Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2911265 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 3, 1959
Filing dateJan 25, 1957
Priority dateJan 25, 1957
Publication numberUS 2911265 A, US 2911265A, US-A-2911265, US2911265 A, US2911265A
InventorsWallace H Hannah
Original AssigneeWallace H Hannah
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Knockdown supporting structure
US 2911265 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 3, 1959 w. H. HANNAH KNOCKDOWN SUPPORTING STRUCTURE Filed Jan. 25, 1957 m m m WALLACE H. HANNAH A fforney;

2,911,265 KNocK'bowN SUPPORTING STRUCTURE Wallace H. Hannah, Eugene, Oreg. Application January 25, 1957, Serial No. 636,383

1 Claim. 01. 182-181) porting legs having an improved notched interconnection;

and which employs spreader means to frictionally bind the legs in notches in the rail.

Another object is to provide means of the type described which has improved means positively preventing displacement of the leg from a notch.

Another object is to provide a collapsible bench or table construction in which the parts may be arranged in a flat and compact bundle for shipment or storage.

An' additional object is to provide a support of the type described which is light in weight, sturdy and compact in construction, and economical to manufacture.

The present invention resides in a knockdown structure which may be embodied in a sawhorse for supporting workpieces, table tops, platforms, or the like, or embodied in benches or'other articles of furniture, especially for temporary use and use in different places requiring transportation of the articles from time to time. The structure has a cross bar, or rail means, which is notched adjacent each end for receiving a pair of supporting legs, these legs being held in place in the notches by spreader means which force the legs apart and frictionally bind them against the walls of their respective notches. By such structure, the rail means and legs are interconnected without the use of the usual fasteners, providing a s tructure which can be assembled'quickly and easily and which will support heavy loads without collapsing. The invention is illustrated herein as being applied to a sawhorse and a bench, but could as well be applied to other structures. The horse construction is of particular advantage in setting up temporary band platforms and the like for public gatherings and may be furnished in different heights for stepped choral risers, display shelves and the like.

The invention will be better understood and additional objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which illustrate a preferred form of the invention. It is to be understood, however, that the invention may take other forms, and that all such modifications and variations within the scope of the appended claim which will occur to persons skilled in the art are included in the invention.

In the drawing:

Figure l is a perspective view of the present invention embodied in a sawhorse;

Figure 2 is a fragmentary side elevational view with United States Patent parts in section, showing in particular the mounting struc- 1 bench of Figure 5;

Figure 7 is a fragmentary elevational view of a modified form of leg connection used with the bench of Figure 5; and

Figure 8 is a fragmentary view of the upper end of a leg used in the connection of Figure 7.

Referring first to Figures 1 through 4, there is illus trated a first embodiment exemplifying the principles of the present invention. This embodiment comprises a sawhorse which, as will be seen, can be used individually for carpenter work or with another horse as a support for a table, platform, scaffold, or the like. The horse comprises, principally, a rail or cross bar 10, a pair of legs 11, and a spreader bar 12. Rail 10 has a longitudinal groove 14 on its top edge and the bottom of this groove has at least two holes 15, one of which is shown in Figure l, for a purpose to be described.

The lower edge of the rail 10 is notched at 16 adjacen opposite ends and these notches are preferably angularly disposed for holding legs 11 mounted therein in divergent relationship, the notches having cutaway portions V apertures 23.

18 to enlarge the mouth thereof for ease in inserting the legs in the notches. The upper ends of the legs 11 also have notches 20 forming projections 21 at thetop of the legs, and,.in assembled relation, the projections 21 engage opposite sides of the rail 10, as shown in Figure 3, to brace the structure laterally.

Each of the legs 11 has a plurality of apertures 22 for I holding tools and an aperture 23 adjacent its lower end for receiving a reduced end portion 24 of the spreader bar 12 in the assembled condition of the horse. Reduced end portions 24 form shoulders 25 with the bar 12, and, in assembled condition, these shoulders abut against the legs to hold the legs apart.

To assemble the horse, the two legs are inserted in the notches 16, and the spreader bar is then mounted between the legs with the projections 24 placed in the The distance between the shoulders .25 of this bar is slightly longer than the horizontal distance between the apertures 23 when the legs are disposed loosely in the notches so that, when the bar is inserted, the legs will be sprung or spread apart sufficiently to tightly bind against the walls of the notches and thus be integrally connected frictionally with the rail 10. For easily inserting the legs in the notches, the notches may be of a slightly greater width than the thickness of the legs, the cutaway portion 18 also facilitating entry of the leg in the notch. This will'not make the structure loose or wobbly because the spreader bar exerts a powerful leverage upon the upper leg portions to press them firmly against the opposite walls of the notches 16.

The structure thus far described can readily be used as a sawhorse for holding workpieces or for other uses. The groove 14 is used to hold narrow strips of lumber, such as moldings and the like, while being sawed or the like. When it is desired to use the horse for a support for a table or platform, an adapter bar 26 is used. This bar has dowel pins 28 projecting from its lower edge which fit in the holes 15 of the rail 10 for holding the adapter bar 26 in an upright position. The adapter bar may assume various lengths as desired and may assume various heights for elevating the table or plat form a desired distance above the floor. 1

The top edge of the adapter bar 26 has transverse notches 29 for receiving rails, not shown, which are disposed across said bars 26 to provide support for a table top or platform between the sawhorses. The bars 26, instead of seating in longitudinal relation on the rail 10, as shown, may be seated thereon in right angular relationship with the pins 28 at their opposite ends engaging holes 15 in different horses. By this method the bars 26 connect a pair of horsestogether to form a rigid supporting base structure.

In Figure there is shown a bench utilizing the principles of the present invention. This structure comprises a bench top 30 having hingedly mounted to its under surface by hinges 32 a pair of rails 33. These rails have notches 34 in their bottom edges which assume a double dovetail shape, having oppositely flared walls 35 and 36 with pairs of walls 35 and 36 being parallel, best seen in Figure 7. The bench has a pair of legs 38 with a pair of notches 39 in their upper edges which cooperate with the notches 34.

Disposed immediately below each of the notches 39 in the legs 38 is a hole 40 and projecting from the wall 36 nearest the end of the rail 33 is a pin 42 which in the assembled position of the bench engages the hole 40. The legs 38 are inserted while disposed in an inwardly inclined relation, as shown in dotted lines in Figure 7, to clear the pins 42, and, upon being moved fully into position against the top end of the slot, the legs are then pivoted to a position wherein the pin 42 engages the holes 40. The upper ends of the legs will then abut against one of the walls 35 and an oppositely disposed, parallel wall 36.

Each of the legs 38 has an aperture 42 adjacent its lower end engageable by a spreader bar 43 having shoulders similar to the spreader bar shown in Figure 4. The spreader bar 43 binds the legs in the notches to form an integral unit, and displacement of the legs from the notches is prevented by the pins 42. The joint structure shown in Figure 7, including the double flared notch and the pin 42, is not limited in its use with the bench structure of the second embodiment but may as well be used with the sawhorse structure of Figure 1 or other the legs will be free to slide out of the notches 34. The

rails 33 may be rotated on their hinges toward each other to lie flat against the bottom surface of the top 30 to make a compact knocked down unit package. All parts are flat, without any outstanding projections.

The devices embodying the present invention are economical to manufacture and are study in structure. The devices are readily assembled or disassembled, and, when disassembled, may be arranged in a compact unit for storage or shipment. It is evident that the invention may be embodied in any types of structures other than those illustrated and described.

Having now described my invention and in what manner the same may be used, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

A collapsible-support comprising a horizontal rail having a transverse notch near each end extending upwardly partially through the rail from the lower edge thereof, each of said notches having opposite uper wall portions diverging upwardly from a narrow mid-portion and opposite lower wall portions diverging downwardly from said narrow mid portion, a pair of legs in said notches, a spreader bar between lower portions of said legs holding the upper portions thereof in engagement with one of said lower wall portions and the opposite upper wall portion of said notches, and a pin projecting from one of said engaged Wall portions of each notch, each leg having an aperture to receive said pin, said legs being insertable in said notches past said pins by swinging the lower ends of the legs toward each other so that the legs enter the notches in spaced relation to said wall portions which are normally engaged thereby.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 304,207 Langlais Aug. 26, 1884 391,013 Bogardus Oct. 16, 1888 394,026 Smith Dec. 4, 1888 861,454 Garrison July 30, 1907 970,721 Kirkpatrick et al Sept. 20, 1910 1,377,425 Milnes, Jr May 10, 1921 1,395,166 Tomlinson Oct. 25, 1921 1,618,803 Boakan Feb. 22, 1927 1,832,801 Wright Nov. 17, 1931 2,215,657 Anderson Sept. 24, 1940 2,369,930 Wagner, Sr. Feb. 20, 1945 2,486,987 Scarlett Nov. 1, 1949 2,551,071 Tyng May 1, 1951 2,560,957 Johnson July 17, 1951 2,650,147 Sauder Aug. 25, 1953 2,709,485 Haven May 31, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 2,980 Great Britain 1912 613,759 Great Britain Dec. 2, 1948

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US304207 *Jul 13, 1883Aug 26, 1884 Trestle
US391013 *Jan 10, 1888Oct 16, 1888 Toilet-cabinet or other wooden structure
US394026 *Mar 27, 1888Dec 4, 1888 Carpenter s trestle
US861454 *Oct 18, 1906Jul 30, 1907Thomas Lee GarrisonKnockdown seat.
US970721 *Aug 16, 1909Sep 20, 1910William A KirkpatrickKnockdown seat.
US1377425 *Apr 9, 1919May 10, 1921Milnes Jr JohnBuilder's horse or trestle
US1395166 *Jun 8, 1920Oct 25, 1921Tomlinson George ETable
US1618803 *Feb 6, 1925Feb 22, 1927Frank BokanKnockdown bench and table structure
US1832801 *Dec 5, 1930Nov 17, 1931Wright Mfg CompanySectional knockdown holder
US2215657 *Jun 30, 1938Sep 24, 1940Carl T AndersonDesk
US2369930 *Jan 12, 1943Feb 20, 1945Wagner Sr Raymond AStool
US2486987 *Oct 8, 1945Nov 1, 1949Scarlett George RPrefabricated chair
US2551071 *Jul 7, 1947May 1, 1951Anne G TyngChild's furniture and toy construction
US2560957 *Dec 6, 1948Jul 17, 1951Johnson James HKnockdown shelf structure
US2650147 *Jul 1, 1952Aug 25, 1953Sauder Erie JKnockdown table
US2709485 *Jan 7, 1952May 31, 1955Meier & Pohlmann Furniture ComKnock-down chairs
GB613759A * Title not available
GB191202980A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3035660 *May 15, 1961May 22, 1962Louis E LeonKnock-down support stand
US3244451 *May 25, 1964Apr 5, 1966Omer RoyCollapsible table
US3262405 *Oct 13, 1964Jul 26, 1966Jon SuttonInterlocking assemblable furniture
US4066145 *Dec 1, 1976Jan 3, 1978The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc.Compact saw horse
US4105091 *Aug 5, 1976Aug 8, 1978Mahan Philip J CSawhorse
US4537282 *Mar 27, 1984Aug 27, 1985Lobdell George HWork holding stackable step stool
US5305850 *Jun 22, 1993Apr 26, 1994Mcquiston Arthur JKnock-down sawhorse
US5526897 *Dec 27, 1994Jun 18, 1996Schiller; Charles V.Carpentry work station
US5535847 *Apr 6, 1994Jul 16, 1996Storehorse, Inc.Table top attachment for sawhorses
US5644995 *Oct 11, 1995Jul 8, 1997Gurwell; Hugh DavidRapidly assembled and disassembled portable table, work bench, or the like
US5941396 *Jul 22, 1997Aug 24, 1999Le Vert; Richard FrancisWire dispenser stand
US6237895 *May 21, 1999May 29, 2001Kurt W. ThurstonCrowd control rail assembly
US6827028 *Dec 11, 2002Dec 7, 2004E. Pryor CallawayCollapsible support
US6968790May 19, 2005Nov 29, 2005Kocsis Richard LPortable picnic table/sawhorse
US7086395 *Jan 31, 2005Aug 8, 2006Tsann Kuen Enterprise Co., Ltd.Barbeque grill assembly with detachable leg units
US7111708Oct 29, 2003Sep 26, 2006Jim FreyKnock down sawhorse
US7992683 *Mar 26, 2008Aug 9, 2011Stephens Kenneth SMultipurpose sawhorse end frame
US9658035 *Oct 21, 2014May 23, 2017Greyman LlcTarget stand
US20050115768 *Oct 29, 2003Jun 2, 2005Jim FreyKnock down sawhorse
US20060169273 *Jan 31, 2005Aug 3, 2006Chung-Shuan LiBarbeque grill assembly with detachable leg units
US20080236946 *Mar 26, 2008Oct 2, 2008Stephens Kenneth SMultipurpose sawhorse end frame
US20110215218 *Mar 7, 2011Sep 8, 2011Mark JarrettSupport apparatus
US20140048996 *Aug 16, 2012Feb 20, 2014Roddy M. BullockStabilizing Device
US20150137455 *Oct 21, 2014May 21, 2015Grey Man LLCTarget stand
US20150292842 *Jun 23, 2015Oct 15, 2015Greyman LlcTarget stand
USD775486 *Apr 29, 2014Jan 3, 2017Cougar Development, LLC.Portable bar table
U.S. Classification182/186.5, D25/67
International ClassificationA47B3/12
Cooperative ClassificationA47B2200/0016, A47B3/12
European ClassificationA47B3/12