|Publication number||US2927814 A|
|Publication date||Mar 8, 1960|
|Filing date||Mar 25, 1957|
|Priority date||Apr 6, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2927814 A, US 2927814A, US-A-2927814, US2927814 A, US2927814A|
|Original Assignee||Drescher & Kiefer|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (9), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 8, 1960 G. RElTzEL cLosuRE FASTENER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 25, 1957 March 8, 1960 G. RElTzr-:L 2,927,814
CLOSURE FASTENER Filed March 25, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2v Jl if i3 y @um j Jm/emaft' C50/9c Ren-ZPL 927,814 .CLosURE FASTENER Georg Reitzel, Altenmittlau Kreis Gelnhausen, Germany, v
assigner to Drescher & Kiefer, Inh. Georg Reitzel, A1- tenmittlau Kreis Gelnhausen, Germany Application March 25, 1957, Serial No. 648,255
Claims priority, application Germany April 6, 1956 7 Claims. (Cl. 292;-335) This invention is concerned with a closure fastener particularly for ladies hand bags and the like and is an vimprovement of the closure fastener which forms the While thevclosure fastener vof my Aaforesaid patent i necessitates the provision of two spring controlled closing or catch members vover the lock case or frame, the present invention is an improvement thereon in that only one closing member is required, which catches into the lock frame itself. This makes it possible, when opening the bag or similar article, to withdraw the closing member from its locking position bydepressing the catch member into the interior of the lock case, in which position it becomes and remains arrested until released again by the closing of the bag, to be sprung directly into engagement with the lock frame which forms the other part of the closure.
Fig. 1 is a representation, in closed position, of th closure fastener in accordance with the 'first embodiment of the invention and is a section on line I-I of Fig. 3; f
Fig. 2 is a section similar to Fig. 1 showing the position of the parts when the closure, or the bag respectively, is opened;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of Fig. 1, and
Fig. 4 a perspective view of an article, for instance a purse, which is provided with a closure in accordance with Figs. 1 to 3.
Fig. 5 illustrates a modified formV of the invention and is a longitudinal section through the closure fastener in its closed position on line V,-V of Fig. 8;
' Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section similar to Fig. I5 of the device' in its open position alongthe .line VI-VI of Fig. 7 is a plan view of the closure fastener in the position of Fig'. 6, and
Fig. S a perspective view of a brief case provided with a closure fastener in accordance with Figs. 5 to 7.
Referring to the embodimentI shown in Figs. 1 to 4, the closure fastener consists of two units or mainparts, namely the closing frame 1 and the lock case or housing 2, within which the closing member and its lockingand releasing means are accommodated. The closing frame 1 may be connected in any known or convenient manner to the material'3 for instance of a ladies hand bag, a purse, a brief case, or the like.
Fixed tothe outside of the wall 4 of the lock case, which forms the lower unit in the drawing, is an angular ledge 5 which serves as a rest for the bottom plate 6 of the closing frame 1. Fitted to the inside vof the wall 4 is a leaf spring 7, as by riveting for instance, which is provided with an upstanding nose or projection 8 and,
The aforesaid and other objects of the invention are obtained in one embodiment thereofv by the closure fastener being provided with only one single closing member, for instance a latch, and a plate spring with a nose' or projection attached to it forA engagement with said at its underside, with a plate spring 9 preferably set olf at its end. The parts may be connected to one another by riveting or in any other manner. The closing member in the shape of a latch 10 is slideably arranged in the other part of the lock case 2 where it is acted upon by a compression spring 11. It is provided with two openings 12 and 13 into the rst of which, inthe closing position of the device (Fig. 2), the nose 8 of the spring plate 7 is adapted to project, while the second opening 13 serves for the passage therethrough of a bolt or latch. To free the latter from its closed position it can be retracted as by the depression of a bolt or plunger and then locked again in its retracted open position by the said nose or projection on the plate spring coming into engagement therewith. It is released again by a pressure plunger 14. This bolt or plunger 14Yis adapted to slide in a vertical guide in the centre of the upper part of the lock case 2 and is provided at its lower end with a bevel 15 by means of which it cooperates with a slanted on the plate spring when the bag is being closed. They v plate spring and the closing member are preferably ar- Y ranged in parallel relation to each other.
In another form of the Vinvention the closure fastener is provided with a spring-loaded catch in the shape of a lever which is positioned in the lock case preferably below a locking member which holds the said catch lever Vin its position of rest when the bag is closed. Whenthe bag is open and the closing member, which may be a cross pin on the movable ap, is out of engagement with parts of the closure fastener in their mutually closed posii tion.
In the accompanying drawings two embodiments of the v` invention are illustrated by way of example. In these drawings surface 16 of the opening 13 in the latch 10. Plunger 14 is headed by a cap 17; both the plunger and the cap are placed under the action of a compression spring `18 urging Fig. 1. A catch of any known or convenient type (not shown) may be provided to prevent the plunger 14 beinglung out of its guide in the lock case. Cap 17 is a sliding tit within the closing frame 1.
The aforedescribed closure fastener operates as vfollows:r In the closed position of the device (Fig. l1) the bevel 15 of plunger 14 affords suilicient freedom for the closing member or latch 1i? to allow of its entrance under v the'action of spring 11 into a cavity 19 at the inside of the closing frame 1, after the bottom plate 6 of the closing frame has, by contact with the tongue 9 of spring'7, withdrawn the nose 8 from the opening 12 of the latch 10. To open the closure fastener one has to depress the cap 17 against the action of its compression spring 18. This causes the bolt or plunger 14 to` move down into the lock case and its bevel 15 to press against the slanted edge surface 16 in the slot 13 of the latch 10, which is thereby retracted into the lock case 2 (Fig. 2).
When now the ap 3 of the` bagis lifted, the closin frame 1 moves upwards. This releases the Contact between the'parts 6 and 9 and thereby causes Ythe plate spring to lift, and its nose S to enter the opening 12 and to arrest the latch in its retracted position. The closing member or latch lil 4remains in this arrested position until, during the closing of the bag, the closing frame ll is passed over the cap 17 and the upper part of the lock case, whereby the bottom plate 6 engages the tongue 9 of spring 7 and presses it down into the position of Fig. 1, and thus withdraws the nose 8 from the opening 32 in the latch since the plunger le, after the cap i7 has been released, has been pushed up by its spring i8, whereby the latch it? has become free to be pushed by its spring ll into the cavity 19 of the closing frame il. The bag is now closed.
In the modified form of the closure fastener as shown in Figs. to 8 the closure fastener consists of two units or main parts, of which the first part 5i, forming the closing frame, may be connected to the material 3 of a bag in any known or convenient manner.
The second part consists of the lock case 61 which may be secured to the work piece as by means of the prongs 62, or in any other manner.
Slidingly provided in the lock lcase 61Y is the locking member 63. It is acted upon by a compression spring 65 which bears against a screw or post extending from the lock case and presses on a nose 64 of the locking member 63, which is thus urged into its closing position according to 1Eig. 5. i
Also provided in the lock case, below the locking member 63, is a catch lever 66 which is acted upon by a compression spring 67 tending to push the lever into the posishown in Fig. 6. This catch lever is of stepped formation and rests in yan inversely stepped cavity of the lock case 61. The first step at its operating end serves as a stop to prevent the locking member 63 from exceeding its closed position, while the second step holds it in its open position. The third step, which is the tail end of the lever, is beveled od to afford a rest on the lbottom of the lock case when the catch 66 is in its tilted position under the action of spring 67 (Fig. 6).
Part 51 of the closure fastener is recessed or cut out to the width of the locking member 63, and the recess is bridged over by the pin or stud 52 forming the closing member as shown in Fig. 7. In the closed position of the device pin 52 takes its position in the front part of the case where it is received in recesses of the side walls which are shown in broken lines in Fig. 6, and inv which it is locked by the locking member 63. Moving the said locking against the action of its spring 65 out of the closed position of Figs. 5 and 8 into the position of Figs. 6 and 7, pin 52 becomes free and the closure can be opened.
In order to close the fastener, pin 52 is moved in the direction of the lock case 61 together with the flap of the bag, whereby it presses the free end of the catch lever 66 inwardly. As soon as the catch lever liberates the nose 64 of the slide member 63, the latter is pushed by its spring 65 into the position of Fig. 5 and the closure fastener is locked again.
What I claim is:
l. In a fastener for use on a closure having a main part and a closing flap, a lock case on said main part and a closing frameon said closing flap to nt over part of said lock case, a slidable locking member on said lock case, a spring to urged said locking member toward said closing frame, an inversely stepped excavation in said lock case forming a plurality of consecutive recesses therein, a closing pin stretching across said closing frame of said closing ap to t into the foremost of said recesses, a multi-stepped catch lever in said lock case to t into lthe said recesses when the fastener is closed, and a spring underneath said catch lever to urge the same upwardly when the fastener is opened by its locking member being retracted, the foremost of said steps of the catch lever thereby pushing said closing pin out of the first recess in the lock case, another step taking a position in the path of said locking member to prevent its return as long as the fastener is open, while still another step of said catch lever places itself into another of said recesses in the lock case tending to maintain said catch lever in position when the fastener is closed, said foremost step of the catch lever also serving to prevent the locking member exceeding its position when the fastener is being closed.
2. ln a fastener for use on a closure having a main part i and a closing flap, a lock case on said main part and a closing frame on said closing fiap to Vfit over part of said lock case, a slidable locking member on said lock case, a spring to urge said locking member toward said closing frame, an inversely stepped excavation in said lock case forming three consecutive recesses therein, a closing pin stretching across said closing frame of said closing flap to tit into the foremost of said recesses, a three-stepped catch lever in said lock case to tit with each of its steps into one of the said recesses when the fastener is closed, and a spring underneath the said catch lever acting in a direction at approximately right angles to said rst spring to urge said catch lever upwardly When the fastener is opened by its locking member being retracted, the rst of said steps of the catch lever thereby pushing said closing pin out of the first recess in the lock case, a second step taking a position in the path of said locking member to prevent its return als long as the fastener is open,jwhile the third step of said catch lever places itself into the third of said recesses in the lock case tending to maintain said catch lever'in position when the fastener is closed, said first step also serving to prevent the locking member exceeding its position when the fastener is being closed.
3. A fastener for use in a -closure as set forth in claim 2, in which thersaid three-stepped catch lever is loosely arranged in saidV excavation of the lock case and is pro vided with a beveled-oit tail end serving as a fulcrum when the said catch lever is tilted upwardly, the underside of said beveled tail end affording a rest for the catch lever in its tilted position, while its upper surface catches underneath the last step in said lock case tending to maintain the said catch lever in position when the fastener isl closed.
4. A fastener for use on a closure having a main part and a closing ap, comprising, a lock case on the main part of said closure, a locking member slidable in said lock case, a spring to urgesaid locking member in the direction of said closing flap, a closing frame o n said closing hap opposite said lock case, a cut-out in said closing frame to tit over the front part of said lock case, a closing Vpin stretching across said cut-out, a recess at the underside of said locking member at the forward end thereof t0 accommodate said closing pin when the fastener is closed, a stepped excavation in the lock case, a stepped catch lever in the lock case to t into said recess of the locking member and into said stepped excavation of the lock case, a spring underneath said steppedcatch lever acting at right angles to said first-named spring to urge the forepart of said stepped catch lever into the path of the slidable locking member when the latter has been retracted to liberate said closing pin, and a flattened end to said catch lever to catch below the last step of said excavation in the lock case when the fastener is closed.
5. A fastener for use on a closure having a main part and a closing flap, comprising, a lock case on the main part of said closure, a locking member slidable in said lock case, a spring to urge said locking member in the direction of said closing flap, a closing frame on said closing flap opposite said lock case, a cut-out in said closing frame to t over the front part of said lock case, a closing pin stretching across said cut out, a downwardly projecting nose on the saidV locking member leaving atits forwardly directed side a free space for the accommodation of said closing pin when the fastener is closed, a other, considerably longer free space at the rear of said downwardly projecting nose for the accommodation of the said spring, a stepped excavation in the ioclc case in continuation of said first-named free space, a stepped catch lever loosely movable in said lock case, lan upwardly projecting step at the forward end -of said catch lever fitting into the lower part of said rst-named free space in front of said downwardly projectingvtnose when the fastener is closed, and another spring underneath said catch lever to urge same upwardly into the said free space in front of the downwardly projecting nose of the locking member when the latter is in its retracted position, thereby pushing said closing pin out of the said free space and placing itself into the path `of the retracted locking mem ber to prevent its return into its initial position.
6. A fastener for use in a closure as set forth in claim 5, in which the loosely movable catch lever is provided y with two upwardly directed stepsat its lforward end, the `first of said steps fitting into the lower part of the said free the last step of the lstepped excavation in the lock case when the fastener is'closed.
' References Cited in fthe tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTSYY 712,078 v VKuehler oct. 2s, 1902 886,396 Myers et al 'g May 5, 1908 928,661 IsidorV July 20, 1909 1,702,621 'steujes Feb. 19, 1929 2,571,971 Vogel Oct. 16, 1951 2,733,093 Reitzel Jan. 31, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,622 Great Britain Jan. 29, 1892 482,017 I1a1y June 1s, 1953
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US712078 *||May 26, 1902||Oct 28, 1902||Conrad Kuebler||Lock.|
|US886396 *||May 18, 1906||May 5, 1908||Champion Chemical Company||Grave-vault lock.|
|US928661 *||Apr 27, 1909||Jul 20, 1909||Neumann Hardware Co R||Bag-frame fastener.|
|US1702621 *||Feb 7, 1927||Feb 19, 1929||T & L Co Inc||Bag lock|
|US2571971 *||Sep 29, 1947||Oct 16, 1951||Albert H Reef||Snap hook|
|US2733093 *||May 26, 1953||Jan 31, 1956||Reitzel|
|GB189201622A *||Title not available|
|IT482017B *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3392556 *||Apr 21, 1967||Jul 16, 1968||Long Mfg Company Inc||Pushbutton latch and lock mechanism|
|US3480316 *||Feb 9, 1968||Nov 25, 1969||Westover Claude O||Safety door fastener|
|US4457052 *||Feb 19, 1982||Jul 3, 1984||Peter Hauber||Buckle for child's car seat harness|
|US4543694 *||Nov 23, 1983||Oct 1, 1985||Repa Feinstanzwerk Gmbh||Lock for safety belts|
|US4547006 *||Dec 1, 1982||Oct 15, 1985||Superior S.A.||Luggage closing device|
|US7118142 *||Jul 29, 2004||Oct 10, 2006||Xiangui Xu||Latching apparatus for sliding closure members|
|US7216900 *||Feb 3, 2005||May 15, 2007||Compal Electronics, Inc.||Fastener module for portable computers|
|US20060033343 *||Jul 29, 2004||Feb 16, 2006||Xiangui Xu||Latching apparatus for sliding closure members|
|US20060038415 *||Feb 3, 2005||Feb 23, 2006||Compal Electronics, Inc.||Fastener module for portable computers|
|U.S. Classification||292/335, 24/598.1, 292/DIG.370, 24/656|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S292/37, E05B65/52|