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Publication numberUS2928174 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 15, 1960
Filing dateApr 8, 1957
Priority dateApr 8, 1957
Publication numberUS 2928174 A, US 2928174A, US-A-2928174, US2928174 A, US2928174A
InventorsWhite Raymond A
Original AssigneeWhite Raymond A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dental handpiece and control therefor
US 2928174 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 15, 1960 R. A. WHITE 2,928,174

DENTAL HANDPIECE AND CONTROL THEREFOR Fi ld April a, 1957 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 IN VEN TOR. RAYMOND A Wm TE A GENT March 15, 1960 R. A. WHITE 2,928,174

DENTAL HANDPIECE AND CONTROL THEREFOR Filed April 8, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Q v 7 a 10 I FIG.- 959. B r t t B Sl t 6 IN VEN TOR. IPAYMQ A Wfi/TE A sz/vr This invention relates to a dental handpiece and control therefor and is particularly concerned with a hand-" piece construction that lends itself to easy handling or manipulation and control thereof, it being a general object of this invention to provide a compact self contained handpiece. with the controls therefor incorporated in the handpiece itself.

Heretofore, dental handpieces have been driven by remote stationary motor drives with a rather complex transmission mechanism between the motor and hand-.

piece. Said transmission mechanisms usually involve articulated arms carrying pulleys, and a drive belt threaded over or strung on said pulleys. More recently, however, handpieces have been made with the drive motor incorporated therein, in which case power or energy is conducted to the handpiece and is utilized-in the said handpiece to drive the rotating elements thereof. The later type handpiece with the drive incorporated therein may be driven as by fluids under pressure, either a gas or a liquid, or by energy in the form of an electric current. In any case, whether remotely driven, or direct- -ly driven by a fluid or by electricity, the handpieces have foot pedal been controlled by remote means, as by a actuating a valve or switch. v

The present invention involves, generally, a handpiece and a manuallyv operable control therefor. The handpiece is held in the hand of the user, that is, it is held in the hand of the dentist, and it is controlled completely by said dentists hand. More specifically, the starting and stopping of the motor is controlled as well as the speed of rotation thereof, and further, other fluids are controlled, as for example, coolants in the form of water or water mist.

It is an object of this invention to provide a handpiece for use in dentistry that incorporates therein the control= With the structure that I provide the means therefor. single hand of the user is employed to manipulate the handpiece as a whole and also to manipulate the control that I provide in accordance with the invention.

It' is another object of this invention to provide a handpiece of the character referred to that incorporates therein the drive for the rotating elements thereof and also the control for governing action of said drive. The

above mentioned features are all cooperatively related inconducting fluids thereto are governed by a control .that

is adapted to be manipulated by the hand of the user, which hand is also'used to support and-generally manipu: late and position the handpiece. i

' Further, it is an object of this invention-to provide a compact self contained dental handpiece that includes the drive and control therefor and also the controls for other fluids used in dentistry processes, and which is simple and reasonably inexpensive of manufacture.

The various objects and features ofmy invention will be fully understood from the following detailed description of a typical preferred form and application of my invention, throughout which description reference is made to the accompanying drawings, in which: 7

Fig. l-is a perspective view of the dental handpiece that Ihave provided showing the manner in which it is handled or manipulated by the single hand of the user, or dentist. Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view ofthe forward portion of the structure taken as indicated by line 22 on Fig; 1. Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing certain parts in elevation and showing the control element that I provide in a different operative position. Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken as indicated by line 44 on Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of the rear portion of the structure taken as indicated by line 55 on Fig. 1. Figs. 6, 7, 8, 9 and. 10 are each enlarged sectional views taken as indicated by lines 66, 77, 8-8, 9-9 and 1010 on 'Fig. 5, respectively.

The dental handpiece and control therefor that I have invented may be of the same size and same general configuration as a common handpiece of the type under consideration. However, the drive thereof is incorporated in the head X in the manner set forth and fully claimed in my copending' application for Letters Patent entitled Turbine Driven Dental Handpiece, Serial No. 588,757, filed June 1, 1956. In the particular construction illustrated the handpiece is of the contra angle type wherein the axis of the head X is at an angle to the axis of the handpiece body Y. Further, the power or energy for driving the rotating elements is conducted to the body Y and head X through a fluid supply means Z. As shown, the head X is fluid driven in which case the means Z is a fluid conducting means. It is to be understood that an electrical drive maybe employed in whbilch case the means Z will take the form of electrical ca es.

'In addition to the above mentioned head X, body Y and fluid supply means Z, the invention involves a manually operable .control S adapted to'be manipulated by the fingers of the hand used to hold and support the hand' piece.

The driving head X, as best illustrated in Fig. 2 of the drawings, is a drive unit or prime mover'and involves, generally, a case 10, a'shaft 11 rotatably carriedin the is provided intermediate the ends of the case 10 to supq port the stator 12 inthe case. Intermediate the bearing 14 and stator 12 there is an exhausting chamber 15 defined' by the wall vof the case 10 and surrounding the shaft ll. A cover 16 closes the top of the case It) and has a seat to carry an anti-friction bearing 17. The

, bearings 14 and 17 rotatably support the shaft 11 within the case 10, the lower end of the shaft 11 projecting somewhat from the bottom of the case.

The stator 12 receives fluid under pressure, preferably air or the like, through a port 18 in the wall of the case 10. The stator 12 is characterized by an annular cham- Patented Mar. 1 5, 1960 3 e! fined b the a f the e 0 a winnerwall of the stator 12. Fluid received by the stator 12 is directed upwardly through vanes 20 that are carried thereby, the vanes 20 beingginv a continuous annular series.

The rotor 13 receives fluid directed upwardly by the stator 12 is adapted to handle the fluid so that it iscon ducted inwardly and downwardly imparting driving force to the rotor 13. The rotor 13 is preferably integralwith,v the shaft 11 and has a continuous annular series of blades 21. The vanes 20 and blades 21 are suitably pitched,; in the direction of rotation, and as circumstances require," inorder to gain the desired speed of rotation, etc.

The head X is employed to drive a cutter K,;for ex-, amp1e, a burr cutten'asshownt- Shaft 11 has a straight bore 22 entering the lower end thereof to slidably receive the shank 23 of the cutter.- The upper end of the cutter shank 23 is notched to engage with a key in the bore 22. In order to retainthe cutter K in working position, I

7 may provide a friction exerting or detent type .collet-at the lower end portion of the shaft 11. For example, the lower end portion of the shaft 11 is split at 24- and.provided with inward projections that engage in a ,groove 25 in the shank 23.

In operation, fluid used to drive the rotor is received from the lower end of the rotor by the exhausting chamber 15, and it is directed from the chamber through an enlarged exhaust port 26 in the side wall of the. case 10 (see Figs. 2 and 4). A seal 27 is carried at the lower end of the case 10 to surround the shaft 11,, preferably a labyrinth type seal.

The body Y, in accordance with the preferred form of the invention, is a multi-tubular element adapted to conduct fluids to and from the head X.. The body Y involves an outer case 30 and one or more inner tubes housed within the case 30. In the particular case illustrated there is an inner tube 31 adapted to conduct fluid under pressure to the inlet port 18 in the head X, and an inner tube 32 adapted to conduct fluid coolant to the vicinity of the head X. The outer case 30 lS'Qf substantial cross sectional configuration and is adapted to receive exhaust fluid from the port 26in the head X.. As shown, the case 30 is round With a flow passage extending coextensively therethrough and opening at both the front and rear ends of the case.

In accordance with the invention, the outer case. 30 is flattened at the forward end portion thereof, in-a hori-- zontal plane, to be coextensive with the height andwidth of-the exhaust port 26. The port 26 is coextensive with the inner diameter of. the case 10 and the side walls of the case 30 are tangent to the walls of the case 10 (see Fig. 4), The forward end of the case 30 is suitably shaped and the head X secured thereto asby brazing, or the like.- It will be observedthat the forward portion ofthe case 30. may be gradually flattened, and that it may be upturned, as shown, to form a contra-angle handpiece.

The inlet port 18 is located in the head X immediately above the exhaust port 26, and is substantially smaller, than the port 26,. The inner tube 31 is considerably smaller in diameter than the outer case 30 and, extends longitudinally of the interior of the case. The inner tube 31 is provided to conduct fluid under pressure for operation of the driving head X'and extends between the case 30' (seeFig. 9). As shown, the tube 32 projects through an opening in the wall of-the-outer case.-- 3 0 and fia S i bl p t s-a j .to -.d .ct uid, s a an in the areaof the cutter K;

h flu rls pply rn aa a p e rlrls qu ti f e 4, of thedrawings, is, provided -tohandlethe passage of fluids to and from the head Xof the handpiece. That is, the means Z handles the flow of compressed air' to the inner tube 31 through passage 34, it handles exhaust air from the interior of the outer case 30, and it handles coolant to the inner tube 32 through the passage 35. The means Z involves, generally, a cap A engaged over the rear end portion of the body Y, means B rotatably coupling the cap A'to the body Y, a fluid pressure inlet C, a fluid outlet D, and a coolant inlet E. The means Z is in the nature of a swivel at the rear end of the handpiece and connects-'witha fluid pressure supplyv line 37, with an exhaust line 38, and with a coolant supply line 39.

The cap A may be fabricated in various ways and is shown as a block of material with a straight cylindrical bore 40 entering the forward end thereof. Since the case 30 of body -Y' is thin walled there is provided. a

fitting 41 that slides over andwhich may be secured to. the rear: end portion of the body as by. brazing, or the:

Lateral fluid connections 42,43 and 44 projectfrom the cap and are each threaded into openings in a. boss-like part at one side of the cap, preferably the lower 7 The connections 42, '43 and 44 join with like.

side thereof. the fluid handling lines 37, 38 and 39, respectively.

The means B that rotatably couples the cap A to thebody Y is an anti-friction type bearing means involving one or more annular series of balls 45 engaged in matinggroovesor channels 46 and 47 in the capA and body Y, respectively. I have shown two spaced series of balls- 45. the grooves 47 being formed in the fitting 41. The balls 45 are retained in working position by providing plugs .48 that close openings that enter the channels 46 from the exterior of the cap. It'willbe apparent" able drilled ducts 51 are formed in the cap A, as by" drilling and plugging, to open into the bore 40 at-the channel 50,-and annular seals 52 and 53 are carried to act between the cap A and body Y at either side of the. channel 50. pressure in the ducts 51 will be communicated to thechannel 59 andto the passage 34 to be delivered to'the head X through the inner tube 31.

The fluid outlet D is provided to 'conduct'fluid from the exhaust port 26 in the head X to the connection 43 and line 38;; In accordance-with the invention a duct55. extends laterally through the cap A between the in'uer or' rear end of the bore 40 and the connection 43 to be in open communication with the interior of the body'Y.

It will be apparent that exhausted fluids are free to flow from the handpiece through the duct 55 and finally open into the bore, andthe channel56, and an,;ainnular seal 58 and theseal 1 2. are. carried, to ,act between the ca A and body; Y at' either side, ofthechanne156, It i will be apparent, that the j coolant will, be, conducted, to. the ehannel:-56 ,and;to thepassage; 35, to, be delivered to the jet 36 atthe head X.

Ingaccordance with the. preferred..forn1.,-of, tlrrewirntetl- It will be apparent that fluid undertion when fluid under pressure is employed to operate the driving head X, I provide a throttling valve V that is adapted to admit the desired volume of fluid to the head X. In the form of the invention illustrated (see Fig. 5) the valve V involves a shiftable element 60 engageable with a seat 61. I provide the rear end of the cap A with a face 62 and a portion 51' of the duct 51 opens at said face from the connection 42. A cover 63 overlies the face 62 forming a fluid pressure supply chamber, and a bore or opening 64 enters the face 62 and extends axially of the cap A, preferably concentric with the central axis of the handpiece. The valve element 60 is shiftably carried in the opening 64 and has a forwardly and inwardly tapered face 65 that normally engages the seat 61 which is also tapered and which faces rearwardly. An outwardly flared flange 67 is provided at the forward end portion of the valve element 60 in order to direct moving fluids outward orradially of the valve element 60 to enter the duct 51 that enters the bore or opening 64. The forward end portion of the bore 64 is of reduced diameter and the valve element has a reduced forwardly projecting part 68 that extends into the duct 55, to be operated by the control Slater described.

When coolant fluid is to be handled by the handpiece I provide a valve V that is adapted to open and close the supply of coolant to the inner tube 32 and jet 36. In the form of the invention illustrated the valve V involves a shiftable element 70 slidably carried in a bore 71 that extends axially of the cap A at one side thereof. The bore 71 intersects the duct 57 and the element 70 normally closes said duct. A portion 57 of the duct 57 extends between the connection and the bore 71 so that coolant is conducted to the valve V. A spring 73 is provided to yieldingly urge the valve element 70 forwardly and the element is provided with a reduced portion that aligns with the duct 57 when said element is moved rearwardly. The valve element 70 has a forwardly projecting portion that normally extends from the front face 75 of the cap A to be engaged and operated rearwardly by the control S, later described.

The present invention is characterized by the control S that I provide for actuating the valves V and V in order to admit fluids to the head Xof the handpiece. In accordance with the invention the control S is adapted to be operated by any one or-more of the fingers of the hand supporting the structure and involves, generally, a

, fulcrum F, a lever L, and a shiftable driver G. Further, the means S may include a lock or safety means for engaging the lever and preventing accidental movement thereof.

The fulcrum F may be a simple pivot, however, in accordance with the preferred form of the invention it is a circular element that extends continuously around the body Y of the handpiecep As illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3 of the drawings, the fulcrum F is in the form of a ring 80 engaged over and projecting from the out-r wall of the body Y, and it may be secured intermediate the ends of the body as by brazing or the like. As shown, the outer wall 81 is curved about a radius to have bearing engagement with lever L, as hereinafter described.

The lever L may be a simple pivoted lever, however, in accordance with the preferred form of the'invention it is a circular element that surrounds the body Y to be manually engageable at any point or position around the body. As illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, the lever 'L is .in the form of a collar 85 that encircles the bodyY with some clearance therebetween. The inner wall 86 of the collar 85 is larger in diameter than the body Y and engages over the ring 80 that forms the fulcrum F. A flange 87 extends inwardly at the rear end portion of the collar 85,and is provided with a rearwardly disposed operatingface ,86 and with "a curved annular seat '89 that has bearing engagement with the matching curved wall 81 of the ring 80. Both the wall 81 and the seat 89 are continuous annularpartsthat are adapted to have hear; ing contact with each other at any point around the structure. Further, the collar is flared somewhatjoutwardly as it extends forward in order to increasel the pivotal movement thereof.

By depressing the forward end portion of the collar 85 inwardly, at any point around the circumference thereof, the flange 87 is rocked, from its normally transverse plane normal to the axis of the handpiece, so that the peripheral part thereof diametrically'opposite the pivot point is moved axially rearward. It will be apparent that depression of the collar 85 at any point will rock the flange 87 and will cause maximum motion at a point on the operating face 86 diametrically opposite the pivot point.

The drive G, may vary widely, and is preferably in the form of a sleeve 90 that is slidably engaged over the body Y to reciprocate relative thereto. The sleeve 90, in the particular form of the invention illustrated, forms the grip of the handpiece and is therefore, substantially elongate, and it is keyed to the body Y to prevent rotation of the parts. I have provided a slot 91 in the body Y and a lug 92 carried by the sleeve 90 to project inwardly to be guided by the slot and to enter the interior of the body. The sleeve has a flatrfront end 93 in a plane normal to the axis of the structure and opposed to and normally in flat engagement with the face 86 on the lever L. When the lever L is depressed, as above described, the end 93 of the sleeve 90 is engaged and the sleeve is shifted rearwardly.

In order to operate the valve V I provide an operator 95 in the form of a push rod that is moved rearwardly by thesleeve 90, to shift the valve element 60. The rod-shapedoperator 95 is shown in Fig. 5 of the drawings and is secured to the lug and extends axially to the center of, the structure and connects with the forwardly projecting portion 68 of the valve element 60. In practice, the rear end of the operator slidably fits into an opening in the valve element to be'centered thereby, and so that the valve element can be removed separately from the operator 95;

In order to operate the valve V I provide a flat rear end 96 on the sleeve 90 that engages with the valve element to shift the said element 'when the sleeve moves rearwardly. It will be apparent how the' valve V' is opened by rearward shifting of the sleeve 90. In accordance with the invention the sleeve 90 is yieldingly held in aforward position by means of a spring 97, and a separate spring 98 yieldingly urges the valve element 60 to a seated position. As shown the sleeve 90 is telescopically engaged over the forward part of the cap A in a manner to house the spring 97. Spring 98 is housed withinthe cover 63 that closes the rearmost end of the structure.

The safety means P that I provide involves 'a slider 100 that is shiftably engaged over the body Y forward of the lever L. The slider 100 is a circular part that surrounds the body Y and has a step 101 at the rear end thereof that fits with the forward end of the lever L. The slider 100 is adapted to be shifted rearward where it centers the lever L so that the lever cannot be depressed, and it is adapted to be shifted forwardly to clear the lever L so as not to interfere with the movement thereof; A stop 102 is provided to limit forward motion ofthe slider and a suitable friction means 103 is provided, as shown, to prevent accidential shifting of the slider.

From the forgoing it will be apparent that I have provided a very convenient and practical dental handpiece that is completely manipulated and controlled entirely by the single hand of the user'. It is merely necessarytc'i couple the'handpiece to suitable fluid supply lines,"pref-' erably flexible supply lines, whereupon the? device =:is'- ready for operation; The operation of the structure iiivolvedis clearlyset'forth above, the actual operation of the control that I have provided being easily determined 7 byobservingv the lever L that I provide and by depressingit. toadmit operatingfluidilnder pressure to the drivin'g head X-. a V,

Having described only a typical preferred form 'and applicationof my invention, I do not wish to be limited or restricted to the specific details herein set forth, but wish to reserve to myself variations orv modifications that may. appear to those skilled in the artand fall within the scope of the following claims.

Having described my invention",'l claim:

1. A dental handpiece including, an elongate cylindrically shaped body, a driving head at the forward end of the body and adapted to operate a cutter, a fulcrum in termediate the ends of the body and "in the form of a ring 7, surrounding the body, and a manually operable lever pivoted on the fulcrum and in the form of a collar engaged over the body and having bearing engagement with the fulcrum; said lever controlling operation of the driving head. 7

2. -A dental handpiece includinggan elongate cylindrically shaped body; a driving head at the forward end of the'body and adapted to operate a cutter, a fulcrum intermediate the ends of the body and in the form of a ring surrounding the body, a manually operablelever pivoted on the fulcrum and in the form of a collar engaged over the bodyand having bearing engagement withthe fulcrum, and an axially, shiftable operator in the form of'a sleeve slidably carried over the body and actuated by the lever, said operator control-ling operations of the driving head.

3. 'A de'ntal-ha-ndpiece including,-an elongate cylindrically shaped body, a driving head at the forward endof the body and adapted to operatea cutter, a fulcrum inter mediate the ends of the body and in the'form' of a ring surrounding the body, a manually operable-lever pivoted on the fulcrum and in the form of-a collar engaged over the body and having bearing engagement with the fulcrum, said collar having a flange with an axially disposed face normally in a plane normalto the longitudinal axis of the body, and anaxially shiftable operator in the form of a sleeve slidably carried over the body, said operator having an axially disposed face normally in flat engagement with the face of the collar, said operator being shifted'axially" of the body upon movement of the lever and 'displacernent'of the' flange from its normal position to controloperation of the driving head. I 4.-A- dental handpiece including, an elongated -cylindrically shaped body,- a driving headat'the forward-end of the bo'dy 'and adapted to operatea cutter, a fulcrum intermediate'the endsto-f the-body and in'the formofua ringsurrounding-the-body, -a manually operable lever pivoted on the-fulcrum and in the form of a tapered collar engaged over the body and having bearing-engagern'ent with' the fulcrum, and an axially shiftable operator-in. the form of a sleeve slidably carried over the body and actuated by 'the lever, said operator controlling operation of the driving head.

5. A dental .handpieceincluding, an elongate cylindrically shaped bodyga driving headat the forward end oflthe body and. adapted tooperate a cutter, a ringsur rounding the bodyintermediatethe endsthereof, a manuallyoperable collariengaged: over me body. with clearancettherebetweenand' having a fiange'at one end thereof adapted to: have bearingengagementwith the ring, and an axially' shiftable-operator slidably carried over the body .and engagedby. the collar tobe' shifted. when. the

' coll'aris depressed laterally toward'the .body.

6. A.--dentalhandpiecex including, an elongate cylin drical-ly. shaped body, a drivinghead at-the .forward 1 end o'fsthe. zbody'andsadapted; toi operate 2a cutter; a ring sur-. rounding:- thebcidyL'intermediatE the ends 5 thereof-j and xhaaingaa flange ,-;at vowe-end :thereof and. with aconeave .11 5

8 s'e'at adapted to have bearing engagement with the said convex wall, and an axially shiftable operator slidably carried by the. body and engaged by the collar to be shifted when the collar j'sf depressed laterally toward the body. v

7. A dental handpie'ce including, an elongate cylindrically shaped body, a driving head at the forward end 7 of the body and adapted to operate a cutter, a ring surrounding the body intermediate the ends thereof and having a convex outer wall, a manually operable collar engaged over the bodywith clearance therebetween and having a flange at one end thereof and with a concave seat adapted to have bearing engagement with the said convex wall, an axially shiftable operator siidably carried by the body and engaged by the collar to be shifted when the collar is depressed laterally toward the body, and means yieldingly urging the operator into engagement with thefiange of the collar.

8. A'fluid operated dental handpiece including, an elongate tubular body, a fluid-operated driving head at the forward end of the body and adapted to turn a cutter, a fulcrum intermediate the ends of the body, and a manually operable lever pivoted on the fulcrum and in the form of a collar engaged over the body and having bearing engagement withthe fulcrum, said lever actuating a valve controlling operation of the driving head.

9. A fluid operated dental handpiece including, an elongate tubular body, a fluid operated driving head at the forward end of the body, and adapted to turn a cutter, a fulcrum intermediate the ends of the body, a manually operable lever pivoted on the fulcrum and in the form of a collar engaged over the body and having bearing'engagement with the fulcrum; and an axially shiftable operator carried by the body and engaged by the lever and actuating a valve controlling operation of the driving head.

10. A fluid operated dental handpiece including, an elongate tubular body, a fluid operated driving head at the forward end of the body and adapted to turn a cutter, a ring surrounding the body-intermediate the ends thereof, a manually operable collar engaged'over the body with clearance therebetween and having a flange at one end thereof adapted to have bearing engagement with the'ring, and an axially shiftable operator slidably carried over the body and engaged by the collar to be shifted when the collar is depressed laterally toward thebody, said operator actuating a valve controlling operation of the driving head.

11; A fluid operated dental handpiece including, an

elongate tubular body, a fluid operated driving-head with an inlet port and an exhaust port and adapted to turn a cutter, the interior ofthe body being in communication with the exhaust port, a fluid handling tube within the body and incommunicaticnwith the inlet port, a fulcrum intermediate the ends of the body, and a manually operable lever pivoted on the fulcrum and in the form of a collar and having bearing engagement with the fulcrum, said lever actuating a valve governing flow of fluid through said tube controlling operation of the driving head.

12; A fluid operated dental handpiece including, an elongate tubular body, a fluidoperated driving head with an inlet port, and an exhaust port and adapted to turn a cutter, the interior of the body being in communication with the exhaust port, a fluid'handlingtube coextensive with the body and in communication with the inlet port, a fulcrum intermediate the ends of the body, a manually operable leverpivoted on the-fulcrum, and an axially I'shift'able operator carried by the-body and engaged by the lever and actuated 'therebyto control a valve governing flow throughzsaid tube.

l3: Afluid operated dentalhandpiece including, an elongate tubular body, a fluid operated driving head with f u-inlet port'andau exhaust portand adapted to turn a cutter, theinterio'r of the body being in communication with the exhaust port, .a fluid handling tube within the body and in communication with the inlet port, a ring surrounding the body intermediate the ends thereof, a

manually operable collar engaged over the body withclearance therebetween and having a flange at one end thereof adapted to have bearing engagement with the ring, and an axially shiftable operator slidably carried by the body and engaged by the collar to be shifted when I the collar is depressed laterally toward the body, saidshifting of the operator operating a valve governing flow through said tube.

14. A fluid operated dentalhandpiece including, an elongate tubular body, a fluid operated driving head with an inlet port. and an exhaust port and adapted to turn a cutter, the interior of the body being in communication with the exhaust port, a fluid handling tube within the body and'in'communication with the inlet port, an inlet valve within the body and governing flow through said tube, a manually operable lever accessible at the exterior of the body to open the valve, and a cap'a't the rear end 1 of the body and swivelly connected thereto and having a fluid supply connection valve. p

15. A fluid operated" dental handpiece including, an elongate tubular body, a fluid operated driving head with an inlet'port and an exhaust port and adapted to turn a cutter, the interior of the body being in communication with the exhaust port, a fluid handling tube within the body and in communication with the inlet port, an inlet in communication Withtbe valve within the body and governing flow through said I tube, a manually operable lever accessible at the'exterior of the body to open the valve, and a cap at the rear end of the body and swivelly connected thereto and having I a fluid supply connection in communication with the tube, and a fluid exhaust connection'in communication with the interior of the body.

1.6, A fluid operated dental handpiece including, an elongate tubular body, a fluid operated driving head at the forward end of the body andwith an inlet port and an exhaust port and adapted to turn a cutter, the interior of the body being in communication with the exhaust port, a fluid handling tube within the body and in com-v municationwith the inlet port, and opening'at the 'ex- 1 'ReferencesCited in thefile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS l 2,276,748 Thompson Mar. 11, 1942v 2,664,632 Norlen Jan. 5,1954

2,799,934 Kern July 23, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2276748 *May 19, 1941Mar 17, 1942Genco Mfg CoSwitch means for ball rolling games
US2664632 *Apr 7, 1952Jan 5, 1954Norlen Per IPneumatic dental machine
US2799934 *Dec 1, 1955Jul 23, 1957Bowen & Company IncDental drill
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3078576 *Nov 28, 1958Feb 26, 1963Alois Kaltenbach And Erich HofHigh speed angle handpiece
US3125809 *Nov 7, 1960Mar 24, 1964 Valve control for dental handpiece
US3250005 *Sep 7, 1962May 10, 1966Dentists Supply CoDental tool and control apparatus
US3255527 *Aug 17, 1962Jun 14, 1966American Hospital Supply CorpAir driven dental handpieces
US3256603 *Jul 21, 1964Jun 21, 1966Dentists Supply CoDental tool and handpiece control
US4036311 *Mar 7, 1975Jul 19, 1977Sven Karl Lennart GoofRod shaped hand-tool
US7488173Feb 22, 2006Feb 10, 2009Antoine BochiInstrument with pressure sensing capabilities
USRE28390 *Feb 2, 1968Apr 15, 1975 Air driven dental handpieces
DE1286688B *Sep 21, 1961Jan 9, 1969Siemens AgVerfahren zum Herstellen eines zahnaerztlichen Handstuecks
DE2509201A1 *Mar 3, 1975Sep 25, 1975Sven Karl Lennart GoofStabfoermiges handstueck
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/100
International ClassificationA61C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61C1/0007
European ClassificationA61C1/00C