US 2918178 A
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s. J. LEONE DISPLAY STANDS Dec. 22, 1959 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 8. 1
MM 51i W S. J. LEQNE DISPLAY STANDS Dec. 22, 1959 Filed April 8, 1958 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 30 INVENTOR. /NXm/ 1 m 6 4%: W
-.2 1 1. LEO'NE 2,918,178
v DISPLAY STANDS Filed April 8, 1958 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 5/83 9 FIG. 7
IN VEN TOR.
i/MAM 2 m BY 2%; 20115 M um/(Z74 S. J. LEONE DISPLAY STANDS Dec. 22, 1959 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed April 8, 1958 FIG. 9 65 States Unite DISPLAY STANDS Application April 8, 1958, Serial No. 727,143
7 Claims. (Cl. 211-178) This. invention relates to display stands and resides more particularly in a novel display stand of sheet material, which is foldable so that it can be shipped in fiat collapsed condition and be erected at the point of use. The new stand may be made of various materials and may be advantageously formed of paperboard by cutting and creasing operations similar to those used in the production of cartons. When the stand is made of paperboard, it may be printed in attractive colors and carry advertising material and this feature makes the stand desirable for use on store counters for the display of small articles, such as candy in various forms, books, etc.
The new stand may be made in different forms and a simple example includes a front wall having inner side Walls connected to its side edges and extending forward therefrom in substantially parallel relation. An outer wall is attached to the forward edge of each inner side wall and extends to the rear along the outer face of the inner side wall. The stand carries the articles to be displayed in a plurality of pockets lying one above another and each pocket is formed of a pair of flaps, which are connected together and partially severed from the front wall and an inner side wall, respectively. The flaps remain attached to the walls, from which they were cut, along hinge lines lying at such an angle to each other that, when the stand is erected, the flaps automatically move out of the planes of their respective walls to form a pocket. The pockets are closed at the rear by suitable means, such as a rear wall secured adhesively to the rear surface of the front wall.
For a better understanding of the invention, reference may be made to the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. l is a plan view of a blank for one form of the new stand;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the back of the stand in collapsed condition;
Fig. 3 is atop plan view of the stand in partially erected condition;
Fig. 4 is a front elevational view of the erected stand;
Fig. 5 is a sectional view on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a plan view of a blank for another form of the new stand;
Fig. 7 is a plan view of the second form of a stand in partially erected condition;
Fig. 8 is a front elevational view of the second form of the stand partly erected;
Fig. 9 is a front elevational view of the second form of the stand in erected condition; and
Fig. 10 is a top plan view of the stand shown in Fig. 9.
The stand in the form illustrated in Fig. 4 is made from a blank 11 of paperboard or other suitable material and the blank comprises a front wall 12, to the side edges of which inner side walls 13, 14 are connected along hinge lines 15, 16. Outer side Walls 17, 18 are connected to the inner side walls along hinge lines 19, 29 and supporting panels 21, 22 are connected to the edges of the outer side walls 17, 18 along hinge lines 23, 24.
The supporting panels are provided with means by which they can be connected together and, in the blank shown, such means comprise a flap 25 secured to the supporting panel 21 along a hinge line 26 and provided with a hook.
25a at its outer edge and a flap 27 connected to the supporting panel 22 along a hinge line 28 and provided witha hook 27a adapted to be interlocked with hook 25a. A rear wall 29 is attached along a hinge line 30 to the lower. edge of the front wall 12 and the rear wall is provided' with extensions 31, 32 connected to its side edges, along hinge lines 33, 34, respectively.
The completed stand is provided with a plurality of. pockets arranged in a vertical series and each pocket. is;
defined in part by a flap partially severed from and? hinged to an inner side wall and by a flap partially severed from and hinged to the front wall. The blank. shown in Fig. 1 is for the production of a stand with. four pockets and each pocket includes a flap 35 of generally triangular form, which is partially severed from. the side wall 13 by a cut 36 and is hinged to the side wall along a hinge line 37. The cut 36 terminates at one end in the hinge line 15 between the front wall 12 and the side wall 13 and the hinge line 37 runs from. the inner end of cut 36 in the side wall 13 to an opening. 38, which is bisected by the fold line 15. The flap 35 is connected along the hinge line .15 to a flap 39, which is partially severed from the front wall 12 by a, cut 40,1 which leads inward and downward in the wall from the point of intersection of the cut 36 with the hinge line 15', continues across the Wall, and extends upward to intersect the hinge line 16 between the wall and the inner side. wall 14. T he flap 39 is hinged to the front wall 12 along.
a hinge line 41, which extends from the opening, 38 parallel to the central section of the cut 40 to an opening 42, which is intersected by the hinge line 16. A flap 43,, which is similar to the flap 35, is partially severed from the inner side wall 14 by a cut 44 extending downward. into the wall 14 from the point of intersection of the cut 40 with the hinge line 16. At its inner end, the cut 44 meets the inner end of a crease 45, along which the flap 43 is hinged to the inner side wall 14. The crease leads from the inner end of the cut 44 to the opening 42.
The other three pockets are formed by flaps 46, 47, 48
corresponding to flap 35, flaps 49, 50, 51 corresponding to flap 39, and flaps 52, 53, 54 corresponding to flap 43.
In the conversion of the blank 11 into a stand, glue is applied to suitable areas on the rear wall 29 and its extensions 31, 32 and the wall is folded along the hinge line 30 to cause the wall to be secured to the rear face of front Wall 12 and the extensions to be secured to the rear faces of the inner side walls 13, 14, respectively.
Glue is then applied to suitable areas on the exposed. surfaces of the rear wall extensions 31, 32 and the ends of the blank are folded in, so that the outer side walls are secured to respective extensions. supporting panels 21, 22 extend toward each other with their flaps 25, 27 overlapped. The blank in the condition described can then be shipped in flat condition to the point of use where the blank can be converted to a stand by simple folding operations. Thus, with the blank held vertical, the hooks 25a, 27a on the supporting panels- 25, 27 are interlocked and the inner and outer side walls 13, 17 and 14, 18 are folded forwardly along the hinge lines 15, 23 and 16, 24 until the inner side walls lie parallel. As this folding operation is carried out, the groups of connected flaps, such as flaps 35, 39, and 43, swing out of the planes of the front and inner side walls to form pockets, in which the central flaps-of the groups;
namely, flaps 39, 49, 51, lie approximately horizontal and form the bottoms of the pockets. The automatic. movement of the groups of flaps out of the planesof their' respective walls results from the inclination of the hinge Patented Dec. 22, 1959,
At this stage, the,
lines, such as lines 37, 45, along which the outer flaps of each group are connected to the inner side walls and the openings 38, 42 facilitate the movement of the groups of flaps out of the planes of their Walls. However, if any group of flaps does not move to effective position upon the forward folding of the inner side walls 13, 14, such flaps can be forced out of the planes of their walls by the fingers inserted through openings 55, 56 distributed along the fold lines 23, 24 and registering with openings 57, 58 distributed along fold lines 33, 34.
In the erected stand, the supporting panels 21, 22 lie separated from the rear wall and converge toward each other. Also, as will be noted in Fig. 2, the lower edges 13a, 14a of the inner side walls 13, 14 lie at angles in the blankto lower edge 12a of the front wall and the lower edges 17a, 18a of the outer side walls 17, 18 and the lower edges 21a, 22a of the supporting panels 21, 22 lie at angles to the lower edges 13a, 14a of the inner side walls 13, 14. Accordingly, when the stand is in use, the front wall 12 is not vertical, but leans toward the rear, so that the weight of articles in the pockets acts to cause the stand to rest upon the lower edges of the front and side walls and of the supporting panels and the stand is highly stable.
The blank 59 for the second form of the stand comprises a front wall 60, inner side walls 61, 62 connected to the side edges of the front wall along hinge lines. 63, 64, and outer side walls 65, 66 connected to the side edges of the inner side walls along hinge lines 67, 68. A rear wall 69 is connected to the lower edge of the front wall 60 along a hinge line 70 and the rear wall has lateral extensions 71, 72 connected to the side edges of wall 69 along hinge lines 73, 74. It will be observed that, in the blank, the hinge lines 63, 64 connecting the front wall 60 and the inner side walls 61, 62 converge downwardly and the hinge lines 73, 74 connectingthe rear wall 69 and its extensions 71, 72 converge upwardly.
A flap 75 is partially severed from the inner side wall 61 by a curved cut 76 and is hinged to the wall along a hinge line 77, which intersects the inner end of the cut. The cut 76 extends to the hinge line 63 and the flap 75 is connected along the hinge line 63 to a flap 78 of similar form, which is partially severed from the front wall 60 by a curved cut 79 and is hinged to the wall along a line 80 intersecting the inner end of cut 79. The cuts 76 and 79 meet at the hinge line 63 and the hinge lines 77, 80 terminate at curved cuts 81, 82 in the inner side wall 61 and the front wall 60 and corresponding in form and purpose to the cuts 76, 79. The flap 75 is bisected by a crease line 83 and the flap 78 is similarly bisected by a crease line 84.
A plurality of pairs of flaps corresponding to flaps 75, 78 are formed in the front wall 60 and the inner side wall 61 and are connected along the crease line 63 and simi- 181 pairs of flaps are formed in the front wall 60 and the inner sidewall 62 and are connected along the crease line 64. g
' In the conversion of the blank 59 into a stand, the rear wall 69 is folded along the hinge line 70 and is secured by glue to the rear face of the front wall 60 with its extensions 71, 72 secured to the rear faces of the inner side walls 61, 62, respectively. The outer side walls 65, 66 are then folded in and secured to the faces of respective extensions 71, 72. The collapsed stand can be shipped in flat condition and can be set up at the point of use by folding the pairs of inner and outer side walls 61, 65 and 62, 66 forwardly on the hinge lines 63, 64, until the inner side walls lie parallel and at right angles to the front wall 60. As the pairs of inner and outer side walls are thus folded forwardly, the pairs of flaps 75, 78 are swung out of the planes of the front and inner side walls because of the inclination of the hinge lines, such as the lines.
77, 80. Each pair of connected flaps, when thus swung forwardly, forms a pocket, which is closed at the rear 4 partly by the rear wall 69 and partly by one of the extensions 71, 72 from the wall. In the event that any pair of connected flaps does not swing out automatically to produce its pocket, it can be forced to effective position by the fingers inserted through openings 83, 84 distributed along the hinge lines 73, 74, respectively, and openings 85, 86 formed through the outer side walls 65, 66 and registering with openings 83, 84, respectively.
In the erected stand, the outer side walls 65, 66 extend rearwardly beyond the plane of the rear wall 69 and the weight of the articles placed in the pockets acts through the flaps forming the pockets to hold the inner side walls with their outer side walls connected thereto at right angles to the plane of the connected front and rear walls. As a result of these features, the stand is stable and cannot be easily tipped over.
The new stand may be used in place of the metal racks commonly employed for display of merchandise and,
since the stand can be produced from paperboard by simple operations, which can be performed by machine, the
stand is much less expensive than a rack. Also, the stand can be shipped flat and the cost of shipping is less than that for a rack. The stand has a further advantage over the rack in that it can be printed in attractive colors and has areas of substantial size on which advertising material can be placed.
1. A display stand made of sheet material, which comprises a front wall, inner side walls attached to respective side edges of the front wall and extending forward there flaps being folded forwardly along their hinge lines out of the planes of the side and front wall, respectively, and
being connected together along a fold line extending outward and at an angle to the vertical from the line of junction between said side and front walls.
2. The display stand of claim 1, in which the pockets lie one above another.
3. The display stand of claim 1, which comprises means for closing the pockets at the rear including a rear wall secured to the rear face of the front wall with extensions secured to the outer faces of the inner side walls.
4. The display stand of claim 1, in which a supporting panel is connected along one edge to the rear edge of each outer side wall and the panels carry means for connecting them together.
5. The display stand of claim 4, in which the means for connecting the supporting panels together are flaps secured to the other edges of the panels and provided with interlocking elements.
6. The display stand of claim 1, in which the flap partially severed from and hinged to the front wall extends References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,342,313 Stranders June 1, 1920 1,491,091 Flynn Apr. 22, 1924 1,718,406 Bruce June 25, 1929 2,677,469 Ebert May 4, 1954 2,743,021
Glenn Apr. 24, 1956