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Publication numberUS2925946 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 23, 1960
Filing dateJan 16, 1956
Priority dateFeb 15, 1955
Publication numberUS 2925946 A, US 2925946A, US-A-2925946, US2925946 A, US2925946A
InventorsFrederick Graver John
Original AssigneeProcter & Gamble
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Methods and apparatus for parcelling cartons or the like
US 2925946 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 23, 1960 METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PARCELLING CARTONS OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. 16, 1956 QQQGQQ a @OQ/QCQ 8 Inventor RAVER y W M, HWY

Attorneys AND APPARATUS FOR PARCELLING CARTONS OR THE LIKE Claims priority, application Great 'Britain February 15, 1955 lVlETHODS It is nowadays the practice to fasten together cartons or the like .either because it is more convenient to handle them in groups or because they are sold under certain circumstances in groups rather than individually. For ex ample with cartons of synthetic detergent it may be that the selling price of a .group of two cartons is less than twice the price of each carton and it is then convenient to fasten two cartons together so thatthey may be handled by the retailer and customer as a single article or it may be that one of the cartons is a free sample given when the other carton is bought.

The present invention has for its .object to enable cartons, usually after they have been filled, to be fastened together.

According to this invention there is provided a process for fastening together cartons or the like in groups comprising moving forward a line of cartons past a taping station at which adhesive tape is drawn off a roll by the forward movement of the line of cartons and applied thereto, some of the cartons being staggered sideways of the forward direction of travel, and separating successive groups from the line of cartons by severing the tape stretched across the step, formed by the said staggering, between the last carton of one group and the first carton of the next succeeding group. The cartons are preferably staggered as they are moved forward after the tape has been applied.

According to a feature of the invention the tape is severed by moving the line of cartons past a knife carried by or integral with a rotary member which engages the cartons and is driven thereby, rotation of the said member being interrupted immediately prior to, and during, the severing operation. It should be understood that the said knife may be a cutting edge formed on the said rotating member.

Suitable types of adhesive tape for use in the practice of the invention are, pressure sensitive adhesive tape, thermoplastic tape, gummed tape to which water is ap plied immediately before application of the tape to the cartons, and tape to which adhesive material is applied before the tape is applied to the cartons.

Practical applications of the invention will be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings which diagramma'tically illustrate a preferred way of carrying the invention into elfect.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a plan view of an apparatus according to the invention, and

Figures 2-4 are perspective views of cutter mechanisms which may be used with the apparatus of Figure 1.

A line of cartons is fed forward by a conveyor on to a dead plate upon which the cartons stand and along which they are moved by the cartons being pushed forward by the conveyor.

In Figure 1 the dead plate is indicated by the reference numeral 5 and the cartons are indicated by the reference numeral 6. The cartons 6 are pushed along United States Parent 0 2,925,946 Patented Feb. 23, 1960 the assembly comprising the roll of tape and associated pressure roller is duplicated at each side of the line of cartons, the pairs of assemblies being spaced in the line of travel thereof. In this way immediately prior to one roll of tape becoming exhausted the operator draws the tape from the second assembly and applies it to the cartons, a fresh roll of tape being provided at the first assembly so that continuous operation is assured.

The taped cartons then pass along the dead plate to the apparatus shown in Figure l. The adhesive tapes are indicated at 7. The cartons pass between groups of vertical guide rollers 8 which engage the opposite taped sides of the cartons. Guide platm may be used instead of rollers and the latter, though it is preferred that they be idlers, may be driven. The rollers 8 are arranged so that their axes of rotation lie in planes parallel with the sides of the cartons. Interposed between the line of rollers 8 is a rotary cutter 9, and associated therewith is a group of rollers 10 the axes of which lie in a plane offset with respect to the plane of the axes of the rollers 8 as shown in Figure l. The effect is that each carton moving in the direction of the arrow x as it engages the rotary cutter 9 is moved sideways of the direction of travel at the effect being that such staggering produces a step 11 across which the adhesive tape is stretched. The staggered cartons are held in position by rollers 10. When it is desired to parcel the cartons into groups of two it is arranged that the circumference of the rotary cutter 9 is more than the Width, and less than twice the width, of 'a carton. Normally the rotary cutter 9 engages and is rotated by the cartons so they move forward in the direction of the arrow x. Referring more particularly to Figure -2 the rotary cutter 9 comprises a cylinder 13 which carries the cutter blade 12 between a pair of radially disposed fingers 14 having slightly curved ends. The fingers 14 are in line with the blade 12 and it is arranged that the tape 7 passes between the fingers 14 to engage the cutter blade,

The cutter cylinder 13 will be driven by the moving line of cartons until the fingers 14 engage with the sides of the cartons whereupon further rotation of the cutter cylinder is prevented. In view of the selection of the relative sizes of the circumference of the cutter cylinder in relation to the width of the cartons as mentioned above, it is ensured that this occurs before the cutter blade 12 reaches the step 11. After the fingers 14 have engaged the cartons the latter are moved forward past the blade 12 to bring the portion of the tape stretched across the step 11 against the blade 12 so that with further movement of the line of cartons the tape is cut.

The cutter arrangement has been described as applied to one side of the cartons. A similar cutter 9a having a cutter blade 12a is provided for a step 11a on the other side, and this cutter 9a is preferably located three or more carton widths from the first cutter, depending on the number of cartons it is intended to parcel into each group.

Figure 3 shows a similar arrangement wherein the rotary cutter 12 is provided at the edge of a triangular member 15 which engages the line of cartons and is rotated thereby. With the arrangement of Figure 3 it is intended that the cartons be fastened together in groups of three. Each carton is staggered sideways as it moves past the triangular member an edge of the member entering the step 11 so that the tape is cut by blade 12. Of course a cutting cylinder 9 as described with reference 3 to Figure 1 may also be used for groups of three cartons, the cylinder having a circumference greater than twice and less than three timcsthe width of the cartons.

A cutter of square section maybe used having a pair of blades projecting from diagonally opposite corners when each group comprises two cartons. Such-a cutter with a single blade would be used for a group of four cartons.

Where the group of cartons comprises five or more cartons, the cutter may be provided with a corresponding number of sides and with a single blade. This is illustrated in Figure 4 which shows an arrangement in which the rotary cutter 12 is provided at the edge of a fivesided member 16. In order to prevent slipping between the member 16 and the cartons, a longitudinally extending groove 17 is formed in each side of the member, each groove 17 being disposed adjacent a corner of the member 16.

-It is to be understood that the tapes may be attached to the top and bottom of the cartons instead of to the sides thereof.

While the cartons are preferably all the same width the invention has application to cartons of slightly different width and also to cartons of slightly different breadth -i.e. the distance across the opposite taped sides may vary slightly.

I claim:

1. A method for severing into groups a series of cartons having a continuous strip of adhesive tape secured to at least one lateral surface thereof, comprising the steps of moving forward a line of cartons, displacing successive cartons normal to their forward direction of travel, and separating successive groups from the line of cartons by severing the tape stretched across the step, formed by the said normal displacement, between the last carton of one group and the first carton of the next succeeding group.

2. A method for severing into groups a series of cartons connected in abutting relation by a continuous flexible strip adhesively secured to one lateral surface thereof, comprising the steps of moving the cartons in the direction of the length of the strip in a predetermined path, displacing successive cartons laterally of the direction of movement thereof as the cartons pass a predetermined point in said path, whereby the strip is partly freed from a displaced carton and stretched across to the next succeeding carton to form momentarily a free bight in the strip, and periodically severing the strip by cutting the same at the bight thus formed to separate the series of cartons into groups, each group including a plurality of cartons.

3. Apparatus for severing into groups a series of cartons having a continuous strip of adhesive tape secured to at least one lateral surface thereof comprising means for moving a line of cartons, means for staggering some of the cartons normal to the forward direction of travel, and means for separating successive groups from the line of cartons by severing the tape stretched across the step, formed by the said staggering, between the last carton of one group and the first carton of the next succeeding group.

4. Apparatus for severing into groups a series of cartons connected in abutting relation by a continuous flexible strip adhesively secured to one lateral surface thereof, comprising means for moving the cartons in the direction of the length of the strip in a predetermined path, means located adjacent said path for engaging and displacing successive cartons laterally of the direction of movement thereof, whereof the. strip is partly pulled away from a displaced carton to form momentarily a free bight in the strip, and a device operable to engage and sever selected bights only to separate the series of cartons into groups, each group including a plurality of cartons.

5. Apparatus for severing into groups a series of cartons havinug a continuous strip of adhesive tape secured to at least one lateral surface thereof comprising means for moving a line of cartons, means for staggering some of the cartons sideways of the forward direction of travel, means for separating successive groups from the line of cartons by severing the tape stretched across the step, formed by the said staggering, between the last carton of one group and the first carton 'of the next succeding group, said means for staggering the cartons acting to stagger the cartons as they are moved forward after the tape has been applied, said means for separating successive groups including a knife adapted to sever the tape as the cartons are moved past the knife, said knife being carried by a rotary member which engages the cartons and is driven thereby, rotation of the said member being interrupted immediately prior to and during the severing operation.

6. Apparatus as claimed in claim 5 in which the rotary member is a member having a number of sides corresponding to the number of cartons which are to be fastened together.

7. Apparatus as claimed in claim 6 in which the rotary member has at least five sides, a longitudinally extending grove disposed adjacent a corner of the member being formed in each side.

8. Apparaus for severing into groups a series of cartons having a continuous strip of adhesive tape secured to at least one lateral surface thereof comprising means for moving a line of cartons, means for staggering some of the cartons sideways of the forward direction of travel, means for separating successive groups from the line of cartons by severing the tape stretched across the step, formed by the saidsstaggering, between the last carton of one group and the first carton of the next succeeding group, said means for staggering thecartons acting to stagger the cartons as they are moved forward after the tape has been applied,-the means'for movingthe cartons comprises two sets of guide rollers, the sets being adapted to engage opposite sides of the cartons and each set of guide rollers comprising a group of rollers offset from the other rollers of the set in a direction normal to the direction of travel of the cartons.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1953183 *Jan 25, 1933Apr 3, 1934Company Old Colony TrustMethod of reenforcing and sealing cartons and material therefor
US2169226 *Mar 22, 1937Aug 15, 1939Carl W SchuchardtMethod of marking lump materials
US2586903 *Jun 15, 1949Feb 26, 1952Ballantine & Sons PMechanism to sever tape between adjacent ends of cartons
US2641318 *Oct 24, 1950Jun 9, 1953Brode Milling Co Inc VanSealing strip severing machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3093281 *Aug 29, 1960Jun 11, 1963Schulze And Burch Biscuit CoApparatus for handling bakery articles
US3183754 *Feb 6, 1963May 18, 1965American Mach & FoundryApparatus for separating lengths of can stock
US4589946 *Aug 17, 1984May 20, 1986Borrow Edgar WilfredPackaging apparatus
US5297711 *May 24, 1993Mar 29, 1994Miltope CorporationPerforated web transport system
US5640830 *Nov 2, 1995Jun 24, 1997Jabalee; David J. E.Packaging tape applicator and method of automatically applying packaging tape
Classifications
U.S. Classification225/4, 83/418, 493/382, 29/417, 83/37, 493/347, 225/97, 53/580, 83/176, 53/369, 156/522, 53/136.1, 83/18, 83/404, 156/270, 53/397
International ClassificationB65B61/08, B65B61/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65B61/08
European ClassificationB65B61/08