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Publication numberUS2913732 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 24, 1959
Filing dateMar 25, 1958
Priority dateMar 25, 1958
Publication numberUS 2913732 A, US 2913732A, US-A-2913732, US2913732 A, US2913732A
InventorsErnest O Jones
Original AssigneeErnest O Jones
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Invalid's commode
US 2913732 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 24, 1959 E. o. JONES INVALIDS COMMODE 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed March 25, 1958 ZNVENTOR EZ/VEST 0. r/O/VES ATTORNEY 2,913,732 INVALIDS ooMMonn Ernest 0. Jones, Knippa,;Tex. Application March 25, 1958 SerialNo. 723,765

1 Claim. c1. 4-134 This invention relates to an invalids commode, and it particularly relates to a commode comprising part of achair which can be placed next to a bed lin a position where the patient can easily move onto it. i

The use of bed pans for bed-ridden patients is something which most people, both patients and attendants,

Where the patient would prefer to avoid if possible. cannot be moved at all, the use of bed pans is usually unavoidable; however, if the patient can sit up at all, it is usually possible for him to slide from his ,bed into a chair set at the same level as the bed. Such a'chair,hav-

ing a commode thereon, makes it much more agreeable ever, none 'of the prior types ofxchair commodes have adequately served the purpose, being either too complex and bulky to be easily handled by the invalid or too flimsy and unreliable to adequately support the invalid while permitting eifective use.

It is one object of the present invention to provide an invalids commode device which is simple enough to be effectively manipulated by the patient while being, at the same time, effective for its purposes.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a chair-type commode which is safe for holding a bedriddenpatient while it is yet movable toward and away from the bed.

A further object of this invention is to provide a commode chair which is at least partially foldable or collapsible so as to occupy a minimum amount of space while in storage.

Other objects of the present invention are to provide an improved commode device, of the character described, that is easily and economically produced, which is sturdy in construction, and which is highly efiicient in operation.

With the above and related objects in view, this invention consists in the details of construction and combination of parts, as will be more fully understood from the following description, when read in conjunction withthe accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a side elevational View of a device embodying the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a front elevational view of the device of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a top view of the device taken on line 3--3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a view, partly in section and partly in elevation, taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken on line 6-6 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 7 is a view, partly in section and partly in elevation, taken on line 7--7 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 8 is a view taken on line 88 of Fig. 1.

United States Batent O ice Fig. 9 is a side view, partly in section and partly in elevation, taken on line 99 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 10 is a view, partly in section and partly in elevation, taken on line 10-10 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 11 is a sectional view taken on line 1111 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 12 is a view, partly in section and partly in elevation, taken on line 12-12 of Fig. 3.

Referring now in greater detail to the drawings wherein similar reference characters refer to similar parts, there is shown a chair type commode, generally designated 10, which comprises two oppositely disposed tubular frame members 12 and 14 having similar tubular depending legs 16 on each end. These legs 16 each telescopically receives a rod '18, these rods 18 being adjustably secured to their respective legs 16 by means of clamping sleeves,

suchas shown at 26. These clamping sleeves of split design are each provided with a pair of ears 22 apertured to receive a set-screw 24. A nut 26 is positioned against the outer side of one of the ears 22 to hold the screw 24 in clamping position.

At the lower end of each rod 18 is provided a bracket 28 of inverted U-shape and in each of these brackets is journaled an axle 30 upon which is rotatably mounted a Wheel or roller 32. Extending between the rods 18 at each side of the chair is a rod 34 adjacent each end of which is pivotally connected as at 35, a brake arm 36 having a brake shoe 38 at its lower free end. Each brake shoe 38 is adapted to frictionally contact the periphery of a wheel 32. The toggle brakes constituted by the arms 36 and brake shoes 38 are operated by a foot pedal 40 pivotally mounted by means of a lever 42 to a corresponding rod 34 on each side of the device; each lever 42 beingpivoted to its corresponding rod 34 by a pivot pin 44. Each lever 42 is also pivotally connected, as at 46 and 48, to a pair of oppositely-extending links 50, each link being pivotally connected at its other end to the corresponding brake arm 36, these pivot connections to the brake arms being indicated at 52. By means of this construction, the wheels 32 can be held in braked position when the device is in place merely by stepping on each brake pedal 40. When it is desired to release the brakes, the pedals 40 are merely pulled up. The offcenter arrangement of the pivots 46 and 48 causes the brakes to be retained in the position in which they are put.

At the upper portion of the device, a plate 54 overlies the two tubular frame portions 12 and 14 and is provided with a curved peripheral flange or lip 56 which partially encompasses the frame members 12 and 14 on each side of the device and also extends around the front and rear. In the center of the plate 54 is a toilet opening 58 which is surrounded by a toilet seat 60. The seat 60 is releasably held in position by guide lugs 62 on top of the plate 54. Angled bracing struts 64 extend from the legs 16 to the adjacent undersurfaces of the plate 54 to bracingly support the plate.

Underneath the opening 58 is a deep pan 66 having an upwardly and rearwardly inclined bottom (as best seen in Fig. 1). This pan 66 is releasably held in position by means of a retaining assembly comprising a generally U-shaped yoke 68 the upper ends of which are connected to the undersurface of the plate 54 by means of rivets '70 or the like. At the center of the yoke 68 is provided an aperture mating with internally-threaded bore of a boss 72. Through the bore of boss 72 and through the mating aperture of the yoke 68 extends a screw 74 having a head 76. The upper end of screw 74 is engaged in a recess in the undersurface of a bearing member 78 which bears against the undersurface of a clamping plate 80. The clamping plate 80 bears against the undersurface of pan 66 to press the pair 66 tightly against plate 54 under- ,mounted on forwardly-extending arms .84 supported by angular brace bars 86 (as best seen, in Fig. 1).

Pivotally connected to frame members Hand 14, was at 88 and 90, are the flattened ends 92 and 94 of a pairpf tubular arms 96 and 98, these tubular arms being integrally connected by a cross-arm 100 at the top. A cushioned back rest 102 has its lower end pivotally secured to a rod 103 extending between the arms 96 and .98 while its upper end is releasably connected to the cross-bar.100

bya latch means 104. By this construction either the entire back assembly, includingthe arms 96, L98and 1fi0 and the back rest 102, or the back rest 102, by itself,.may

be hingedly b rought down to cover the opening 58 and seat 60.

Apair of arm rests, one on each side of the chair,. are

formed by bent tubular rods.106. Each of the rods 106 has a flattened rear end 108 apertured to receive a threaded bolt 110. Each bolt 110 extends through an arm 96 or 98. A wing nut 112 holds the bolt 110 in place. The opposite end of each rod 106 is releasably held in a socket 114 depending from the front end of each of the frame members 12 and 14. A guard member 116 is provided on each rod 106.

In use, the chair is pulled up to the side of a bed, the height of the legs are adjusted so that the device is at ,thesame level as the bed, the brake pedals 40v or either one thereof is stepped on to lock the wheels in place, and

, the arm rests 106 are removed from their sockets 114 and raised on the pivots formed by bolts 110. The pa tient ,can; then slide onto the chair and the front ends of the .armrests A 106 can. then be placed in the sockets 114.

After use, the arm rests are lifted up, the patient. slides back into bed, and the attendant can then lower the back rest assembly andremove the chair to a disposahpoint where the pan 66, is removed and cleaned,

Although this invention has been described in considerable detail, such description is (intended as being illustrative rather than limiting, since the invention may be variously embodied, and the scope of the invention is to be determined as claimed.

Having thus set forth and disclosed the nature of this invention, what is claimed is:

An invalids chair commodedevice comprising a tubular frame having leg-portions legs adjustably connected to the leg portions of said frame, wheels rotatably supporting said legs, .a brake, device, operatively associated with. each wheel, said brake devices being connected to actuating means on said frame, a top plate on said frame, angularly shapedssupporting braces extending from said legs to said top plate, an opening in said top plate, an apertured toilet seat on said top plate surrounding said opening, a back-rest means hingedly connected to said frame, removable. arm rests on each side of said top plate, each hingedlyconnected atone end to said backrest means and having itsother end seated in a socket in said frame, a yoke assembly depending from said top plate, anda panreleas ablyt secured under the opening in said top plate by sa-id yoke assembly, said yoke assembly comp'risingage'rierally U-shaped rigidyoke having its upper ends secured totheundersurface of, said top plate, an adjusting screwthreaded through the lower portion of said yoke centrally thereof and a bearing member mounted on, said screw and bearing against a support plate underl g h References Cited in the file of this patent .IJfNIlED STATES PATENTS 249;'7'88 Ottenheimer Nov. 22, 1881 1278;826 :Schmetzer June 5, 1883 2,585,771 Harris Feb. 12, 1952 2,713,891 rLinquist :June 26, 1955 2,785,414 ,aFoster etal .Mar. 19,' 1957 2,849,051 Streeter Aug. 26, 1958

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US278826 *Jun 5, 1883 Louis schmetzer
US1249788 *Jul 17, 1915Dec 11, 1917Fiber Products CorpFiber-treating machine.
US2585771 *Nov 18, 1949Feb 12, 1952Harris George WCombined hospital chair and pail
US2713891 *Jan 2, 1953Jul 26, 1955William A LinquistWheel chair construction
US2785414 *Mar 9, 1953Mar 19, 1957Foster Robert WHospital folding chair
US2849051 *Dec 5, 1956Aug 26, 1958Ill George W StreeterConvertible wheeled chair
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3050741 *Apr 11, 1960Aug 28, 1962Charles S ColemanBed table and commode
US3829908 *Apr 9, 1973Aug 20, 1974Temco ProductsKnock-down commode device
US3904217 *Sep 7, 1973Sep 9, 1975Thetford CorpSupport stand for a self-contained toilet apparatus
US4028749 *Jan 13, 1976Jun 14, 1977David Richard JamesSanitary chairs
US4161793 *Mar 15, 1978Jul 24, 1979Mercedes MerchanCombination bathroom stool and toilet
US4288124 *Oct 1, 1979Sep 8, 1981Rex HamiltonWheelchair-carried transfer stool
US4300249 *Mar 25, 1980Nov 17, 1981Taylor Francis HChair for neurologically impaired patients
US4358125 *Apr 1, 1980Nov 9, 1982Vessa LimitedWheelchair frame construction
US4365363 *Jan 12, 1981Dec 28, 1982Windauer Joseph RUrine collecting device for patients in wheelchairs
US4550455 *Nov 2, 1983Nov 5, 1985Carson Medical IncorporatedSlosh dampening waste receptacle for chairs for care of incontinent persons
US4795214 *Aug 17, 1987Jan 3, 1989Cambridge Technologies, Inc.Convertible wheelchair/litter
US4837868 *Jun 17, 1988Jun 13, 1989Allen Joan ACommode device for invalid patients
US4962551 *Mar 20, 1989Oct 16, 1990Invacare CorporationPortable commode
US5251862 *Dec 6, 1991Oct 12, 1993Walter RaymondTransporting and lifting apparatus and methods for aiding handicapped individuals
US5341517 *Mar 18, 1992Aug 30, 1994Invacare CorporationPortable commode
US5526537 *Mar 23, 1995Jun 18, 1996Conrad; Lucas J.Portable chair commode
US5538011 *Jan 13, 1995Jul 23, 1996Craft; James Z.Folding chair aid for sexual relations
US6006369 *Apr 15, 1997Dec 28, 1999Invacare CorporationCommode seat and lid combination
US6431650 *Jan 26, 2001Aug 13, 2002Jeremy D. VisoneHeight adjustable wheelchair apparatus
US20050273920 *Jun 14, 2004Dec 15, 2005Angeles MarinasWaste handling apparatus for wheelchair
US20080133089 *Nov 30, 2006Jun 5, 2008Ahmad BayomyHeight-Adjusting Wheelchair
US20140306495 *Apr 10, 2014Oct 16, 2014University Health NetworkPatient carrier
US20140352050 *May 28, 2013Dec 4, 2014Jen-Huo YaoChair with Urinal Device
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/480, 297/DIG.400, 297/188.12, 297/381
International ClassificationA61G5/10
Cooperative ClassificationA61G5/1002, Y10S297/04
European ClassificationA61G5/10A