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Publication numberUS292919 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 5, 1884
Publication numberUS 292919 A, US 292919A, US-A-292919, US292919 A, US292919A
InventorsGael Axel Kjhlgken
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Gael axel kihlcreen
US 292919 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 292,919, dated February 5, 1884;.

Application filed October 2-1, 1883. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, CARL AxnL KIHLGREN,

of Boston, in the county of Suffolk, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Manikins, Au tomata, or Jointed Dolls; and I do hereby declare the same to be described in the following specification and represented in the accompanying drawings, of which- Figure 1 is a side view of a doll provided with my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of it. Fig. 3 is a side view, and Fig. 4a vertical section, of the duplex cup or ball-j oint used at the neck, the elbows, shoulders, hips, knees, and ankles of the figure, or either, as circumstances may require.

In the drawings the body or trunk'of the doll or figure is shown at A, the head at 13, each arm at C, and each leg at D.

In carrying out my improvement I compose any one or each of the joints of the manikin, as circumstances may require, or as it may be deemed advisable, of two cups and two connected balls, the said balls being within the cups and joined by a short shank extending from one to the other of such balls, all being as represented in the drawings, in which the two cups are shown at E E, the two balls at F F, and the connection or shank of such balls at G. Each cup is a hollow spherical segment in shape, and is provided with three tapering projections or prongs, at, extending from its edge at equal distances apart, and lapping on the spherical ball extending within the said cup, such projections being not only to hold the ball and cup in connection, but to allow of the shank being moved up to the edge of either cup, The two members or parts to be so jointed together-as the trunk and a thigh, or head and trunk, for instance-are each to be suitably recessed to receive within it one of the two cups, which is to be properly fastened in place. The two connected balls are next to be inserted in the cups, after which the prongs a of each cup are to be bent down upon the ball in it, so as to hold such ball in connection with the said cup and allow of the ball being turned or revolved therein. A figure having any one or more of its joints so made is to have to the space between the joints a cloth or yielding cover, I), to hide from view the parts of the joint; and in order to keep such covering suitably extended one or more flexile wires, 0, may be attached to the edge of one of the j ointed parts, and run through one or more eyes, guides, or staples, cl, suitably arranged in the other of the jointed. parts.

In a manikin or doll having its head, each arm, and each leg connected with the trunk or body by a duplex ball-joint, as described, and also having such a joint in each elbow and knee, much greater and more natural movements of its members can be eifected than where each may be joined to another or the trunk by a single ball-joint.

I therefore claim 1. An automaton, manikin, or doll having any two of its parts jointed together, combined by means of a duplex ball-j oint, substantially, and arranged with them, as described.

2. The described duplex ball-joint, essentially as set forth, consisting of the two balls, their connecting-shank, andthe two cups, arranged with the balls and having prongsto lap on them, as explained.

3. The combination, in a manikin or doll, of two members or parts thereof connected by a duplex ball-joint, as set forth, with a cloth or flexile covering extended from one to the other of such members or parts, and inclosing the space between them, and with one or more flexile wires projecting from the edge of one of such members or parts through a guide or guides in the other and arranged with the said covering, substantially as set forth.



R. H. EDDY, E. B. Pawn.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2649806 *Jul 19, 1949Aug 25, 1953Monaghan Frank PDoll or manikin joint
US3243916 *Nov 27, 1963Apr 5, 1966Ryan John WWalking toy
US5257873 *Apr 6, 1992Nov 2, 1993Abbat Jean PierreArticulated doll joint
US6089950 *Jun 1, 1998Jul 18, 2000C. J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US6287166Apr 17, 2000Sep 11, 2001C. J. Associates, LimitedToy figure with articulating joints
US6328625Apr 17, 2000Dec 11, 2001C. J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US6435938Apr 17, 2000Aug 20, 2002C.J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US6482068May 3, 2002Nov 19, 2002C.J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US6514119Apr 17, 2000Feb 4, 2003C. J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US6537130Sep 7, 2000Mar 25, 2003C.J. Associates, Ltd.Jointed support system and method of constructing same
US6607684Sep 19, 2000Aug 19, 2003C. J. Associates, Ltd.Method of making a jointed linkage support system
US6638136Apr 17, 2000Oct 28, 2003C.J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US6830497Nov 24, 1999Dec 14, 2004C. J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US6869331Oct 24, 2003Mar 22, 2005C. J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US6932669Jun 11, 2003Aug 23, 2005C.J. Associates, Ltd.Jointed linkage system
US9056258Feb 19, 2010Jun 16, 2015Mattel, Inc.Toy figures
US20030205842 *Jun 11, 2003Nov 6, 2003Lee James S. W.System for molding a jointed linkage support system
US20040092203 *Oct 24, 2003May 13, 2004C.J. Associates, Ltd.Toy figure with articulating joints
US20110189922 *Feb 19, 2010Aug 4, 2011Derek HandyToy figures
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/18