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Publication numberUS2915851 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 8, 1959
Filing dateDec 3, 1956
Priority dateDec 3, 1956
Publication numberUS 2915851 A, US 2915851A, US-A-2915851, US2915851 A, US2915851A
InventorsHenry W Ringman
Original AssigneeHenry W Ringman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Duck call
US 2915851 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

De138y1959 H. w. RINGMAN 2,915,851

, Ducx CALL Filed Deo. .'5, 1956 lum u :NVE/wm HENRY W. Hman/m 27 I @mmf g) {Irfan/veufs United States Patent() DUCK CALL Henry W.-Ringman-, Everett, Wash.

IApplicatizm December 3, 1956, 'Serial No. 625,860

Z'Claims. (Cl. 46180) This invention"relates 'to those 'devices generally desig- 'hated by hunters Vas duck calls, and which are used'by thei'n to produce acall that will attract flying ducks and linduce them .to fly within shooting range. More specifically, the present Vinvention has reference to improvements in duck calls of those types wherein a reed is contained and is c'aused to vibrateincident to the user blowing through the tubular-housing or barrel 'in -which the reed is kfunctionally mounted.

It is vthe principal object of this invention to provide a duck call of the above stated-character that is equipped I'Wi'th anovel valve mechanism that can be operated as `the user of the duck call blows through the reed holding lbarrel, toeiect the production of a rapid succession of ysh`o`rtfstacz1tto tones simulating the rapid quacking kof ducks which is characteristic of them when feeding.

It is also an object of the present invention to provide a duck call that is equipped with a rotary or moving valve mechanism, as above stated, which also may be set for use of the call in the usual way to produce the sound of the usual quack, or variations thereof, as produced by the hunter by the deft use of his hands applied about the outer end of the barrel of the device.

It is also an object of the present invention to provide a duck call of the rabove stated character wherein the valve is of a rotary character and easily operated by the user.

In accomplishing the above mentioned and other objects of the invention, l have provided the improved details of construction, the preferred forms of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a top, or plan View of a duck call embodying the improvement of the present invention therein.

Fig. 2 is a side view of the device.

Fig. 3 is a longitudinal, vertical section of the present duck call, taken on the line 3 3 in Fig. l.

Fig. 4 is a cross-section through the valve and valve containing portion of the device, taken on line 4-4 in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional detail of a duck call embodied by the present invention but showing an alternative form of rotary valve device.

Referring more in detail to the drawings:

The present duck call comprises a tubular housing, or barrel, which contains the reed and through which the user blows to produce the intended duck attracting call; this being done by placing the inner end of the barrel in his mouth and blowing. Removably fitted in the opposite, or outer end portion of the barrel is a tubular extension 12 constituting the reed holder which is of a present day well known type used by hunters; this holder 12 having a reed 13 xed therein and extended along the recessed inner end portion thereof as shown in Fig. 3, and in such manner that blowing through the tube will cause the reed to vibrate and produce a tone which can be varied in pitch and sound by the user upon placing the cupped hands about the outer end portion of ,p 2,915,851' Patented Dec. 8, 1959 ice the reed holder. Since the holder 12 and reed v13 here shown, considered per se, are notpatentably new, they Will not be further described. Furthermore, it is to oe understood that any'soun'd producing vmeansthat is suitable 'for this use and similarly 'operated vcan vbeernployeti in this duck call and it is not intended that the 'present invention be confined to or require use Aof any specific .form of reed orreed holder so long as their use is effected Avalve 19 is rotatably fitted. At its Amouthpiece side, this transversely directed valve housing 18 is open toithie full cross-sectional dimensions or diameter of the inside of the barrel 10, as noted in Fig. 3, but at its opposite lside it is closed by a wall 20. This wall is formed in the axial line of the barrel Vwith a small air `passage 'or port 21.

It is shown in Fig. 3 thatthe rotary valve member 1'9 is cylindricaL'and in Fig. 4 it'is shown to extend lthrough the barrel. It is also seen in Fig. 4 to be closed at one end by a solid wall 19 from which a short stem v25 extends, and to which stemthe hub portion of a'crank varm 26`is tte'd and secured, and at'its end the crank arm is equipped with a knob 27. The opposite end Vof vthe cylindrical valve housing 18 is closed by a disk-like plate 28 that is press fitted and "secure'd'therei'n, and 'a similar disk 28' is press fitted in the other end of the housing 18 and through this disk the stem 19 rotatably extends. The wall of the cylindrical valve 19 is formed at equally spaced intervals circumferentially thereof with narrow longitudinally directed slots 30, each in such position that it will be caused to pass across the open channel of the mouth piece end of the barrel and also to individually pass across the port 21 as the valve is rotated. It is further to be observed that the spacing of the slots in the valve is such that at all times at least one of them is exposed to the mouth piece end passage of the barrel.

With the valve mechanism so arranged in the device, it will be understood that if the valve is rotated as the user blows into the barrel, a blast of air will be discharged through port 21 each time a slot 30 in the valve passes thereacross. Thus, assuming that the valve is being rotated in the intended manner, the result will be a rapid succession of quacking sounds produced by the reed, simulating those of ducks when feeding; the rapidity of these sounds varying with the rate of rotation of the valve. However, if the hunter wishes to give the usual duck call, which is a rather sustained note, varied with the placement and manipulation of the hands over the reed holder, he merely sets the valve at an open position that permits a steady blast of air to be driven against the reed.

It is further to be explained that each time the rotating valve 19 operates to cut oi` the ilow of air through the port 21, air pressure is built up within the valve chamber, and then when a valve slot 30 moves across the discharge port 21, the air under pressure is expelled therethrough with additional force that results in a sharp stacatto tone being produced by the reed 13 that simulates the sound produced by a duck.

In Fig. 5, I have shown another form of valve mechanism for effecting a similar result. In this showing a valve disk 32 is rotatably fltted in a chambered portion 18x of the housing, transversely of the axis of the barrel. This disk is formed with peripheral gear teeth 34 with which a worm gear 35 meshes; the gear 35 being fixed 3 to a transversely directed shaft 36 equipped with a turning crank 37. Formed radially of the disk at equally spaced intervals is a succession of slots 38 adapted to pass by an airport 21x in the forwardv wall of the chamber, opening into the forward end portion of the tubular barrel 10.

It will be understood that rotation of the disk 32, while blowing into the barrel in the usual way, will result in the producing of a rapid succession of quacking sounds as produced by the device of Fig. 3.

Devices of the kinds above described may be put to other uses than that mentioned, for giving various bird or animal calls, and by the use of the valve, and hands and by controlled blowing, the calls may be varied to considerable extent.

Such devices are simple in construction, easy to use, and relatively inexpensive, and may be made in various exterior designs without departing from the spirit of the invention.

I claim:

l. A duck call comprising a tubular housing having an open mouth end portion for use in blowing through the housing, means applied within the opposite end portion of said tubular housing for producing a tone incident to being impinged by air blown thereagainst, anda rotary valve member mounted in said housingv between said mouth end portion and the sound producing means with means extended therefrom for its controlled manual rotation; said rotary valve member having an air storage chamber therein which is in constant communication with the mouth end portion of the housing and which chamber has openings in spaced relationship circumferentially of the valve that provide for the intermittent discharge of 4 air from said chamber against the sound producing means as said valve member is rotated.

2. A duck call comprising a tubular housing having a mouth end portion for use in blowing through the housing, a reed mounting means applied within the opposite end portion of the housing and a reed mounted thereby for producing a duck calling tone when air is blown through the housing, a cylindrical valve housing formed in and as a part of said tubular housing, transversely thereof and between its mouth end and said reed mounting means, a cylindrical valve member rotatably tted in said valve housing, and means extended from said member for its manual rotation; said cylindrical valve housing being open at one side to the mouth end portion of said tubular housing, and having a small discharge port at its opposite side opening to the reed containing portion of said tubular housing, and said cylindrical valve member having slots formed therein, equally spaced thereabout and longitudinally thereof, and in such spaced relationship that at least one of them will be in communication at all times during rotation of the valve with the mouth end portion of the tubular housing, and which slots will successively and intermittently pass said discharge port as the valve is rotated to etect the inten mittent application of operating air to the reed.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 400,123 Schoenner Mar. 26, 1889 1,814,730 Myers July 14, 1931 2,551,367 Fahey May l, 1951 2,555,833 Vanaman June 5, 1951 2,782,558 Harley Feb. 26, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US400123 *Oct 12, 1888Mar 26, 1889 Jean schoenner
US1814730 *Mar 21, 1930Jul 14, 1931Arthur S HickokSound instrument
US2551367 *Nov 24, 1947May 1, 1951 Plural tone duck call
US2555833 *Dec 6, 1945Jun 5, 1951Vanaman Harry RRotary whistle
US2782558 *Aug 29, 1955Feb 26, 1957Max HarleyCall device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3130518 *Jan 13, 1961Apr 28, 1964GlassMovable figure toy
US4421120 *Mar 2, 1981Dec 20, 1983Biotrine CorporationPeak respiratory flow monitor
US5495820 *Oct 4, 1994Mar 5, 1996Seron Manufacturing CompanyWhistle with tone changing rotator
US6254451 *Jun 29, 1999Jul 3, 2001Hunter's Specialties, Inc.Game call with volume control
US6709309 *Jun 21, 2000Mar 23, 2004Kolpin Outdoors, Inc.Game call
US7074107 *Sep 30, 2004Jul 11, 2006Michael SasoDuck call
US20120156959 *Dec 19, 2011Jun 21, 2012John KennedyGame call
U.S. Classification446/206, 84/330, D10/119.1, D10/119.2
International ClassificationG10K5/00
Cooperative ClassificationG10K5/00
European ClassificationG10K5/00