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Publication numberUS2930338 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 29, 1960
Filing dateJun 7, 1957
Priority dateJun 7, 1957
Publication numberUS 2930338 A, US 2930338A, US-A-2930338, US2930338 A, US2930338A
InventorsFlomenhoft Hubert I
Original AssigneeFlomenhoft Hubert I
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hydrofoil craft
US 2930338 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 29, 1960 H. I. FLOMENHOFT 2,930,338

HYDROFOIL CRAFT Filed June 7, 1957 HYDROFOIL CRAFT I Hubert I. Flomenhoft, Massapequa Park, -N.Y. Application June 7, 1957, Serial No. 664,291 12 Claims. 01. 114-66.5)

This invention relates to a hydrofoil craft and more particularly to a hydrofoil craft that is adapted for the high-speed towing of human beings above the waters surface by carrying the body on a platform supportedon hydrofoils.

The instant invention is useful as a sporting device which will provide the rider with many thrills. Even persons who have had no previous experience with aquatic sporting devices will readily adapt to the use of my hydrofoil craft without the extensive instructions and practice required before most other aquatic devices may be used with confidence. 7

Furthermore, my hydrofoil craft is particularly useful in high-speed dropoffs and pickups of the Navys underwater-demolition-team swimmers.

The hydrofoil craft comprises a substantially flat body support having a main and a secondary hydrofoil dependingtherefrom with the main hydrofoil being positioned forward of center and the secondary hydrofoil being positioned near the stern. A cross-bar is positioned at the forward end of the body support with the ends of the cross-bar extending beyond both sides of the body support to provide hand grips for the rider who rides grasping the handgrips, while his chest rests on the support much in the manner of a person riding a sled. The rider may also attach ropes to the handgrips, and, holding these ropes, may learn to ride on my hydrofoil craft in a kneeling or standing position.

When the craft is being towed, the motion of the hydrofoils through the water causes the water to exert an up- In order to reduce the shock forces of the bumps from being transmitted undiminished to the rider, the body United. States Pate'fit "ice Patented Mara- 29,

Accordingly, a primary objectof my invention is to provide a hydrofoil craft for the high-speed towing'of humans to be used as an aquatic sporting device.

Another object is to provide a hydrofoil craft having. handgrips which enable therider to ride with his chest in contact with the body support.

Still another object is to provide a shock-absorbing mounting for the hydrofoil.

A further object is to provide pitch and roll stabilizers which also act as spray deflectors.

A still further object is to provide a body support comprising an inflatable mat supported by a tubular framework. 7

Yet another object is to provide a hydrofoil craft having a quick-release tow-line connector.

Still another object is to provide turning means whereby a hydrofoil craft may be steered by merely rolling the frame thereof. v 3

These and other objects of my invention will become more apparent after reading the description of the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of my hydrofoil craft with the riding surface shown in phantom.

Figure 2 is a. side elevation of my hydrofoil craft with the riding surface detached.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary view of a resilient mountin for a hydrofoil.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary view of my hydrofoil craft having a turning means secured at the stern thereof.

Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view taken from line 55 of Figure 1 showing a modified form of cushion support.

support may include an inflatable mat or the main hydro foil may be connected to the body support by means of flexible struts. More elaborate designs would replace the struts by springs or a spring, shock-absorber combination.

body. However, the construction of the hydrofoil craft is such that for light loads, or where lessened stability can be tolerated, the secondary hydrofoil may be eliminated. A further modification may be made by shorten-.

ing the body support to less than half the length previousthe hydrofoils will be all but human body.

Referring to the figures, hydrofoil craft 10 comprises a thin, platform-like body support 11 having a main hydrofoil 12 and a secondary hydrofoil 13 both depending from body support 11 which is approximately as long as the average human body. Body support 11 includes a rectangular framework 14'which is preferably formed of aluminum tubing. Riding surface 15, comprising an inflatable mat or foam-rubber type cushion, is secured within framework 14 by means of straps 16 so as to pro-' vide a soft surface to contact the riders chest. However, riding surface 15 may comprise a canvas or synthetic fabric in the form of a single sheet or in the form of 'criss-crossed strips. Also, as seen in the cross-sectional view of Figure 5 riding surface 15 may be mounted on a rectangular wood or metal sheet 15a instead of within a framework. If the riders comfort is not of particular concern the body support may comprise a wood or metal sheet without a cushion.

The main hydrofoil 12 positioned forward of the transverse center line 17 of body support 11 and is.

positioned with respect to framework 14 and secured thereto by means of struts 18 which are secured to both. of the long sides of framework 14. Secondary hydrofoil 13 is positioned .at the stern and is secured to framework 14 by means of strut 19. Cross-bar 20 is positioned at the bow with .the ends thereof extending beyond the,

' by means of another cross-bar 70 in order to position the point of pull closer to the center of gravity'offthe". system to increase maneuverability. I .1 Stabilizers 30 extend from thebow ofqbodysuppoit 11 downward to'main hydrofoil 12 and are used to ie duce'pitch and roll as well as deflect water spray away 3 from the riders head. Each Stabilizer 30 comprises a substantially flat triangular member which is secured to a support runner 31 and posiitoned to extend outwardly of framework14 and upwardly from main hydrofoil 12 and preferably not any higher than framework 14;

A turning means comprising rudders 60, 61 is illustrated (Figure 4) as being mounted to struts 62, 63 respectively which secure secondary hydrofoil 64 at the stern of framework 14. Rudders 60, 61 are positioned so that their trailing edges 65, 66 respectively diverge so that hydrofoil craft may readily be turned either to the left or right. Rolling hydrofoil craft 10 to one side submerges one rudder and lifts the other out of the water, thereby creating a net turning force.

Rudders 60, 61 may also be mounted to support runhers 31 extending to main hydrofoil 12 or to struts 18 which secure main hydrofoil 12 to framework 14.

Support runner 31 is secured to framework 14 by a non-rigid connection 32 in order to accommodate flexing of main hydrofoil struts 18 when they are constructed as flexible members so as to absorb shocks. As seen in Figure 3, main hydrofoil struts 18 may be replaced by springs 35 to provide for better cushioning. In more refined models shock absorbers 36 may also be interposed between framework 14 and end members 41 secured to each end of hydrofoil 42. It is to be noted that hydrofoils 12 and 13 may have curved upper surfaces, as does hydrofoil 42, rather than being flat members as illustrated.

When tow line 26 is secured to a towing vessel and the hydrofoil craft 1G is moving alongat a high speed, which may be in the order of 20 to 40 knots or above, the rapid flow of water past the hydrofoils 12, 13 will cause an upward force thereon of sufficient magnitude so as to lift body support 11 above the waters surface 37. With the body support 11 out of the water, drag is considerably reduced so that the towing force may also be reduced.

The inclusion of hydrofoils both fore and aft is especially effective in reducing pitch while the stabilizers 30 are most effective in reducing roll but also contribute a great deal toward reducing pitch. Since stabilizers 30 are outwardly inclined they will deflect spray away from the riders head toward the stern.

Secondary hydrofoil 13 may be eliminated and body support 11 will still ride above the waters surface 37.

However, the skill required of the rider is increased aswlll be the thrills experienced by him. With the elimination of the secondary hydrofoil body support 11 may be reduced to approximately half body length.

In the foregoing, I have described my invention only in connection with preferred embodiments thereof. Many variations and modifications of the principles of my invention within the scope of the description herein are obvious. Accordingly, I prefer to be bound not by the specific disclosure herein but by the appending claims.

I claim:

1. A hydrofoil craft comprising a thin platform-like body support and a main hydrofoil secured to said body support in spaced relationship and positioned forward of the transverse centerline of said body support, said body support comprising a frame and a riding surface secured within said frame, a pair of stabilizers having one side extending from each side of said main hydrofoil to each side of said frame at the bow, said stabilizers being inclined upwardly from said main hydrofoil and outwardly inclined from the sides of said frame, said hydrofoil craft being adapted to be towed through the water at high speed while carrying a human being with the Water exerting an upward force on said main hydrofoil sufficient to cause the body support and the riders body to ride clear of the waters surface.

2. The hydrofoil craft as set forth in claim 1 in which the frame comprises a tubular member formed to a substantially rectangular shape with the longer dimension of the rectangle being substantially equal to the length of the human body.

3. The hydrofoil craft as set forth in claim 1 also including a secondary hydrofoil secured in spaced relationship to the body support at the stern.

4. A hydrofoil craft comprising a thin platform-like body support and a main hydrofoil secured to said body support in spaced relationship and positioned forward of the transverse centerline of said body support, said body support comprising a frame and a riding surface secured within said frame, said hydrofoil craft being adapted to be towed through the water at high speed with the water exerting an upward force on said main hydrofoil sufiicient to cause the body support and a rider carried thereon to ride clear of the waters surface, grips extending outwardly from the sides of the hull at the bow to provide handgrips for the rider, a pair of stabilizers comprising substantially flat triangular members having one side extending from each side of said main hydrofoil to each side of said frame at the bow, said stabilizers being inclined upwardly from said main hydrofoil and outwardly inclined from the sides of said frame.

5. The hydrofoil craft as set forth in claim 4 which also includes a tow-line connecting means, having a quick-release means, secured to the hull at the bow.

' 6. A hydrofoil craft comprising a thin, platform-like body support and a main hydrofoil secured to said body support in spaced relationship and positioned forward of the transverse centerline of said hull, said body support comprising a frame and a riding surface secured within said frame, said hydrofoil craft being adapted to be towed through the water at high speed with the water exerting an upward force on said main hydrofoil sufficient to cause the hull to ride clear of the waters surface, a pair of stabilizers comprising substantially flat triangular members having one side extending from each side of said main hydrofoil to each side of said frame at the bow, said stabilizers being inclined upwardly from said main hydrofoil and outwardly inclined from the sides of said frame.

7. A hydrofoil craft comprising a thin, platform-like body support, a main hydrofoil, a secondary hydrofoil, a pair of stabilizers; said body support comprising a frame and a riding surface secured within said frame; said frame comprising a tubular member formed to a substantially rectangular shape; said main and said secondary hydrofoil being secured to said frame in spaced relationship thereto; said main hydrofoil being operatively positioned forward of the transverse centerline of said body support and said secondary hydrofoil being operatively positioned at the stern so that the body support will ride clear of the waters surface when said hydrofoil craft is moving through the water at high speed; said stabilizers being positioned at each end of said main hydrofoil and extending toward the bow; said stabilizers being inclined upwardly from the main hydrofoil and outwardly from each long side of said frame to provide stability against pitch and roll; grips extending from each of said long sides and positioned at the bow; at towline connecting device including a quick-release means secured to said bow, a turning means comprising a pair of rudders depending from said body support, said rudders being positioned with their trailing edges diverging so that a steering force will be exerted on said hydrofoil craft when one of said rudders is clear of the water and the other is submerged therein.

8. A hydrofoil craft comprising a platform-like body support and at least one hydrofoil depending therefrom so that said body support will ride clear of the water's surface when said hydrofoil craft is towed through the water, a turning means comprising a pair of rudders depending from said body support, said rudders being positioned with their trailing edges diverging so that a steering force will be exerted on said hydrofoil craft when 7 is submerged therein,

9. The hydrofoil craft as set forth in claim 8 in which the body support comprisesa sheet member.

10. The hydrofoil craft as set forth in claim 8 in which the body support includes a cushion.

11. The hydrofoil craft as set forth in claim 10in which the body support includes a sheet member with the cushion being supported thereon.

12. A hydrofoil craft comprising a platform-like body support and at least one hydrofoil depending therefrom so that said body support will ride clear of the water's surface when said hydrofoil craft is towed through the water, a tow line connecting means secured to said body support and operatively positioned near the center of gravity of a system comprising said hydrofoil craft and a load being carried thereon, and a turning means comprising a pair of rudders depending from said body support, said, rudders being positioned with their trailing edges diverging so that a steering force will be exerted on said hydrofoil craft when one of said rudders is clear of the water and the other is submerged therein.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS" 486,381 Lachmann Nov. 15 1892 1,023,601 Simpson Apr. 16, 1912 1,206,696 Gulbrandsen Nov. 28, 1916 2,513,857 Friedrich July 4, 1950 2,597,048 Almqvist et a1. May 20, 1952 2,715,231 Marston Aug. 16, 1955 2,751,612 Shepard June 26, 1956 2,767,678 Vertens Oct. 23, 1956 2,815,518 Kuehn Dec. 10, 1957

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3089452 *May 4, 1961May 14, 1963Penn Ind IncAnti-yawing combination
US3105249 *Jan 31, 1962Oct 1, 1963Palmore Frank EHydro-foil apparatus
US3164119 *Mar 26, 1963Jan 5, 1965Cosmo Dynamics IncHydrofoil lift
US3200421 *Jun 20, 1963Aug 17, 1965Williams James RAquaplane
US3604031 *Feb 25, 1969Sep 14, 1971Casse Ernest G LaHydrofoil board
US4361103 *Dec 12, 1980Nov 30, 1982Willat Bret GWater sled device
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US5311832 *Dec 20, 1991May 17, 1994Dynafoils, Inc.Advanced marine vehicles for operation at high speeds in or above rough water
US5469801 *May 19, 1993Nov 28, 1995Dynafoils, Inc.Advanced marine vehicles for operation at high speed in or above rough water
US6102760 *Dec 10, 1998Aug 15, 2000Seigler; Robert S.Water sports airfoil
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Classifications
U.S. Classification114/279, 441/65, 114/281
International ClassificationB63C11/46, B63B1/26, B63B1/16
Cooperative ClassificationB63C11/46
European ClassificationB63C11/46