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Publication numberUS2923429 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 2, 1960
Filing dateOct 15, 1957
Priority dateOct 15, 1957
Publication numberUS 2923429 A, US 2923429A, US-A-2923429, US2923429 A, US2923429A
InventorsSchneider John
Original AssigneeSchneider & Co Dr Ing
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Outdoor lighting fixture for fluorescent lamps
US 2923429 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 2, 1960 J. SCHNEIDER 2,923,429

OUTDOOR LIGHTING FIXTURE FOR FLUORESCENT LAMPS Filed Oct. 15, 1957 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

Jb/zzz 5072216111 62" OUTDOOR LIGHTING FIXTURE FOR FLUORESCENT LAMPS Filed Oct. 15, 1957 J. SCHNEIDER Feb. 2, 1960 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOIR. L bhll Schnezder am, M

Feb. 2, 1960 J. SCHNEIDER 2,923,429

OUTDOOR LIGHTING FIXTURE FOR FLUORESCENT LAMPS Filed Oct. 15, 1957 s Sheets-Sheet 3 John Schneider United States Patent OUTDOOR LIGHTING FIXTURE FOR FLUORESCENT LAMPS John Schneider, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, assignor to Dr.-Ing. Schneider & Co., Frankfurt am Main, Germany Application October 15, 1957, Serial No. 690,340

13 Claims. (Cl. 220-34) This invention relates to a fixture for supporting appliances therein, and more particularly to an outdoor light fixture provided with a removable hinge connected closure.

Housings for outdoor light fixtures have an opening to provide access to its interior for repairs or for the replacement of the lights. A closure, usually the transparent or translucent glass cover bowl or pan is adapted to be connected to the housing over this opening to protect the housing interior from the weather. Since these outdoor light fixtures are frequently mounted at elevated positions, i.e. on the top of poles, the light bowls or closures are sometimes connected to the housing by hinges, so that the serviceman can gain access to the interior of the housing without having to support the heavy and bulky light bowl. 'Some of these hinges, as described in copending application Serial No. 679,726, filed August 22, 1957, entitled Lighting Equipment and Housing and Hinges for Same, now Patent No. 2,861,- 711, issued November 25, 1958, and the application filed concurrently herewith entitled Outdoor Lighting Fixture, are mounted inside the housing for protection against the corrosive effects of the elements. These hinges are generally satisfactory except that they depend upon the frictional engagement betweenthe periphery of the cover bowl and the housing to hold the closure or glass cover bowl in a closed position against the housing opening. This is not particularly desirable because storms may overcome this frictional engagement and blow the cover bowl open, or prolonged exposure of the fixture to the elements may produce changes in the dimensions or the physical properties of the housing, decreasing the frictional engagement between the housing and the closure, and permitting the closure to fall open. Since these closures are usually the glass cover bowl or pan, ordinary latches do not provide a satisfactory way of keeping the cover bowl over the housing opening because the bowl has to be milled or drilled so that part of the latch can be attached to it. This is an expensive operation because glass light bowls are fragile and hard to work with, and they are seriously weakened by such operations. It is also important to prevent these latch members from being exposed to the elements because they are made so cheaply, in the interests of economy, that they are very susceptible to corrosion. What is needed, therefore, and comprises one important object of this invention, is a fixture for supporting appliances wherein the glass cover bowl is pivotally connected to the housing by internally mounted hinges, and where a positive internally mounted latch or lock for holding the glass cover bowl tightly against the housing opening is provided, which does not require the glass cover bowl to be drilled or machined in any way.

It is also important to be able to completely and conveniently detach the cover bowl from the housing for replacement when it becomes necessary, particularly when the light fixture is at an elevated position. Some of the hinges described in the above mentioned copending patent "ice 2 applications could do this, but they all depended upon a resilient connection between one of the hinges and the glass cover bowl. This was not very satisfactory because the resilient property of these hinges may change with time so that after a while the glass cover bowl could completely fall away from the housing. What is needed, therefore, and comprises still another important object of this invention is an outdoor light fixture with internally mounted hinges connected between the glass cover bowl and the housing which is independent of the resilience of the material, and which can be conveniently separated from the glass cover bowl so that the cover bowl can be easily replaced.

The increasing cost of labor and materials has caused a re-examination of the construction of these outdoor light fixtures which are mounted upon light poles. It has been found that a less massive and consequently a less expensive pole would often be just as satisfactory,

and in some areas which are subject to severe weather conditions, a thin resilient pole or mast which can bend with the wind is actually preferable. Since these thinner and more flexible masts are usually less expensive than the more massive conventional type, it would be desirable to use them to support outdoor light fixtures, but it is difiicult to provide a rigid economical connection between such a mast and a conventional outdoor light fixture which can withstand severe winds and weather conditions. What is needed, therefore, and comprises yet another important object of this invention is a fixture which is adapted to be economically and conveniently mounted upon a thin resilient mast.

All of'the above mentioned objects of this invention have been economically and efficiently achieved through the use of an elongated bottle shaped fixture housing having a projecting mast receiving neck opening at one.

end. A bracket, mounted inside the housing is aligned with this neck opening and is adapted to be clamped to the end of a mast so that the fixture is rigidly supported by it. This housing has an additional axially extending appliance receiving opening, and a glass cover bowl or pan is provided to cover it. First and second groups of closure members are movably mounted inside the housing on the opposite sides of this opening. These groups of closure members are connected together by a linkage mechanism driven by an actuating lever, so that moving the actuating lever to one position causes all the closure members to move into engagement with the cover bowl to hold it tightly over the appliance receiving opening, and moving the actuating lever to another position causes all the closure members in one'group to move out of engagement with the cover bowl so that the closure members in the remaining group still in engagement with the cover bowl act as hinges, permitting the cover bowl to be pivoted open, and moving the actuating lever to still another position causes all the closure members in both groups to move out of engagement with the cover bowl so that the cover bowl can be completely removed from the housing.

Other objects of this invention will become more apparent when read in the light of the accompanying drawlugs and specification wherein:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the outdoor light fixture constructed according to this invention;

Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of this invention showing schematically the position of the hook members when they are all in engagement with the cover bowl;

Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of this invention showing schematically the reversal of direction by one of the crankshafts and the phase difference between them produced by one embodiment of the linkage mechanism connecting the crankshafts;

siesta-e Figs. 4 and 5 show successive positions of the moving hook members as the actuatnig lever is moved toward the hinge position;

Fig. 6 showsthe position of the hook memberswhen the actuating'lever hasreached the hinge position with one group of hook members completely withdrawn from engagement with the cover bowl and with the other grouper hook memb ers in pivotal engagement with it;-

Fig.7 shows the position of the hook members when the; actuatinglevei' has reached open or release position showing both groups of hook-members completely withdrawn from engagementflwith the cover. bowl;

Figs. Sand 9 show eleva'tional views of one embodimentof the-linkage mechanism illustrating the coopera tion of the individual elements in various'positions, and in addition Fig. 9 shows the positionl of the linkage mechanism when the hook members are-all in engagef mentwith the'flanges of the cover bowl, and holding it tightly against the appliance receiving opening in the housing, and

Fig. 10 shows an elevational view of another-embodiment of the linkage mechanism.

Referring now to- Fig. 1 of the drawings, the outdoor light fixture indicated generally by the reference numeral lo comprises a substantially cylindrical bottle shaped housing 12 having a projecting neck 14 at one end. This neck is'provided with a mast receiving opening 16 extending therethrough to theinterior of the housing. A mast receiving bracket 17 ismounted in side the housing and is positioned in alignment with the opening 16. This bracket is adapted to be clamped 32 to provide a predetermined phase displacement between the offset or crank portions 34 on each crankshaft. An alternative linkage mechanism indicated generally by'the'referencenumeral 60, see Fig. 10, comprises a 'first toothed disc 62 rigidly'mounted on the end of crankshaft 60, and, a second toothed disc 64 having a larger diameter rigidly mounted on the adjacent end of a crankshaft 32. A crossed chain 66 isconnected between the discs so that. they rotate in oppositedirecnected balls 70. Accordingly the toothed discs must be Items end of a supporting mast inside the housing so a that thelight fixture can be rigidly supported thereon? The housing=- is"provided with-=an additional axially ex tending opening18 forreceiving afluorescentlight 26 or other appliance. A transparentor translucent glass cover; bowl or pan indicated generally bythe reference numeral 20 is sized to cover this opening and seal the housing} This cover bowl is provided with integral in wardly projecting flanges 22 along'its periphery for purposes to become apparent below.

Aplui'ality of lug bearings 28 are mounted in the housing along the opposite sides of the opening 18. Spaced parallel crankshafts are rotatably mounted in aligned openings-in these lugs. Eachcrankshaft is provided'with a plurality of aligned and offset crank portions or arms 34. In the example shown, each crankshaft has three offset portions but it is apparent that portions of these two groups ofbook members project in opposite directions forpurposes to become apparent below. Each of these hook members slidably moves in providedwith'ball receiving recesses 72 along their periphery. It is apparent, however, that chains and gears, or belts and pulleys could be used instead of the ball chains and toothed discs shown in the drawings. To operate the closuremem bers, regardless'of which embodiment of the linkage'mechanism' is employed, a portion31 of the end or crankshaftti30' extended through the end of the housing. A manually operated lever 74 is rigidly secured-to thisportion of" the crankshaft so that rotation of' thislever causes'both of the crankshafts to rotate.

As stated above, the rotation of these 'crankshafts must sequentially cause the'first and second groups of hook members 36 and 38 to move from" a position where they all engagethe'cover bowl or pan 24) to a position where the :first' group of hook members 36 m-ave out of engagement with the cover bowl while the second'g'roup of hook members"38 remain in'pivotal engagement with the cover bowl'to 'provide' an internal hinge connection, and final-1 lyi to apositionwher both thefirstand second groups of hookimernbers move out ofengagement with the cover bowkpennittingitto bereni'oyed from the housing. The I hoolcmernbers andcrankshafts, along with both modifications .of'the linkage systems described above are designed-to satisfy these requirements." Inclosed position,

arid" with'the actuating lever 74 infthe position indicated a window ora pivot and guide slot 40 whichis formed end and the other end is pivotally connected to one end of a push rod 48. The opposite end of this push rod is pivotally connected to the' apex of a bell crank 50. The short arm 52 of this bell crank is pivotally connected bythe letter'A in Fig. 1, the-crankshafts 30 and'32 and the offset portions 34 are positioned as indicated in .Fig; 2 and the linkage mechanism is disposed as shown in Fig. 9; In this position both groups of hook members 36 and'38 engage the underside of the flange 22 on the periphery of the cover bowl 2t and exert a clamping pressure on itwhich acts to draw the outer surfaces of these flanges against the packing .23 to seal the interior of the housing. Rotation of the actuating lever 74 towards the position indicatedby the letterB in Fig.1 causes crankshaft 30 and the crank portion 34 to rotate in the direction indicated by thecurved arrows, see

Fig 2. It is'noted that crankshaft 32 which initially rotates in the' same direction as crankshaft 30 undergoes a changein' the direction of rotation when the linkage system shownin Figs. 8 and 9 is used to connect the crarikshafts. The reason for this change in direction can be seen by reference to Fig. 9. There, remembering thattthe bell crank 5th is pivotally secured to a fixed support 53, rotation of thecrankshaft 30 in the clockwise direction initially causes thcpush rod 48 to push bell crank 50' around its pivotal connection with the fixed support-53 in a clockwise direction. This rotation is communicated'to crankshaft 32 which is also rotated in the clockwise direction. Then after crankshaft 30 rotates beyond the dead point, where the aiiis of the first lever V 56 and the pushrod 48 are parallel to each other, conto a fiXed support 53, and the long arm 54 is pivotally connected toone end of a connecting'rod'56. The ep shafts' move with aprdetermined phase difference and with different rotational speeds. The difference in rot'ational speeds is caused by the difference in length betweehthel6n'g and'short arms" 54 and 52 on the-sen crank 50. Continued rotation of the actuating lever to position B. causes the crankshaft 30 to rotate in the clockwise direction, causing the hook members of the first group 36 to slide in slot 40 and pivot out of engagement with the flange 22 on adjacent side of the cover bowl 01' pan 20, see Fig. 6. Continued rotation of the actuating lever to position C causes a continued rotation of the crankshaft 80, but does not appreciably affect the position of the first group of hook member 36, but during this movement the continued counterclockwise rotation of crankshaft 32 causes the hook member 38 to slide in slots 40 and then pivot out of engagement with the flanges 22 of the cover bowl, permitting the cover bowl to be entirely removed, see Fig. 7.

In the modification shown in Fig. 10, the linkage system acts substantially the same way to cause te crankshaft to rotate in opposite directions and to produce the required phase and speed differences. The position of the discs corresponding to the three important positions of the actuating lever are indicated schematically on their face.

In order to prevent the actuating lever 74 from rotating accidentally from the hinge position B to hinge position C, a conventional spring 75 may be connected to one of the elements of the linkage system which, when the actuating lever '74 moves from position B to position C, exerts a resisting force on the lever with the result that the crankshaft 3t) and the actuating lever 74 can be turned to the position C only by overcoming the force exerted by the spring 75.

With the structure described above, the closure mechanism will have two functions, depending upon the position of the actuating lever. In one position it acts as a locking mechanism to positively lock the cover bowl to the housing. In another position is acts as a releasable hinge to pivotally connect the cover bowl to the housing, and as a hinge, it can be totally disconnected from the glass cover bowl by moving the actuating lever to another position. Furthermore, the entire closure mechanism is mounted inside the fixture where it is substantially unaffected by the elements and so no special precautions need be taken to select a material particularly resistant to corrosion. With a fixture constructed according to this invention, a Serviceman may ascend a light pole and quickly and conveniently manipulate the actuating lever to gain access to the interior of the housing or to completely remove the cover bowl from the housing for replacement or cleaning.

This invention may be embodied in other forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof as set forth in the claims, and the present embodiment is therefore to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and it is intended to include all changes which come within the scope and range of the claims.

I claim:

1. A fixture for supporting appliances comprising in combination a hollow housing section and a cover sectuating means drivingly connected to said linkage means and operable to selectively move the gripping members so that moving the linkage means to one position causes the gripping members to move into engagement with the other fixture section to hold said cover section in sealing position over said appliance receiving opening in said housing section, and moving the linkage means to another position causes one of each pair of gripping members to withdraw from engagement with said other fixture section so that the remaining gripping members form a pivotal engagement between the adjacent portions of the housing section and the cover section to provide access to the interior of the housing section, and moving the linkage means to still another position causes all the gripping members to bewithdrawn from engagement with the other fixture sections so that the housing section and the cover section can be completely separated from each other. 1

2. A fixture for supporting appliances comprising in combination a hollow housing section and a cover section, said housing section having an appliance receiving'opning, said cover section adapted to close said appliance 'receiving opening, at least one pair'of arms positioned in spaced relation to each other on one of the fixture sections, one end of each arm adapted to rotate on an axis, the axes of rotation of the arms parallel to each other, a gripping member pivotally connected to the opposite end of each arm, linkage means connecting said arms together to provide a predetermined phase displacement between them, an actuating means drivingly connected to said linkage means and operable to selectively rotate said arms and said gripping means so that moving the linkage means to one position causes the gripping members to move into engagement with the other fixture section to hold said cover section in sealing position over said appliance receiving opening in said housing section, and moving the linkage means to another position causes one of each pair of gripping members to withdraw from engagement with said other fixture section so that the remaining gripping members form a pivotal connection between the housing section and the cover section, and moving the linkage means to still another position causes all the gripping members to be withdrawn from engagement with the other fixture section so that the housing section and the cover section can be completely separated from each other.

3. A fixture for supporting appliances comprising in combination a hollow housing section and a cover section, said housing section having an appliance receiving opening, said cover section adapted to close said appliance receiving opening, a pair of shafts rotatably mounted on one of the fixture sections in spaced parallel relation to each other, at least one pair of arms, one end of each arm connected to one of said shafts, a gripping member pivotally connected to the opposite end of each arm, linkage means connected to said shafts to provide the arms with a predetermined phase difference, actuating means drivingly connected to said linkage means and operable to selectively rotate said shafts so that moving the linkage means to one position causes the gripping members to move into engagement with the other fixture section to hold said cover section in sealing position over said appliance receiving opening in said housing section, and moving the linkage means to another position causes one of each pair of gripping members to withdraw from engagement with said other fixture section so that the remaining gripping members form a pivotal connection between the housing section and the cover section, and moving the linkage means to still another position causes all the gripping members to be withdrawn from engagement with the other fixture section so that the housing section and the cover section can be completely separated from each other.

4. A fixture for supporting appliances comprising in combination a hollow housing section and a cover section, said housing section having an appliance receiving opening, said cover section adapted to close said appliance receiving opening, a pair of parallel shafts rotatably mounted on one of the fixture sections, at least one pair of arms, one end of each arm connected to one of said shafts, said one fixture section having guide and pivot portions, a gripping member pivotally connected to the opposite end of each arm, each of said gripping members in sliding and pivoting engagement with said guide and pivot portions, linkage means connected to said shafts to cause them to rotate in opposite directions and to provide the arms with a predetermined phase and speed difference, and actuating means drivingly connected to said linkage means and operable to selectively rotate said shafts and cause said gripping means to slide and pivot over said guide and pivot portions so that moving the linkage means to one position causes the gripping members to move into engagement with the other fixture section to hold said cover section in sealing position over said appliance re ceiving opening in said housing section, and moving'the linkage means to another position causes meet each pair of gripping members to withdraw from engagement with said other fixture section so that the remaining gripping members form a pi'votalconnection between the housing section and the cover section, andmoving the linkage .means to still another position causes all the gripping members to be withdrawn from engagement with the other fixture sectionso that the housing section and the cover section can be completely separated from each other.

5. A fixture for supportingappliances comprising in combination a hollow housing section and a cover section, said housing section having an appliance receiving opening, said cover section adapted to close said appliance receiving opening, a pair of parallel crankshafts rotatably mounted on one of the fixture sections, at least one pair of gripping members, one end of each gripping member pivotally connected to an offset arm portion on each crankshaft, said one fixture section having guide-and pivot portions, each of said gripping members in sliding and pivoting engagement with said guide and pivot portions, linkage means connected between said crankshafts to cause them to rotate in opposite directions and to provide them with a predetermined phase and speed difference, and actuating means drivingly connected to said linkage means and operable to selectively rotate said shafts and cause said gripping members to slide and pivot over saidgl ide and pivot portions so that moving the linkage means to one position causesthe gripping members to move into engagement with the other fixture section to hold said cover section in sealing position over said appliance receiving opening in said housing section, and moving the linkage means to another position causes one of each ;pair of gripping members to withdraw from engagement with said other fixture section so that the remaining gripping members form a pivotal connection between the housing section and the cover section, and moving the linkage means to still another position causes all the gripping members to be withdrawn from engagement with the other fixture section so that the housing section and the cover section can be completely separated from each other.

6. The apparatus set forth in claim wherein said linkage means comprises a first lever arm, a portion of said first lever arm secured to one of said crankshafts, another portion of said lever arm connected to a push rod, said push rod secured to the apex of a bell crank, one portion of said bell crank pivotally secured to a fixed support, another portion of said bell crank connected to a portion of a connecting rod, another portion of said connecting rod connected to a second lever arm, said lever arm connected to the other of the crankshafts so that the second lever arm is provided with a predetermined phase displacement with respect to the first lever arm.

7. The apparatus 'set forth in claim 5 wherein said linkage means comprises a first lever arm, one end of said first lever arm secured to one of said crankshafts, the other end of said first lever arm pivotally secured to one end of a push rod, the opposite end of said push rod pivotally secured to the apex of a bell crank, one end of said bell crank pivotally secured to a fixed support, and the other end pivotally secured to one end of a connecting rod, the opposite end of said connecting rod pivotally connected to one end of a second lever arm, the opposite end of said second lever arm secured to the other of the crankshafts so that the second lever arm is provided with a predetermined phase displacement with respect to the first lever arm.

8. The apparatus set forth in claim 5 wherein said linkage means comprises a first lever arm, one end of said first lever arm secured to one of said crankshafts, the other end of said first lever arm 'pivotally secured to one end of a push rod, the opposite end of said rod pivotally secured to the apex of a bell crank, said bell crank having a short arm and a long arm, the end of said short arm pivotally secured to a fixed support, the end-of said long arm pivotally connected to one end of .a connecting rod, the opposite end of said connectingrod pivotally connected to an end of a second lever arm, the opposite end of said second lever arm secured to the other of the crankshafts so that the second lever arm is provided with a predetermined phase displacement with respect to the first lever arm, and when said first crankshaft is rotated in one direction said second crankshaft .will rotate in the opposite direction at a different speed.

9; The apparatus set forth in claim 5 wherein said linkage means comprises a toothed disc mounted on each crankshaft, said discs having different diameters, a crossed ball chain connected between said discs so that when one crankshaft is rotated the other shafts will rotate in the opposite direction and at a different rotational speed.

ially extending bottle shaped housing and a cover bowl, said housing provided with a projecting mast receiving neck opening at one end, a bracket mounted inside the housing for receiving and rigidly clamping the light fixture to a mast penetrating the housing through the neck opening, said housing having an axially extending opening, said cover bowl adapted to fit over and close said axially extending opening, a pair of spaced parallel crankshafts, said crankshafts parallel to the axis of the housing and rotatably mounted therein on opposite sides of the axially extending opening, pairs of book members, each hook member pivotally, connected at one. endto the axially spaced offset arm portions of the crankshafts, said housing having a plurality of upwardly projecting axially spaced lugs, said lugs disposed along the opposite sides of the axially extending opening, each of said lugs having a guide and pivot slot therein, each hook member in sliding and pivoting engagement with one of said guide and pivot slots, the periphery of said cover bowl provided with inwardly projecting flanges, linkage means connected to said crankshafts to cause them to rotate in opposite directions and to provide them with a predetermined speed and phase difference, an actuating handle connected to one of said crankshafts to rotate them and cause the hook members to slide and pivot over said guide and pivot slots, so that moving the linkage means to one position causes the hook members to engage and grip the inwardly projecting flanges on the cover bowl to hold it in sealing position over said axially extending opening in said housing, and moving the linkage means to another position causes the hook members disposed along one side of the axially extending opening to move out of engagement with the adjacent inwardly projecting flanges on the cover bowl, so that the engagement between the remaining hook members and the adjacent cover bowl flanges provides a hinge connection between the housing and the cover bowl, and moving the linkage meaans to still another position causes all the hook members to withdraw from engagement with said cover bowl flanges so that the housing and cover bowl can be completely separated from each other.

11. The apparatus set forth in claim 10 wherein said linkage means comprises a first lever arm, one end of said first lever arm secured to one of said crankshafts, the other end of said first lever arm pivotally secured to one end of a push rod, the opposite end of said push rod pivotally secured to the apex of a bell crank, said bell crank having a short arm and a long arm, the end of said short arm pivotally secured to a fixed support, the end of said long arm pivotally connected to an end of a connecting rod, the opposite end of said connecting rod pivotally connected to an end of a second lever arm, the opposite end of said second lever arm secured to the other of the crankshafts so that thesecond lever armis provided with a predetermined phase displacement with respect-to the first lever arm, and when said first crankshaft is rotated in one direction, said second crankshaft will rotate in the opposite direction at a different speed.

12. The apparatus set forth in claim 10 wherein said linkage means comprises a toothed disc mounted on each crankshaft, said discs having different diameters, a crossed ball chain connected between said discs so that when one crankshaft is rotated, the other crankshaft will rotate in the opposite direction and at a different rotational speed.

13. A fixture for supporting appliances comprising in combination a hollow housing section and a cover section, said housing section having an appliance receiving opening, said cover section being adapted to close said appliance receiving opening, at least one pair of gripping members movably mounted on one of the fixture sections, actuating means operatively connected to said gripping members and operable selectively to move the gripping members so that actuation to one position causes the gripping members to move into engagement with the other fixture section to hold said cover section in sealing posi' tion over said appliance receiving opening the housing section and movement to another position causes one of each pair of gripping members to Withdraw from engagement with said other fixture section so that the remaining gripping members form a pivotal engagement between the adjacent portions of the housing section and the cover section to provide access to the interior of the housing and movement of the actuating means to a still further position causes all of the gripping members to be withdrawn from engagement with the other fixture section so that the housing section and the cover section can be completely separated one from the other.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,650,388 White Sept. 1, 1953 2,654,116 Claud-Mantle Oct. 6, 1953 2,732,483 Elmer Jan. 24, 1956 2,778,928 Loehr Jan. 22, 1957

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3012135 *Jan 18, 1960Dec 5, 1961Albert J KurtzonLighting fixture
US3016261 *Sep 16, 1959Jan 9, 1962John Wilbur TatterVehicle doors
US3069537 *Jan 29, 1960Dec 18, 1962Sylvania Electric ProdLighting fixture
US3088766 *Aug 30, 1960May 7, 1963Thorn Electrical Ind LtdElectric lamp latch
US3374919 *Jun 23, 1966Mar 26, 1968Sylvania Electric ProdSpring hinge supporting means for power housing
US4179844 *Jun 30, 1978Dec 25, 1979Young Windows Inc.Hinge
US5456099 *Apr 28, 1993Oct 10, 1995Laser Products, Inc.Method and apparatus for forming a side panel assembly
US6003716 *Sep 4, 1998Dec 21, 1999Ford Motor CompanyDual opening console
US6116674 *Sep 4, 1998Sep 12, 2000Ford Motor CompanyRemovable console for use with a vehicle
US7241024 *May 14, 2004Jul 10, 2007Kindberg Carl GUtility light thermal impact shell
US20050254235 *May 14, 2004Nov 17, 2005Kindberg Carl GUtility light thermal impact shell
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/263, 362/374, 16/268, 220/326, 220/3.8
International ClassificationF21S8/08, F21V17/20
Cooperative ClassificationF21S8/086, F21Y2103/00, F21V17/20, Y02B20/72
European ClassificationF21S8/08H2, F21V17/20