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Publication numberUS2930074 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 29, 1960
Filing dateJun 13, 1958
Priority dateJun 13, 1958
Publication numberUS 2930074 A, US 2930074A, US-A-2930074, US2930074 A, US2930074A
InventorsPaul J Marks
Original AssigneePaul J Marks
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hinged door check
US 2930074 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 29, 1960 P. J. MARKS 2,930,074

HINGED DOOR CHECK Filed June 13, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 21 2 FIG. 2

INVENTOR. PAUL J. MARKS btam-cj March 29', 1960 J MARKS 2,930,014

HINGED DOOR CHECK Filed June 13, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. PAUL J. MARKS HINGED DOOR CHECK Paul J. Marks, Rochester, NY.

Application June 13, 1958, Serial No. 741,850

8 Claims. (Cl. 16-140) This invention relates to an improved hinged device,

and more particularly to an improved leaf hinged check device having adjustable means for frictionally holding a swinging member, such as a door, in any desired position.

In certain instances, it is desirable to provide a means for reliably maintaining swinging members, such as doors,

in a desired open position, or to provide a means for preventing their inadvertent slamming because of winds,-

drafts, or other causes. As most existing door and frame constructions are adapted to employ conventional leaf type hinges, the pri mary object of this invention is to provide an improved' hinged check device which is easily used in place of a con-- ventional leaf hinge or installed in addition thereto.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved leaf hinged check device having means inherent in the device itself for frictionally holding the device a predetermined angular position.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved leaf hinged check device having a means for ad-' justing the bearing friction between the moving parts of the hinge.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improven hinged check device having means for varyingits frictional resistance when in position. V

- 'A still further object of this invention is to provide an improved frictionally adjustable leaf hinged check'de vice which is adaptable to replace an existing hinge assembly.

A still further object of this invention is to provide an improved frictionally adjustable leaf hinged check device which can be easily installed on existing door frame assemblies. 1

A still further objection of this invention is to provide an improved frictionally adjustable leaf hinged check de-' vice which is simple in its construction, and reliable and 7 effective in its operation.

.Other objects, purposes, and characteristic features of" this invention will be apparent from the accompanying drawings, the-specifications, and the recital of the .ap -j pended claims. In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a front view of one embodiment of the'leaf hinged check device in assembled-position; Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the leaf hinged check device taken at line 2-2; I

Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view. of the leaf hinged check device taken at line 3-3; 1 I e f Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of the leaf hinged check device;

Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view ofFig. lv at line. 5+5 1 of the leaf hinged check device in a closed position.

Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a modified form, of

leaf hinged check device taken at line 6,-6 of Fig. 8;

' Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the modified form of the leaf hinged check device taken at line7+7 ofj Fig. 8;

Fig. 8 is a front view of the modified form of the leaf:

hinged check device; Y

V Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a portion of tion' of the journal with the rod removed.

The'embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. 1 I through 4 is adaptable to replace the conventional leaf engage and axially align with the journals 13 of the:

' leaf 10.

Each of the journals 14 is transversely split by an elongated cut or slit 15 which extends into the flat portion of the leaf 11. The leaf 11 is also provided with two sub- -stanti,ally parallel elongated slits 16 which extend into the flat portion of the leaf 11 on the same lines or planes as the edges of the journals 14. The elongated slits 15 and 16 provide flexibility and lateral deflectability to the intermediate portions of the journals 14. In accordance" with the size of the hinged device, the flat portion of the leaf 11 may be formed with elliptical depressions 50 on its underside to render a greater flexibility to the journals 14.

Frictionally mounted in the journals 13 and 14' of the leaves 10 and 11 is a fibrous tubular-rod or sleeve 17.

receive the pressurebar 20 when the hinge is in a closed i position. This arrangement permits the surfaces of the 7 leaves '10 and-11 to lay flat in relation to each other,"

The sleeve 17 engages and surrounds a rod or hinge pin 18. Connected to the upper end of the fiber sleeve 17 are pins '23 which rest in slots 24 formed in the outer edge of the journal 13 of the leaf 10, and are provided to prevent-rotation of the rod or sleeve 17 relative to thejournal l3. Each end of the hinge pin 18 is adaptable to threadably receive a retaining nut 19. The retaining nuts 19 may be knurled or otherwise configurated to permit easy assembly or disassembly.

An elongated pressure bar 20, which is substantially the same thickness as the leaf 10, is threadably and adjustably secured to the flat portion of the leaf 11 across the slits 15 and 16 and alongside the journals 14 by adjusting screws 21.

The-pressure bar is provided with rivets or studs 22 which'are adapted to engage the flexible surface of the leaf-11 between each pair of slits 15 and 16 respectively."

The tightening of the adjusting screws 21 creates a ten- 7 sion on the outer sections of journals 14 and a pressure on the inner flexible portions'of the journals 14 thereby, tending to cause ,a lateral flexing of the leaf 11 and'an axial-misalignment of the journalsld, which increases thefrictional resistance of the hinge pin 18 and the sleeve 17 in the journal 14..

The leaf 10 has-an elongated opening 25 adaptableto thereby permitting a door D, for example, onv which it isused, to be completely closed. Although Fig. 5 shows the door D and the door frame F not quite closed, it is apparent that the hinge leaves 10 and 11 are adapted to bear against each other in the closed position.

The modified form of the invention shown in .Fig. 6

through 9; is intended to be used in addition to the existing hinges already provided in a door, although it may;

existing hinges in light weight door'i be used inplace of and frame assembly. it:

In the modified embodiment of this inventionfafflat leaf 30 is adaptable to be secured to a door frame :b,.-1.l

screws inserted in the counter-sunk openings 31.

Patented Niar. 29, 1960 the modified leaf hinged check device showing the misaligned posi-- inner'end' of the plate 39 is rigidly attached by a rivet 32 in a slot 34'which is provided in the upper end of a rod or hinge pin 33. The rod 33 is normally mounted in a plurality of axially aligned journals 41, 42, 43, 44, and 45; which are integrally formed in-' a leaf hinge member 37. Journals 41 and 45 are-theouter journals,-

journals 42 and 44 are intermediate journals; and jour- Interposed between and nal 43is the center journal. frictionally engaging each of the journals 41 through 45 and the rod 33-is a plurality of brass orbronze bushings 35. However, the bushing- 35' may. be formed 'of'a continuous-tube which extends into and enga'ges-all thejournals ll-through 45'. The journal' portions 4'l through 4S-and the bushings 35 are separatedbyelongated snb stantially parallel slits 38' which extend' into the: flat portion of the hinge leaf 37. The leaf 37 isadapted to be attached to a door byconventional screws inserted" through the countersunk-openings 36'.

- Aupressure bar 39 provided with sockets-46-is-attached to and positioned across the parallel slits 38*alongside pressure bar 39, are adjusting'bolts40; The-adjustable tighteningofthe threaded bolts 40 createsa tension on the outer journals 41 and 45 and exerts a pressure on journals. 42 and M-thereby tendingto: flexor misalignthe journals il-through 45, whichcauses themed-3340 frictionally resist rotation in the journals 41 through 45 to a greater or lesser degree in accordan'ce with? the adjustment made.

Fig. 9'exemplifies the misaligned or flexed position of thejournals41, 42 and 43 with thebar- 39 in a relatively tightly adjusted condition and the rod 33 removed'from thev journals.

Thus, I have provided an improvedleaf hinge,- and leaf hinged check device, one embodiment which is intended to replace the conventional leaf hinges now in operation, and the other embodiment is intended to sup" plement and be used in addition to the leaf hinges already. installed where it seems undesirable to removethe present conventional type hinge.

It is apparent from the-preceding description that adoor provided with this invention can also be easily removed from its'frame for repairs and the like.

the-screws 21 which are threaded in theleaf; 11-thereby permittingthe journals to realign with the result that the pin 18 can be easily removed In the embodiment ofthe invention shown in Figs. 8 the screws 40 which arestood that it is capable of further.modification and this' application is intended to cover any. variations; uses, or adaptations of the inventionfollowing, in general, the

principles-of the invention, and including 'such'departures" from the present disclosure as come within knownor customary practice in the art to which-theinvention per-- tains, and asfall within the scope" of the invention or thc'limits of the appended claims.

Inserted through the flat portion of the 'leaf.

If the-- door is provided with the embodimentof the invention shown in Fig. ,1, all that is necessary is-thelooseningof- What I claim is:

'1. A hinge for hingedly connecting two parts, said hinge comprising a hinge pin, a member secured to said hinge pin for fastening the hinge to one of said parts, a leaf having a journal portion which is jonrnaled on said hinge pin, and a fastening portion for fastening the hinge to the other of said parts, said leaf having at least one pair of parallel slits extending through its journal portion and part way into its fastening portion transversely of said hinge pin'to provide a portion which is flexible transversely of said hinge pin, a bar secured to said fastening portion to extend transversely of said slits, andm'eans carried by said bar for'engaging said flexible portion to flex thesame.

2. A hinge for hingedly connecting two parts, said hinge comprising a hinge pin, a member secured to said hinge pin for fastening the hinge to one of said parts, a leaf having a journal portion which is jonrnaled on said hinge pin and a'fastening portion for fastening the hinge'to the other of said parts, said leaf having at least one pair of parallel slits extending through its journal portionand part way into the fastening portion transversely of said hinge pin to provide a portion which is flexible transversely of said hinge pin, abar secured to said fastening portion, means carried by said bar for'engaging said flexible portionto flex the same, and means for adjustably varying the flexing pressure on said flexible portion.

3; A hinge'fort hingedly connecting two parts, said hingecomprisinga hinge pin, a member secured to said hinge pin for fastening the hinge to one of said parts, a-leaf: havinga journal portion which is journaledon said hinge" pin and a fastening portion for fastening the hinge'tothe'other of said parts, said leaf having two pairs of parallel slits extending part way into its fastening portion, .at least one pair of said parallel slits extending also through one of its journal portions, a bar extendingacross, said slits, means securing said bar to said fastening-portion at its ends, and means carried by said bar intermediate its ends and engaging said fastening portion between at least one pair of slits to flex said one journal portion transversely of said hinge pin, said securing means being adjustable to vary the flexing pressure on said one journal'portion.

4. A hingefor hingedly connecting two parts, comprising'a hinge pin, a sleeve surrounding said hinge pin,- a first leaf having a portion for fastening said hinge to one of said parts and having a plurality of axially-spaced integrally formed journals which are jonrnaled on said sleeve, a second leaf having a portion for fastening the hinge to the other of said parts and having a plurality of axially-spaced integrally formed journals also jonrnaledonsaid sleeve and interengaged with the journals of said first leaf, said sleeve extending, into the journals of the first and second leaves for connecting the sametogether, said'second'leaf having a plurality of elongated-slits extendingthrough its journals and into the fastening portion of said second leaf to provide a portion which is flexible transversely of the axis of said hinge pin, means attached to said hinge pin for locking said pin against rotation relative to the journals of said first leaf, an elongated bar positioned across said slits and attached adjacent its ends to the fastening portion of said second leaf, and means interposed between said second leaf and said bar for engaging the flexible portion of said second leaf to flexsaidflexible portion of said second leaf.

5; A hinge for hingedly connecting two parts,.comprising a hinge pin, a first leaf having a portion for r'a'stening saidhinge'to one of said parts and having a journal portion jonrnaled on said hinge pin, a second leafhaving a portion-for fa'stening'said hinge to the other of said parts and having ajournal portion also jonrnaled on said hinge pin, said" second leafihaving a plurality of elongate parallel-slits extending through its journal portion and into the" fastening portion of saids'econdleaf to provide a portion which flexible transversely of the'axis of said hinge pin, an elongate pressure bar positioned across said slits and attached to the fastening portion of said second leaf, and means interposed between the second leaf andthe bar for engaging the flexible portion of said second leaf to flex said flexible portion transversely of said hinge pin, said first leaf having an elongate slot formed in the fastening portion thereof, said slot being so positioned as to receive said bar when said hinge is closed.

6. A hinge device according to claim 5 wherein said second leaf has a portion of reduced thickness into which said slits extend.

7. A hinge for hingedly connecting two parts, comprising a leaf having a fastening portion for fastening the hinge to one of said parts and having a journal portion, said leaf having two pairs of parallel slits extending through its journal portion and part way into its fastening portion to form transversely flexible portions, said slits separating said journal portion into a center journal, a

pair of intermediate journals at opposite ends of said center journal, and a pair of outer journals adjacent opposite ends of said intermeidate journals, a bushing drivably fit in each of said separate journals, a hinge pin extending through said bushing, a member secured to said hinge pin at one end thereof for fastening the hinge to the other of said parts, a bar secured to said fastening portion of said leaf, and means carried by said bar for engaging said flexible portions of said leaf to flex the same.

8. A hinge for hingedly connecting two parts, said.

hinge comprising a leaf having a journal portion and a fastening portion for fastening the hinge to one of said parts, said leaf having two pair of parallel slits extending through its journal portion and part way into its fastening portion, said slits dividing said journal portion into a center journal, a pair of intermediate journals at oppo- 7 to the fastening portion of said leaf adjacent said outer I journals, means vinterposed between said bar and said fastening portion adjacent said intermediate journals to flex said intermediate journals transversely of the axis of said hinge pin, and means adjustably connecting said bar to said fastening portion adjacent said center journal for varying the flexing pressure on said intermediate journals.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,898,511 Turnquist Feb. 21, 1933 FOREIGN PATENTS 328,308 Italy Aug. 3, 1935

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1898511 *Mar 24, 1930Feb 21, 1933Turnquist MagnusHinge device
IT328308B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4762258 *Jan 9, 1987Aug 9, 1988Murphy I LeonUniversal support device for a vehicle
US6910373 *Dec 31, 2001Jun 28, 2005Life Measurement, Inc.Apparatus and methods for repeatable door closure in a plethysmographic measurement chamber
US7370899 *Oct 7, 2004May 13, 2008Tropicana Products, Inc.Retractable lading support
US20030121321 *Dec 31, 2001Jul 3, 2003Dempster Philip T.Apparatus and methods for repeatable door closure in a plethysmographic measurement chamber
US20060076791 *Oct 7, 2004Apr 13, 2006Powers Robert G JrRetractable lading support
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/263, 16/388, 16/338
International ClassificationE05D7/00, E05D11/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05D7/00, E05D11/00
European ClassificationE05D11/00, E05D7/00