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Publication numberUS2914816 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 1, 1959
Filing dateAug 6, 1958
Priority dateAug 6, 1958
Publication numberUS 2914816 A, US 2914816A, US-A-2914816, US2914816 A, US2914816A
InventorsLundgren Charlie N
Original AssigneeLundgren Charlie N
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Suspension bridging structure
US 2914816 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 1, 1959 c. N. LUNDGREN R 2,914,816

SUSPENSION BRIDGING STRUCTURE Filed Aug. 6, 1958 Fig. 1

j I /0 I lnnnuununnnnunnnnulnnunuunnump-n-mqm 9 2,914,816 r SUSPENSION BRIDGING STRUCTURE l Charlie N. Lundgren, Mohall, N. Dak. j Application August 6, 1958, Serial No. 753,459

' 9 Claims. 01. 20-9 This invention relates to a supporting structure for buildings, and in particular to a suspensionbridging or bracing for supporting floor and ceiling joists, roof rafters, .studding and the like which frequently sagior bow when subjected to heavy loads.

important object of my invention is a supporting structure Whichwill prevent such sagging and bulging new buildings and which will correct any such existing=detects in older buildings.

Since it is desirable to have a clear span beneath such construction, another object is a structure which is self-supporting andavoids theuse' of unsightly and ,1 eni ent posts andstring ers. Y i

A, still-further object is a supporting structure which is adaptable to joists, raftersand studding which are gularly spaced ,or or non-uniform depth. Throughthe description of my invention, floor and ceiling joists, roof rafters, studding and the like will be included in. the term joist. The cross, bracing referred to tl roughout the description refers to individual bracing irrien lgers, which extend between the joists, and does not i United States Patent bracing members 6 are shown in detail in Fig. 3. The cross bracing members 6 shown in Figs. 1 and 3 consist of mating members 7 and 8, each of said members having a flat tapered end portion 9. i The main body of member 7 is of tubular construction and receives the threaded portion 10 of member 8. Longitudinal movement of the bracing member 6 is prevented and a rigid unit is formed by turning nut 11, which is threadedly attached to threaded portion 10, until nut 11 makes contact with shoulder 12.

Referring to Fig. 4 which shows another form of my invention in assembled relationship, supporting plate 4 again traverses the joists 3 and is secured thereto by means of screw 5. Plates 13 having an opening in the central portion thereof are fixedly attached to joists 3. Longitudinally adjustable cross bracing members indicated generally by 14 and shown in detail in Fig. 5 extend diagonally between. each pair of adjacent joists 3 and are thrust connected thereto. Cross bracing members 14 consist of mating components 15 and 16, each component having a projecting pin 17 at one endthereof 'forinsertion into the central opening of plate 13. Component 16 including turning nut 18 is of integral structure and in use threaded portion 19 is inserted into threaded interior diameter 20 where the threaded portions mate to form a rigid cross bracing unit. Pins 17 are inserted into the central openings of plates 13 necessarilyimply the cross, bracing arrangement of a pair .e ending diagonally between adjacent joists, and afixed trip or bracket members for engaging the bracing Le inents in thrust relationship tothe adjacent joists.

Figs; land 4 are perspective views of two formsof f invention inassembled relationship to a building structure; i f

'Figs. 2,6and 7 illustrate different types of [clamps or kets which may be used in the invention;

gs}. Bland 5 illustrate two forms of cross bracing g, ichjmay be used inthe invention; and Y i Fig. S-ip ajfront elevationalvertical cross sectional v ew 9f Still another type of bracket in attached relait ions hip. to a building structure. c mp i R ferring lt' 1, a U-shaped member 'havrng flanges 2 is fittedover the lower or exterior edge of each o thejo'ists 3. ,A supporting plate or beam 4 ,vyhich is fixedly secured and supported at its, extremities either byf'lying on the foundation or by fixed attachment toihe outermost joists .passes' beneath the joists 3 in transverse relation thereto and is attached to said joist bybrneans of wood screw 5. ,Longitudinally adjustable s; bracing Tmembers indicated generally by 6 extend d agonally between each pairof adjacent joists and are lrigidly secured in thrust relationship thereto, one end of eachof said cross, bracing members being inserted into the angle formed by flange. 2 and the main body pertion of clamp 1, the other end of each of said cross "bracing members being inserted into the angle formed by il llictur e o fclamp 1 with supporting plate 4. The

broadly comprises a supporting beam; or plate, bracing hritrre structure, including thewjoists supports flooring 28. 1

and secured thereto by longitudinally extending cross bracing 14 until a secured rigid relationship is established V Fig. 6 shows a different form of clamp indicated generally by 21 which may be substituted for clamp 2 in the supporting structure shown in Fig. 1 Clamp 21 has projecting flanges 22 similar to the projecting flanges 2 of clamp 1 and in addition has downwardly projecting flanges 23 with openings therein for receiving pin 24. Supporting plate 4 passes beneath clamp 2 and is secured thereto by means of pin 24- which passes through the openings of flanges 23 and beneath supporting plate 4 and rests on the downwardly projecting flanges 23.

Fig. 7 shows a pair of brackets indicated generally by 25 which also may be substituted for clamp 1 in the structure shown in Fig. 1. A bracket is attached to both sides of every joist, the vertical portion of each bracket resting against the side of each joist. The brackets are secured to supporting plate 4 by any conventional nut and boltarrangement passing through openings 26. Projecting car 27 serves the same purpose as projecting flanges 2 of clamp 1 and projecting flanges 22 of clamp 21 and receives and secures end portion 9 of the cross bracing members6. v

Fig. 8 shows a vertically adustable bracket indicated generally by 29 which alsomay be substituted for clamp 1 in the supporting structure shown in Fig. 1. Bracket 29 is secured to supporting plate 4 by a nut and bolt combination indicated generally by 30. Bracket 29 consists of upper member 31 having projecting flange 32 for receiving one end of each cross bracing member 6 and openings 33 for receiving the inwardly projecting lip 34 of lower member 35. By being vertically adjustable, bracket '29. may be adapted to joists of varying depths.

The number of cross bracing members between each pair of adjacent joists may be more or less than that shown in my preferred structures as shown in Figs. 1

'plane which is parallel to the length of the joist, the

greater the angle the stronger the supporting structure will be. The cross'bracing and clamps may also vary in their particular design. However, the cross bracing must be longitudinally adjustable and capable of becoming a rigid member and the clampsor brackets mustbe capable of receiving and securing the cross bracing in thrust relatioi1ship.v The'lower ends .of the cross bracing providing a downward thrust may be affixed either to the joist by means of a clamp or bracket or it may be inserted into the point between the clamp or bracket and the supporting beam or it may be affixed directly to the supporting beam by a convenient means such as an upwardly projecting flange on the beam itself.

It will, of course, be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement and proportions of the parts without departing from the scope of my invention which consists of the matter shown and described herein and set forth in the appended claims.

. What I claim is:

- 1. Suspension bridging structure for interconnecting and applying supporting stress to a series of spaced longitudinal structural members such as joists, roof rafters, and studding having in combination, a substantially rigid beam element fixedly secured and supported at its ends and extending transversely and in close relation to the exterior edges of said longitudinal structural members, means for connecting said beam element with each of said longitudinal elements, plate structure attached to each of said longitudinal structural members and in contact with the sides of said longitudinal members and a series of cross bracing and stressing units, a unit being disposed between and attached to each pair of adjacent longitudinal elements, each unit comprising at least one longitudinally adjustable bracing member, one end of said bracing member being thrust-connected to said plate structure at a point substantially removed from the exterior edge of said longitudinal structural member and the other end of said bracing member being thrustconnected with said plate structure and with said beam at an area adjacent the contiguous relation of said beam and longitudinal element.

2. A suspension bridging structure for interconnecting and applying supporting stress to a series of spaced substantially parallel longitudinal structural members such as joists, roof rafters and studding comprising a substantially rigid beam element'fixedly secured and supported at its ends and extending transversely to the exterior edges of said longitudinal elements and secured thereto, a U-shaped clamp attached to each of said longitudinal members and interposed between the exterior edge of said longitudinal members and said rigid beam element and a series of longitudinally adjustable cross bracing and stressing units, at least one of said units being diagonally disposed between each pair of adjacent longitudinal members and in contact with the clamp of each of said pair of longitudinal members so as to create a stressed relationship between the bracing member and the adjacent longitudinal members.

3. Suspension bridging structure for interconnecting and applying supporting stress to a series of spaced longitudinal structural members such as joists, having in combination, a substantially rigid beam element fixedly secured and supported at its end and extending transversely and in close relation to the exterior edges of said longitudinal structural members, means for connecting said beam element with each of said longitudinal members, at

least one longitudinally adjustable cross bracing and stressing unit disposed in stressed relationship between each pair of adjacent longitudinal members, one end of such unit being thrust-connected with a plate structure adjacent to the side of one longitudinal member and substantially inwardly disposed from the exterior edge of said longitudinal member, the other end of said unit being thrust-connected to the plate structure oftthe adjacent longitudinal member and disposed substantially near the outer edge of said longitudinal member.

. and applying supporting stress to a series of spaced longitudinal structural members such as joists, having in combination a substantially rigid beam element fixedly secured and supported at its ends and extending transversely to the exterior edges of said longitudinal structural members and aifixed thereto, fixedly secured and vertically adjustable plate structure contiguous with the sides of said longitudinal members and capable of securing a cross bracing member in thrust relationship and a series of cross bracing and stressing units, a unit being disposed between and attached to each pair of adjacent longitudinal members, each unit comprising at least one longitudinal adjustable bracing member one end of said bracing member being thrust connected to said plate structure at a point substantially removed from the exterior edge of said longitudinal member and the other end of said bracing member being thrust connected with said plate structure and with said beam at an area adjacent the contiguous relation of said beam and longitudinal element.

6. A suspension bridging structure for interconnecting and applying supporting stress to a series of spaced longitudinal structural members such as joists, having in combination a substantially rigid beam element fixedly secured and supported at its ends and extending transversely and in close relation to the exterior edges of said longitudinal members, means for connecting said beam element with each of said longitudinal members, fixedly secured plate structure at least a portion of which is in contact with the sides of said longitudinal members, said plate structure being capable of receiving and securing a cross bracing member in thrust relationship and a series of cross bracing and stressing units, a unit being disposed between and attached to each pair of adjacent longitudinal elements, each unit comprising at least one longitudinally adjustable bracing member, one end of said bracing member being thrust connected to said plate structure at a point substantially removed from the exterior edge of said longitudinal structural member and the other end of said bracing member being thrust connected with said plate structure and with said beam at an area adjacent the contiguous relation of said beam and longitudinal element.

7. Suspension bridging structure for interconnecting and applying supporting stress to a series of spaced longitudinal structural members such as joists, having in combination a substantially rigid beam element fixedly secured and supported at its ends and extending transversely and in close relation to the exterior edges of said longitudinal members, means for connecting said beam element with each of said longitudinal members, fixedly secured plate structure at least a portion of which is in contact with the sides of said longitudinal members said plate structure being capable of receiving and securing a cross bracing member in thrust relationship and a series of cross bracing and stressing units, a unit being rigidly disposed between each pair of adjacent longitudinal elements each unit comprising at least one longitudinally adjustable cross bracing member angularly displaced from the longitudinal plane of said longitudinal elements each of said units being rigidly secured with at least one end of said bracing member being thrust connected to one of said longitudinal elements.

8. Suspension bridging structure for interconnecting and applying supporting stress to a series of spaced longitudinal structural members such as joists, having in combination a substantially rigid beam element fixedly se cured and supported at its ends and extending transversely and in close relation to the exterior edges of said longitudinal members, means for connecting said beam element with each of said longitudinal members fixedly secured, plate structure at least a portion of which is in contact with the sides of said longitudinal members said plate structure being capable of receiving and securing a cross bracing member in thrust relationship and a series of cross bracing and stressing units, a unit being rigidly disposed between each pair of adjacent longitudinal elements each unit comprising at least one longitudinally adjustable cross bracing member angularly displaced from the longitudinal plane of said longitudinal elements each of said units being rigidly secured with at least one end of said bracing member being thrust connected to one of said longitudinal elements, each longitudinal element receiving an upward thrust from at least one of said bracing members.

9. Suspension bridging structure for interconnecting and applying supporting stress to a series of spaced longitudinal structural members such as joists, having in coma 6 bination a substantially rigid beam element fixedly secured and supported at its ends and extending transversely and in close relation to the exterior edges of said longitudinal structural members, means for connecting said beam element with each of said longitudinal elements, plate structure attached to each of said longitudinal structural members and in contact with the sides of said longitudinal members and a series of cross bracing and stressing units, a unit being disposed between and attached to each pair of adjacent longitudinal elements, each unit comprising a pair of longitudinally adjustable bracing members diagonally disposed in opposite directions between said adjacent longitudinal elements, one end of said bracing members being thrust-connected to said plate structure at a point substantially removed from the exterior edge of said longitudinal member and the other end of said bracing members being thrust-connected with said plate structure and with said beam at an area adjacent the contiguous relation of said beam and longi- 20 tudinal element.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3648425 *May 14, 1970Mar 14, 1972Bolton Charles DAdjustable bridging device
US3774875 *Jan 13, 1971Nov 27, 1973Ecker FRetractable concrete form
US4038803 *Feb 11, 1976Aug 2, 1977Siegmund SchoellerMethod for straightening joists
US4122647 *Jul 29, 1977Oct 31, 1978Kovar Paul JJoist bridging member
US4794746 *Feb 27, 1987Jan 3, 1989Ramer James LJoist bridging
US5301486 *Dec 13, 1991Apr 12, 1994Western Interlok Systems, Ltd.Bracing system
US5937608 *Jul 13, 1995Aug 17, 1999Kucirka; Mark J.Joist bridging
US6131359 *Apr 13, 1999Oct 17, 2000Duff; Owen D.Stiffening clips for floor joists and method for using the same
US6170218 *Oct 15, 1998Jan 9, 2001Mga Construction Hardware & Steel Fabricating Ltd.Joist bracing apparatus
US6243996 *May 27, 1999Jun 12, 2001James OliverAdjustable truss for mating seam of multi-section manufactured home
US7628164Sep 30, 2005Dec 8, 2009Joen-An Ma OliverBases and braces for support poles, such as poles for pavilions and umbrellas
US8025071Dec 8, 2009Sep 27, 2011Oliver Joen-An MaBases and braces for support poles, such as poles for pavilions and umbrellas
US8516762 *Apr 23, 2010Aug 27, 2013Lightweight Structures LLCComposite floor systems and apparatus for supporting a concrete floor
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/645, 403/167, 52/695
International ClassificationE04C3/02
Cooperative ClassificationE04C3/02, E04C2003/026
European ClassificationE04C3/02