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Publication numberUS2920947 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 12, 1960
Filing dateNov 13, 1956
Priority dateNov 13, 1956
Publication numberUS 2920947 A, US 2920947A, US-A-2920947, US2920947 A, US2920947A
InventorsBurk Robert Emmett, Keller Edwin Hastings, O'flynn Denis Joseph
Original AssigneeDu Pont
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bristles for abrading surfaces
US 2920947 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 12, 1960 R. E. BURK ETA!- BRISTLES FOR ABRADING SURFACES Filed Nov. 13, 1956 INVENTORS ROBERT EMMETT BURK EDWIN HASTINGS KELLER DENIS JOSEPH O'FLYNN ATTORNEY edState aten '0 BRISTLES FOR ABRADlNG SURFACES obert Emmett Burk, West Chester, and Edwin Hastings Keller, Wawa, Pa., and Denis Joseph OFlynn, Wilmington, DeL, assignors to E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Wilmington, 'Del., a corporation of Delaware e Application November 13, 1956, Serial No. 621,962

e v 4 Claims. c1. 51-498) invention relates to synthetic linear polyamide bristles and brushes containing the same, said bristles having adhering abrasive particles attached thereto. The

brushes abrasives ,(including polishing aids) such as jewelers rouge have been rather widely applied. While in these applications synthetic bristles, especially those composed ofrsynthetic linear polyamides, have been quite {satisfactory from the standpoint of bristle life, the synlflthetic bristles have not-been entirely satisfactory with jfrespectto retention of the particles of abrasive or polish- -ing aid, Yarious proposals have be'en made to overcome this. difficulty: For-example, imparting irregularities of various shapes in the surface of the bristle has been known in this art. Another method has been to incorporate the added abrasive material into the melt prior to extrusion of the bristle. Both of these methods involve departures from standard synthetic bristle manufacture, hence are somewhat costly; moreover, such methods are not outstandingly effective and give rise to extrusion Problems.

It has been discovered in accordance with this invention that a useful method for attaching abrasive materials to synthetic linear polyamide bristles is to employ a dispersion or solution of polyamide at the bristle surface, thus providing a surface in which, or to which, the particles of solid can adhere. One way of accomplishing this result is to coat said bristles with an aqueous or non-aqueous dispersion of synthetic linear polyamide containing finely powdered abrasive, e.g. silicon carbide, and to bake said dispersed polyamide on said bristles. This coating operation is preferably conducted by partially immersing the bristles of a rotary brush in the dispersion and thereafter evaporating the liquid medium of the dispersion from the bristles and heating the resulting article at a temperature above about 100 C., but not in excess of the melting temperature of the bristle, to improve the adhesion of the coating to the bristle.

Another way of causing the solid particles to adhere to the bristle in accordance with the invention is to provide a coating of polyamide solution at the surface of the bristle and to apply the solid particles thereto. This can be achieved by using a polyamide which is soluble in alcohol or other organic solvent as the coating resin, and applying the solid as a dispersed phase in said coating solution. The N-alkoxymethyl hexamethylene polyadipamides can be used in this manner. A simpler procedure is to employ a solvent which wets and slightly dissolves the polyamide in the bristle itself and to apply pumice or other like material to the thus treated bristle. In certain industrial operations a periodic moistening "2,920,947. Patented Jan. 12,- 1960 pumice, silicon carbide, aluminum oxide, jewelers rouge and the like. The quantity of said additive may be varied widely, a suitable amount being about 5 to 50% of the weight of binder, i.e. polyamide in the coating composition.

The polyamide used as binder can be any synthetic linear polyamide (including interpolyamides) which is capable of existing in a dissolved or dispersed form. Examples of dispersible polyamides are the alcohol-soluble polyamides which can be brought into solution in alcohol and precipitated in dispersed form by addition of water. 'Such dispersions can be concentrated by removal of water and/or alcohol. Dispersing agents may, of course, be used. Excellent dispersions are obtainable in this manner from polyhexamethylene adipamide-polyhexamethylene sebacamide-polycaprolactam, or other similar interpolyamides.

The polyamide in the bristle prior to coating may be any suitable fiber-forming synthetic linear polycarbonamide, such as the polycarbonamides of US. patents to Carothers 2,071,250, February 16, r1937; 2,071,253, February 16, 1937; 2,130,523, September 20, 1938; 2,130,948, September 20, 1938; and 2,214,402, September 10, 1940. Polyhexamethylene sebacamide is an example of a polyamide which has been successfully used as a bristle component, and the brushes employed in the which is present in the coating'may be the same as, or

different from the polyamide in the bristle prior to coating. When the polyamide in the coating is chemically different from that of the bristle prior to coating, the coating is nevertheless distinguishable especially since the state of orientation of the molecules would generally be different in the coating, as compared with the orientation of the molecules in the original bristle. While the invention is most effective when the molecules in the coating differ in orientation and/or in chemical structure from the molecules within the bristle prior to coating, the invention is also practicable in the absence of such a difference.

The invention is further illustrated by means of the following examples.

Example 1 To an aqueous dispersion containing 10%. by weight of dispersed polyhexamethylene adipamide-polyhexamethylene sebacarnide-polycaprolactam interpolyamide is added 10%, based on the weight of said interpolyamide, of fine pumice, and the resulting mixture is stirred. Into this is dipped, by use of a rotary motion, the bristles of a wheel type brush, said bristles being composed of synthetic linear polyamide. The brush is placed on a rack and dried overnight, after which it is heated in an air circulating oven for 12 minutes at 210 C. Another brush is treated in the same manner except that silicon carbide is employed in place of pumice. stance, the brush is found to be effective for abrading the surface of metals, and retains the abrasive far better than in similar service when no binder is present. The silicon carbide is retained even better than the pumice.

Example 2 The surface of synthetic linear polyamide bristles on a rotary brush is coated with the aqueous dispersion of interpolyamide described in Example 1. After drying overnight the brush is placed in an oven and heated at In each in- 2,920,947, V r f 210 (E ter about minutes. The bristles are then contacted with jewelers rouge, so as to apply the jeweler-s rouge to the bristles. The brush retains the rouge in polishing operations better than brushes having untreated bristles.

r Example 3 The polyamide bristles of a rotary disc brush suitable for; polishing flat glass surfaces is dipped in liquid phenol.

Rouge isplaced on the glass surface, and the polishing is performed with rouge adhering better to the bristle,

ihereinabove will occur to those who are skilled in the .art., For example, the type of brush can be varied rather .Widely. The shape of the bristle can, of course, also be varied, and bristles of. non-circular cross-section or tapered contour may-be employed if desired.

The invention is further illustrated by means of the accompanying drawing which is a cross-section view of a, bristle (1) having a surface area (2) composed of a synthetic linear polyamide into which exposed solid particles (3) of abrasive are embedded, said particles being v.held in position by. adhesion to said polyamide.

The present invention is not concerned with bristles or other structures having fillers, delustering agents or thelike distributed throughout the entire resin mass. In the latter compositions the solid particles are not sufici ently exposed at the surface to perform the functions of an abrasive. When the solid particles are embedded in a surface area, the strength of the bristle is not seriously aflected, as it generally would be if the same solid were distributed throughout the mass in the same concentration. One of the advantages of the present invention lies in preserving the desirable properties of the synthetic. bristles whilei at the same time improving, their effectiveness when used in connection with the solid abrasive.

We claim:

1. A synthetic linear polyamide bristle having a surface coating of synthetic linear polyamide in which exposed solid abrasive panticlesare embedded, said particles being held in position by adhesion.

2. A synthetic-linear polyhexamethylene sebacamide bristle having a surface coating of synthetic linear polyamide in which exposed solid abrasive particles are embedded, said particles being held in position by adhesion.

3. A synthetic linear polyhexamethylene sebacamide bristle having a surface coating of polyhexamethylene adipamide polyhexamethylene sebacamide polycap rolactam interpolymer in which exposed solid abrasive particles are embedded, said particles being held in position by said interpolymer.

4. A method for preparing a synthetic linear polyamide bristle having abrasive particles embedded in the surface thereof which comprisescoating a synthetic linear polyamide bristle with an aqueous dispersion of synthetic linear polyamide, said dispersion containing from 5 to based on the weight of dispersed polyamide,

of said abrasive in finely particulate form, drying the said coating and heating the dried coating to a temperature between 100 C. and the softening temperature of the polyamide in said bristle.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,336,797 Maxwell Dec. 14, 1943 2,609,642 Peterson Sept. 9, 1952 2,71\l,3 Price et al. June 21, 1955 2,712,987 Storrs et al. July 12, 1955 2,836,517 Gruber et al. May 27, 1958

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2336797 *Jun 19, 1939Dec 14, 1943Du PontFelted product
US2609642 *Jul 14, 1947Sep 9, 1952Osborn Mfg CoBrush and brush material
US2711365 *Oct 23, 1951Jun 21, 1955American Viscose CorpAbrasive articles and method of making
US2712987 *Oct 9, 1951Jul 12, 1955Hartford Special Machinery CoAbrading belt and method of making it
US2836517 *Apr 9, 1954May 27, 1958American Cyanamid CoTreatment of materials to impart antistatic properties and products
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3085025 *Sep 14, 1959Apr 9, 1963Little Inc ASurface coating with metallic powder and the like
US3115401 *Jul 28, 1961Dec 24, 1963Gen Motors CorpAbrasive tool
US3384915 *Jun 30, 1967May 28, 1968Brush Res Mfg CoMultiple-compliant-bristle brush means having enlarged, abrasively coated outer bristle tip ends of multi-phase material
US3577839 *Jun 27, 1968May 11, 1971Sherwin Williams CoBrush and brush material
US4630407 *Mar 28, 1986Dec 23, 1986Rhodes Lynn RMethod for finishing a thermoplastic coating
US4704823 *Sep 2, 1986Nov 10, 1987Acrometal Products, Inc.For deburring workpieces
US5427595 *May 21, 1993Jun 27, 1995Minnesota Mining And ManufacturingAbrasive filaments comprising abrasive-filled thermoplastic elastomer, methods of making same, articles incorporating same and methods of using said articles
US5427854 *Mar 14, 1994Jun 27, 1995E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyReduces abrasion
US5460883 *May 25, 1993Oct 24, 1995Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyComposite abrasive filaments, methods of making same, articles incorporating same, and methods of using said articles
US5491025 *May 15, 1995Feb 13, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrasive filaments comprising abrasive-filled thermoplastic elastomer
US5512369 *May 16, 1995Apr 30, 1996E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyFibers containing polymer-coated inorganic particles
US5518794 *Jun 1, 1995May 21, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrasive article incorporating composite abrasive filament
US5571296 *Jun 1, 1995Nov 5, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyCoated with an abrasive-filled thermoplastic elastomer
US5616411 *May 25, 1993Apr 1, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyComposite abrasive filaments, methods of making same, articles incorporating same, and methods of using said articles
US5722106 *Feb 1, 1995Mar 3, 1998Gillette Canada Inc.Tooth polishing brush
US5737794 *Dec 16, 1996Apr 14, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyA preformed core atleast partially coated with a hardened abrasive filled thermoplastic elastomer, exhibits increased abrasive life
US5770307 *Sep 27, 1996Jun 23, 1998E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyCoextruded monofilaments
US5837179 *Mar 23, 1995Nov 17, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CopmanyMethod of making abrasive filaments comprising abrasive-filled thermoplastic elastomer
US5849410 *Dec 12, 1996Dec 15, 1998E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyCoextruded monofilaments
US6199242 *Nov 13, 1997Mar 13, 2001Gillette Canada CompanyTooth polishing brush
US6352471Apr 13, 2000Mar 5, 20023M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive brush with filaments having plastic abrasive particles therein
U.S. Classification51/298, 15/159.1, 15/207.2
International ClassificationB24D18/00
Cooperative ClassificationB24D18/00
European ClassificationB24D18/00