|Publication number||US292486 A|
|Publication date||Jan 29, 1884|
|Filing date||May 12, 1883|
|Publication number||US 292486 A, US 292486A, US-A-292486, US292486 A, US292486A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Q 3 'Sheets-Sheet 1. G. HAYES.
- No. 292,486. Patented Janv29, 1884.
3 Sheets-Sheet 2.
G. HAYES SKYLIGHT.
atent ed Jan. 29, 1884.
(No Modei.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.
' T G. HAYES.
v ,SKYLI'G'HT'. L No. 292.486. Patented Jan. 29,1884. 1
. WWW Y @SRMYME UNIT D STAT S- PATENT @EEicE.
GEORGE HAYES, or NEwYonK, n. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 292,486, dated January 29, 1884.
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE HAYES, a resident of the city, county, and State of. New York, and a citizen of the United States, have invented a new and Improved Turret Skylight, of which the following is a specification.
My invention consists, first, in the posts of the turret-walls, which are constructed of sheet metal with two sides close together (or nearly so) and having two interior lateral flanges and two exterior lateral flanges. The metal is so folded that no jointis exposed to the inside of the structure, the post showing a smooth face inside. A joint is left at the outer edge of the posts, between the outer flan ges,wherein is placed a securing-strip used to secure a covering strip or cap after the insertion of louver-slats, glass plates, or apertured screen, as hereinafter described, and the two outside flanges of the post are cut in at intervals up their height for the reception of louverslats, which are put in before the covering and securing cap is applied and secured.
It consists, second, of the combination of louver-slats with the posts before mentioned, the slats being of sheet metal and passed. through the cuts in the flanges of the posts at each side, and held therein by any suitable -means, their ends abutting against the posts,
their lateral edges fitting into the cuts. Each louver is provided with an outside or apron flange fitting down outside the cuts of" the flanges of the posts, and the louver-slats may be of any desired shape as; to curve and inclination inside. 7
It consists, third, of the combination of covering strip or cap with the posts before mentioned, the cap being secured thereto by metal strips inserted between the two sides of the post, riveted thereto, and the outer end thereof passed through-slots in the cap and then bent backward, forming hooks fastening the cap securely while permitting ready removal for repairs, insertion of louvers, snow-screen, or glass plates, when desired.
It consists, fourth, in the peculiar construction of the corner-posts of the turret, which are .formed of one piece of sheet metal with diverging plates 'or faces, angle inside, and lateral inside flanges without joint inside, and lateral outside flanges provided with cuts for Appli'cationfiled May 12, 1883. (No model.)
reception of louvers at intervals up their height. They are also provided with securing strips or hooks for securing a cap in analogous manner to those described for intermediate posts, hereinbefore mentioned.
It consists, fifth, in the combination of an angular, curved, or molded corner-cap to the posts of the corners, covering the space between the diverging plates of the post as well as their outside lateral flanges, and securing louver-slats, glass plates, recticulated or perr forated screen, analogous to the caps of the intermediate posts.
It consists, sixth, in the peculiar form of the base-plate of the vertical walls of the turret, which is constructedof sheet metal with an apron-flange, and slopes, and set-back curve or flange, enabling it to fit over the curb of the roof of a building, and also to enable it to serve as a louver in returning water to the outside of the structure, incombination with the posts hereinbefore mentioned.
It consists, seventh, in the combination of a guttered transom with the posts before mentioned, the transom also formed to answer as a base to. the skylight or roof portion of the turret, as hereinafter described.
It consists, eighth, in the combination of a screen of wire-gauze or perforated sheet metal with the posts hereinbefore mentioned, the screen being applied after the louvers are in against the posts, after which the cap is secured, holding the louvers and screen in position.
It consists, ninth, in the combination of glass plates (arranged vertically) with the posts before mentioned, in place'of the screen before mentioned, where desired for lighting purposes, and ventilation unnecessary.
It consists, tenth, of a skylight bar or rafter consisting of a supporting part and a cap, as hereinafter described, the bar supporting glass plates and collecting and carrying off leakage or drip from condensation, and the cap combined therewith, covering the joints above the glass to prevent leakage and secure the plates and connected with the supporting'part by permitting ready removals of the cap and glass in repairing, the operation of glazing rendered thereby expeditious, inexpensive, and security complete.
It consists, eleventh, in a combination of all the above-mentioned devices in one structure, to effect a saving of expense, saving of time in construction, and asaving of material, coupled with lightness and strength.
It consists, twelfth, of a combination of out side molded gutter with inside gutter in baseframe of skylight or transom, the outside gutter receiving the water flowing from the roof and discharging through suitable leader-pipes at the corners of the turretdownwardto the roof of building, the same leader also being used as a discharge-pipe for inside gutter, the
two gutters so combined constituting aeornice for the turret. The outer gutter may be dispensed with where saving of expense there for is desirable.
In the drawings accompanying, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a turret-skylight constructed entirely-after my inventiomand pro vided with louver ventilation. Fig. 2 is an elevation'of a portion of the same. Fig.3 is a horizontal section of the same at w a. Fig. et is a vertical section of the same at 7 1 Fig. 5 is a vertical section of base frame or plate with side face of intermediate post and section of louver slat. Fig. 6 is a vertical section of turret'transom, face view of upper end of post. The transom is provided with a gutter which is covered. by the glass plates of the roof or skylight portion; but its lower part or gutter is over or outside the vertical wall of the turret. This transom forms at the same time cap to thepost and base-frame for the skylight portion of turret, and is therefore both transom and base-frame in effect. Fig. 7 is ahorizontal section of intermediate post and covering-strip,\vithtop view of ends of louver-slats. Fig. 8 is a vertical face view of posts without covering-strip, illustrating the cuts in the flanges to receive the louver-slat, the edge of which is shown by dotted lines, giving its front flange. Fig. 9 is a horizontal section of corner-post and its angular or curved coveringstrip, portions of louvers shownin connection by top view thereof. Fig. 10 isa vertical face view of corner-post, showing cuts in the flanges to receive louver-slats. Fig. 11 is a transverse section and portion, in perspective, of the roof or skylight bars or rafters, showing the fastening-strips by which the cap is secured, the cap being omitted and strips not bent over. In this position the bar and strips are ready to receive the glazing, after which the cap is applied, the strips being passed through slots therein andthe ends bent over, forming hooks, effectually securing the cap, but permitting its ready removal for repairs to glazing, &c. The caps to vertical posts are secured in a similar mannerbysimi- .lar strips after the louvers are in place, their edges in the cuts of the posts.
Fig. 12 is a sec tion of the cap to bars of skylight with portions of bar in perspective. Fi 13 is a face view of securing-strips. of the same. Fig. 15 is a section and partial perspective of skyligl1t-bars,with glazing and cap, showing also the securing-strips. Fig. 16 is face view of another style of securingstrip. Fig. 17 is a section or end view of the same. Fig. 18 is a section of the ridge and Fig. 1!), is a vertical section, showing how an Fig. 14: is a section outside gutter is added, taking water from roof outside and discharging through leaderpipes, used also for discharge frominside gutter. molded cornice to turret. Fig. 20 is an elevation of the same, a corner of turret shown.
A represents the turret, intermediate posts of sheet metal bent to form sides a a, flanges b b, and flangcsc c, the latter being cut in at intervals, as at c, for the reception of louverslats whose edges are slid into the cuts 0 up to their position, and licl d by a cap afterward applied and secured.
B represents the cap, placed on alter the louvers are in, or other devices.such as glass plates or snow-screensare in place.
0 represents the louver-slats, which may be of any suitable shape convenient to be secured by being slid through the cuts 0 of the posts.
I I) in dotted lines, Fig. 7 shows a perforated plate or reticulated screen, with fine perforarations or meshes, which may or may not be used in connection, as desired, to suit location. It is placed vertically against the flanges of the posts and louver-slats, and secured by the cap B or covering-strip which covers the j oints, preventing leakage.
E represents glass plates, which also may or may not be used, (according to the season,) as in Figs. 19 and 20. In winter it is sometimes desirable to dispense with the amount of ventilation furnished by the louvers. They are readily removed by taking off the cap B, and glass plates inserted after the manner of the perforated screen and in its place, being socurely fastened by the same means as the cap 3, the glass giving additional light, sometimes also desirable. The glass is thus secured without putty. If the joints require to be very tight, felt, &c., may be used as a bed for the edges. The louver-slats are inscrted,held, and supported without solder, resulting in a great saving of time in constructing as well as expense. At F are shown the corner-posts, also of sheet metal, bent to form diverging plates 0 c, flanges ff, and flanges g 1. A corner-cap is shown at G, secured in similar manner to the cap B. This cap may be'curved or angular, or molded ornamcntally, as desired.
H represents base-plate or base-frame of the turret, the posts resting thereon and secured thereto by solder, rivets, or other suitable means. This base-plate is bent into portions The two gutters together constitute a IIO . base for the roof of the turret or its skylight portion. The transom is provided with a gutter, 1, to catch the water running down bargutters from condensation or leakage underneath the glass plates, and it is located outside or beyond the posts A, so that by or through perforations in its bottom at Z, it may dis-- charge the same outside the structure. It may discharge at the corners, if desired, and by means of suitable leader-pipes, P, in connection. The transom is also provided with glass-supporting clip or stop m, to receive ends of glass plates and prevent their slipping down.
K represents the intermediate bars or raft-- ers of the roof portion of turret. They are of sheet metal, bent to form central portion, L, glass-supporting flanges n n, and gutters beneath at 0 0. strips N, after glazing, so that the joints may be properly covered and rendered watertight. The strips N are secured between the two sides of the bar by rivets or other suitable means. By the same means the cap B is secured to the posts A of the turret-walls. The strips are formed with ends 1) 1), which, after being passed through slots q of the caps, are bent down over the top, as in Figs. 7, 9, 11, 14:, 15, and 17. The glazing is applied to the bars, as shown in Figs. 6, 15, and 18 at E.
The ridge and hip bars have their upper flanges bent downward at an angle, as shown in Fig. 18, to suit their position.
By means of the devices herein shown and described a turret-skylight may be built much quicker and cheaper than heretofore, the saving'being in time, and metal and solder to the louvers dispensed with.
Whenever greater strength is requisite, as in very large turret-skylights, the roof-bars and vertical posts may be constructed with inside core-plate inserted between the two adcombination with the vertical walls, and thereby dispense with the necessity of double frame between them by making the base-frame of the roof portion with a flat portion adapted A cap, M, is secured thereto by to rest upon the topsof the posts, audits gutter extended beyond the posts, reaching down against their face. The upper end of the straight portions of the posts are bent over at their tops, forming flanges which are secured to the under side of the guttered frame by rivets and solder, so that it answers for both transom and base-frame of skylight in one.
At Z is an outside molded gutter receiving the discharge from roof outside, and forming cornice to turret.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is
l. The turret-posts A, of sheet metal, folded to form two sides, a a, inside lateral flanges, b b, and outside lateral flanges, c c, the flanges c 0 cut in at intervals for reception and support of louver slats, essentially as shown and described.
2. In combination with posts A and strips B, constructed essentially as set forth, louver slats 0, set in and secured substantially as shown and described.
3. In combination with posts A and strips or caps B, constructed and combined essentially as set forth, the reticulated screen or perforated sheet-metal plateD, secured thereto, substantially as shown and described.
' 4, The combination of posts A, caps B, lou- 6. In combination with the corner or angleposts F, the caps or angle-pieces G, secured thereto by strips N, substantially as shown and described.
7. The base-plate H, having apron h, flat portion 2', slope j, and set-back or curve 7:, substantially as shown and described.
8. In combination with the posts A F and rafters or bars K, constructed as set forth, the transom I, provided with gutterl and clip m, substantially as shown and described.
9. The vertical walls of a turret, consisting of posts A F, base II, transom I, louver-slats 0, all constructed, arranged, and combined essentially as shown and described.
10. The combination of outside gutter, P, with inside gutter, Z, substantially as shown and described.
J A0013 KocH, CHARLES HAYEs.
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