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Publication numberUS2928482 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 15, 1960
Filing dateMar 20, 1957
Priority dateMar 20, 1957
Publication numberUS 2928482 A, US 2928482A, US-A-2928482, US2928482 A, US2928482A
InventorsGillette Roy A
Original AssigneeCase Co J I
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Selective hydraulic actuating means
US 2928482 A
Images(5)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 15, 1960 R. A. GILLETTE 2,928,482

SELECTIVE HYDRAULIC ACTUATING MEANS Filed March 20. 1957 5 Sheets-Sheet l a INVENTOR.

RYOY A. GILLETTE B ATTORNE. Y

March 15, 1960 R. A. GILLETTE 2,

SELECTIVE HYDRAULIC ACTUATING MEANS Filed March 20. 1957 5Sheets-Sheet 2 INVHVTOR. ROY A. GILLETTE ATTORNE- Y March 15, 1960 R. A. GILLETTE 2,928,482

SELECTIVE HYDRAULIC ACTUATING MEANS Filed March 20. 1957 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 k 00 E aw, 8 3 g g g N I:

14;: i o N 62/ LIr' DQQ 2 2- L 'flTT" Q I d I I W llll? I I fill k W 2 4 2 u r- Q 1 Q Q N I Q J M INVENTOR. Rev A. GI LLETTE BY ATTORNEY March 15, 1960 R. A. GILLETTE 2,928,482

SELECTIVE HYDRAULIC ACTUATING MEANS Filed March 20. 1957 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 u |I I: I

I 1 1 I I j r-- w t/ E 2 \E 5 ml 2 gggl N w M 9 II AT TORNE Y March 15, 1960 R. A. GILLETTE 2,928,482

SELECTIVE HYDRAULIC ACTUATING MEANS Filed March 20. 1957 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 IIO INV R. 211 14 ROY A. GILLE TTE amiflwbma/ AT TORNE Y United States Patent U 2,928,482 I SELECTIVE HYDRAULIC ACTUATING MEANS Roy A. Gillette, Rockford, Ill., assignor to J. I. Case Company, Racine, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin Application March 20, 1957, Serial No. 647,439

7 Claims. (Cl. 172-404) The present invention relates to power lifts of the fluid pressure type and an object thereof is to generally improve the construction and operation of devices of this class.

It is often desirable in the art of lifting implements and similar loads to lift separate portions of a device or separate sections of an implement substantially identical amounts even though the separate sections or portions are not mechanically or integrally connected. It is known to lift separate sections of an implement :by means of separate hydraulic cylinders, for example, and this arrangement is the subject of applicants pending application Serial No. 590,123, filed June 8, 1956 for Synchronized Multiple Motor Power Lifts, but which will also be fully disclosed herein.

When used in a tractor mounted cultivator, while usually the two hydraulic cylinders will be actuated simultaneously, at times it is desirable to lift the implements on one side at a different time from those on the other and the present invention is directed to expedients providing for selective lifting or control of one cylinder and the implements connected thereto independently of the others and it being simple and convenient by means of the apparatus disclosed to actuate either cylinder independently, in quick succession, as in cultivating pointed rows, or both together as desired. A further object therefore is to provide synchronized operation of two separate fluid motors or individual operation of either fluid'motor independently of the other at will.

Fluid power lift devices are sometimes provided with nonreturn valve arrangements preventing dropping or lowering of the loads imposed on the motors in the absence of positive fluid pressure to actuate the same, as a safety expedient so that the load cannot be dropped inadvertently by untimely operation of the control valve, as disclosed in the pending application of .Talak, Serial No. 617,865, filed October 23, 1956 for Control for Hydraulic Power Lifts, but also fully disclosed herein.

A further object therefore is to provide a device as above which will perform the same functions and allow the same type of operation in a system equipped with such a safety nonreturn valve.

Further objects and advantages will become apparent from the following specification and claims in which an illustrative embodiment of the invention is shown, it being understood, however, that the invention is not to be taken as limited to the construction illustrated or in fact in any manner except as defined in the claims.

In the drawings, Figure l is a plan view of a tractor equipped with mounted cultivator implements and a hydraulic power lift representative of the disclosed embodiments of the invention.

Fig. 2 is a right side elevation, enlarged, of certain mechanism indicated in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged view, largely diagrammatic in character, illustrating a preferred form of certain mechanism indicated in Fig. 1.

2,928,482 Patented Mar.

Fig. 4 is a front elevation of certain mechanism indicated in Fig. l, enlarged and with parts removed.

Fig. 5 is a diagrammatic representation of a slightly modified arrangement of the mechanism indicated in Fig. l.

Fig. 6 is a similar view showing the parts in a different position. 5

Fig. 7 is a similar view showing the parts in still another position.

Fig. 8 is a view of a portion of the of the mechanism indicated in Fig. 3.

Fig. 9 is a similar view with the parts in a different position.

Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 7 but showing the preferred embodiment with the addition of ,a safet nonreturn valve. 1

Fig. 11 is a similar view with the parts in a different position.

Fig. 12 is a similar view with the parts instill another position.

Fig. 13 is a diagram of the mechanism of Fig. 10 with the parts in a different position, and

.Fig. 14 is a similar view with the other position. a

Returning to Fig. l, 20 designates generally a tractor including an engine portion 22, a transmission and axle portion 24, traction wheels 26 and 28, and front wheels 30 and 32, all of which may be ofany suitable orwellknown construction. Tractor 20 carries cultivatingrigs 34 and 36 which may be of conventional construction but including respectively upwardly directed lever arms 38 and 40. Tractor 20 carries a source 'of fluid pressure which will be further described, generally designated as 42, from which fluid is directed as desired to fluid pressure cylinders or motors generally designated as 44 and 46, cylinder 46 having a piston rod 48 connected with a link or push rod 50 pivotally connected at 52 with above-mentioned lever arm 40. In similar manner cylinder 44 is connected through'a push rod 54 to abovementioned lever arm 38. i V

Lever arm 40, as better seen in Fig. 2, is fixed on a preferred form parts, in still anrockshaft 56 carried in a substantially rigid outrigger 58. Rockshaft 56 has an arm 60 pivotally connected to a vertical member 62 which carries a beam or toolbar 64 to which is clamped a series of earth working tools 66, a bracing link 68 being pivoted between vertical member 62 and a downwardly extendingportion 70, of rigid structure 68. It will now be apparent that forward movement of push rod 50 will cause clockwise rotation of lever arm 40 and rockshaft 56, such motion rocking also ,arm 60 and raising member 62 and toolbar 64. Virtually identical'structure is associated with arm "38 on the other side of the tractor and which need not ,be further. described.

As seen in Fig. 3, fluid pressure source 42 includesa reservoir 72, a pump diagrammatically represented as 74 and a control valve generally designatedas 76 which will be described from time to time'as necessary fora full understanding of the invention, but comprising generally a housing 78 including a bore 80 in which is slidable a valve element or spool 82, the latter being "slid-able in the bore by rocking of a lever arm 84 pivoted at .86

way 104 to reservoir 72, the fluid thus circulating idly view. r

' abovermentione'd'c'onduit 106. Fluid will therefore, in

through the valve without objectionable heating or caus- .118.,lcss the cross-sectional arca of piston rod 48 is made equal to'the. area of piston126a presented to chamber 124., Therefore, since the volume of a cylinder is equal tothe cross-sectional area times the length, if

apair ofdisplaccment chambers11 6 and 118 and whiclgi" in the usual application of such cylinders, are commonly known as ;the'push side and pull side respectively.

Piston 114 isfixed on above-mentioned piston rod, 48 which extends out of chamber 118 in a fiuid-tightmanner as well known, and a second conduit 120 leads outof chamber 118 to valve 108. Also'a conduit 122, which .ma y bev considereda continuation of conduit 1211 leads from valve 108 'to the push: side 124 of above-mentinned cylinder Cylinder 44 is provided with a piston 126 connected-with above-mentioned push rod'.54,1

and from they fpull side 128 of cylinder-44a conduit 130 leads to above-mentioned conduit'110 and'has. a branch 132 also leading into valve. 108.-E1The ports and passageways in valve 108,will be described, as; necessary for a full understanding of the action of this valve, it being the areas are, equal and the volumes are equal, the

lengths, or strokes of the pistons will necessarily be equal and the displacement of fluid uponpredetermined movement. of piston 114, as regards chamber; 118, will be the same-as the changein volume of charnlber 124'ffor 'an equal movementof piston 126a." Thus, since the fluid,

commonlyoil, is to all practicalpurposes incompressible, it follows that ,piston126a will be moved simultaneously with,.and the "same distance aspiston 114. In the embodiment of 7,-chamber158 is vented to the' atmosphere through a passageway 160 and an air filter 162 of well known type. g

In other words, cylinder 46 is a so-called double-acting cylinder or fluidmotorwhile cylinder 44a' is a singleacting cylinder or motor.

neutral position similar 'to that of Fig. '3, the fluid im- 'pelled by pump 74 being bypassed about shank 101 as before and. circulating idly. Valve 76 also provides exhaus t ports 164 {and 166 but which, in this position of the valve, are blocked by' a land 168 and above-mentio'ne d land 100 respectively. Thereistherefore;no esstated atthis point that the purpose'of. valve 103 is to to respond to the adjustmentsof. valve 76.. V

cause. either cylinder46 or'cylinder 44 or both together "the exterior of;v'a lve.108 is shown in Fig 4, conduits v 120, 122, and 112Topening toward the obs'erver,.and

open away from the observerand'are not visible in this.

For a primary is. directedto Fig. 7 which shows aslightly modified but closely analogous construction to Fig. 3. However, spool 82 has. been shiited to the right, land. 100 now blocking above-mentioned1port 96. Assumingcylinder 46 full oi fluid, .the following will take place. :Fluid-from pump 14 will be blockedqfrom passage through passageway-'94 cape for' the pressure fluid in conduit106 so that piston 114; is maintained in position to keep the rigs 36 raised.

Furthermore, since piston 114 cannot move, fluid can- :not fiowbackthrough conduit'j120nor 122 so that pis- V ton 126a is also maintained in position to. keep rigs 34 it will be understood that conduits 106, and branch 132 understanding of the device, attention raised, and this condition may be maintained so long as spool '82 is allowed to remain in the position shown in Fig.8..,, f

When it is desired to lower theiinplements, spool 82 j is .shiftedto the po sition shownin Fig. 9. Land168 is then shifted to the left of above-mentioned port 164, V thus opening-above mentioned port 136 about a shank but, land 92;- having been shifted to theright, poi t90 is land. 92and a land 134 'to' a port 136 communicating with well known manner, build up pressuresubstantially instantly. and which will be communicated through conduit 7 now open throughthe space about a shank 133 between 170 to port 164 which in, turn leads, through a passageway 172, back to reservoir 72, thus relieving chamber 116 and permittingrightward movement of piston 114.

Fluid may then exhaust from chamber 124 of cylinder 441; through conduit 122, valve. 108' between lands 144 V and-15amconduit120.f By ,virt'ue of the movement permittedr'piston 114,this fluidmay fill chamber 118.

h'Fluid in chamber 116 may exhaust: through conduit 112 106 to valve 108. Valve 108' has a spool 138 which is slidahle in a'body portion 140 and having a plurality. of lands with. shanks therebetween, the resulting grooves being registerable with a series of ports as will be 'described; In' the position of spool land 146 into a port 148, thence through above-ment l38 shown, fluidin conduit V '106 passes through a port 142 between a land 144andIa tion ed conduit 112 to cylinder. 46' (in a manner identical 0 with that described in connection with Fig. 3). Pressure in chamber 116 causes movement (to the left in this case) of piston,rod. 48, thus reducing the volume of chamber 118. Assuming, as stated; chamber'118 to be full of fluid, it then acts as a pump and forces sum;

and valve, 140 between lands 1441and146 to conduit -;106':and 'then about'shank -170 to reservoir 72 as just described. This will cause synchronous lowering of the implements in a manner substantially exactly the reverse of the process'ot raising hereinbefore dcscribed It will be observed, however, that in this operationabovementioned ran-e102 blocks p'ort, 98 so that, under this condition, fluid' coming from pump 74will pass through above-mentioned port and a port 174 to above-mentioned' gonduit1110. Conduit 110,- however, is blocked. at a"port 176 in'valve 108 as shown in Fig. 7, the pres-.

sure fluidv therefore being forcedythrough a branch 178 through above-mentioned,jconduit "to a port V hetween 'aland'152 and abovc-mentioned land" 144 and.

through a port: 154"to above-mentioned conduit 122 and through conduit 122 into chamber 124' of a cylinder- 44a, thus causing movement also to theleft of a piston 126d; Piston126a has a rod 156 which connects with above-mentioned'pushrod 54.

In the situation shown, it would be highly desirable for pushrods 50 and 5 4 to receive. simultaneous. .and equal movement under the conditions set up in"Fig.. 7v

and this is accomplished as follows. The stroke :of pisand through a relief'valve 180,-and passageway 182 to reservoir 72. {Although thisinvolves continuous escape of relatively high pressure through, valve 180, the loweringprocess consumes only afew secondsso that there is noappreciable wasteof power or heating of thefiuid; it being'underst'ood'that spool 82 is returned to the Fig. 8

position asfsoonas ithe lowering process, is completed.

;Itfis thus-a simplerand convenient matter to raise and "ro er implements simultaneously on, both sides of tractor20. v

Valve 108 has other positions forothertypes'of operation and prqvidesfor actuating .,either cylinder .46 or 2cylinder 44a independently of its companion. .Turning ton 126a is madeequal to that of piston. 1 14and furi e t a gpistq .114. presentdto chamber" iii-Fig; 5 which illustrates control. of motor 46 alone, SPQQLIQBI has been shifted downwardly by means of a .handle184, Fig. 4, Retarningtci Fig; 5; fluid coming Referring to Fig. 8,;spool '82 is shown in a central or from .valve 76 to conduit 106 as describedin connection withFig. 7 will enter port 142 and pass between lands 144 and 146 as before, leaving through port 148 and conduit 112, thus causing actuation of piston 114 and raising of rigs 36on the right-hand side of the tractor, in the embodiment shown. Fluid in chamber 118 will escape as before through conduit 120 but, since. land 152 has now been shifted downwardly, it blocks port154 and opens port 150 to port 176 leading to above-mentioned conduit 110, thus bypassing the fluid from chamber 118 so that it does not actuate piston 126a. Conduit 122 from chamber 124, as heretofore stated, leads into port 154 but which is blocked between lands 144 and 152. Valve 76 is in the position indicated in Fig. 7 and fluid returning through conduit 110 enters abovementioned port 174 and crosses over to above-mentioned port 166, returning to reservoir 172 through a passageway 186. As will be apparent, returning valvespool 82 to the Fig. 8 position will block port 136 and maintain piston 114 in position to hold rigs 36 in their raised position.

.Fig. 6 illustrates the actuation of cylinder 44a independently of cylinder 46, in this instance valve spool 138 being shifted upwardly from the mid-position shown in Fig. 7. With valve 76 shifted into the raising position shown, pressure fluid in conduit 106 enters port 142 in valve 108 but is blocked by the new position of land 146 and does not enter port 148. Land 144, however, has been moved upwardly and the fluid crosses over between lands 144 and 146 to port 154, thus entering conduit 122 and passing therethrough into chamber 124.

' In this condition both ports 148 and 150 are blocked, the

former by land 146 and the latter between lands 144 and 152 so that piston 114 in cylinder 146 is maintained immovable while piston 126a responds to valve 76. As will be apparent, shifting valve 76 to the Fig. 9 position will permit fluid in chamber 124 to reverse or exhaust through conduits 122 and 106 in a manner substantially opposite to the flow in the raising adjustment of valve 76. In this situation fluid coming from pump 74, as in the case of Fig. 9, passes into conduit 110 and exhausts through relief valve 180. As heretofore explained, this conditionobtains for only a very short time and therefore is not objectionable.

Valves 76 and 108 are actuated by suitable controls, above-mentioned lever arm 84, best shown in Fig. 5, being fixed on a shaft 188 journaled on a suitable support 189. Also fixed on shaft 188 is a hand lever 190, rocking of which will cause rocking of shaft 188 and lever arm 84 and consequent shifting of spool 82. Hand lever 190 may be placed in any convenient location but commonly the entire unit 42 is placed within easy reach of the tractor operator so that hand lever 190 is also conveniently located.

Spool 138 of valve 108, as stated, is actuated by a hand lever 184, best seen in Fig. 4. It has an actuating arm 192 pivoted at 194 to above-mentioned spool 138. Lever 184 extends beyond arm 192 and is pivoted at 196 to a link 198, in turn pivoted at 200 on valve body 140. In this manner the rocking action of hand lever 184 is transformed into axial sliding movement of spool 138 with a minimum of complication. A detent spring 202 suitably anchored on body portion 140 engages grooves 204, 206, and 208 respectively in the lower, middle, and upper positions of spool 138, thus yieldingly maintaining the spool in the desired positions.

Referring now to Figs. 3, 13 and 14, the principles of operation are similar except that cylinder 44 is'double-acting rather than single-acting, and that an auxiliary valve generally designated as 209 has been interposed in the conduits 106 and 110 in Figs. 13 and 14, which will be fully described later, but which has no effect insofar as the normal operation of valves 76 and 108 is concerned, and which therefore may be disregarded at this point. With valve 76 in the Fig. 7 ofraising position, pressure fluid will be directed into conduit 106- as heretofore described and will pass through valve 108 to conduit 112 as before, thus causing leftward movement of piston 114. Fluid in chamber 118 again will be displaced through conduit 120, valve 108, and conduit 122, into chamber 124 of cylinder 44. This will cause leftward movement of piston 126 in the manner hereinbefore described and fluid in chamber 128 (assuming cylinder 44 entirely full of fluid as is normal) will be displaced through conduit 130 which joins with conduit 110, this fluid entering port 174, Fig. 7, and crossing over to port 166 between lands 92 and and exhausting through above-mentioned passageway 186 to reservoir 72. The effect then is similar to that obtained by the Fig. 7 embodiment except that chamber 128 is under the control of valve 76 rather than vented to atmosphere.

When it is desired to lower the implements with the Fig; 3 embodiment, valve 76 is placed in the position shown in Fig. 9. Pressure fluid is therefore applied to conduit (relief valve 180 being eliminated in Fig. 3) and travels therethrough and through conduit 130 into chamber 128. On the other hand, fluid is exhausted from chamber 116 of cylinder 46 through conduit 112, valve 108, and conduit 106, crossing over from port 136 'in valve 76 to port 164 and exhausting to reservoir 72 through passageway 172. This permits rightward movement of piston 114, Fig. 3, thereby enlarging chamber 118 and providing for the exhaust of fluid from chamber 124 through conduit 122, valve 107, andconduit into chamber 118. Thus the two sets of rigs may be raised and lowered together by simple manipulation of valve 76 by means of hand lever 190.

Individual control of the two' cylinders is possible and perhaps even more convenient in this embodiment. Turning to Fig. 13, actuation of cylinder 46 alone is accomplished by shifting valvespool 138 to its lowermost position. Under these conditions pressure fluid transmitted to conduit 106 by valve 76 passes between lands 144 and 146 in valve 108, from port 142 to port 148, thence through conduit 112 into chamber 116. Fluid in chamber 118, however, exhausts through conduit 120 into port 150, and, between land 152 and a land 210 to port 176 from which it passes through branch 132 and conduit 110 to reservoir 72 in a manner similar to that described in connection with Fig. 5. Shifting valve 76 to the lowering position reverses the flow, as will be apparent, and provides opposite movement of piston 114 in the manner shown in Fig. 9. Under these conditions conduit 122 is blocked by the position of lands 152 and 144 and therefore pressure in conduit 130, although directed there by valve 76, will have no effect on piston 126. Turning to Fig. 14 which shows spool 138 in its upper most position for actuation of cylinder 44 alone, 'pressure fluid in conduit 106 enters port 142 as before but is blocked from port 148 byland 146. However, it crosses over between lands 146 and 144 to port 154 and passes through conduit 122 into chamber 124 of cylinder 44, this causing leftward movement of piston 126, fluid in chamber 128 exhausting through conduit and valve 76 in the manner indicated in Fig. 7. Since conduit 112 is blocked in valve 108 as stated, piston 114 in cylinder 46 does not move and, in fact, is locked in position since conduit 120 is blocked at port 150 between lands 144 and 152. When it is desired to retract piston 126 or lower the implements connected thereto, valve 76 is placed in the Fig. 9 position, whereupon fluid is forced through conduits 110 and 130 into chamber 128, and exhausted through conduits 122 and 106 from chamber 124. Pressure fluid in conduit 110 cannot affect piston 114 since branch 132 is blocked at port176 by lands 152 and 210.

In fluid actuated power lifts of this nature there is. danger that the implements may be left in a raised. position and that someone unwittingly actuating valve 76 in a lowering direction may permit the implements.

completely fluid-tight so thatimplernentsleft in a; raised position may gradually drop as fiuid seeps through the clearances between the spools and bodies of the valves.

To avoid these ditficulties a safety expedient hereinbefore mentioned has been provided as in the pending Talak application in which, positively seating ball typevalves prevent any return of fluid from the power lift cylinders except when such return is intentional, Such valves can be interposed, in the present instance in above-mentioned,

conduits .106 and 110, and, insofar 'as the preferred embodiment is concerned, outside of the" resulting in j creased safety 'ti'On;

In Fig.

and efliciency, willnot affect the opera designated as;2ii9 is shown in axial section associated with above-mentioned. valve 76. In this view valve 76 is in the niddle, orh'olding position so that pump 74 is bypassing through passageway V 104. Assuming, however,

.in conduit 106, new into port, 136, from which seepage might take place, is preventedrby a ballvalve 212 seated in a shouldered bore 214 and pressed by a spring 216. Assuming now that it is desiredrto lower theimplements, it is-necessary .to, provide a backflow of fluid fin conduit;

of fluidinto reservoir 72 if the pressure approaches a dangerous values a H a The operation oi the arrangement is thoughtito'. be

V respond to said valve after adjustmentot valve 108' to) its opposite extreme position. These two operations can' 15 12 such a safetynonreturn valve generally clear from the foregoing description, sufiicienfto say, I 'thatjwith 'valve108'in its middle, adjustment, both fluid motors willjrespond to shifting of valve 76, implements on both sides of the tractor being raisedor lowered" simultaneously and equal amounts under control of the tractor operator, On the other hand, with valve 108 adjusted in one of its other. positions, one cylinder only will respond to.valve 76 while. the other cylinder will follow each other in rapid successiomas necessary in cultivating pointed rows, for example, by simple andfl easily learned manipulation of theitwo valves, it being '20 that there-is pressure, due to the weight ofimplements,"

pos'sihleto raise the implements on either side alone and then in a very short time to lift the implements on the other side. Conversely, with both. sets of'irnplemcnts raisedtand entering a pointed row, either. side my be lowered first, followed promptly'or as soon as necessaryby the otherside; Along withthes' advantagesfiti'sf possible to provide a safeguarda'gainst accidental or on desired dropping of the implements, without in any way interfering with the desiredsimultaneous and'individual' "control of the'iinplements.

106 as indicated in Fig; 11. Under these conditions port 1 136 is connected to exhaust passageway 172 whereas pump 7'diis connected through port 90 with port 174.,

Ball valve 212' is carried in a valve body '21,providing a bore 220 and inwhich is slidable a piston jor slug 222, and the aforesaid. adjustment of valve. 76 transmits the pressure from'pump 74 in this case to, the right side of piston 222 in bore 220. This fluid pressure does two things, first it forces aball valve 224 off of a seat in a bore 226 against the pressure of a spring 228 and passes through conduit 110, thereby initiating retracting movement of whichever piston happens to be controlled by valve 108. Second, at the same time it presses piston 222 to the left so that a stem 230 unseat's ball212, thus allow ing the necessary backfiow through conduit 106;- Turning nowf'to Fig. 10, when it isdesired to raise the implements, pressure fi'uid from pump .74' is transmitted from port .90 to port 136 and to hore'229 on the left side of piston 222. a manner analogous to that just described, this pressure fluid unseats ball valve 212 thereby gaining access to conduit 106, while also forcing piston 222 to the rightfso that a stein232 unseats above-mew tioned ball valve 224. In this manner the high pressure fluid obtains access to conduiti106 and the exhaust fluid returns through conduit 110. Thus the exhaust orre Theiabove being a complete disclosure of an illustrative embodiment of the invention, what is claimed as new; and

desired to'lbe secured by Letters Patent of the United- States is':' f r a I 1. In a power lift for tractor mounted implements the combination of a source of pressure fluid, a control valve for said pressure'fiuid,'a pressureconduit and an exhaust conduit controlled by said control valve, 21' first cylinder containing a piston having a push side and a pull side}, adapted to-raise and lower afirst set of earth-working rigs connected thereto, a second cylinder containing a piston 7 having a push side and a pull side adapted to raise and lower a second set of earth working rigs connected therc to, a selectorvalve connected tosaid pressure and eX- haust conduits, conduits connected to' said selector valve and to the 'push' side and the pull side respectively of. V

' each of the cylinders, said selector valve connecting saidpressure conduit with the push side of'the first cylinder, andthe pull side of the first cylinderfwith the; push side of thesecondicylinder, said selector valve having another position in which it connects said pressure conduit withturn of fluid to the reservoir through eithenconduit depends upon the presence of fluid pressure in the opposite conduit so that, if 'pump 74 is not running and for that 7 reason no fluid pressure is available in'po'rt 90. no'amoiint of manipulation of valve 76 nor of valve 108 will have 7 any effect on either of the motors'flgttamg 44 Beyond valve 218It'he operation is 7 described in connection with Figs."3, 13.and 14. "In the Fig. 10 embodiment both motors 45$ and 46 will'respond tojthe adjustments of valve 76. in the Fig.f13 adjust= adjustment motor 44 alone will respond. In all of these adjustments ,of this embodiment of the invention, i valve 209 is effective and, whilenot interfering in any manner with normal operation, will secure implements, if raised,- against. inadvertent drop ing and also against gradual I inder,;an d the pull side of the first cylinder with. the push sidei of; the secondcylinder, s'aidfselector valve having" While the devicessubstantially fool-proof, if any;

possibility: as for exampleinept operation of valve 108,

'den ical with that inent motor 46 alone will respond,.anjd in the Fig. l4y

the push side of the first cylinder, and the pull side or said'fi'rst cylinder with said. exhaust conduit, and another position 111 'Wh1Ch it connects said pressure conduit-with. the push side of the second cylinder and the pull side of said secondcylinder with said exhaust conduit.

2. in a' power lift fortractor mounted implements the combinationof a source of. pressure fluid, a controlvalve for said PIESSUICfiUlCLfl pressure conduit and an exhaust conduit controlled .by ,saidcontrol valve, 21 first cylinder containing a piston having a push sideand. a pull side adapted to raise. and lower a first set ofearth working rigs connected theretoya second cylinder'containing a piston having a push side and -.apull sideadapte'd' to raise and lower a second/set of earth working vrigs con nected thereto, a selector valve connected to said. pressure and exhaust conduits, conduits connected to said selector flow of fluid is bocked into either cylinder 44 or 46, ex,-

cessive pressure might be built up in passageways 88 and 94, wh ch excessive; pressure is relieved by the usual over; pressure. valve 234; which does not-interfere with free valve and to the push side and the" pull side respectively of each of the cylinders, said selector valve-connecting said: pressure conduit, with thepush side of, the first cyl another position in which it'lcon'nects said pressure con- .duit with: the'push side of the first cylinder, and the double acting fluid motor including a first displacement member adapted to position an earth working rig secured thereto, and a single acting fluid motor having a second displacement member responsive to pressure in the pressure chamber defined by the servo motor and second displacement element and adapted to position an earth Working rig secured thereto, the combination of a pump supplying fluid under pressure through first conduit means to a selector valve, second conduit means connecting the selector valve with the inlet of the pump, control valve means located between the pump and selector valve for controlling the flow of fluid in the first and second conduit means between the pump and selector valve, third conduit means connecting the selector valve with one side of the double acting fluid motor, fourth conduit means connecting the other side of the double acting fluid motor with the selector valve, fifth conduit means connecting the pressure chamber of the second servo motor with the selector valve, whereby upon movement of the selector valve to a position to interconnect the first with the third conduit means and the fourth and fifth conduit means the first and second displacement members are moved in the same direction to adjust the positions of the rigs secured thereto; and, upon movement of the selector valve to a second position to interconnect the first with the third conduit means and the fourth and second conduit means while blocking ofif the fifth conduit means the first displacement member may be actuated to adjust the position of the rig secured thereto; and, upon movement of the selector valve to a third position to interconnect the first and fifth conduits while blocking the third and fourth conduits the second displacement member may be actuated to adjust the position of the rig secured thereto independently of the first displacement member.

4. A hydraulic system for positioning Working implements including a first and second servo motor, each adapted to be connected with an implement, a source of fluid under pressure, selector valve means for regulating the flow of fluid to the servo motors, control valve means for controlling the flow of fluid between the source of fluid under pressure and the selector valve, and conduit means interconnecting the source of fluid under pressure, control valve, selector valve, and first and second servo motor means, whereby when the selector valve is moved to one position fluid under pressure is supplied to one side of the first servo motor and fluid from the other side of the first servo motor is directed to one side of the second servo motor to simultaneously position the first and second servo motors; upon movement of the selector valve to a second position fluid under pressure is supplied to said one side of the first servo motor, the flow of fluid to said second servo motor is blocked and the other side of the first servo motor is exhausted whereby the position of the implement secured to the first servo motor may be adjusted independently of the second servo motor; and, upon movement of the selector valve to a third position fluid under pressure is directed to one side of the second servo motor and flow of fluid from said first servo motor is blocked whereby the position of the implement secured to the second servo motor may be adjusted independently of the first servo motor.

servo motor whereby when the selector valve is in the first position theimplements secured to the servo motor are adjusted at the same rate.

6. In a selective hydraulic actuating means including a source of fluid under pressure, first and second servo motors for positioning earth working implements or the like, selector valve means for regulating the flow of fluid to the servo motors, control valve means for controlling the flow of fluid between the source of fluid under pressure and the selector valve, first conduit means intercom necting the source of fluid under pressure and control valve, second conduit means interconnecting the control valve and selector valve, and third conduit means interconnecting the selector valve and first and second servo motors, whereby when the selector valve is moved to one position fluid under pressure is supplied to one side of the first servo motor and fluid from the other side of the first servo motor is directed to one side of the second servo motor to simultaneously position the first and second servo motor; upon movement of the selector valve to a second position fluid under pressure is supplied to said one side of the first servo motor, the flow of fluid from the second servo motor is blocked, and the other side of the first servo motor is exhausted, whereby the position of the implement secured to the first servo motor may be adjusted independently of the second servo motor;

and, upon movement of the selector valve to the third position fluid under pressure is directed to one side of the second servo motor and flow of fluid from said first servo motor is blocked whereby the position of the implement secured to the second servo motor may be adjusted independently of the first servo motor, and safety valve means interposed in said second conduit means for preventing inadvertent change in position of either or both of the servo motors.

7. A selective hydraulic actuating means in accordance with claim 6 in which the second conduit means includes a supply and exhaust conduit between the control valve and selector valve, and the safety valve means includes a housing containing a slidable abutment member dividing the housing into first and second chambers communicating with the supply and exhaust conduit respectively, a non-return valve in each of said supply and exhaust conduits for preventing the flow of fluid back through said supply and exhaust conduits, and means on said abutment for opening the return valve in the exhaust conduit when fluid under pressure is directed to the supply conduit, first chamber, and non-return valve to the sclector valve.

References Cited the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,112,466 Maloon Mar. 29, 1938 2,309,158 Benjamin Jan. 26, 1943 2,337,764 Mott Dec. 28, 1943 2,506,008 Arps May 2, 1950 2,722,804 Stickney Nov. 8, 1955

Patent Citations
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US2309158 *Jan 13, 1941Jan 26, 1943Int Harvester CoAgricultural implement
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3304633 *May 8, 1964Feb 21, 1967Caterpillar Tractor CoHydraulic circuit
US3618984 *Jul 28, 1969Nov 9, 1971Caterpillar Tractor CoPilot selector valve for simultaneously controlling separate fluid circuits
US5449042 *May 4, 1994Sep 12, 1995Deere & CompanyRephasing controlling/controlled hydraulic cylinders in folding implement frame
Classifications
U.S. Classification172/304, 172/470, 60/471
International ClassificationA01B63/32, A01B63/00, A01B63/10
Cooperative ClassificationA01B63/10, A01B63/32
European ClassificationA01B63/32, A01B63/10