US 291574 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B. WL BYRN;
` (lvoJsamieLj` FILE BOX.
INVNTDR Patented Ja11.'8, 1884.4
STAfrEs ]PATnNi` Garrett FI'LE- Box.
SPECIFICATION formingl part of Letters Patent No. 291,574, dated January 8, 1884.
` Application filed June' 11, 188i lNo model.)
T0 all whom it nuty cancer/w: i V
Be it known that I, I'lDwARD W. BYRN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Washington, in the District of Columbia, have invented a new and useful FileBox, of which the following is a specificatiom- The object of my invention is to provide a file box or receptacle for holding files of papers that are to be stored away,which box shall permit of ready inspection of its files and be easy of manipulation and simple and'eheap of construction.
Figurel represents a perspectiveview of my invention from the rear end. Fig. 2 is asimilar view7 showing a modification; and Fig. 3 is a perspective view from the front of the box, showing a further modification.
A represents the front end piece.l B is the bottom, and O O are the two sides,which parts are rigidly fastened together by brads orsmnll nals. i
D is the adjustableend piece, which corresponds to the front end piece, and is pivoted or hinged at its bottom, as shown at a,to swing upon either sideof the Vertical line.
'E is the fie'xible cord, which may be either hard-twisted twine or woven curtainLcord. This textile cord may besupplanted by a chain, flexible Wire, Strap, or woven-wire cord,`it being essential, however, that the cord or its equivalent shall be flexible, so as to be drawn in the direction of its length around angles. In Fig. 1 the two ends of the cordare fastened by screw-eyes b Z) to the two sides of the box, and the eord is laced through eyes or staples c c at the edges of the pivoted end piece, and passes behind the latter in the form of a bend or loop. The cord is made sufficiently long to permit the pivoted end piece to drop to the inclined position shown in dotted lines, and when the end piece is to be closed to its Vertical position the bend of the cord is simply drawn down and looped over anail, screw, or hook, d, on the back of the pivoted end piece. In the modifieation shown in Fig 2. instead of a fastening device, (Z, on the back of the pivoted end piece,-one end of the cord is provided with a ring, e, back of the screw-eye, which ring is hooked over a screw, hook, or nail, e', when the box is closed orallowed to slide down to the screw-eye and stop thereagainst, when the end piece is to be allowed to fall outwardly.
As a furthermodification, the cord, instead of v being laced through screw-eyes orstaples, may be laced through holes bored in the end pieces, as in Fig. 3, and eitherlooped over the fastening d on the pivoted end piece, as in Fig. l, or over the front knob or pull, as in Fig. 8. In all these modifications it will be seen that there is a single cord extending from both sides of to hold the files tightly clamped when the box' is not filled or several files are out for inspection. For the latter adjustment two or more additional holding devices, d' (12, may be used, and the same duplication of holding devices e c' of Fig. 2 can be resorted to.
In the construction of this box itwill beseen that the amount of hardware is reduced to a minimum, and the lumber is cut to the greatest advantage and with the least possible waste, as the two triaugular side pieces may be cut from one rectangular section of board, and the two -ends and bottom may be of equal width and thickness and cut from the same board. Aside from itscheapness, the box is easily manipulated and the files quickly accessihle. There are, moreover, no projections. either upon the outside of the box, to interfere with sliding them in or out upon the shelves in close juxtaposition, or any project-ion on the inside, to interfere with the insertion of the files.
Instead of using triangular side pieces, C C,
I may make them of a rectangular shape, if desired.
I am aware that a file-box has been heretofore provided with an end piece pivoted or hinged at the bottom, and that wall-pockets and port-folios have had side pieces flexibly connected to the body portion, and I do not ela-im any of these generic features.
I furthermore disclaim in this application the combination of a box and an end piece pivoted or hinged at the bottomwith arigid bail whose ends connect with the side of the box and whose bend incloses the end piece. In this case the rigid bail merely acts passively as a stop to the outward movement and as a brace IOO i.
to the inward moveinent of the end piece at certain definite points, While in the construction claimed by me in this application the cord roves through the eyes or staples, and is an active factor in adjusting the end piece, and is always at the same dista-nce from the top of the end piece.
VVhat I claim as new is- 1. The e01nlination,`with a file-box, of an end piece pivoted or hinged at its bottom, a cordholding device fixed to one end of the box, and an adjusting-cord or its described eqnivalent passing through eyes in the side edges of the hinged end piece, and extending therefrom parallel with the sides of the box and connected with the box, as shown, the said eord being of such length as to adapt it to be deflected down to and around the holding device on the end of the box to close the latter, or be thrown up to allow the hing'ed end piece to fallbaek, as deseribed.
uof the Vertical, substantially as and for the purpose descrbed.
3. The combination,with a file-box having a pivoted end piece, of a flexible eord or its equivalent, as described, connected at its ends to the sides of the box, and having its middle part looped around the end piece, and a" fastening device for secnring the eord When'the end piece is drawn to a closed position, as set forth.
EDWD. W. BY'RN.
GHs. A. PETTIT, SoLoN O. KLMON.