44 embodies a body portion 43a and 44a, respectively, Which is complementary in size and-shape'to the front and rear ends of the arm 21, respectively, and is normally mounted on the respective end of the arm 21 in closely fitting relation thereto. Two tongues 43b and 44b project from the lower end portions of the'body portions 43a and 44a, respectively, and, when thecaps 43 and 44 are mounted on the arm 21, the tongues 43b and 445 are disposed under the arm 21 in juxtaposition thereto. The tongues 43b and 44b are'attached to' the arm 21 by any suitable means such as, screws 46, Fig. 3,
which extend through the tongues 43b and 44b and are threadedly engaged in the'lower sideof--the'arm'21.--
Two feet 43c and 440 are mounted on the lower end portions of the body members 43a and 44a, respectively, and are attached thereto by any suitable means such as, rivets 48, Figs. 3 and 4. The feet 43c and 440 project downwardly from the body portions 43a and 44a and afford supporting members which may support the arm 21 of the leg 14 in upwardly spaced relation to the floor or other supporting surface on which the desk 10 may rest.
The rear cap 43 on the arm 21 isdisposed in' abutting engagement with the rear end of the scuff plate 41 moun-tedonthat arm; sotha't the scuff plate 414s effectively held in position to cover the upper portion 24 of the rear end portion 21a of the arm 21, with the front end of the scuff plate 41 being disposed in abutting engagement with the lower end portion of the vertical arm 22.
It will be remembered that the leg 15 is identical in construction to the leg 14, except that it isa mirrorimage thereof, and" the leg-15 may be secured to the body portion 12 of'the desk 10 inthe same manner as' the leg 14.
It will be appreciated by those ski-lledin the art that although the edge, portions 24 and 25 of the'arms 21 are shown herein as being substantially elliptical in" crosssection, this ismerely by way" of illustration and not byway of limitation,-and that they may be of other desired practical shape such as, for example, round-in crosssection, which is effective to operatively engage the scuff plates 41 for'holding' the latter againstlateral displacement therefrom.
In' the assembly of an-article of furnitu're such as the desk 10 embodying the principles *ofrriy invention, the upper end portions 32 of the vertical arms 22 may be attached to brackets 34 on the lower face of the body portion1'2- of the desk 10. The arms 21 and 22 of'each of the legs 14 and 15 may be welded together in substantially perpendicular relationto each'other, and the scuff plates 41 may be slid longitudinally forwardly along the rear end portions 21a of' the arms 21 into abutting en'- gagement with the lower en'd'portion'sof the respective arms 22. The caps 43 'and'44 may then be mounted on the rear and front end portions of the arms 21 and secured in position by the screws 46. When the rear caps 43 are so disposed onthe arms 21, they are effective to hold the scuff plates 41' associated therewith in position to protect the rear end portions 21a of the arms 21 from scuffing. With this construction, the scuff plates 41 may be readily removed from the legs 14 and 15' by merely removing the screws 46 in the rear caps 43, then'removing the rear caps-43 and, thereafter sliding the scuff plates 41 rearwardly along the rear end portions 21a of the arms 21. Thereafter, the scuff plates 41 may again be'mounted on the arms 21, or may be readily replaced by new scuff plates 41, if this is desired.
It will be seen that with my novel'invention, the' lower portions of a base for furniture such as, for example, desks, or the like, may be protected against scufiing ina novel and expeditious manner.
Also, it will be seen that my novelscuff plates are mounted on the legs 14 and 15 in such a manner that they are effectively retained in position during use" of the furniture on which they are mounted.
Also, it will be seen that with my novel construction, the scuff plates 41 may be quickly and easily removed and replaced if this is desired.
In addition, it will be seen that I have afforded a novel and practical article of furniture which may bereadily and economically produced commercially.
Thus, while I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment of 'my invention, it is to be understood that this is capable of variation and modification, and'I therefore do not wish' to be limited to the'precise details set forth, but desire to avail myself of such changes and alterations as fall within the purview of the following claims.
'1. An article of furniture comprising a body portion, and a base supporting said body portion in elevated position, said base including upright means having an upper end portion and a lower end portion, said upper end portion being attached to said body portion in supporting relation thereto, horizontally extending elongated means attached to said lower end portion, supporting means mounted on said elongated means in spaced relation to said upright means, and an elongated substantially channel-shaped scuff plate mounted on said elongated means in partially enclosing relation thereto and clamped between said lower end portion and said supporting means with the opposite ends of said scufi plate disposed in abutting engagement with said lower end portion and said supporting means, respectively.
2. An article of furniture comprising a body portion, and a base supporting said body portion in elevated position, said base including a horizontally extending elongated supporting member having a portion gradually increasing in cross-sectional size from one end of said member, an elongated scufi plate having an internal gradually increasing cross-sectional size complementary to said portion, said scuff plate being slidable longitudinally onto said portion into position to extend around said portion in covering relation thereto, and means abuttingly engaged with one end of said scufi plate for releasably holding said sculf plate in said position on said portion.
3. In a desk, a base having two elongated substantially parallel horizontally extending base members, two other base members, each of said other base members being mounted on and projecting upwardly from the longitudinal center portion of a respective one of said first mentioned members, each of said first mentioned members having two free ends and having a cross-sectional shape substantially in the form of a figure 8 and gradually increasing in size from each of said ends toward said other member mounted on the respective one of said first mentioned members, elongated scuif plates contemporary to one side of one end portion of said first mentioned members, each of said scuif plates being slidably mounted on said one side of a respective one of said one end portions of said first mentioned members for longitudinal movement relative thereto into and out of enclosing relation to said last mentioned one side, and supporting feet on said first mentioned members, said feet including cap members complementary in cross-sectional size to the free ends of said one end portion and mounted on said one end portion in position to releasably hold said scuff plates in said covering relation to said one side thereof.
4. In an article of furniture, an elongated base member, an elongated substantially channel-shaped scufi plate mounted on said base member in partially enclosing relation thereto and slidable longitudinally of said base member, abutment means on said base member in spaced relation to the ends of the latter, and other abutment means on an end portion of said base member and spaced outwardly from said first mentioned abutment means longitudinally of said base member in position to clamp said scufi plate against said first mentioned abutment means to thereby hold said scufl. plate against movement longitudinally of said base member.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,217,754 Johnson Oct. 15, 1940 2,564,386 Webb Aug. 14, 1951 2,583,702 Meyer Jan. 29, 1952 2,603,909 Pettibone July 22, 1952 2,690,212 Iakeway Sept. 28, 1954 2,719,771 Hoven et a1 Oct. 4, 1955