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Publication numberUS2926747 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 1, 1960
Filing dateAug 24, 1959
Priority dateAug 24, 1959
Publication numberUS 2926747 A, US 2926747A, US-A-2926747, US2926747 A, US2926747A
InventorsTenney Lewis N, Wright Jay L
Original AssigneeWright Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air filtering and purifying apparatus for air coolers
US 2926747 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1, 1960 J wR T ETAL 2,926,747

AIR FILTEIRING AND PURIFYING APPARATUS FOR AIR COOLERS Filed Aug. 24, 1959 TORS JAY Zy P R/GHT LEW/S Al. TENNEV United States Patent Am FILTERING AND PURIFYING APPARATUS non AIR COOLERS Application August 24, 1959, Serial No. 835,581 4 Claims. c1. iris-4.3

This inventionrelates to air coolers, and more particularly pertains to an air. filtering and purifying apparatus including a flow screen containing a highly adsorptive sub-' stance.

A full comprehension and appreciation of this invention requires some understanding of the property known as adsorption. In general, adsorption involves an ad hesion' of molecules of one substance to the surface of a solid substance, which. is called an adsorbent. It should be apparent that the surface molecules of any substance are unique in. that, and unlike those in the interior, they are not surrounded on 'all sides by other molecules. Since the forces of intermolecular attraction are unsatisfied on the surface side of surface molecules, there is a tendency for them. to hold. molecules of other substances onto their surfaces. And it has been shown that the degree to which. a: substance exhibits the property of adsorption will depend uponthe surface area provided in proportion to its mass. For this reason certain very porous substances like charcoal are good adsorbents. But adsorption is a selective process and, in general, the more readily a gas can be condensed the more strongly it will be adsorbed. This is to be expected because the forces of intermolecular attraction are strongest in gases of this character. And, accordingly, it is found that the charcoal of gas masks adsorbs the molecules of toxic vapors strongly but lets nearly all the oxygen and nitrogen molecules pass through.

At the present time, of course, the use of charcoal and other adsorbents in air filtering systems is well known. And, as in all air circulating and ventilating systems it is desirable to condition the air by removing noxious fumes and odors, thereby purifying the air and making it more agreeable to breethe. But certain diificulties have existed in adapting suitable adsorbents, such as charcoal, into a compact, water-evaporating air cooler system.

Systems of this type generally include an excelsior filter pad which is continually wetted by Water. Then warm air is drawn through the wetted pad by a fan, causing water to be evaporated from the pad while simultaneously extracting heat from the air and producing a cooled and filtered air discharge. If a flow screen of adsorbent material is placed on the downstream side of the pad, it would be continually wetted by both water vapor and droplets which are often blown from the pad. This will have an extremely harmful effect upon the material as an adsorbent since it would coat the adsorbent surfaces, causing impairment to their operation. If the adsorbent screen is placed upstream of the pad, the above noted effect is less likely to occur, but only if the pad and screen are spaced a sufficient distance apart. But a satisfactory distance necessarily requires a bulky, enlarged structure which is impractical and which has proved very unsatisfactory.

Accordingly, it is one object of this invention to pro vide a compact air cooler construction which has incorporated therein an adsorbent flow screen.

A more specific object is to provide an air filtering I invention.

2,926,747 Patented Mar. 1,- 1960- and purifying apparatus for use in air coolers comprising an evaporating pad vertically disposed in the path of air flow, means for depositing a fiuid coolant above said pad and allowing said coolant to be passed downwardly therethrough, means providing a plurality of vertically. inclined louver surfaces having lower edges in closelying relation to said pad, said surfaces extending upwardly and outwardly therefrom, and-a ilow screen vertically disposed in the path of air flow on the outer side of said louver means, said, flow screen being formedof vanes of fibrous material coated and impregnated with charcoal.

Other objects of thisinvention will become apparent in view of the drawings and the following, detailed de scription. I

in the drawings forming a part of this application, and in which like parts are designated by like reference numerals throughout the same,

'Fig. 1 is an exposed side elevation of an air cooler which has embodied therein the novel concept of this ice Fig. 2 is a side elevation of various alternative forms of louvered surfaces which may be used between the evaporating pad and the flow screen.

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a vaned structure which is impregnated with an adsorbent material.

Referring to the drawings, there is illustrated one em: bodiment of this invention in water-evaporating air cooler systems. The air cooler s'h'own includesa frame housing 10 having an. air, intake opening 11 and a dis.- charge' opening 12. Adjacent intake. opening 11 is a vertically disposed excel'sior filter and evaporating pad; 13 through which all, air entering; the housing must pass; and a'conventiona-l motor-driven fan assembly 14 is disposed within the housing adjacent discharge opening 12. The excelsior evaporating pad 13 is continually wetted and maintained saturated with water by a recirculating system including a reservoir pan 15, a pump 15a, conduit 16 and a horizontal feeder trough 17 which surmounts pad 13, said feeder trough having a plurality of small openings 17a through which water flows onto and down through pad 13.

The above described construction is conventional and by itself forms no part of this invention. Its operation will be better understood in view of Fig. 1 where flow lines indicate that currents of warm air will be drawn into the housing through the excelsior pad 13, which causes the air to be cooled and filtered; then the cooled air is discharged out opening 12 by fan assembly 14.

But in addition to the above conventional apparatus there is also provided a purifying flow screen 18 containing a highly adsorbent material and a set of louver vanes 19. The louver vanes are disposed between the flow screen and the evaporating pad, and because vanes 19 are vertically inclined, having lower edges 19a adjacent pad 13, no water droplets or spray can pass laterally onto flow screen 18. Accordingly, there is no danger that water will inadvertently spill or be splashed onto the flow screen, which would impair its effectiveness. It will also be noted that while the louver vanes accomplish the desired objective and allow the adsorbent to be disposed in close-lying relation to the wetted excelsior pad, they do not impede the flow of air into the cooler housing.

Other forms of louver vanes may be utilized so long as they provide a vertically inclined surface portion to prevent drainage of the water droplets onto the adsorbent flow screen. Thus, the use of arcuate shaped vanes and dihedral surfaces, such as those shown in Fig. 2, are also contemplated.

A particular structure for a purifying flow screen is shown in Fig. 3, and this structure has been found to be v 3 extremely satisfactory; The screen consists of a plurality of closely spaced, parallel vanes 20 which are formed of a fibrous material. These vanes are impregnated and coated with charcoal, which is a fine adsorbent and may be conveniently handled.

in view of the drawings and the above described apparatus it will be apparent to those skilled in the waterevaporating air cooler art that there is provided a novel and useful apparatus for purifying the warm'air drawn into the cooler. While only a preferred embodiment of this invention is shown and described, it is to be understood that various changes may be made in the construction of the air cooler and the adsorbent flow screen without departing from the spirit. of the invention or the scope of the attached claims, and each of these changes is contemplated. v a Having thus described our invention, what we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: "1

1. An air filtering and purifying apparatus for use in air coolers comprising an evaporating pad vertically disposed-in the path of air flow, means'for depositing a fluid coolant above said pad and allowing said coolant to be passed downwardly therethrough, means providing a plurality of vertically inclined louver surfaces having lower edges in close-lying relation to said pad, said surfaces extending upwardly and outwardly therefrom, and a flow screen vertically disposed in the path of air flow on the outer side of said louver means and closely adjacent said louver means, said flow screen containing a highly adsorbent and purifying material.

2. An air filtering and purifying apparatus for use in air coolers comprising an evaporating pad vertically disposed in the path of air flow, means for depositing a fluid coolant above said pad and allowing said coolant to be passed downwardly therethrough, means providing a plurality of vertically inclined louver Surfaces having lower edges in close-lying relation to said pad, said surfaces extending upwardly and outwardly therefrom, and a flow screen vertically disposed in the path of air down the outer side of said louver means and closely adjacent said louver means, said flow screen containing activated charcoal.

3. An air filtering and purifying apparatus for use in air coolers comprising an" evaporating pad vertically disposed in the path of airflow, means for=depositing a fluid coolant above said pad and allowing said coolant to be passed downwardly therethrough, means providing a plurality of vertically inclined louver surfaces having lower edges in close-lying relation to said pad, said's'urfaces extending upwardly and outwardly therefrom, and a flow screen vertically disposed in the path'of .air flow on the outer side of said louver mcansand closely adjacent said louver means, said flowscreen being formed of vanes of fibrous material coated with a highly adsorbent and purifying material. r 1 .v

' 4. An air filtering and purifying apparatus' fm use in air coolers comprising an evaporating pad vertically disposed in the path' of air flow, means for depositing a fluid coolant above-said pad and allowing said coolant to be passed downwardly therethrough, means providing a plurality of vertically inclined louver surfaces having lower edges in close-lying relation to said pad, said surfaces extending upwardly and outwardly therefrom, a flow screen vertically disposed in the path of air flow on the outer side of said louver means and immediately adjacent said louver means, said flow screen being formed of vanes of fibrous material coated and impregnated with charcoal. i

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS A

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2146071 *Dec 18, 1936Feb 7, 1939Frank J HorvathAir conditioning apparatus
US2829732 *Apr 19, 1954Apr 8, 1958Goettl William HComposite evaporative cooler pads
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3086342 *May 10, 1960Apr 23, 1963Mc Graw Edison CoCombination evaporative cooler and carbon filtering means
US3110581 *Jun 8, 1960Nov 12, 1963Simpson De RoyExhaust filter
US3110582 *Nov 7, 1961Nov 12, 1963Roy Simpson DeDisposable exhaust filter
US3438179 *Nov 15, 1965Apr 15, 1969Commissariat Energie AtomiqueMethod of sampling aerosols by suction and device for the application of said method
US4200094 *Mar 3, 1978Apr 29, 1980Siemens AktiengesellschaftApparatus for warming and moistening a respiration gas
US4571297 *Dec 26, 1984Feb 18, 1986Jenkins Jerold DBladder pump
EP0319853A2 *Dec 2, 1988Jun 14, 1989E.S.S. Erzeugnisse Schweiss- Und Schneidtechnik GmbhProcess and device for the filtration of impurities out of a gas
Classifications
U.S. Classification96/121
International ClassificationF24F3/16
Cooperative ClassificationF24F3/1603
European ClassificationF24F3/16B