|Publication number||US2910860 A|
|Publication date||Nov 3, 1959|
|Filing date||Aug 24, 1956|
|Priority date||Dec 20, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2910860 A, US 2910860A, US-A-2910860, US2910860 A, US2910860A|
|Inventors||Moreno Camba Carlos|
|Original Assignee||Moreno Camba Carlos|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (22), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 3, 1959 c. MORENO CAMBA 2,910,860
LOCKING DEVICE WITH SLIDING PLUG Filed Aug. 24, 1956 FIG 3 M m MCV E United States Patent LOCKING DEVICE WITH SLIDING PLUG Carlos Moreno Camba, Guanabacoa, Cuba Application August 24, 1956, Serial No. 605,980
Claims priority, application Cuba December 20, 1955 2 Claims. (Cl. 70-338) The present invention relates to safety locks used in doors, chests, boxes, filing cabinets and the like, and the object of the invention is to avoid the risks and difficulties caused by the loss of the keys for the locks.
The advantage of the present invention is that the risk of loss of the original keys or duplicates thereof is eliminated by providing for the owner of the house or other device in which a locking device according to the present invention is installed with a special key by the use of which the owner can make the original keys or duplicates thereof of no use in operating the locking device. This is accomplished by making the plug in the locking device slidable so as to change the alignment and sequence of certain of the locking pins so that only the special key will operate the locking device.
Other objects of the present invention will be apparent from the following specification and claims taken together with the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a locking device according to the present invention with one of the keys which fits the lock in position in the lock and showing the lock in a first operational position;
Fig. 2 is a similar cross-sectional view of the locking device of the present invention with the special key which fits the lock;
Fig. 3 is a similar cross-sectional view of the lock in a second operational position with the special key still in position;
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the lock in the second operational position with the original key in the lock;
Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view similar to Fig. 4 with a modified original key in the lock; and
Fig. 6 is the sliding plug forming part of the locking device with a key inserted therein.
As seen in the drawings, the locking device comprises two main parts, a body A and a plug B. The body A is in the form of a cylinder 20 having a cylindrical bore therein into which the plug B fits. The cylinder has a plurality of spaced drilled holes 1 therein extending in a direction transverse to the bore 15 and joining the bore. The holes 1 house a plurality of pins 2 and coil springs 3 which urge the pins toward the bore 15. The bore 15 is enlarged at 16 at the face of the cylinder 20. A bored and tapped cylindrical hole 4 is also provided in the cylinder 20, in which hole a bolt or retaining pin 5 is fitted.
The plug B has a key slot 21 therein into which a first or original key 12 is inserted to enable rotation of plug B to operate a bolt by means of bar 6. Plug B has a plurality of spaced drilled holes 7 which are alignable with the holes 1 in the cylinder 20 but which are fewer in number than the holes 1. The holes 7 extend in a direction transverse to the key slot 21 and intersect key slot 21. The holes 7 house pins 8 which rest on cuts in the key 12 when the key 12 is inserted into the key slot. One of the holes 8 has a two-part master pin 8' 2,910,860 Patented Nov. 3, 1959 therein, which pin has an inner part 8a and an outer part 8b. Two circular grooves 9 and 9 which are interconnected by a third groove 10 extending between them, are provided on the inner end of the plug B next to the connection to bar 6. One of the grooves 9 and 9' receives the retaining pin 5 for permitting the plug B to rotate within the bore 15. Plug B also has a flange 22 on the end thereof opposite grooves 9 and 9', which flange fits into enlargement 16 in the cylinder 20.
In operation a first or original key 12 having a stop X thereon is inserted into the slot 21 and by turning it the plug B is rotated to rotate bar 6. With the key 12 inserted in slot 21, the ends of pins 2 and 8 and the end of outer part 8b are aligned with the surface of the plug B as seen in Fig. 1. I
When it is desired to render the original key 12 or duplicates thereof inoperative, a special key 13 having a shallower cut 14 thereon and having no stop similar to stop X, as shown in Fig. 2, which special key is, of course, different from key 12, is inserted into slot 21. This aligns the ends of pins 2 and 8 with the surface of the plug B, except in this instance the end of the inner part 8a of the two-part master plug 8' is aligned with the surface of plug B. Key 13 is rotated several degrees and plug B is then displaced inwardly by the person turning the key, the retaining pin 5 passing along groove 10 until it reaches grove 9. Flange 22 .is permitted to move into the enlargement 16 inasmuch as key 13 has no stop similar to stop X thereon.
An attempt to open the lock with one of the regular keys 12 will not succeed after the manipulation by means of key 13. The stop X on key 12 will prevent the key from being inserted completely into slot 21, as seen in Fig. 4. Further, even assuming that stop X is removed from key 12 and it can thereby be inserted all the way into slot 12, the pins will not permit plug B to rotate because the ends of the parts of master pin 8' will not be aligned with the surface of the plug, as seen in Fig. 5.
It is thought that the invention and its advantages will be understood from the foregoing description and it is apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrificing its material advantages, the form hereinbefore described and illustrated in the drawings being merely a preferred embodiment thereof.
1. In combination, a cylinder having a cylindrical bore therein and a plurality of spaced holes therein extending in a direction transverse to the direction of said bore and intersecting said bore, a plurality of pins in said holes, a plurality of springs in said holes urging said pins toward said bore, a plug slidably and rotatably mounted in said bore and having a key slot therein, said plug having a plurality of spaced holes therein extending in a direction transverse to said key slot and intersecting said key slot and alignable with said holes in said cylinder, a master pin having an inner part and an outer part in one of said holes in said plug, a plurality of pins in the remainder of said holes in said plug, and means on said cylinder and slidably engaged with said plug for retain ing said plug in either of two positions along the length of said bore and spaced from each other an integral multiple of the spacing of the holes in said cylinder and in said plug and for permitting rotation of said plug in either position, said means comprising a fixed retaining pin in said cylinder and projecting into said bore, and said plug having a plurality of peripheral grooves therein and a longitudinal groove connecting said peripheral grooves, said grooves receiving the end of said retaining pin therein, a first key having a stop thereon engageable with the end of said cylinder and having a plurality of cuts therein of a depth such that when it is inserted in said key slot said master pin has the end of the outer part aligned with the outer surface .of said plug and the remaining pins have their ends aligned with the outer sur- -face of said plug, and a second key having a stop thereon engageable With said plug and having a plurality of cuts therein of ,a depth such that when it is inserted in said key slot said master pin has the end of the inner part aligned with the outer surface of said plug and the remaining pins have their ends aligned with the outer surface of said plug. 1 V
.2. Incombination, a cylinder having a cylindrical bore therein and a plurality of spaced holes therein extending in a direction transverse to the direction of said bore and intersecting said bore, a plurality of pins in said holes, a plurality of springs in said holes urging said pins toward said bore, a plug slidably and rotatably mounted ;in said bore and having a key slot therein, said plug having a plurality of spaced holes therein extending in a direction transverse 'to said key slot and intersecting said key slot and .ali-gnable with said holes in said cylinder, a
-Inaster pin having an inner part and an outer part in one of said holes in said plug, a plurality of pins in the remainder of said holes in said plug, and means on said cylinder slidably engaging said plug for retaining said plug in either of two positions along the length of said bore and spaced from each other an integral multiple of the spacing of the holes in said cylinder and in said plug and for permitting rotation of said plug in either position, said means comprising a fixed retaining pin in said cylinder and projecting into said bore, and said plug having a plurality of peripheral grooves therein and a longitudinal groove connecting said peripheral grooves, said grooves receiving the end of said retaining pin therein, whereby when a first key is inserted in the key slot said master pin has the end of one of its parts I-aligned with the outer surface of said plug and the remaining pins have their ends aligned with theouter surface of said plug, and when a second key is inserted in said key slot said master pin has the end of the other of its parts aligned with the outer surface of said plug and the remaining pins have their ends aligned with the outer surface of said plug.
References Cited in the the of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,050,692 Resch Jan. 14, 1913 1,433,591 Abell Oct. 31, 1922 1,896,319 Littell et al. Feb. 7, 1933 2,050,696 Schoorel Aug. 11, 1936 2,654,073 Katz Sept. 29 1953
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|EP2096655A1 *||Sep 25, 2008||Sep 2, 2009||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Closing cylinder, key switch and method for actuating a key switch|
|U.S. Classification||70/338, 70/360, 70/367|
|International Classification||E05B27/00, E05B27/04|