|Publication number||US2925205 A|
|Publication date||Feb 16, 1960|
|Filing date||Oct 9, 1957|
|Priority date||Oct 9, 1957|
|Publication number||US 2925205 A, US 2925205A, US-A-2925205, US2925205 A, US2925205A|
|Inventors||Hunt Roger A|
|Original Assignee||Hunt Roger A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (14), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 16, 1960 R. A. ,HUNT
ADJUSTABLE PACK FRAME Filed Oct. 9, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet l a eon l 35 I u Inventor V Roger A. :Hunt' lH-tornegs Feb. 16, 1960 R. A. HUNT ADJUSTABLE PACK FRAME 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed 001;. 9, 1957 inventor Roger '2"\-. IHun'l:
B3 and E United States Patent 6 ADJUSTABLE PACK FRAME Roger A. Hunt, Chicago, Ill. Application October 9, 1957, Serial No. 689,094
2 Claims. (Cl. 2242'5) This invention relates to a pack frame adapted to be borne on a persons back for transporting packs.
It is advantageous in transporting loads by means of a pack frame to relieve as much strain as possible from the shoulders of the bearer where fatigue is most acute, to enable the load to be uniformly balanced or equalized between the shoulders, and also to prevent chafing of the bearers shoulders normally caused by a taut, ungiving relationship of the shoulder straps. It has been found in accordance with the present invention that these advantageous relationships can be achieved by enabling the weight of the pack to be borne primarily on the bearers hips, while affording shoulder straps which primarily serve to balance the load and which are capable of shifting or giving in accordance with movement of the torso of the bearer traversing uneven ground, if this is desired by the bearer; and so to do constitutes primary objects of the present invention, Other objects of the presentinvention are to afford a'frame fabricated from tube or rod material which is of an open nature enabling the frame to be purposely bentby the bearer to conform to the contours of the back of the individual bearer; to mounton a pack frame a hip-encircling member having an adjustable back band and a waist-encircling belt whereby much of the load of the pack is supported in a novel manner by the bearers hips; to afford shoulder straps which are afforded by a one-piece flexible member which, if desired, is merely looped about the pack frame whereby each shoulder strap is freely expandable and contractable in a give and take manner for equally balancing the load between the shoulders; to embody in the hip-encircling member a flexible band which is adjustable and which spans the small of the bearers back whereby upon increasing or decreasing the elfective length of the band the frame may be shifted toward and away from the bearers back to change the position of the load accordingly; and to achieve the foregoing in a relatively inexpensive pack frame which can be easily disassembled.
Other and further objects of the present invention will be apparent from the following description and claims and are illustrated in the accompanying drawings which, by way of illustration, show a preferred embodiment of the present invention and the principle thereof and what I now consider to be the best mode in which I have contemplated applying that principle. Other embodiments of the invention embodying the same or equivalent principle may be used and structural changes may be made as desired by those skilled in the art without departing from the present invention and the purview of the appended claims.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the assembled upright members of the pack frame;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the uprights of Fig. l with the hip-encircling, load-bearing member attached thereto;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the hip-encircling, loadbearing member;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the lower portion of the assembly of Fig. 2 and showing how the several straps are secured in place;
Fig. 5 is a side elevation of the pack frame of the present invention carried by a bearer shown in phantom lines;
Fig. 6 is a top plan view of the hip-encircling member; Fig. 7 is a front elevation of the hip-encircling member; and I Fig. 8 is a side elevation of the hip-encircling member.
The present invention is illustrated in the drawings as embodied in a pack frame 20 which includes an upright member 21 and a hip-encircling or embracing member 22 which will be described in more detail hereinafter. The frame is preferably fabricated from round steel members or the like as will now be explained.
Thus, the upright 21 of the pack frame is of a general elongated rectangular form and includes a main frame member constructed in part of a pair of parallel elongated side rods 26 and 27 which are joined at the upper ends thereof by a transverse tie rod 28. The lower ends of the rods 26 and 27 are bent rearwardly at right angles to afford a pair of bottom arms 30 and 31 which are joined by a transverse rod 33 which is parallel to the upper tie rod 28. Such construction constitutes what can be considered the primary frame or upright member as mentioned, and this member can be conveniently and inexpensively fabricated from a one-piece rod bent to the desired form and having the free ends thereof welded together. i r i A'plurality of transverse bracing rods 3.5 'arewelded to the elongated uprights 26 and 27 at suitably spaced intervals, these transverse members being parallel one to the other and parallel to tie member 28. The outer ends ofthe transverse rod members 35 project outwardly of the vertical'rod members 26 and 27 and are bent for- Wardly to afford hooks 36 to which a haver-sack HS or the like may be tied by ropes or other ties 37 in the manner illustrated in Fig. 5. The primary frame member is of course of predetermined length to extend approximately from the shoulders or neck of the bearer to the small of the bearers back, and is,'therefore, of sufiicient length to enable additional packs such as a bed-roll BR to be lashed to selected of the books 36. In this connection, it will be realized that the rearward projection at the bottom of the primary frame afforded by the members 30, 31 and 33 constitutes a ledge or shelf on which the lower-most portion of the pack such as the bed-roll is adapted to repose.
The frame thus afiorded is open and of light-weight construction, and the rod members are preferably of a rugged, sturdy gauge but capable of being purposely bent or warped manually for individual adjustment to the contour of the particular bearers back if such adjustment is desired.
An auxiliary bracing frame or upright member is preferably provided which is also of general rectangular c'onfiguration. Thus, the auxiliary frame includes a pair of spaced parallel elongated uprights 40 and 41 of rod form which are spaced closely inwardly of the uprights 26 and 27 of the main frame in a parallel manner, and are welded to the main frame at convenient spots thereby serving to reinforce the main frame. The upper ends of the uprights 40 and 41 are provided with forwardly and downwardly bent hooks 44. The lower ends of the uprights 40 and 41 extend below the lower ends of the uprights 26 and 27 of the main frame and are connected by a transverse tie rod 45. It will be realized that the auxiliary or inner frame can also be fabricated from one piece rod material bent to the desired shape and form.
The hip member 22 is shown in detail in Figs. 3 and 6 to 8 inclusive. The member 22 is generally yoke-1 shaped, being substantially arcuate throughout, and comprises a main back portion 50 which is curved to conform generally to the contour of the small of the bearers back.
Extending forwardly of the back portion 50 of the hip member 2 2 are a pair of forwardly directed arcuate left and right-hand arm members Stand-52,. which are adapted toneatly embrace the small of the bearers back as best shown in Fig. 5. The hip member 22 is' conveniently fabricated from rod material bent to the desired form' with the free ends thereof welded together in a' suitable fashion. Such construction utilizes an upper areuate rod 55 and lower ar-cuate rod 56 parallel thereto.
The hip member can, of course, be permanently united to the upright 21 of the pack frame, if'desired', but I prefer to utilize a detachable connection in order that the members 21 and 22 may be easily disassembled for storage purposes," In achieving such detachable connection, the medial section of the hip member 22is provided with a looped connector 60 adapted to be telescopically coupled to the lower section of the auxiliary frame which rejects belowthe ledge member of the main frame. Thus, the connector 60 is fabricated from a one-piece rod member so as to have a pair of vertical parallel arms 61, and 62 which are welded as at W to spaced points on the rod members 56 and of the back portion 5.0 of the'm'ember 22. The upper ends of the arms 61 and 62 project above the upper rod member 55 and. are bent to afford. outwardly directed tongues 64 and 65. V
The arms 61 and 62 at the lower ends thereofproject below thelower rod member 56 .as' best shown'in Figs. 7V and 8, and are'bent'rearwardly at 61K andZR and.
joined bya transverse member 66. Such'construction is dimensioned to afford a socket or opening 67, .EigL' 3;'-- i intofwhichathe lower projecting section on th auxiliary frame is adapted to .be freely inserted'as shown parties ularly jin'Figs. 2, 4. and 8. Such coupling isofz'course related sothat'the arm portions 51 and 52 'of'the hip member 22. project forwardly as'sh'own in Fig. 2, thatis, in the'direction opposite the direction in which the'ledge member of the main frame points. 7
In coupling. the'member 22 to the upright 21, the member 22 is canted relative to the upright 21 to dispose the arms 61 and 62 out of parallel with the upright rods as 26 and 27, and with the tongues 64 and 65 in alignmerit with the spaces between the upright rods 26 and a 40 on one hand and the upright rods 27 and 41 on the other hand. The opening 67 defined by the parts 61R, 62R and '66 is aligned with the projectinglower'end 45 of. the frame niefnb'er. Then, upon straightening the member 22 todispose the arms 61 and 62 parallel to the upright 'rods, the member 22 can be slid up on the upright with the tongues 64 and 65 hooked in place between the upright rods. The: part 45 enters the'opening 67. and
' eventually the parts 61R and 62R engage the arms 30 and31'as shown iii Fig. 2. i
. The primary'advantage of the present invention is that much ofithe weight'flof the pack is impressed on and borne by the hips of the bearer. In stabilizing the pack frame, and transferrin'g'rnost of the load to the hips; a flexible belt is secured to the arms of the hip member 22 so as 'to gird the waist of the'bearer. The hipm'ember is also" provided with an adjustable, rather wide flexible band whichspans'the small of the bearers back. This band acts as a spring, or in any event 'constitutesa cushion of wide'area which comfortably cushions the'load and holds the upright away from the bearers back allowing free ventilation. i Thus, the yoke-shaped member 22 transfers the load to the back band which in turn, through the'belt, transfers theload'to the hips. Additionally, free ends of a one-piece flexible "strap affording a pair of shoulder straps "are also secured to the "hip-encircling member. The details regarding the manner in which such beltirig'and' strapping is 'affor'ded'will nowbe described.
I hE waist belt and the back band are preferably in the form'offa one-piece flexible member 70, Fig. 4, including tion 71A.
. 4 A K v hisht nrti a whi h f r s he a k band n ft and right-hand side portions 72 and 73 which afford the waist belt. The free ends of the side portions 72 and 73 of the belt 70 are provided with any desired type of buckle as indicated in Fig. 4, which can be tightened and maintained tight. The band 71, as best shown in Figs. 4 and 6, is stretched between the'forward extremities of the arcuate arms 51 and 52 of the hip member 22 well forwardly of the bowed back'portion 50, and an essential feature of the invention is adjustability of the band 71 whereby the band71 can be adjusted betweena chord position 71C,'Fig. 6, and any selected rearward arc posi- In achieving adjustability of the band 71, guides 75G and 766, Fig. 3, are provided on the arms 51 and 52. The guides 756 and 76G enable the band 71 to be run therethrough either to tighten or to loosen the a d- Ea h guide q ve entl res ded nina by a solid bight portion 77, Fig. 3, which joins the ends of theparallelrod members 55. and 56. The remainder of eajchguide is defined by the vertical leg 78 of an inverted and reversed 'L-shaped separate one-piece rod member having the horizontal leg 79 thereof-spaced above the upper rod 55. The vertical leg 78 is parallel to the bight member 77, being spaced rearwardly therefrom/and the horizontal leg 79 is directed rearwardly and, is joinedby a downwardly extended toe portion to the upper rod 55 Each such L-shaped member thus for a purpose be described.
The'tnannerin which the one-piece flex ble belt member 10, is, looped through the guides 75G tns'zsfo is.
best shown in Fig. 4. Thus, the back'bandpo gn thereof is stretched between the guides 756 and 766, andfeach side portion 72 and 73 affording the WhlStencircling belt is passed outwardly about andfonwardly around the members 7.7 and 78, being next reversely looped about the front side of the member: 77, next passed through the guide, that is, in between the members 71 and 78 in a rearwardly directed manner, andfinally directed rearwardly about and then forwardly of the member 78. Hence, by slipping and feeding a selected portion of either free end belt'portion of the flexible member 74) rearwardly through a' guide, the resultant slack will extend, that is, lengthen the back band 71. Conversely,
belt portions 72 and 73 about the waist of the bearer by means of the buckle, the weight of the 'pack is appropriately stabilized, and it will be recognized that the pack frame is supported primarily on the hips of the bearer 'where it 'is most easily borne when loaded and isadapted to pivot on the hips. The back band 71 holds the"frame away from contact with the bearers back Whether or not the belt 72-73, is buckled. If the belt 72 -73 is'made tight; the load is borne primarily'by the hips. If the'belt 72 73 is opened, the load can be borne by the shoulders as will be explained. By selectively tightening or loosening the belt, the load can be appropriately divided between the shoulders and hipsp,
The shoulder straps 99L and R are afforded by a one piece flexible strap member 90, Fig. 2, which the intermediateportion 911B thereof is looped under ever one of the transverse rod members 35 of the main frame suits the bearer for comfort and load distribution. The free ends of the shoulder strap member s on the shoulders of the bearer.
cured to the guides 316 and 826 in the manner shown in Fig. 4. Thus, each free end of the strap as is adjustably coupled to the related guide 816 or 826 as follows: Each lower free end portion of the strap 90' is passed under the upper rod member 55 of the yoke-shaped hip member, upward on the inside thereof and on the inside of the leg member 79, then is passed over the top of member '79 and in between the members 5:3 and 75 that is, into the guide 318 or $26 from the outside of the leg member 75 and finally is reversed on itself under the adjacent portion of the rod member 5'5 and upwardly on the outside of the guide. lt will be realized from the showing in Fig. 2 that the strap 9b is capable of passing back and forth and resultantly that the left and righthand shoulder straps 991. and 96R are capable of lengthening and shortening much in the nature of a pulley belt, on the transverse member of the main frame on which it plays, accordingly as the bearer finds it necessary to shift his torso from one side to the other. It is important to point out, however, that the shoulder straps primarily balance the load when the waist belt is tight.
It will be seen from the foregoing that the present invention affords a relatively inexpensive pack frame including an upright member and a lap-encircling member. Both members are fabricated from light-weight rod material, and hence are capable of being shaped to suit the bearer, and afford wide open areas assuring ample ventilation. The hip-encircling member carries substantially the entire load of the pack, thereby relieving strain Because of the adjustable association of the back band, which is looped through slot-defining means in the hip-encircling member, the load can be shifted toward or away from the bearers back. The shoulder straps are afforded by a one-piece strap member which has a flexible free-running connection to the pack frame and which has free ends looped through slot-defining means in the hip-encircling member, and hence the shoulder straps are capable of free play. The bottom of the main frame of the upright is formed with a ledge on which a portion of the pack is adapted to repose, and the bottom of the upright is designed for removable attachment of the hip-encircling member thereto. The pack frame is capable of easy adjustment to the posture of the individual and permits free movement of the individuals torso, and the upright is capable of carrying many different kinds of loads and packs.
Hence, while I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be understood that this is capable of variation and modification,
, and I therefore do not wish to be limited to the precise details set forth, but desire to avail myself of such changes and alterations as fall within the purview of the following claims. a
1. In a pack frame adapted to be borne on a peisons back, means affording a primary frame including spaced elongated upright bendable members and spaced transverse bendable members secured to said uprights, said transverse members having means thereon for lashing the pack to the rear side of the frame, an auxiliary bracing frame mounted on the first-named frame and having elongated uprights disposed in spaced parallel relation to the first-named upright, the first-named frame having a rearwardly projecting ledge means at the lower end thereof and the lower end of the bracing frame having a portion projected below said ledge means, a bowed hip member having a looped connector freely telescoped over the projected lower end of the bracing frame, said hip member having a pair of attaching arms with attaching tongues hooked into place between said uprights and detachably holding said hip member in place on said frames, said hip member including a pair of forwardly extended arcuate arms adapted to span the small of the bearers back and the bearers hips, a one-piece belt having a band portion stretched between said arcuate arms and having free portions for girdling the bearers Waist, intermediate portions of said belt being freely looped to the forward ends of said arms enabling the band portion thereof to be adjusted between a chord and any selected are, and a one-piece exible strap having a central bight portion loosely engaging one of said transverse members and secured at the opposite free ends thereof to said arcuate arms to afford a pair of shoulder straps.
2. In a pack frame adapted to be borne on a persons back, means affording a frame and means on the frame enabling a packto be lashed thereto, said frame including spaced generally parallel elongated uprights at each side of the frame, a bowed hip member having a looped connector freely and removably telescoped over the lower end of said frame, said hip member having a pair of attaching arms with attaching tongues hooked into place between the spaced uprights on both sides of the frame and detachably holding said hip member in place on said frame, said hip member including a pair of forwardly extended arcuate arms adapted to span the small of the bearers baclrand the bearers hips, a belt having a band portion attached to and stretched between said arcuate arms and having free end portions for girdling the bearers waist, and a strap connected to the frame and to said arcuate arms and affording a pair of shoulder straps.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,761,426 Chute June 3, 1930 2,390,673 Wallace Dec. 11, 1945 2,611,519 Utterstrorn Sept. 23, 1952 2,675,150 Ackerrnan Apr. 13, 1954 2,712,404 Miller July 5, 1955
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US7703645||Apr 26, 2004||Apr 27, 2010||Ansul Canada Limited||Backpack adapter|
|US20050000993 *||Apr 26, 2004||Jan 6, 2005||Peter Moskun||Backpack adapter|
|EP0055238A1 *||Dec 21, 1981||Jun 30, 1982||Strömbergs Sadelmakeri AB||Lifting and carrying aid|
|WO2004095977A1 *||Apr 26, 2004||Nov 11, 2004||Wildfire, A Division Of Ansul Canada Ltd.||Backpack adapter|
|U.S. Classification||224/262, 224/270|
|International Classification||A45F3/00, A45F3/10|