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Publication numberUS2916059 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 8, 1959
Filing dateFeb 18, 1958
Priority dateFeb 18, 1958
Publication numberUS 2916059 A, US 2916059A, US-A-2916059, US2916059 A, US2916059A
InventorsLan J Wong
Original AssigneeLan J Wong
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Evacuation valve cup
US 2916059 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 8, 1959 LAN J. wows 2,916,059

EVACUATION VALVE CUP Filed Feb. 18, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 7 i {I v 25 Z/n 1 INVENTOR.

Lin/L7. h/a/va,



2,916,059 li atentetl Dec. 8,

' R m t ['EYAbUAfrio vALvE'cuPQ J.Wong',Cincinnati,0hio p e smast-s 115,911

1*: Claims (Cla141-65) My invention relates we plastic bag evacuation valve p- The principahobject'of'my'invention is to provide a very thin feather edged pliable suction ring for vacuumabagsuch as a plastic bag.

. Another ,qbject of my inventionisfto provide a cup for'evacuation of a plastic bag. so that the bag wall under the i li es v 'An'other objectbfmyinvention is'to provide complete evacuation of a plastic bag by providing for deformation of the cup so that the inner diameter of the contact seal ring moves inward, but at the same time, the deformation produces an outward radial wiping effect, which prevents significant crinkling and crumpling of the bag wall into the center of the evacuation cup.

Another object of my invention is to provide an evacuation cup having a conical slope suflicient to accommodate all irregularities occurring with various objects to be evacuated.

Another object of my invention is to provide an evacuation cup having a rubber like cone suction ring readily replaceable.

Another object of my invention is to provide a valve on the air tube to aid in releasing a package at the end of the evacuation.

Another object of my invention is to provide a transparent central cup section which provides for visual location of the cup centrally over the valve on the package.

My invention is particularly useful for evacuation of plastic bags as shown in pending patent applications, Serial Nos. 463,713; 467,977 and 467,978 filed by Melvin R. Metzger. Application No. 463,713 has matured into Patent Number 2,821,338.

In the drawings I show:

Figure l, the plastic bag evacuation valve cup forming my invention.

Figure 2 illustrates a top plan view.

Figure 3 is a detailed, sectional view, showing the valve cup in operation.

Figure 4 shows a series of valve cups mounted on a beltdrive mechanism.

Figure 5 is a view showing another form of the valve cup.

Figure 6 is a plan view of the evacuation cup shown in Figure 5.

Figure 7 is a detailed, sectional view taken along the line 7-7 of Figure 6.

In general my invention is useful for evacuating a plastic bag having a valve (not shown), which comprises a shield, which is caused to adhere to the bag wall so that a hole provided on the shield is concentric with a hole provided on the bag. A flap is provided which covers a hole on the shield. A cover piece is provided which covers the shield and a flap. By'subjecting the valve to evacuation, air inside the plastic bag is forced upward through the holes, causing the flap with a cover piece formed over it to be raised. The cover piece has c'up. areawill fromthe article contained in j 52 r a non-adhesive area which'formsa tunnel for evacuation of the air from the plastic bag. This may be more readily understood by reference to the patent applications of Melvin R. Metzger heretofore referred to; When the package is evacuated the vacuum chamber is opened to the atmosphere, and the air rushing down through the valve, causes the tunnelto be closed. This air pressure causes the valve flap to be forced into the hole, and on to the circular ring of the plastic bag. The main seal is thus effected.) H n Thusit is very important that there be no icrinkling; or distortion or deformation of the plastic bag; Prior to my invention when it is was desired to evacuate the valved plastic bags for use with meats, cheeses and poultry, undue pressure-onlthe bag wall by the-cup for 0htaining a'vacuum seal, would cause aseal inside, and thus prevent proper evacuation of the air in the remainder "of thepackage.

' By utilizing my invention, the crinkling of the bag surfacedue to the pulling" of the bag by vacuum, with the attendant tendency to break the'sea'l between the cup and the bag wall, is minimized to the extent that maximum evacuation is attainable. By utilizing my invention, we use a very thin feather edge for adequate contact to make a vacuum seal without undue pressure upon the initial contact of the cup to the bag. As soon as the contact seal is made, evacuation commences, and the bag wall is sucked up against the lower surface of the suction ring so that the bag does not contact the articles to be packaged. Therefore, a higher vacuum at all times in the evacuation cup as opposed to the inside of the bag will permit the portion of the bag immediately under the cup area to be lifted.

Referring to the numbered portions of the drawings I show in Figures 1 and 2 an air line 10, supplied with a valve mechanism 11, connected to a clear plastic suction device 12, which has affixed thereto a rubber suction ring 13. A bag 14 is shown. The valve consists of a lever 15, pivoted about a pin 16, against a spring 17, with the downward stop adjusted by means of a screw 18, a conical plug 19 is provided on one end of the pivoted lever, and is adapted to seat within an opening 20, and is resiliently held in position by manipulation of lever 15 about pivot 16. The conical plug 19 is unseated from opening 20 to permit the vacuum to be broken.

Referring to Figure 3 the evacuation mechanism shows the bag 14, sucked up into the cup 13. The cup 13 is of sufiicient plasticity to permit its deformation along a portion of its surface. Thus, by reason of the conical slope of the elastomeric section 13, irregularities occurring in the packaging of various objects may be accommodated. By reason of the plasticity of the cup 13, various sized and shaped objects provided with the proper valve 21 may be evacuated.

I provide a belt 22, having a series of vacuum cups 25, mounted along its outer surface which are connected to a vacuum chamber 24, and which may be rotated so that the vacuum cups come into selective contact position when packages are passed thereunder A conveyor belt 23 is provided upon which packaged items are moved. This conveyor belt is mounted with relationship to belt 22 so that the evacuation cups 25 are made to contact the spaced packages on conveyor belt 23.

I show in Figure 5 a hand-operated device, having substantially the same characteristics as shown in the vacuum cup illustrated in Figure 1. This device has a vacuum cup 13, an air line 10, and a member 26, connected to said air line, and provided with a series of holes which connect directly to the suction ring 13, in order to provide for the evacuation of air when said cup is placed over a valve provided in a package. The initial evacuation is carried out by the outer array of holes 30 which tend to pull the covered section of the bag wall flat against the bottom surface of 26 to prevent crinkling of the bag wall. The evacuation of the bag interior takes place only through the single .hole 31 locatedin the internal cup section of 26 which protects the valvelof the plastic bag from being held in a closed position. By reason of the plasticity of the cup 13, the shape of the article packaged cheeses and poultry may be packaged .in selected conm ner having a pla v l e 1 th n ei sis ewated regardless of the shape or size or the contents of th esk Having thus descr bed my invention whatl claim as new and useful and desire tosecure byllnited States Letters iP tem i 1. An evacuation cup for evacuating plastic bags, comprising a transparent cup section and apliable cone ring having a slope pliability suflicient to accommodate all irregularities on a vacuum bag within the area of the cup and forming a contact seal surrounding an area of .saidplastic bag to which ,a vacuum is'to be applied, said sealed area decreasing in size during the vacuumizing of said pliable-bag, said pliable cone ring producing an outwardly radial wiping eflect during the vacnumizing process.

2. An apparatus including a plurality of suction or evacuation cups, a continuously moving belt having a linear path of travel, said cups having a central section, a pliable cone ring joining with and surrounding said central section, said pliable cone ring having a crosssectional thickness which tapers inthickness from its juncture with said central section to a feather edge at its outer periphery, means for mounting said cups on said belt for linear path of travel therewith, means for'synchronously moving said belt andsaid cups and serially contacting said cups with a series of objects such as plastic bags which are to be evacuated and means for serially disengaging said cups from said bags at the end of said linear path of travel of said belt.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,055,397 Ziger YSept. 22, 1936 2,268,299 Pearson l)ec. 30, 1941 2,681,757 Kellersman 'June 22, 1954 2,695,741 Haley Nov. 9,1954 2,814,488 Kipers Nov. 26; 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2055397 *Jun 19, 1936Sep 22, 1936Zaiger MaxSuction cup
US2268299 *May 11, 1940Dec 30, 1941Continental Can CoSheet feeding mechanism
US2681757 *Dec 17, 1951Jun 22, 1954Robert KellersmanVacuum packing and lifting device
US2695741 *Jun 16, 1953Nov 30, 1954Haley Stephen LAir evacuator for plastic bags
US2814488 *Jun 24, 1954Nov 26, 1957Trescott Company IncBag lifter and opener
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3208193 *Dec 7, 1961Sep 28, 1965Rumsey Jr HerbertApparatus for making a sealed evacuated package
US3859992 *Jun 6, 1973Jan 14, 1975Harlan C AmstutzVacuum-operated acetabular cup holder and positioner
US3934916 *Dec 3, 1974Jan 27, 1976Kliklok CorporationVacuum pickup cup
US4058281 *Jun 16, 1976Nov 15, 1977Albert Karmen DHigh vacuum fastener
US4356989 *Jun 30, 1980Nov 2, 1982Ireland Jack WResilient suction cup with soft pliable sealing gasket
US4618178 *Jun 7, 1985Oct 21, 1986Clifford L. HutsonHand held vacuum actuated pickup instrument
US4896479 *Jun 23, 1989Jan 30, 1990E.G.L. Projects LimitedPackaging process
US4904012 *Jan 5, 1989Feb 27, 1990Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Suction device
US5035103 *Jun 4, 1990Jul 30, 1991Akkala Walter ISelf sealing vacuum vent and dome process
US5192070 *Sep 6, 1991Mar 9, 1993Smc Kabushiki KaishaSuction pad
US5388879 *Sep 28, 1993Feb 14, 1995House Food Industrial Co., Ltd.Suction type robot hand
US5433061 *Nov 16, 1993Jul 18, 1995Ricegrowers' Co-Operative LimitedAir removal apparatus
US6213528 *Oct 7, 1999Apr 10, 2001U.S. Philips CorporationVacuum cup
US7839477 *Jun 30, 2006Nov 23, 2010Lg Display Co., Ltd.Substrate bonding apparatus for liquid crystal display panel
US8684434 *Nov 2, 2011Apr 1, 2014AMF automation Technologies, LLCEnd effector with internal valve
US20100219651 *Feb 26, 2010Sep 2, 2010Custom Concrete CreationsVacuum lifting device and method of use
US20130106126 *Nov 2, 2011May 2, 2013AMF Automation Technologies, LLC, d/b/a AMF Baker SystemsEnd Effector with Internal Valve
EP0279524A1 *Jan 22, 1988Aug 24, 1988Fgl Projects LimitedPackaging process
WO1995009770A1 *Oct 4, 1993Apr 13, 1995Theis Peter FCompression container and method for using same
U.S. Classification141/65, 141/392, 53/512, 294/189
International ClassificationB65B31/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65B31/047
European ClassificationB65B31/04E1