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Publication numberUS2911871 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 10, 1959
Filing dateSep 14, 1954
Priority dateSep 14, 1954
Publication numberUS 2911871 A, US 2911871A, US-A-2911871, US2911871 A, US2911871A
InventorsCharles F Schultz
Original AssigneeCharles F Schultz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Magnetic pick-up device
US 2911871 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

c. F. scHuLTz v 2,911,871

MAGNETIC PICK-UP DEVICE Y Nav.` 1o, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Sept. 14. 1954 ffl@ lJNVjENToR. CHAIZLESESCHUL-rz Nov. 10, 1959 c. F. scHuLTz MAGNETIC PICK-UP DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed sept. 14, 1954 United States Patent O 2,911,871 Y w MAGNETIC PICK-UP DEVICE Charles F. Schultz, Lndenhurst, N.Y. y Application September`14, 1954, Serial No. `455,857

1 Claim. (Cl. 84`1.15)

This invention relates to electro-magnetic pick-up devices.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an electro-magnetic pick-up device for individually varying the amplitude of the reproduction of the various strings of a stringed musical instrument or the like wherein permanent magnets are arranged so as to provide a controlled and lincreased density of space extension of lines of force which are adapted to be cut by the string vibrations and to induce modulated currents in a coil element connected to a tone control and amplifier for the instrument.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an electromagnetic pick-up device for individually varying the amplitude of the reproduction of sound caused by metallic vibratory objects including steel or electrically conducting strings of a stringed musical instrument or the like and which will capture the maximum vibration of the string and gather the maximum signal therefrom by controllably extending the magnetic field area.

Other objects of the present invention are to provide an electro-magnetic pick-up device bearing the above objects in mind and which is of simple construction, has a minimum number of parts, is easy to assemble and use and is eilicient in operation.

For other objects and a better understanding of the invention reference may be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a musical instrument showing the invention in operative use thereon;

Figure 2 is an end elevational view showing the arrangement of the permanent magnets and their relation to the center pole piece and illustrating the essence of the invention;

Figure 3 is an exploded perspective view of the parts comprising the invention;

Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line 4-4 of Figure 5 and Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line 5 5 of Figure 4.

Referring now more in detail to the drawing wherein similar reference numerals identify corresponding parts throughout the several views, represents a fiber base plate having mounting openings 11 at the opposite ends thereof, the base plate 10 at one end adjacent to one of the mounting openings 11 being provided with a pair of openings 12 for a purpose which will hereinafter become clear.

A central rectangular pole piece 13 is provided lwith a plurality of longitudinally spaced, vertical and internally threaded openings 14 therethrough, the pole piece 13 being disposed along the central longitudinal portion of the base plate 10.

A pair of permanent magnets 15 and -16 similar in length and shape to the pole piece 13 are disposed across the top of the base plate 10 at each side of the pole piece 13 (Figure 3), the south poles of each of the magnets rice 15 and I16 lying along the inner longitudinal edges thereof on opposite sides of pole piece.

A coil form 17 having a peripheral groove 18 around which wire 19 'is wound fits downwardly onto the magnets 15 and 16, the coil form 17 being provided with a central longitudinal opening 20 which receives the pole piece 13 upwardly therethrough.

A brass .or plastic casing 21 open at the bottom is adapted to fit downwardly over the top wall of coil form 17, the casing 21 being provided with the longitudinally spaced openings 22 aligned with the upper ends of the generally threaded openings 14 of the pole piece` 13. Casing 21 at the opposite ends thereof along the lower edges is integrally formed with extensions 23 adapted to overlie the ends of the base plate 10, the extensions 23 being provided with openings 24 aligned with the mounting openings 11. Eyelets 25 are positioned within the aligned openings 24 and 11 and receive downwardly therethrough Iwooden screws 26 (Figure 4) by means of which the base plate 10 and the casing 21 are secured to the instrument 27 (Figure l).

A plurality 'of adjusting screws 28 having enlarged slotted heads 29 are screwed into the internally threaded openings 14 through the casing openings 22 (Figure 4). The screws may be tuned by means of a slotted head 29 in a manner well known to those well skilled in the art.

A magnetic field 30 (Figure 2) is created by the opposite positioning of permanent magnets 15 and 16 adjacent the sides of pole piece .13. The permanent magnetic lfields opposing each other south to south at the iron pole piece 13 do not repel each other but are thrust upwardly into the pole piece 13, screws 28 and beyond thereby creating a tall magnetic south phase of the field before the lines of force proceed to the north ends of the magnets. This tall magnetic south phase can be extended more by adding additional permanent magnets having south pole abutments with the pole piece 13.

The pole piece `13 is formed of soft iron as are the adjustment screws 28. The magnetic lines of force find an easy path therethrough and extend to a greater distance whereby to capture a maximum of the vibrations of the strings 32. Coil 19 disposed around the coil form 17 surrounds the pole piece 13 and gathers modulated currents through induction from the string vibrations, the latter breaking the magnetic lines of force which pass through and around said coil before returning to the magnets. The coil terminals 19 are connected to the tone control and amplifier of ythe instrument 27 in the usual manner.

There has thus been provided permanent magnet suitably disposed adjacent a pole piece to increase the flux and area thereof whereby to encompass the area of the string vibrations controllably. With the increase in flux and area the pick-up coil 19 receives modulated and induced currents thereby gathering true and converted signals from the strings. Adjustability of screws 28 permits the variation or control in the amplitude reproduced from any one string.

While various changes may be made in detail construction, it should be apparent that minor changes and variations in construction, positioning connection and material of the parts of the invention may all be resorted to Without departing from the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claim.

I claim:

In an electro-magnetic pick-up device adapted to be disposed adjacent sound producing vibratory elements of metal comprising an elongated and projecting magnetically permeable pole piece, elongated permanent magnets disposed in contact with and on the opposite longitudinal faces of said pole piece, the south poles of said magnets being disposed adjacent to each other on opposite faces of said' pole piece to increase the area and density of the magnetic field, and a pick-up coil surrounding said pole piece to receivefrmodulated induced currents as lines of force of Vthe magnetic eld are broken by vibration of the said sound producing vibratory elements,

said pickaup coil comprising arelatively flat coil form having aA central elongated opening receiving saidY pole piece projecting therethrough and adapted'to rest on` said permanent magnets, said coil form around the peripheraly tionship, said base plate havingrextensions beyond the 15 opposite ends of said magnets and pole piece, and a casing open at the bottom and adapted to t over said coil form, magnets and base plate, the casing main wall having aligned and spaced openings to receive pole piece adjustment screws therethrough with the heads thereof disposed beyond said casing main Wall, extensions at opposite ends of said casing adjacent the lower edge thereof and adapted to overlie said first-mentioned extensions, and securing means penetrating the rst and second mentioned exten sions for axation of the device.

References Cited in the `1e of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS? 2,262,335 Russell Nov. 11, 1941 2,294,861 Fuller. 1 Sept. 1, 19.42 2,542,271' Alvarezy Feb. 20', 11951 2,683,388 Ke ]l;e1f y July 13, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 588,178 Great Britain May 15, 1947 990,405

France June 6, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2262335 *Jul 21, 1939Nov 11, 1941Russell Clarence WMusical instrument
US2294861 *Aug 14, 1940Sep 1, 1942Gibson IncElectrical pickup for stringed musical instruments
US2542271 *Jul 24, 1948Feb 20, 1951Maria De Reitzes MarienwertDevice for creating oscillations
US2683388 *Apr 12, 1952Jul 13, 1954Valco Mfg CoPickup device for stringed instruments
FR990405A * Title not available
GB588178A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3236930 *May 11, 1962Feb 22, 1966Columbia Records Distrib CorpElectromagnetic pickup for electrical musical instruments
US3249677 *Oct 19, 1962May 3, 1966Ormston Burns LtdPick-ups for guitars and coupling circuits therefor
US3711619 *Nov 4, 1970Jan 16, 1973Jones RNatural performance extended range pick-up device
US3916751 *Jan 9, 1975Nov 4, 1975Norlin Music IncElectrical pickup for a stringed musical instrument
US3983777 *Feb 28, 1975Oct 5, 1976William BartoliniSingle face, high asymmetry variable reluctance pickup for steel string musical instruments
US3983778 *Aug 21, 1974Oct 5, 1976William BartoliniHigh asymmetry variable reluctance pickup system for steel string musical instruments
US4133243 *Aug 11, 1977Jan 9, 1979Dimarzio Lawrence PElectric pickup
US4220069 *Jun 20, 1979Sep 2, 1980Fender C LeoElectromagnetic pickup for stringed musical instruments
US4283982 *Jan 26, 1979Aug 18, 1981Armstrong Daniel KMagnetic pickup for electric guitars
US4624172 *May 29, 1985Nov 25, 1986Mcdougall GlennGuitar pickup pole piece
US5290968 *Apr 17, 1992Mar 1, 1994Frank MiriglianoMagnetic pickup for musical instruments
US5336845 *Oct 29, 1993Aug 9, 1994Actodyne General, Inc.Pick-up assembly for a stringed musical instrument
US5399802 *Feb 19, 1993Mar 21, 1995Dimarzio Musical Instrument Pickups, Inc.Electromagnetic pickup for stringed musical instruments
US5401900 *Jan 14, 1993Mar 28, 1995Actodyne General, Inc.For a stringed musical instrument
US5418327 *Jan 4, 1993May 23, 1995Actodyne General, Inc.Mounting assembly
US5430246 *Jan 4, 1993Jul 4, 1995Actodyne General, Inc.Dual coil pick-up assembly for a springed musical instrument
US5438157 *Jan 14, 1993Aug 1, 1995Actodyne General, Inc.Acoustic pick-up assembly for a stringed musical instrument
US5464948 *Apr 22, 1994Nov 7, 1995Actodyne General, Inc.Sensor assembly for a stringed musical instrument
US5641932 *Jan 19, 1995Jun 24, 1997Actodyne General, Inc.Sensor assembly for stringed musical instruments
US5684263 *Jun 7, 1995Nov 4, 1997Actodyne General, Inc.Electromagnetic sensor assembly for musical instruments having a magnetic lining
US7227076 *Jan 15, 2005Jun 5, 2007Fender Musical Instruments CorporationAdvanced magnetic circuit to improve both the solenoidal and magnetic functions of string instrument pickups with co-linear coil assemblies
US8344236 *Nov 4, 2010Jan 1, 2013Adam Eugene MayesPolyphonic guitar pickup
US8415551 *Nov 5, 2010Apr 9, 2013George J. DixonComposite pole piece musical instrument pickup
US20110100200 *Nov 4, 2010May 5, 2011Adam Eugene MayesPolyphonic guitar pickup
DE1187465B *Oct 20, 1962Feb 18, 1965Ormston Burns LtdTonabnehmer fuer Gitarren
Classifications
U.S. Classification84/725, 984/368, 84/DIG.210, 84/726
International ClassificationG10H3/18
Cooperative ClassificationG10H3/181, Y10S84/21
European ClassificationG10H3/18B