US 2920777 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 12, 1960 H. G. COLE 2,920,777
BOTTLE Filed Oct. 25, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 many a; COLE.
BY a ga H TTORNE Y1 Jan. 12, 1960 H. G. COLE 2,920,777
' BOTTLE Filed Oct. 25, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.
llarigy 0'. Cole,
United States Patent BOTTLE Harry G. Cole, Wheat'on, Md.
Application October 25, 1957, Serial No. 694,474
' 4 Claims. (Cl. 215-41 This invention relates to a bottle su'ucture, having particular reference to the. invention disclosed in. my pending application Serial No. 349,051, filed April 15,. 19 53,
andnow abandoned of which the present is a. continua tion-in-part.
This invention is a bottle or similar container for liquids or other fluids suchaspowders, pellets, pills, etc.,' the invention. residing in the particular formation and shape of the bottle whereby labels applied thereto to denote the. contents of the bottle may be visible and readily legible from. different positions or angles.
A particular object of the invention is to construct the bottle in suchv manner that it is capable of being stood upright in the. usual position and to present label or inscription surfaces in such positions as to be capable of. being, seen and readily readfrom either the front or the top of the bottle.
A further object of the invention is to construct a bottle in such manner that it may be used efiectively in connection with the bottle rack disclosed in my copending application filed January 28, 1953, Serial No. 333,806, now abandoned and entitled Bottle Rack. In said application, provision is made whereby bottles of a particular shape and. construction may be: adequately supported or maintained in the rack. so as to greatly economize space, to enable the bottles to be individually withdrawn and replaced without disturbance of other bottles, and the construction beingsuch as to minimize. the opportunity for the bottles to become overturned, upset or to fall from the supporting shelf.
With. the foregoing objects in view, together with others which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists. in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts, all as will be described more fully hereinafter, illustrated in the drawings, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In. the. drawing:
Fig. l. is. a perspective view of a. bottle constructed in accordance with the. invention,
Fig. 2 is. a vertical longitudinal sectional view taken throughthe bottle, illustrating a slight variation thereof,
Fig. 3 is a transverse. horizontal section taken through the bottle substantially upon the line 3-3. of Fig. 2,
Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken through a bottle involving. the invention and showing a slight modification thereof,
Fig. 5' is a fragmentary longitudinal section through a bottle of theinvention and showing a further modification, and
Fig. 6 is a fragmentarysectional; view of bottles as shown, in Figs. 4 and 5 with their rear and front walls respectivelyin engagement with each other, both being disposed at a desired angle.
' The bottle of my invention may be made of glass, earthenware, porcelain, plastic, metal or any other suitable material, and the size may be. governed in accordance with the need of the bottle, and. while the bottles Ofa set or group may differ in breadth, they should be Patented Jan. 12, 1960 2 of uniform height and depth. In the. present instance, the bottle is shown asmade of glass.
The bottle body comprisesa bottom 4 from which rises at right angles thereto the rear. end 5, the front end 6 and the sides .7. These fronts and sides are molded or formed integral with the. bottom and extend upwardly at right angles. thereto, being preferably plane and flat throughout their entire lengths and breadthsI The bottle thus formed produces a transverse shape of rectangular formation as shown particularly in Fig. 3.
The rear face 5 of the bottle is. preferably somewhat longer than the front, face 6, and, at. its upper end is joined by a major top portion 8 extending from the. juncture of the rear wall forwardly or inwardly of the bottle body and at an upward inclination thereof as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The inclination of the top wall portion 8 is in the general direction of the longitudinal axis of the body. The outer end of the major top portion 8 is joined by a minor top portion 9, which portion extends from its juncture with the front wall 6 to the end of the major top portion 8. The major top portion is flat throughout its length and breadth, while the minor top portion, as shown in Fig. l, is so shaped as to provide a neck wall 10 having moulded thereon a neck 11 to be closed by a suitable cap 12,. In this instance, the neck is shown as having an exterior thread for engagement with similar threads on the interior of the cap 12, but it will be understood thatother types of closures for the neck may be adopted if desired. It will be seen from this construction that the. neck, which is used for filling as well as pouring purposes, projects from the minor top portion or face at an obtuse angle to the longitudinal center of the bottle body. The location and arrangement of the neck upon its wall 10- is such that the contents. of the bottle may be readily poured therefrom in the usual manner, and similarly, the bottle may be filled with the desired fluids or liquids.
In Fig. 2 of the. drawing the minor top wall 9 is flat and continuous from its juncture with the front wall 6 to its connection with the major top wall 8 and without the angular neck wall 10 as shown in Fig. 1. The neck 11 will be so disposed and proportioned as not to project beyond the front face 6 of the bottle, and the normal liquid level in the latter will not extend into contact with the closure cap when the bottle is inv upright position on its base 4.
The neck Wall 10 is disposed at a slight angle to a second wall 13 constituting the. minor top portion 9, the said second wall joining with the front wall 6 at an angle as shown. By locating the neck 11 upon the neck wall 10 as shown, the pouring neck, as well as the closing cap 12 applied thereto, will be disposed within the vertical lines of the bottle body so as to enable a number of bottles of similar construction to be compactly enclosed within a carton without interference with one another, and also permits a bottle of a group to be conveniently removed therefrom or reapplied thereto without disturbance of the remaining bottles or interference therewith. Moreover, the particular angle of the neck wall 10, and the disposition of the neck 11 thereon will permit of the bottle when in upright position to be filled to its practical capacity without the contents thereof contacting the stopper or cover when the bottle is in upright position. The normal level within the bottle is indicated at 1 4..
In carrying out the invention, the front face 6 of the bottle will be provided with a label or other indicia 15 to denote the contents of the bottle, and a similar label or indicia 16 is applied to the major top surface 8. It will thus be seen that a bottle of this construction, standing in erect position and resting upon its bottom 4, will have a label or indicia 15 disposed on the front face 6 in such manner as to be readily seen or observed from the front of the bottle. The label or indicia 16 on the major top face 8 of the bottle may be observed from above. In instances where bottles of this character are packed within cartons, the contents of the bottles may be readily determined immediately the top of the carton is removed, by reason of the labels or indicia 16 upon the major top surface 8 being exposed to view;
The angularity of the major top portion 8 with respect to the rear face 5 of the bottle will be determinedby' the angularity of a shelf or support upon which the bottle may be placed with the rear face 5 in flat or resting contact therewith. The purpose of the rack of my application for patent referred to above is to support the nested bottles upon an inclined shelf in order that the bottles may be adequately supported at such angle as not to readily fall or become dislodged from the supporting shelf. The angularity of the top face'8 with respect to the'rear face 5 will be such as to present the face 8 in a substantially vertical plane when the bottle rests in supporting engagement upon its face 5 in the rack. When so positioned, the spout or neck 11' will be positioned normally above the liquid line of the bottle.
In some instances, it may be desired to provide the bottle with an elongated neck or to provide the neck with a stopper or closure which will project outwardly from the minor wall a distance greater than that shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing. It also may .be found desirable to enlarge the diameter ofthe neck and to provide the enlarged neck either with a stopper or cap closure which might project beyond theplane of the front face of the bottle, as might be the case were the bottle of the proportion illustrated in Fig. 2. Moreover, the projection of the neck or the stopper or cap therefor must not project beyond the plane of the front face 6, because in the rack constituting the subject matter of my aforesaid patent application Serial No. 333,806, the front faces 6 and the rear faces 5 of bottles assembled therein are in either parallel engagement with one another or are sufiiciently close together as to interfere with the insertion or removal of a bottle from its nested position should the neck or stopper of an adjacent bottle project into or beyond the plane of the front face 6. Furthermore, when packed in a shipping case or package, or when stood upon their bottoms 4 in abutting relationshi the necks or stoppers or caps must have no projection bevond the plane of the front face 6, otherwise the desirable close assembly will be defeated. In other words. however the bottles may be rested, either with their front faces 6 resting upon a fiat surface such as on a counter or table, in upstanding position with their front and rear faces respectively in engagement with one an other, or in the inclined position for rack reception as disclosed above, no portion of a neck, cap or stopper must proiect beyond the plane of the front face 6 of a bottle. However, the bottle must be so designed that sufficient latitude be allowed in the size and location of the neck on the minor face Without requiring any projection of neck or closure beyond the critical plane of front face 6. In Figs. 4, 5 and 6 I have illustrated a bottle involving my invention wherein the arrangement and angularity of the minor and major faces of the bottle Z2l are definitely determined to permit the proper location of pouring necks of varying sizes to be employed so that when provided with either the ordinary stopper or closure cap the bottle may be laid upon its front face upon'a fiat surface without the cap or the neck coming in contact therewith, or bottles may he stood upon their bottoms with their front and rear faces engaging one another, or similarly positioned when inclined at the angle for support in the rack to which reference has been made without interference one with another and permitting ready insertion or removal of a bottle.
It will be'observed with reference to Fig.4 that the rear and front faces and 6 respectively, of the bottle are perpendicular to the bottom and the major face 21 l 5 I 4 is disposed at substantially a 20 degree angle to the bottom. The minor front face 20 is disposed at substantially right angles to the major face 21, or at an angle of substantially 70 degrees; the said major and minor bottle faces being at substantially right angles to one another. The minor face 20 is elongated and extends a substantial distance down the front face of the bottle,
and the molded neck 22 projects from the front face of I plane of the front face 6 of the bottle.
the minor surface at the upper extremity of that surface. While, as shown in Fig. 4, the neck 22 is longer than the corresponding neck of Fig. 2, the outer end thereof lies a substantial distance inwardly from the The closure for the neck is indicated at 23 and is provided with internal threads for engagement with external threads on the outer surface of the bottle neck. It will also be observed that with the cap applied, there is substantial clearance between the outer extremity of the cap and the projected plane of the front face 6. Should the screw cap type of closure be replaced with the ordinary stopper, there would still be ample clearance between the outer edge of the stopper and the plane of the front face 6.
Fig. 5 shows a slight modification of the bottle of Fig. 4, wherein the same angularity of the major and minor bottle faces 21-20 prevail except that the bottle neck 24 is of greater diameter and is closed by a screw cap 25. Even though the neck in this instance is of greater diameter, there still remains ample clearance be tween the closure cap and the plane of the front face 6. This would be so even should the cap 25 be dispensed with and the ordinary stopper insert applied.
Fig. 6 of the drawing illustrates a bottle of the design of Fig. 4 assembled with another of the type shown in Fig. 5 at substantially the angle they will assume in the rack constituting the subject matter of my pending application to which reference has heretofore been made. The faces 5-6 of said bottles are in abutting relationship with the major label faces 21 in vertical position for viewing, while either bottle may be removed or applied without disturbing the other. It will be understood that in the rack forming the subject matter of my pending application each bottle is supported independently of those above and below the same.
A bottle constructed in such manner with the angularity of the minor and major surfaces here given prevail, it is apparent that the bottle neck with its accompanying closure cap or stopper will lie a substantial distance inwardly of the plane of the front face of the bottle body, thus facilitating ready packing of a multitude of bottles in a shipping case without danger of the closure caps engaging any surface either of the container or of other bottles, and insuring ample clearance between the cap or stopper and a flat surface upon which the front face 6 of the bottle may rest. Moreover, the angularity set forth will permit of the neck of the bottle being located if desired a substantial distance downwardly of the major face 21, still leaving ample clearance between the closure cap or stopper and a straight line projected from the front face of the bottle body. This is also true of the modified form shown in Fig. 5. It is preferred, however, that the neck be located on the minor face in substantially the manner illustrated in Fig. 4 because it is desirable that the liquid level indicated at 26 of the bottle when filled to its proper capacity will fall below the outer extremity of the bottle neck and thus avoid contact with the cap or stopper.
To facilitate handling of the bottle, each may be provided at the juncture of the rear face 5 with the major surface 21 with a transverse shoulder 27. This will enable a gripping tool to be engaged with the shoulder 27 and the neck 23 in lifting operations, also will afford means whereby the bottle may be readily gripped with the fingers in lifting the same from a case or from a sup porting surface.
From the foregoing description it will be readily apparent that bottles of this particular shape and construction may be packed or placed together side by side in abutting relationship in such manner as to greatly economize space, to permit of the bottles being individually withdrawn or replaced readily without disturbance of adjacent bottles, and at all times labels or indicia will be present thereon in such position as to be readily observed and read from either the front of the bottle or the top thereof.
1. A bottle comprising a bottom provided with spaced parallel front and back walls, the said rear wall being longer than the front wall, a major top panel portion integral at one end with the. end of the rear wall and extending inwardly and upwardly of the bottle body to ward the longitudinal axis thereof, a minor top wall integral and connected at one end with the corresponding end ofthe shorter front wall, said minor wall extending inwardly and upwardly toward the longitudinal axis of said body and joining the adjacent end of the major top panel portion forwardly of said longitudinal axis, both said major and minor walls disposed at obtuse angles to the rear and front walls respectively, and a pouring spout in said minor top wall having its outer end terminating inwardly of the plane of the said front wall and forwardly of said axis.
2. A bottle comprising a bottom provided with spaced parallel front and back walls, the said rear wall being longer than the front wall, a major top panel portion integral at one end with the end of the rear wall and extending upwardly inwardly of the bottle body and terminating beyond the longitudinal axis thereof, a minor top wall integral and connected at one end with'the corresponding end of the shorter front wall, said minor wall extending inwardly toward the longitudinal axis of said body and joining the adjacent end of the major top panel portion forwardly of said longitudinal axis and disposed at substantially right angles to said major top wall, and a pouring spent in said minor top wall adjacent to its juncture with said major wall and having its outer end terminating inwardly of the plane of said front wall and forwardly of said axis.
3. A bottle comprising a bottom provided with spaced parallel front and back walls, the said back wall being longer than the front wall, a major top panel portion integral at one end with the end of the rear wall and extending inwardly and upwardly of the bottle body beyond the longitudinal axis thereof and at an angle of substantially 20 degrees from the bottom of the bottle, a minor top wall integral and connected at one end with the corresponding end of the shorter front wall extending inwardly toward the said longitudinal axis of said body and joining the adjacent end of said major top panel portion forwardly of said longitudinal axis and at substantially right angles to said major top panel portion, and a pouring spout in said minor top wall having its outer end terminating inwardly of the plane of said front wall, said pouring spout being disposed forwardly of said longitudinal axis.
4. A bottle comprising a bottom provided with spaced parallel front and back walls, the said rear wall being longer than the front wall, a major top panel portion integral at one end with the end of the rear wall and extending inwardly and upwardly of the body toward the longitudinal axis thereof and at substantially 20 degrees with respect to the bottom of said bottle, a minor top wall integral and connected at one end with the corresponding end of the shorter front wall, said minor wall extending inwardly toward the longitudinal axis of said body at substantially degrees angle with respect to the bottom thereof and joining the adjacent end of said major top panel portion forwardly of said longitudinal axis, and a pouring spout in said minor top wall having its outer end terminating inwardly of the plane of said front wall and forwardly of said axis.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,737,744 Wicklein Dec. 3, 1929 2,135,239 Patterson Nov. 1, 1938 2,514,744 Cipyak July 11, 1950 2,560,761 Ferguson July 17, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 60,310 Norway Jan. 16, 1939 74,470 Norway Ian. 10, 1949