|Publication number||US2911195 A|
|Publication date||Nov 3, 1959|
|Filing date||Jul 1, 1957|
|Priority date||Jul 1, 1957|
|Publication number||US 2911195 A, US 2911195A, US-A-2911195, US2911195 A, US2911195A|
|Inventors||Backer Leon C|
|Original Assignee||Backer Leon C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (12), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 3, 1959 c. BACKER 2,911,195
CROOKED HOLE STRAIGHTENER FOR ROTARY TYPE EARTH BORING EQUIPMENT Filed July 1, 1957 INVENTOR'.
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BY 1 W J ATTO/PMFX United States Patent O cRooKEu HOLE SIRAIGHTENER oR ROTARY TYPE EARTH BORING EQUIPMENT I Leon C. Backer, Philadelphia, Pa.
Application July 1, 1957, Serial No. 668,933
2 Claims. (Cl. 155-53) the difiicult problems facing all well drillers is that it is difficult to drill a straight hole. Regardless of how well :the cutting tool cuts the various layers of earth, the actual cutting tool inherently tends to follow the line of least resistance so that it actually follows a tortuous path throughout the entire length of the hole, thereby imposing severe strains upon the. cutting tool and drilling pipe. This, in turn, requires frequent costly and time consuming repairs and the necessity of having to drill a much greater distance than the actual distance between the opposite extremities of the tortuous path hole. Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a device that is simple in construction, efficient in operation, and which may be conveniently used in association with a cutting tool to overcome the aforementioned difiiculties.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a straight hole device that is applicable to a drilling string which is of simple, sturdy, and dependable construction, and which can be used for performing various functions as may be .desired. This straight hole device can be particularly used as a stabilizer for the drill pipe as well'as a .centrallizing device for the drill .pipe so that .it may be. usedtoadvantage in drilling the straight hole from .the very start, straightening a crooked hole, and for preventing deflection, side tracking, or whipstocking of the cutting tool.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide a straight hole device of the above type having integral cutting dies arranged in a predetermined manner along the body of the device, each die of which being provided with a cutting face having, a replaceable cutting edge of novel design for facilitating any repairs necessary to the device.
Other objects of the invention are to provide a straight hole device bearing the above objects in mind which is of simple construction, has a minimum number of parts, is inexpensive to manufacture and eflicient in operation. 7 I
For other objects and for a better understanding of the invention, reference may 'be had to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure 1 is a side elevational view, with'parts broken away, of a straight hole device for rotary drill equipment made in accordance with the present invention;
Figure 2 is a transverse cross sectional view taken along line 22 of Figure l; and I Figure 3 is an exploded perspective view showing one of the cutting dies forming a part of the present invention.
Referring now more in detail the the drawing, and
more particularly to Figures land 2, a rotary crooked Patented Nov. 3, 1959 hole straightener 10 made in accordance with the present invention is shown to include a circular cylindrical body member 12. One end of the body member 12 is provided with a longitudinally outwardly projecting taper threaded stud 14 for engagement with one part of a drilling string, such as a drill pipe 15, while the opposite end thereof is provided with a taper threaded bore 16 for engagement with another member of a drilling string, such as the cutting tool 17. A longitudinal bore 18 communicates with both extremities of the device so as to permit the passage of a fluid therethrough in a conventional manner.
The exterior circular cylindrical surface 21 of the main body member 12 is provided with a plurality of radially outwardly extending dies 29. These dies are helically arranged in ,a predeterminedlongitudinally and circumferentially spaced relationship throughout the length of the'body member and around the entire circumference thereof so thatadjacent dies do not overlap in longitudinal .or transverse planes. It will be noted that each die 20 is provided with a substantially flat front face 25 which :defines a working edge with anouter segmental cylindrical surface 43 that is rotated into cutting engagement with the sides of the drilled hole. The base wall 22 of the die is integral with the outer cylindrical surface of the main body member, while the outer segmental-cylindrical surface .23 of each die is eccentrically arranged'with respect to the longitudinal axis of the main body member. A pair of arcuate side walls 28 converge toward an intersecting point 27 in a direction away from the fiat front face 25. The corners 29 between the side walls 28 and front face 25 are rounded so as to permit the movement of material freely between adjacent dies and to prevent any of the associated equipment, such as the well casing, from being caught on an otherwise sharp .corner. Since each die is spaced .circumferentially from each next adjacent lug, and since there is no longitudinal overlap of adjacent lugs, the cutting edges of the lugs are used most efficiently and sufiicient space is thus provided to permit the passage of drilled material between adjacent dies. As shown in Figure 2, the dies are well distributed around the cirvcumferenceof the main body member in a helix so that true balance is attained with .a minimum number of parts, while providing arsubstantially long line of front faces that are used for cutting purposes.
Referring now to Figure 3 of the drawing, a cavity 32 is formed within the top and front of each die for removably receiving a rectangular prismatic cutting tool 34 therein. This tool 34 is preferably of tool steel or carbide composition so as to provide a very efiicient cutting surface. The cavity 32 is of such dimensions" that the tool 34 is received with one side in flush engagement with the outer surface 23 of the die and another side of the tool 'is in flush engagement with the front face 25 of the die. The edge between these two intersecting surfaces provide the cutting edge for the die as the entire device 10 is. rotated. The tool is secured within the cavity by means of a bolt 35 that extends through aligned longitudinal bores 37, 33 in the die and tool, respectively. The head of the bolt 35, as well as the securement nut 36 thereof are recessed below the surface of the side walls 28 so as notto interfere with the smooth surface continuity of the dies and to prevent the tearing or snagging of the associated drilling equipment. This mounting also provides a simple device for quickly renewing the cutting edge of the tool 34." As one edge of the tool 34 becomes worn, the tool may be'rernoved from the cavity and rotated degrees and replaced therewithin so that a completely new cutting edge is provided. Thus, each tool is provided with four cutting edges that may be selectively rotated into cutting engagement upon the die so that the entire life of the device is substantially prolonged without having to make a single replacement.
g T he particular shape of each lug provides satisfactory results without sacrificing strength or rigidity, while interference with the associated drilling equipment is also minimized. A minimum number of dies are provided without sacrificing the balance of the device and without impeding the operating efficiency thereof.
While various changes may be made in the detail construction, it shall be understood that such changes shall be Within the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
What I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States is:
l. A crooked hole straightener for rotary drill apparatus comprising, in combination, a circular cylindrical main body member having securement means for attachment to sections of rotary drill pipe, a plurality of spaced apart cutting die members secured to the outer cylindrical surface of said main body member, said die members each extending only partially around said main body member and being longitudinally and circumferentially spaced apart upon said cylindrical surface, each of said die members comprising a substantially flat front face extending radially outwardly from said cylindrical surface, a pair of arcuate side walls converging at a point in a direction perpendicularly away from said flat face, an arcuate outer wall spaced from said cylindrical surface adjacent to said flat front face defining a Working edge therewith and extending into common surface engagement with said cylindrical surface at said converging point of said side walls, each said die member being widest in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of said main body member and thickest in a direction normal to said axis adjacent to said working edge, said arcuate outer wall of each said die member defining a segmental cylindrical surface eccentric with said cylindrical surface of said main body member, said flat front face and said arcuate outer wall of each die defining a substantially prismatic cavity, a prismatic cutting tool having a plurality of cutting edges adjustably supported within each said cavity, each cutting edge of said cutting tool being selectively rotatable into a position lying along the same line as said working edge, and releasable means removably securing each said cutting tool in a fixed position within said cavity. 1
2. A crooked hole straightener for rotary drill apparatus comprising, in combination, a circular cylindrical main body member having securement means for attachment to sections of rotary drill pipe, a plurality of spaced apart die members secured to the outer cylindrical surface of said main body member, said die members each extending only partially around said main body member and being longitudinally and circumferentially spaced apart upon said cylindrical surface, each of said die members comprising a substantially flat front face extending radially outwardly from said cylindrical surface, a pair of arcuate side walls converging at a point in a direction perpendicularly away from said flat face, and an arcuate outer wall spaced from said cylindrical surface adjacent to and defining a working edge with said flat front face and extending into common surface engagement with said cylindrical surface at said converging point of said side walls, said working edge defining a cylindrical surface concentric with said main body member in response to'rotation of said main body member about a longitudinal axis, each of said die members being widest in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of said main body member and thickest in a direction normal to said axis adjacent to the point of intersection of said flat front face of said outer wall, said arcuate outer wall defining a segmental cylindrical surface eccentric with said cylindrical surface of said main body member, said flat front face and said outer wall of each die defining a substantially prismatic cavity, a prismatic cutting tool supported upon said cavity, one longitudinal edge of said cutting tool defining a cutting edge lying along the same line as said working edge of said die, and releasable means comprising a bolt extending through said prismatic cutting tool and engaged with said die removably securing each said cutting tool within said cavity.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 909,401 Haber Ian. 12, 1909 1,489,849 Riddle Apr. 8, 1924 1,701,427 Shields Feb. 5, 1929 2,002,388 Bannister May21, 1935 2,194,631 Backer Mar. 26, 1940 2,472,749 Lake June 7, 1949 2,494,188 Meany Jan. 10, 1950
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|US1701427 *||Feb 23, 1927||Feb 5, 1929||Bert Russell||Rotary drilling and reaming tool organization|
|US2002388 *||Nov 14, 1933||May 21, 1935||Bannister Clyde E||Rocker blade bit|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4854399 *||Jan 6, 1988||Aug 8, 1989||Shell Oil Company||Tubular element for use in a rotary drilling assembly|
|US5174391 *||Dec 5, 1990||Dec 29, 1992||Shell Oil Company||Tubular element for use in a rotary drilling assembly and method|
|US5220964 *||Sep 23, 1991||Jun 22, 1993||The Charles Machine Works, Inc.||Downhole compaction and stabilization back reamer and drill bit|
|US5390750 *||Jun 21, 1993||Feb 21, 1995||The Charles Machine Works, Inc.||Downhole compaction and stabilization back reamer and drill bit|
|US6116356 *||Jun 15, 1998||Sep 12, 2000||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Reaming apparatus and method with enhanced stability and transition from pilot hole to enlarged bore diameter|
|US6622803||Jun 29, 2001||Sep 23, 2003||Rotary Drilling Technology, Llc||Stabilizer for use in a drill string|
|US6926100||Feb 13, 2003||Aug 9, 2005||Xtech Industries International, Inc.||Hole reaming apparatus and method|
|US7108082||Aug 8, 2005||Sep 19, 2006||Xtech Industries International, Inc.||Hole reaming apparatus and method|
|US9151118 *||Nov 29, 2010||Oct 6, 2015||Arrival Oil Tools, Inc.||Reamer|
|US20040011559 *||Jul 23, 2003||Jan 22, 2004||Harvey Peter R.||Stabilizer for use in a drill string|
|US20120132469 *||May 31, 2012||Arrival Oil Tools, Inc.||Reamer|
|WO1998015710A1 *||Oct 8, 1997||Apr 16, 1998||Baker Hughes Inc||Reaming apparatus with enhanced stability and transition from pilot hole to enlarged bore diameter|
|U.S. Classification||175/383, 175/425, 175/325.4, 175/406|
|International Classification||E21B17/10, E21B17/00|