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Publication numberUS2928294 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 15, 1960
Filing dateOct 8, 1956
Priority dateOct 8, 1956
Publication numberUS 2928294 A, US 2928294A, US-A-2928294, US2928294 A, US2928294A
InventorsWilliam R Garrett
Original AssigneeBorg Warner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Latch means
US 2928294 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 15, 1960 w. R. GARRETT 2,928,294

LATCH MEANS Filed Oct. 8, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet l (MAL/0M8; awe/e577- IN V EN TOR.


March 15, 1960 w. R. GARRETT LATCH MEANS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed 001;. 8, 1956 MAL/Awe. 6422577 INVENTOR.

4770/VEY United States Patent a LATCH MEANS William R. Garrett, Long Beach, Calif., assignor to Borg- Warner Corporation, (Ihicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application October 8, 1956, Serial No. 614,507 9 Claims. (Cl. 74-527) The present invention relates to latch mechanisms, and more particularly to a pivotal latch mechanism having unique means for retaining the pivotal latch member in an operative position or in an inoperative position.

l-leretofore, latches have commonly been provided with means for retaining a pivotal latch member in an operative latching position and in an inoperative non latching position. Such retaining means have generally been in the form of a spring pressed detent or spring.

toggle or the like, for resiliently opposing movement of the pivotal latch member when said latch member assumes a latching and/or a non-latching position.

An object of the present invention is to provide novel retaining means for accomplishing such results, said novel retainingmeans being exceedingly simple to manu facture, assemble and maintain, as well as quite durable and eificient. 1

In accordance with the foregoing objective, it is a furtherobject of the invention to provide a pivotal latch mechanism in which the pivotal latch element is pivotally mounted upon a resilient or compressible bushing and thus has a floating center, said pivotal latch member also having a cam surface engageable with a complemental surface of the supporting structure to compress the resilient bushing as the cam surface approaches center, while allowing the resilient bushing to expand' as the cam surface passes over center in either direction; thus, the tendency of the bushing to resiliently resist compressionwill retain the latch member in a latching or non-latching position at opposite sides of the center of the cam surface.

Other objects and advantages will be hereinafter described or will become apparent, and the novel features of the invention will be defined in the appended claims.

In the drawings:

Fig. l is a fragmentary view in plan of a compound swivelled pipe joint having the novel latch means hereof applied to each swivel joint, with one latch mechanism latched and the other unlatched;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged exploded detail view of the latch mechanism;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view, partly in section and partly in elevation, as taken axially through a swivelled pipe joint, and showing the pivotal latch member in full lines in a latching position and in broken lines in a non-latching position;

I Fig. 4 is a view in section similar to Fig. 3, showing the pivotal latch member in an on-center position with the resilient bushing compressed at one side;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view in section, as taken on the line 5--5 of Fig. 3; and

Fig. 6 is a view in section similar to Fig. 3, showing a modified construction embodying the invention.

Like reference characters in the several figures of the drawings and in the following description designate-con responding parts. i T

2,928,294 Patented Mar. 15, 1960 case of two forms of swivel joint connections to which the invention may be advantageously applied. The member 2 is in the nature of a swivelly-mounted reduction coupling, whereas the member 3 is generally in the nature of a swivelly-mounted T connector.

However, each of the swivelled joint members 2 and 3 is provided with a radially extended flange 4, which is notched, as at 5, in circumferentially-spaced relation therearound. This flange 4 of each swivel joint constitutes a relatively fixed latch part having recesses 5 adapted to receive a shiftable latch member, as is customary. The shiftable latch member, generally designated 6, is preferably generally L-shaped in form and has a latching arm or projection '7 and an operating arm 8 disposed approximately at a right angle with relation to one another. At the juncture of the latching arm 7 and the opcrating arm 8 the member 6 is provided with an enlarged supporting portion '9 adapted to pivotally mount the member 6 in a stationary support. Such a stationary support preferably comprises an outstanding bracket, as at 10, having a laterally projecting bifurcated or slotted portion 11 adapted to receive the member 6 in the slot. A pivot pin 12 extends through the opposite sides of the bifurcated end 11 of the bracket 10, is preferably provided at one end with an enlarged head 13' and is adapted to be retained in place by a cotter key 14 extending through the other end of the pivot pin 12, with a washer 15 disposed about the pin 12 between the cotter key 14 and the side wall of the bracket 10. p

In order to pivotally mount the member 6 upon the pivot pin '12, the member 6 is provided with an enlarged opening 16 in the enlarged supporting portion 9 thereof, and in the form of the invention shown in Figs. 2' through 5, an annular bearing 17 is fit into the opening 16 so as to'be freely rotatable therein. Disposed in the bearing 17and closely fitting therein is an annular resilient or compressible bushing 18 which may be made of rubber or other materials having similar properties of resiliency. The bushing 18 is provided with a central opening 19, through which the pivot pin 12 is adapted to project, so

that the pivotal latch member 6 is supported upon the 7 thereof.

bushing 13 for pivotal movements about the bearing 17. However, it will be noted that the pivotal latch member '6 is substantially mounted upon a floating center which may be shifted laterally responsive to pressure applied to the member 6 in a direction normal to its axis of rotation.

In order to apply such pressure to the pivotal latch member 6, it is provided with a rounded cam surface 20 at the juncture of the latching and operating arms The cam surface 20 is adapted to cooperate with the bracket 10 at the base of the slot 11 so as to shift the latch member 6 on its floating axis and com.-'

tween the crestor center of the cam surface 20 and the axis of the' pivot pin 12 is greater than the distance be tween the base of the slot 11 and the axis of thepivot pin 12, while the surface of the latching arm 7 and the operating arm 8 of the latch element 6 which merge with the cam surface 20 are approximately the same distance from the axis of the pivot pin 12 as the distance between the base of the'slot 11 and the axis of the pivot pin 12.

Therefore, when the latch element 6 is in a latching position asshown in full lines in Fig. 3, with the latch' ing arm 7 engaged in one of the slots 5 of the relatively fixed latch part, the center of the pivotal latching member 6 is in axial alignment with the axis of the pivot pin 12, and the resilient bushing 18 and the bearing 17 are in concentric relation to the pivot pin 12, The same conpart. Under such conditions the bushing 18 is substantially uncompressed. Referring to Fig. 4, however, it-

will be observed that when the latch element 5 is swung about the pivot pin'12 to a position where the cam surface -rides over the base of the slot 11, the center of the pivotal latch element 6 is shiftedrelatively-away? from the axis ofthe pivotpin 12, and the resilient bushing. 18 isjcornpressed between the pivot pin '12 and the bearing 17. Accordingly, the tendency of the bushing 18 to resiliently resist such compression will retain the pivotal latch element 6 in either a latching or unlatched position. .Only light manual pressure on the latch arm 8 will be required to rotate the member 6, however.

ln'the modified construction of Fig. 6 the structure is substantially identical except for the fact that. a bearing 17' is disposed aboutthe pivot pin 12 between the bushing'718. and the pivot' pin, instead of about the outerperiphery of the bushi'nglS, as in Figs. 2 through 5. In the construction of Fig. 6 the bushing 18 and bearing17' ro-. tate about thepivot" pin 12 along with the latch element 6, whereas in the form first described, the bushing 18 and hearing 17 remain stationary, while the latch element 6 pivots about the bearing 17. a t

It will now be apparent that a very simple structure which is, easy to manufacture, assemble, and repair has; been provided, andsuch a structure has particularadvantage in applications where the latch assembly'issubs jectcd to vibration; or other factors which would ordinarily tend to cause inadvertent latching or unlatching of;

the latch.

While the specific details of the invention have been herein shown and described, changes and alterations pivotal t latch disposed in said opening when the latch elements are engaged, and means for shifting said pivotal latch element laterally-with respect to the opening therethrough to compress said resilient means upon disengagement of said latch elements.

3.'Latch mechanism as defined in claim 2, wherein said resilient means comprises a compressible annular bushing encircling said pivot pin;

4. Latch mechanism as defined in claim 2, wherein said resilient means comprises a compressible annular bushing encircling saidpivot pin, and including means for preventing said resilient bushing from frictionally resisting pivotal movements of said'pivotal latch element.

5. Latchmechanism as defined in, claim 2, wherein said resilient means comprises a compressible annular bushing encircling said pivot pin, and including abearing t sleeve interposed between said pivot pin and said resilient bushing for; preventing frictional engagement of said bushing and pin. 7

a 6. Latch mechanism as defined in claim 2, wherein said resilient means comprises a compressible annular bush: ing encircling said pivot pin, and including a bearing sleeve interposed between said resilient bushing and said ment of said pivotal latch element and-said bushing.

7 Latch mechanism as defined in claim 2, wherein said pivotal latch element includes a latching arm and an operating arm extending at an angle with relation to one another, said means for shifting the pivotal latch element to compress said resilientmeans comprising a cam formed-at the juncture of said'arms, said supporting means having a surface engageable by said cam and by said arms when said pivotal latch member is swung about I its pivotal support in opposite directions, and said resilient means being free of'co'rnpression when said latch isdisengaged and engaged and being compressed by said cam,

when the pivotal latch element is swung about its pivotal may be resorted to without departing from the spirit thereof as defined in the appended claims. a

I claim: i

l. Latch mechanism for selectively permitting and preventing relative movement of a pair. of members, comprising a pair of cooperative latch elements respective,- ly carried by said members, means including a pivot pin pivotallysupporting one of said latch elements. for, move, men s nt n out la hing a e t th heother latch element, said pivotal latch. element havinga cam surface, said supporting means having a surfacecooperative with said cam surface forcausing lateral displace, ment of the center of pivotal. movement of said pivotal. latch element with relation to the pivot pin, and means for resiliently resisting such lateral displacement including a resilient member interposed between said pivot pin. and said pivotal latch element for retaining said latch elements in engagementvand for supporting said pivotal elements in engagement, and means for moving said; pivotal latch element to overcome said resilient means, that improvement wherein said pivotal latch element has" an opening therethrough larger in diameter than said pivot pin, said pivot pin extending through said opening, and

said resilient means being interposed in said opening and engaged with said pivotal latch elementand' said pivot pin fornormally maintaining said pivot pin concentrically f,

,cluding atpivot pin,

support in opposite directions to and from a latching position.

8; Latch mechanism, including a pivotal latch element x having means for limiting pivotal movements thereof in opposite directions to a latching and non-latching position, atjrelatively stationary latch element engageable by said'pivotali latch element, and means pivotally supporting saidjpivotalflatch element, said supporting means insaid pivotal latch element havingan opening of larger-diameter than said pivot pin through whichs'aidpivot. pin extends, a resilient bushing disposed betweemsaidpivot pin and saidopening'in the,

pivotal latch element and normally maintaining said pivot pin in concentricrelation to said opening whcnthe pivotallatchielemerit is at thelimit of its ,movementin either direction, and "said. pivotal latch element and said: supporting means having cooperative means for relativeiv displacing said pivot pin upon pivotal movementjof said pivotal latch elementto and said pivotal latch element a position where saidpivot. pin is eccentrically disposed: in said, opening so as tocompress said resilient bushing; 9. Latch mechanism as defined in claim 8 wherein the.

imeans for, relatively displacingsa'id pivot pin and said pivotal latch element comprises a cam on said pivotal: latch element for shifting said pivotal latch element in a radial. direction; with respect torsaidpivot pin.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 171,903; Woody Jan, 4, 1876.

317,087 Buzzell May 5, 18851 351,936, Pfing s t Nov- 2, 1886" 1,055,999 Barnett Mar. 18, 1913, 1,280,611 Wiltse et a1. Oct. 1, 1918 l,340,393 Iaques May 18, 1920 1,526,813 Tueckmantel Feb. 17, 1925' 1,884,416 Wachs et a]. Oct. 25, 1932 20835140" element for preventing frictional engage- 1 t Brantingson- June 8, 1937?

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US171903 *Oct 21, 1875Jan 4, 1876 Improvement in side-bar wagons
US317087 *Jan 30, 1885May 5, 1885 Machine-box
US351936 *Jan 21, 1886Nov 2, 1886 Pivotal support for sashes
US1055999 *Apr 3, 1912Mar 18, 1913Howard H BarnettDoor-holder.
US1280611 *Nov 14, 1917Oct 1, 1918Clarence B WiltseShutter-hinge.
US1340393 *Mar 1, 1919May 18, 1920Rufos S JaquesAutomobile-lock
US1526813 *Apr 21, 1922Feb 17, 1925R Neumann Hardware CoBag-frame fastener
US1884416 *Mar 26, 1930Oct 25, 1932Wachs BenjaminLock for hand bags
US2083140 *May 31, 1935Jun 8, 1937Keil Francis & Son IncHinge construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2973985 *Jan 22, 1959Mar 7, 1961Chicago Aerial Ind IncLatching apparatus
US2986046 *Jul 11, 1958May 30, 1961Mount Clemens Metal Products CBrake lever assembly
US20110088436 *Apr 15, 2009Apr 21, 2011Paolo CioniSafety closure device for drawers and doors
EP0026965A2 *Jul 9, 1980Apr 15, 1981Caterpillar Tractor Co.Hydraulic manifold assembly
U.S. Classification74/527, 74/DIG.100, 74/35, 74/529, 292/204
International ClassificationF16B1/00, F16L19/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S74/10, F16L19/005, F16B1/00
European ClassificationF16B1/00, F16L19/00B