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Publication numberUS2922643 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 26, 1960
Filing dateAug 8, 1957
Priority dateAug 8, 1957
Publication numberUS 2922643 A, US 2922643A, US-A-2922643, US2922643 A, US2922643A
InventorsLopez John P
Original AssigneeUniversal Corrugated Box Mach
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sheet feeding equipment
US 2922643 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. P. LOPEZ Jan. 26, 1960 FEEDING EQUIPMENT SHEET 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 8, 1957 INVENTOR JOf/A/ P. 10, 52

Jan. 26, 1960 J. P. LOPEZ 2,922,643

SHEET FEEDING EQUIPMENT Filed Aug. 8, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ZZ/g 23 ATTORNEYS United States Patent 2,922,643 SHEET FEEDING EQUIPMENT John P. Lopez, Westfield, NJ., assignor to Universal Corrugated Box Machinery Corporation, a corporation of New York Application August 8, 1957, Serial No. 677,040 1 Claim. (Cl. 27135) This invention relates to the art of sheet feeding equipment and more particularly to equipment for feeding one sheet at a time from the bottom of a stack.

As conducive to an understanding of the invention it 2,922,643 Patented Jan. 26, 1960 Desirably a set screw 27 is provided to retain the block- 23 in desired position along the rod.

The other end of the block the guide arm 22 is positioned. Secured to the upper .end

31 of the arm 22 as by screws 32 and extending at right angles thereto, is a bracket 33 which has an opening 34 near its free end through whichextends a screw 35 threaded into a correspondingly threaded opening 36 in J block 23.

Affixed to the screw 35 as by set screws 37 and straddling the bracket 33 is a pair of collars 38. Thus, upon rotation of the screw 35 by its knob 39, the guide ,5

arm may be raised or lowered as desired.

The lower end of the guide arm is inclined outwardly as shown, to define a deflector portion 41. Secured to the deflector portion 41 adjacent its lower end is a roller block 44 which, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, has a pair of parallel slots 45 through each of which extends a screw 46 threaded into a correspondingly threaded opening 47 v in arm portion 41. The block 44 also has a transverse tomrnost sheet in the stack may not be aligned with the drive means with the result that the continuousdischarge of the sheets may be interrupted, requiring manual realignment of such an edge, thereby interrupting the subsequent processing and preventing high speed operation.

It is accordingly among the objects of the invention to provide an equipment which is relatively simple in construction and has but few parts which are not likely to become deranged even with long use, and which may operate at a high rate of speed dependably to discharge successive sheets from the bottom of a stack without likelihood of stoppage of the discharge operation even if the sheets are warped and do not initially have their end edge aligned with the discharge drive means.

According to the invention, these objects are accomplished by the arrangement and combination of elements hereinafter described and particularly recited in the claim.

In the accompanying drawings in which are shown one or more of various possible embodiments of the several features of the invention.

Fig. l is a fragmentary front view of the equipment,

Fig. 2 is asectional view taken along line 2- 2 of Fig. 1 with parts broken away,

Fig. 3 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 2 and on a larger scale taken along line 3-3 of Fig. 1, and

Fig. 4 is a detail view of another embodiment of the invention.

Referring now to the drawings, the equipment desirably comprises a conveyor 11, illustratively an endless belt 12, riding around parallel rollers 13, 14, the latter preferably being driven, a plurality of parallel idler rollers 15 supporting the top run 16 of belt 12. In addition, an idler roller 18 is provided extending parallel to and longitudinally spaced from roller 13 being positioned above the horizontal plane thereof.

Extending transversely across the belt 16 and positioned above the latter adjacent the roller 14, is a hanger rod 21 from which depends a plurality of guide arms 22 each in the form of an elongated substantially rectangular bar.

T o mount each of the guide arms 22, a substantially rectangular block 23 is provided, which has a transverse bore 24 near one end 25 through which rod 21 extends, a key 26 secured to rod 21 permitting movement of the block along the rod, but preventing rotation thereon.

bore 48 through which extends a shaft 49 on each of s the ends of which is mounted a deflector roller 50, which desirably has a knurled periphery, the rollers 50 straddling arm 22 as shown in Fig. 1.

Associated with the block 44 is a cross bar 51 aflixed L to arm 22 and having a pair of adjustment screws 52 extending therethrough and adapted to abut against the upper end of said block 44 as shown in Fig. 3.

It is to be noted that the rollers 50 are of such dij ameter and are so mounted that the extreme lower rear edge 54 of the guide arm 22 will extend slightly beyond": the periphery of the roller to define a stop which functions in the manner hereinafter described.

To set the equipment for operation,

The screws 46 are then tightened.

The blocks 23 are positioned along the rod 21 so that Q they will be located between the side edges of the sheets to be fed and are locked in position by turning screws 27: f

The guide arms 22 are then lowered by turning screws 35 so that the rollers 50 are spaced from the portion of run 16 of belt 12 riding around rollers 14 by a distance" just slightly less than the thickness of the sheets to'be fed so that the sheet may securely be gripped between rollers 50 and such portion of the belt for advance of the sheet. With the rollers ,so positioned it is apparent, as

shown in-Figs. Z and 3, that the stop edge '54 will be spaced from the belt 12 by a distance slightly greater than the thickness of a sheet so that it may pass therethe other ends 62 of at least the sheets above the lowermost sheet S will be supported by the roller 18.

As a result, the weight of the entire stack of sheets will not be supported by the conveyer so that the pressure on the lowermost sheet S' will not be so great as to prevent. ready movement thereof by the belt 12 and the rollers 50, between which the lowermost sheet will be clamped.

I As the upper run 16 of the conveyer belt 12 moves to the right, the leading edges 61 of the sheets will abut against the rollers 50 or the inclined portion 41 as shown in Fig. 2.

23 desirably is bifurcated, defining a pair of spaced parallel legs 29 between whichv the block 44 is j adjusted by loosening screws 46 and turning screws 52' .1 until the edge 54 of the lower portion of the guide arm 22 protrudes slightly beyond the periphery of the rollers.

The forward movement imparted to the stack of sheets will cause the leading edges 61 thereof against the inclined portions 41 of the guide arms 22 to slide down e la t r and t e p e e Q the ead n ed es 9 the sheets against the rollers 59 will cause the latter to rotate in acounterclockwise direction. Such rotation of rollers 50 cause the edges of the sheet in contact therewith to be deflected downwardly and when the leading edge 61 of the lowermost sheet S reaches the stop 54 it will be moved below the latter by the downward movement of the sheet immediately thereabove.

As a result, the leading edge of the lowermost sheet S will pass beneath the stop 54 and as such lowermost sheet isfree to be advanced by the conveyor 11, its leading edge 61 will pass between the rollers 50 and the and jacent portion of belt 12 riding around rollers 14. As a result, such lowermost sheet will be positively clamped discharged from the bottom of the stack.

While such lowermost sheet S is being discharged as shown in bottom lines in Fig. 2, the leading edge of the sheet S? immediately thereabove will be restrained by the stop 54 which is spaced from the belt by a distance sulficient to permit only one sheet to pass thereunder at a time. When such lowermost sheet has been completely discharged and hence is cleariof the stop 54, the second sheet S will thenbe the lowermost sheet and its leading edge 61 will be forced downwardly beneath stop 54 by the force exerted by the leading edge 61 of sheet S immediately thereabove which will be deflected downwardly, by the counterclockwise rotation of rollers 50 and the operation previously described will be repeated.

The embodiment shown in Fig. 4 is especially desigend forusewith sheets having considerable warpage. In this embodiment the rollers 50 are replaced by two pairs of rollers 50' and 50*, each pair 50', 50" carrying an endless belt {33 against the rear runs 64 of which the leading edges 61' of the sheets abut. Thus, when such sheets are advanced and their leading edges exert pressure against the runs 64rof belts 63, the belts will rotate in a counterclockwise direction deflecting the leading edges downwardly. In the manner previously described with respect to the embodiment of Figs. 1 to 3, the leading edge 61 of the lowermost sheet will be moved beneath the stop 54 by the downward pressure exerted by the leading. edge of the sheet immediately thereabove the drive imparted by the rotating belts 63. The discharge action is thus identical to that previously described.

with the relatively simple equipment above described, it is apparent that sheets may be dependably fed from a stack at a high rate of speed regardless of the warpage of such sheets.

As it is only necessary that a single guide arm and its 2,92%,egs

. I 4 associated rollers coact with the sheets, it is apparent that the stack may contain sheets varying in width.

As many changes could be made in the above construction, and many apparently widely diflerent embodiments of this invention could be made without departing from the scope of the claim, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illusnative and not in a limiting sense.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

Equipment for successively discharging thebottommost sheet from a stack, said equipment comprising a con veyor to carry such stack, said conveyor having an inlet and outlet and comprising a pair of spaced parallel rollers, an endless belt encompassing said rollers, one of said rollers being at the inlet end, and the other at the outlet end of said conveyor, a depending elongated bar, means to support said bar over the portion of the belt riding around one of said rollers, the lower portion of said bar being inclined downwardly and outwardly toa ward the outlet end of said conveyor, means to effect continuous advance of said conveyor to urge the leading edges of said stack of sheets against said inclined portion, a deflector roller mounted at the lower end of said inclined portion on an axis parallel to that of said spaced parallel rollers and adapted to have the lowermost portion of its periphery spaced from the belt by a distance slightly less than the thickness of a sheet, a portion of the periphery of said deflector roller extending laterally beyond the plane of said inclined portion, the lower end of said inclined portion being disposed eccentrically with respect to, and inwardly of the axis of said deflector roller and extending slightly beyond the periphery of said deflector roller to define a stop, said stop being adapted to be positioned from the belt by a distance slightly greater than the thickness of a sheet to permit a single sheet to pass thereunder and to restrain movement thereunder of the sheets above such bottommost sheet.

Rbferences Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1457158 *Oct 7, 1920May 29, 1923American Multigraph CoMechanism for feeding paper, cards, envelopes, etc.
US1756073 *Nov 28, 1927Apr 29, 1930George W Swift Jr IncSheet-feeding means
US1948362 *Jul 5, 1932Feb 20, 1934Staude Edwin GBlank feeder
US2145299 *Jul 3, 1937Jan 31, 1939Elliott Harmon PApparatus for extracting the successive endmost articles from a stack of such articles
US2273287 *Jan 28, 1941Feb 17, 1942Pitney Bowes Postage Meter CoSeparator roller control
US2273288 *Feb 5, 1941Feb 17, 1942Pitney Bowes Postage Meter CoAdjustable separator
US2732203 *May 29, 1953Jan 24, 1956 Tancheff
USRE15293 *Dec 12, 1921Feb 28, 1922Specialty Auto matic Machine CompanyBlank feeder
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3151863 *Mar 29, 1962Oct 6, 1964Monroe Internat CorpControl for card feed
US4208046 *Sep 14, 1978Jun 17, 1980Sharp Kabushiki KaishaSheet feeding assembly
US4666141 *Oct 1, 1984May 19, 1987Labombarde Raymond AApparatus and method for reverse roll feed of shingled blanks
US4728095 *Apr 7, 1986Mar 1, 1988Pitney Bowes Inc.Separator for a document feeder
US4919411 *Jul 10, 1987Apr 24, 1990Xerox CorporationPaper feeding device
US7578503 *Sep 21, 2006Aug 25, 2009Xerox CorporationVariable pressure belt driven sheet registration system
US7621449 *Nov 30, 2006Nov 24, 2009Maria Biggins, legal representativeBallot counting machine
US7806398 *Oct 3, 2007Oct 5, 2010Pitney Bowes Inc.Ingestion guide assembly for augmenting sheet material separation in a singulating apparatus
WO1989005768A1 *Dec 19, 1988Jun 29, 1989Eastman Kodak CoImproved sheet separating device
Classifications
U.S. Classification271/35, 271/125
International ClassificationB65H3/56
Cooperative ClassificationB65H3/56
European ClassificationB65H3/56