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Publication numberUS2914788 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 1, 1959
Filing dateMar 4, 1958
Priority dateFeb 22, 1957
Publication numberUS 2914788 A, US 2914788A, US-A-2914788, US2914788 A, US2914788A
InventorsEric Smith, Thomas Scholes
Original AssigneeD S T Pattern And Engineering
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Doctor knives
US 2914788 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. SMITH EI'AL DOCTOR KNIVES Dec. 1, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 4, 1958 INVENTORS 94 J b-'0 T40 an: {4,4

ATTORNEY E. SMITH ETAL Dec. 1, 1959 DOCTOR KNIVES Filed March 4, 1958 -2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY United States Patent 1 2,914,18 nocroR KNIVES Application March 4, 1958, Serial No. 719,059.

- Claims priority, application Great Britain i February 22, 1957 7 Claims. (c1. 15- -2565) fhis inventionrrelatesjto doctor knives, such as are usedin connection with the roll or cylinder of a papermaking'machine and bleaching and dyeing on printing machinery. 1 p A basicrequirement with any doctor knife is to obtain and maintain a pressure of the blade against the cylinder which is as uniform as possible throughout its length, preferablywith the possibility of being able to increase or reduce the pressure at will substantially without loss of such uniformity.

.The object of the present invention is a doctor knife having an improved construction and arrangement of parts. i According to the invention a doctor knife, comprising a blade and blade-back assembly mounted in a holder adjacent the roll or cylinder on which the blade is to press, is characterized in that said assembly co-operates with opposed fulcra provided in the holder so as to extend longitudinally of said assembly intermediate the latterfs frontandrear edges, the holder, also incorporating longitudinally disposed resilient members engaging opposite sides of said assembly between said fulcra and its rear edge and one of said members being inflatable to urge the front edge of the blade against the roll or cylinder with an adjustable pressure uniformly distributed along such edge.

The inflatable member aforesaid conveniently comprises a tube-located in the holder and engaging the blade/back'assembly at the side thereof adjacent the roll or .cylinder,:and the opposing resilient member may be of similar construction, the tube or tubes employed being each plugged at o'n e end and connectable at the other to a; source of pressure fluid.'

The fulcrum provided in the holder at the side of the blade/backassembly remote from the roll or cylinder may likeWise-be of a resilient nature (e.g. a tube inflatable as aforesaid), the opposing fulcrum being substantially rigid;

The holder may comprise detachably connected inner andaouterparts, one of which serves as an abutment forthe'blade back, suitable clearance being left between such parts to --permit angular adjustment of the blade/ back, assembly between the opposed fulcra under the control of the inflatable member or members acting near the rear edge of such assembly.

-- In the accompanying drawings:

Fig: 1 is aseetional side elevation of one form of doctor knife according to the present invention,

Fig. 2 is'a plan view of one end of such knife,

i ,Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the other end of the knife, sectioned on the line 3- -3 ofFig. 1, and

Fig. 4 is. a fragmentary view corresponding to Fig. 1 butlshowing a modified construction.

In the example illustrated in Figs. 1- to 3, the doctor knife comprises a steel blade 5 whose front edge is bevelled and Whose rear edge is fixed in clips 6' spaced along the underside of a back plate 7.

The rear edge of this plate 7 carries a row of bronze slipper blocks 8 adapted to bear against an upstanding shoulder 9 on the lower part 10 of a holder 11, this part 10 being Welded at 12 to the upper part of a tube 13 which has co-axial trunnions 14 fixed in the ends thereof.

By means of these trunnions the tube 13 and holder 11 are mounted parallel to the axis of the roll or cylinder 15 upon whose surface the blade 5 is to be pressed at a normal inclination of some 35 degrees to the tangent at the line of contact.

The holder 11 also includes an upper part 16, which is secured to the lower part 10 by a row of screws 17 behind the'shoulder 9. v

In front of the latter, the adjacent surfaces of the parts 10, do are mutually convergent to define a holdercavity which accommodates the rear portion of the back plate 7, the remainder of such plate, and the blade 5 carried thereby, projecting forwardly between the mutuallyparallel front edges of the parts 10, 16.

The edge of the lower part 10 is rounded off at 18 to provide a rigid fulcrum upon which the blade back can rock, and directly opposite this fulcrum is another represented by an inflated rubber tube 19 housed in a longitudinal groove 20 in the other holder part 16.

Between the two fulcra aforesaid and the shoulder 9, the inner surfaces of the parts 10, 16 are formed with opposed grooves 21, 22 respectively, and rubber tubes 23, 24 corresponding to 19 are located in these grooves so as to grip the adjacent portion of the back plate 7 between them.

As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, corresponding ends of the holder parts 10, 16 are connected by cover plates 25 held in place by screws 26, each such plate being formed with internal recesses 27 and throughholes 28 opposite the ends of the holder grooves 20, 21, 22.

Each of the rubber tubes 19, 23, 24 projects into the cover-plate recesses 27 at both ends, one such end being blanked off by a headed gun-metal plug 29 whilst the other has fitted into it a gun-metal connector member 30 having a rectangular flange 31 adapted to locate in the adjacent recess 27 and a threaded outer end- 32 which projects through one of the holes 28 for connection, by flexible piping, to a suitable source of pressure air or other fluid. Preferably the spigot portions of the plugs 29 and connectors 30 have circumferential ribs of ratchet section to resist their ejection from the tubes 19, 23, 24. V

The engagement of the back plate 7 between the independently infiatable tubes 23, 24 ensures that the free edge of the blade 5 bears upon the roll or cylinder 15 withuniformity of pressure throughout its whole length, the reaction of the blade during use beingtaken by the fulcrum tube 19.

Furthermore by reducing the fluid pressure in oneof the tubes 23, 24 and increasing it in the other, the blade 5 can be rocked between the rigid fulcrum 18 and tube '19 to alter its angle of inclination to the roll or cylinder surface. 1

A spring-steel plate 33 is preferably fixed along the front portion of the holder part 16 so as to press upon the blade-back 7 and to prevent the material removed by the blade from entering between the back-plate 7 and tube 19.

In the modified construction shown in Fig. 4, the tubes 19, 24 acting upon the upper surface of the blade'b'ackplate 7 are replaced by sponge rubber or like resilient strips 34, 35 the former co-operating with the rigid fulcrum surface 18 and the latter opposing the expansion ofthetube 23. p F g We claim: M

1. In a doctor knife engageable with a surface for Patented Dec. 1, 1959 scraping the latter, in combination, a rigid, elongated holder, a blade assemblymounted on said holder having a bottom face facing said surface and an opposite top face, said faces extending between a scraping edge and a rear edge of said blade assembly; resilient fulcrum means mounted on said holder, said fulcrum means extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said edges and engaging said top face; resilient pressure means mounted on said holder and extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said fulcrum means and said rear edge and resiliently engaging said bottom face for urging said scraping edge of said blade assembly to pivot about said fulcrum means toward said surface, said resilient fulcrum means and said resilient pressure means being respectively formed by individual members easily flexible in longitudinal direction and compressibie in transverse direction, said resilient fulcrum means and said resilient pressure means holding said top and said bottom face of said blade assembly out of engagement with said rigid holder; and means for adjusting the resiliency of at least one of said resilient means.

2. In a doctor'knife engageable with a surface for scraping the latter, in combination, a rigid, elongated holder, a blade assembly mounted on said holder having a bottom face facing said surface and an opposite top face, said faces extending between a scraping edge and a rear edge of said blade assembly; resilient fulcrum means mounted on said holder, said fulcrum means extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said edges and engaging said top face; an inflatable tube mounted on said holder and extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said fulcrum means and said rear edge and resiliently engaging said bottom face for urging said scraping edge of said blade assembly to pivot about said fulcrum means toward said surface, said resilient fulcrum means and said resilient pressure means being respectively formed by individual members easily flexible in longitudinal driection and compressible in transverse direction, said resilient fulcrum means and said resilient pressure means holding said top and said bottom face of said blade assembly out of engagement with said rigid holder; and means for inflating said tube whereby the pressure of said scraping edge against said surface is adjustable.

3. In a doctor knife engageable with a surface for scraping the latter, in combination, a rigid, elongated holder, a blade assembly mounted on said holder having a bottom face facing said surface and an opposite top face, said faces extending between a scraping edge and a rear edge of said blade assembly; a first inflatable tube forming resilient fulcrum means mounted on said holder, said inflatable tube extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said edges and engaging said top face; a second inflatable tube mounted on said holder and extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said fulcrum means and said rear edge andresilient- 1y engaging said bottom face for urging said scraping edge of said blade assembly to pivot about said fulcrum means toward said surface, said tubes holding said top and said bottom face of said blade assembly out of engagement with said rigid holder; and means for inflating said tubes whereby the pressure of said scraping edge against said surface is adjustable.

4. In a doctor knife engageable with a surface for scraping the latter, in combination,'a rigid, elongated holder, a blade assembly mounted on said holder having a bottom face facing said surface and an opposite top face, said faces extending between a scraping edge and a rear edge of said blade assembly; a first inflatable tube forming resilient fulcrum means mounted on said holder, said inflatable tube extendinglongitudinally of said 'assembly intermediate said edges and engaging said top face; a second inflatable tube mounted on saidholder and extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said fulcrum means and said rear edge and resiliently engaging said bottom face for urging said scraping edge of said blade assembly --to pivot-about said fulcrum means toward said surface; a third inflatable tube mounted on said holder and" extending longitudinally of said assembly opposite said second inflatable tube and resiliently engaging saidtop' face so that said assembly is resiliently held'adjacent said rear edge thereof between said second and said third tube, said tubes holding said top and said bottom face of said blade assembly out of engagement with said rigid holder; and means for independently inflating said tubes whereby the pressure of said scraping edge against said surface is adjustable.

5. In a doctor knife engageable with a-surface for scraping the' latter, in combination, a rigid, elongated holder, a blade assembly mounted on said holder having a bottom face facing said surfaee and an opposite top face, said faces extending between a scraping edge and a rear edge of said blade assembly;'resilient fulcrum means mounted on said holder, said fulcrum means extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said edges and engaging said top face; a pair of opposed resilient pressure means mounted on said holder and extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said fulcrum means and said rear edge and resiliently engaging said top and bottom faces respectively for resiliently holding said assembly and for urging saidscraping edge of said blade assembly to pivot about said fulcrum means toward said surface, said resilient fulcrum means and said resilient pressure means being respectively formed by individual members easily flexible in longitudinal direction and compressible in transverse direction, said resilient fulcrum means and said resilient pressure means holding said top and said bottom face of said blade assembly out of engagement with said rigid holder; and means for adjusting the resiliency of-at least one of said resilient means.

6. In a doctor knife engageable with a surface for scraping the latter, in combination, a rigid, elongated holder, a blade assembly mounted on said holder having a bottom face facing said surface and an opposite top face, said faces extending between a scraping edge and a rear edge of said blade assembly; resilient fulcrum means mounted on said holder, said fulcrum means extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said edges and engaging said top face; resilient pressure means mounted on said holder and extending longitu dinally of said assembly intermediate said fulcrum means and said rear edge and resiliently engaging said bottom face for urging said scraping edge of said blade assembly to pivot about said fulcrum means toward said surface, said resilient fulcrum means and said resilient pressure means being respectively formed by individual members easily flexible in longitudinal direction and compressible in transverse direction, said resilient fulcrum means and said resilient pressure means holding said top and said bottom face of said blade assembly out of engagement with said rigid holder; abutment means on said holder for limiting movement of said rear edge as said scraping edge pivots about said fulcrum means; and means for adjusting the resiliency of at least one of said resilient means.

7. In a doctor knife engageable with a surface for scraping the latter, in combination, a rigid, elongated holder, a blade assembly mounted on said holder having a bottom face facing said surface and an opposite top face, said faces extending between a scraping edge and a rear edge of said blade assembly; resilient fulcrum means mounted on said holder, said fulcrum means extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said edges and engaging said top face; resilient pressure means mounted on said holder and extending longitudinally of said assembly intermediate said fulcrum means and said rear edge and spaced therefrom, said pressure means resiliently engaging said bottom face for urging said scrapholder; and means for adjusting the resiliency of at least one of said resilient means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS White Dec. 22, 1925 Vickery July 27, 1926 Scott Mar. 30, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1566358 *Sep 5, 1924Dec 22, 1925Vickerys 1920 LtdDoctor for paper machines
US1594284 *Mar 23, 1926Jul 27, 1926Vickery LtdDoctor for paper-making machines
US2673494 *Nov 29, 1951Mar 30, 1954Baliol Scott Harold EricDoctor for paper and like machines
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3026842 *Jun 24, 1959Mar 27, 1962Time IncSpreading apparatus embodying a blade clamping inflatable tube
US3057327 *Mar 4, 1959Oct 9, 1962Time IncBlade controlling device for coating apparatus
US3078825 *Apr 1, 1960Feb 26, 1963Rice Barton CorpBlade holder for paper coating machines
US3079889 *Jun 3, 1959Mar 5, 1963Black Clawson CoPaper machinery
US3085275 *Apr 12, 1961Apr 16, 1963Allison Thomas KDoctor blade and holder
US3113890 *Jun 26, 1961Dec 10, 1963Kimberly Clark CoApparatus for smoothing coating materials on a paper web
US3169270 *May 6, 1963Feb 16, 1965Pass & Sohn GummiwerkKneader
US3181500 *Jan 25, 1960May 4, 1965Minnesota & Ontario Paper CoApparatus for the production of coated paper
US3187718 *May 28, 1962Jun 8, 1965Black Clawson CoFlexible doctor blade coating apparatus
US3192895 *Apr 18, 1962Jul 6, 1965Time IncWeb coating apparatus
US3229662 *Jan 10, 1964Jan 18, 1966Time IncBlade holding apparatus
US3255038 *Oct 13, 1964Jun 7, 1966Black Clawson CoMethod for establishing the proper working position of a doctor blade
US3273536 *Jun 26, 1961Sep 20, 1966Time IncTrailing-blade coater including fluid seal
US3318281 *Mar 4, 1963May 9, 1967Chausson Usines SaSpray apparatus employing masking means
US3358643 *Aug 10, 1965Dec 19, 1967Time IncMeans to bias resilient doctor blade
US3450098 *Apr 2, 1968Jun 17, 1969Diamond Int CorpDoctor for paper-making machine
US3529315 *Jan 27, 1969Sep 22, 1970Lodding Engineering CorpDoctor blade holder
US3711888 *Apr 7, 1970Jan 23, 1973Lodding Engineering CorpBlade holding apparatus
US3722465 *Mar 16, 1971Mar 27, 1973Voith Gmbh J MSmoothing scraper-coating apparatus
US3803665 *Jan 1, 1973Apr 16, 1974Winterburn Ltd JosephRoll doctor apparatus
US3955531 *Nov 26, 1974May 11, 1976James Ross LimitedPressure finger for doctor blade assembly
US3986453 *Apr 1, 1975Oct 19, 1976Ahlen & Akerlunds Forlags AbDevice for stripping excess ink from a rotating printing roll in rotogravure presses
US4031252 *Mar 10, 1976Jun 21, 1977The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of AgricultureDoctoring and drying method
US4078486 *Feb 17, 1976Mar 14, 1978Fritz Buser Ag MaschinenfabrikDoctoring device with blade cushioning mount
US4151797 *May 4, 1977May 1, 1979Mid America Tag And Label Company, Inc.Doctor blade apparatus
US6637330Jun 20, 2000Oct 28, 2003Tresu Production A/SDoctor blade system
EP0291465A2 *Mar 1, 1988Nov 17, 1988Schiavi Cesare Costruzioni Meccaniche S.P.A.A clamp device for the cylinder wiper blade in a rotogravure printing machine
EP1828477A1 *Aug 25, 2005Sep 5, 2007Runtech Systems OyBeam construction and method for manufacturing the same
WO2008140339A1 *May 20, 2008Nov 20, 2008Slawomir SteraPaper machine doctor blade holder
WO2010120228A1 *Mar 29, 2010Oct 21, 2010Metso Paper, Inc.A doctor blade arrangement and method in fibre processing
Classifications
U.S. Classification15/256.51, 118/126, 118/125
International ClassificationB41F9/00, D21G3/00, B41F9/10
Cooperative ClassificationB41F9/1045, D21G3/005
European ClassificationB41F9/10E2, D21G3/00B