US 2929160 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
WORD DRILL BOARD Beatrice Lyttle, Middlebury, Conn.
Application October-'6, '1958,Serial No. 7655 597 i-Claims. totes-73 This invention relates 'to a word'drill'board, andhas 'for an object'to provide a device'of this character which is adapted to be used by'a-small childtohelp himto coordinate and learn differentwor'ds, and may be employed by a teacher in school orby parents 'of'the child.
Another-object is to provide a device whichprovides greater opportunities for word comparisompfieredin a new'manner for a quicker and-more-successful'way of iteaching word' perception.
Still another object-is to-provide a devicewhich has for the child the challenge of a game, the feel" of a puzzle, "and'oiiers great satisfaction for completion, *and when employed as'a game will challenge children-and 'stimuiate themto'put forth an effort they-would-notuse forfor'dinary word drill and one'to' which they would-gi-ve m'ore -voluntary attention than they would give to the methods now commonly used.
A-stillfurther-object-is to provide a'devicein which other vocabularywords 'may'be built around the obje'ct words by'having them form sentences, with-the use of-two or three extra words used with and after'the basic words "havebeenlearned.
With-the foregoingand other objects in-view lhave devised the construction illustrated inthe-accompanying drawing forming a part of thisspescification. *It is, however,=to be understood the invention is not limitedtoithe specific details of construction and'arrangements'hown, butm'ay embody various changes and modifications within the scope of'the invention.
In this drawing:
Fig. 1 is a front view. of the board. showingit .completed in using the pictures of diiierentnanied objects and of cards to be associated therewith;
,Fig. .2 is a partial vertical section ssubstantially on line 722 Of Fig.1;
Fig. 3 isagpartial vertical view:and-partial longitudinal :section taken substantially on line3.-3-.of Fig. =1;
Fig. 4is-a front view of one ofrthecards;
FigsSis an end view thereof;
Fig. 6 is a front view of another card;
Fig. 7 is an end view thereof;
Fig. 8 is a front view of the board turned to a position substantially at right angles to Fig. 1 to illustrate another use of the board, and
Fig. 9 is an edge view of the upper portion thereof, looking from the right of Fig. 8.
This device comprises a board 10 of any suitable material including a backing or body 11 on the front surface or side of which is mounted means for removably holding various other elements of the device. Although the board is normally used in the horizontal position, it will be considered as comprising a top edge 12, a bottom edge 13 and upright lateral side or end edges 14 for more easy identification. Mounted on the front of this board adjacent the top edge thereof is means for removably holding an elongated strip 15 of material on which may be printed or otherwise provided and arranged side by side pictures of a series of different objects 16, the objects and effective means is that shown, comprising a-pair of inwardly facing upright guide channels 18 adjacent the 'oppositeend or upright side edges of the'board, and open at-the top edge of the board for easy insertion and removal of thestrip'15.
, Also mounted on the'front face of the board and below thestrip 15 whenthe strip-isin place is means of remova'bly 'mounting a plurality of cards. In the board shown 'this means comprises a series of upright guide means "each' comprising a pair of laterally spaced inwardly facing 'guide-channels 19, which'channels are also open-'at the top-for insertion 'ot a series of separate cards 20,21, 22, 23 and 24, eachguidemeans being-arranged so as to be in alignment with and under one of the pictures of the objects-seen on the strip '15. These channels may "be provided by strips 19a of suitable material and there may or may not'be an-upwardlyfaeing channel 19b intbe -lower-strip"19'c. These cards may be of any suitable-material, such, for example, as stiff paper or the like, or cardboard, and are of a size to be-readily inserted in the open top ends of the channels 19 .and to lie edge to edge one above the other; or-side by side as shown in Fig. 1. Each card has printed'thereon a name corresponding to the-name ofaone of the objects pictured on the strip 15;and
.in each :set there :is provided a number of these "cards aco'rresponding toeach of the pictures on-a given strip. ilhus,:for=-examp1e, thereare a number QfidentieaLca-rds Fhaving'the word duck printedthereon corresponding-to :the first :picture-of the strip' with a similarseriesof cards for the remaining pictures. The word printed on each A card is :preferably identical with the word printed under :the .picture-to whichit-applies. That is, his preferably *of-thesamesize and-type of l'ettering,- and is-a'lso arranged :closerto-the topiedgeof the card than-to the bottom-edge so that it will be indicated to the :child which is the=top edge -shouldxhe not have suflicientknowledge of the word to determine the upright position of the word from the 'rword-itse lf. Itiis gpre'ferred to have not more than'five 'rpictures on a single strip 15, although of icoursethe number mayzbe made more or less as found deisr' able, abut in:use of thedevice astindicated, five isgenerally the .ipreferredznumber. I
It will be understood that in any given 1 set of :the detvice,:one aorrmore stri-ps '15 having pic'turesiof different Fig. 1 showing the cards correctly inserted. As the name printed on the respective cards is the same and identical with that printed on the strip 15 for each picture, the child can readily match up the cards for the corresponding object and learn the word that identifies this object, the word being repeated for each object depending on the number of cards for each picture. Also as the name is printed adjacent the top edge of the card it indicates to the child which longitudinal edge is the top edge of the card and how the card is to be inserted in the guideways 19, even should the child not be sufliciently familiar with the word to know its upright position.
Not only may the child learn the proper word or pic- Patented Mar. 22 1960 of difierent objects 'the words.
childs parents at home.
vocabulary words can be built around the object words, such as those on the cards 20 to 24. That is, the board 'may be turned to a position ninety degrees from Fig. 1,
as shown in Fig. 8, so that the guide channels 19 are horizontal, and then other cards such, for example,as the cards 25 and 26, with other words whereby sentences may be formed with one or more'cards 20 to 24 having the from this device, but other object words thereon, as indicated in Fig. 8. Thus, by use of two or three extra words, for example, sentences may .be formed after the five basic or object words are learned.
Thus, as indicated above, this device may be used by a small child to readily help him to coordinate and learn It is a simple and efiective device which may be used either by a teacher in school or by the It also eliminates that human element, a poor or unenthusiastic teacher. It will provide a challenge to the children and stimulate them to put forth an eflort they would not use for ordinary word drill. They will give it more voluntary attention than the methods now commonly used. It can be used as a competitive game by several children to see which can complete his board first. In addition to its use to permit other vocabulary words to be built around the object words by having them form sentences with the use of two or three extra words after the five object words have been learned, as above described, it provides an easy .way to build a pattern of perception quickly and well, and
it may be used later for phonics drill, as for example:
father at farm or bat fruit fat Still furthen'manipulation by this device by a child develops skill. It may also be correlated with readers, and the greater activity for word comparison offered in this new manner makes for a quicker and more successful way of teaching word perception, a word drill presented in a new manner. To a child it has the challenge of a game, the skill of a puzzle, and the offer of great satisfaction on completion. In it, the child has many visual strip a series of pictures of different objects and the 7 name of the object associated with each picture, an upright guide means under each picture comprising laterally spaced inwardly facing channels, and a series of separate cards for each picture each having the name of the object of this picture printed, thereon and adapted to be inserted into the guide means associated with the corresponding picture providing a vertical column of these cards one above the other under this picture.
2. A word drill devicecomprising a board having at its upper end adjacent its opposite upright edges laterally spaced inwardly facing guide channels, a paper strip mounted at its opposite ends in said channels and having printed thereon a series of pictures of diiferent objects arranged side by side longitudinally of the strip and the name of the object under each picture, said board provided on its front face under each picture with a guide means comprising laterally spaced upright inwardly facing channels, and a series of separate cards for each picture having printed thereon the name of the object for said picture and each adapted to be inserted in the guideway under the corresponding picture and held in a vertical line of a plurality of said cards one above the other in alignment with the picture.
3. A word drill device comprising a board, an elongated strip mounted in a horizontal position at the top of plurality of separate cards for each picture having printed thereon the name of the picture in the same size and type of lettering as that under the corresponding picture and arranged closer to the top edge of the card than the bottom edge, and means on the board for removably holding a plurality of the cards carrying the name for each picture in a vertical line side by side one above the other under the picture and in alignment therewith.
4. A word drill device comprising a board having top and bottom longitudinal edges and upright side edges, said board provided on its front face at the top thereof with upright inwardly facing channels adjacent its upright side edges and open at the top adapted for insertion of the opposite ends of an elongated strip having a series of pictures of diliferent objects thereon arranged side by ,side longitudinally of the strip, and a series of upright guide means on the front face of the board each comprising a pair of laterally spaced inwardly facing channels open at the top for insertion of the opposite end edges of a series of separate cards one above the other in vertical alignment with one of the pictures.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 388,486 Hall Aug. 28, 1888 1,394,620 Haupt Oct. 25, 1921 1,401,341 McDade Dec. 27, 1921 1,826,934 Holmes Oct. 13, 1931 1,830,150 Weishaar Nov. 3, 1931 2,474,447 Wheelock June 28, 1949