US 2931136 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 5, 1960 E, LQEWY 2,931,136
DOLL HEADS Filed April 16, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR EUGENE M. LOEWY.
BY Emmi/ ATTORNEYS.
E. M. LOEWY DOLL HEADS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 16, 1957 INVENTOR EUGENE M. LOEWY BY 7 4w haw) ATTORNEYS.
United States Patefl DOLL HEADS Eugene M. Loewy, El Paso, Tex.
Application April 16, 1957, Serial No. 653,192
9 Claims. (Cl. 46-135) This invention relates to doll heads and more particularly to doll heads able to change complexion by the simple manipulation of the doll from one position to another.
Some of the dolls available on the market today have been constructed to be able to change complexion. This type of doll was provided with separate storage containers positioned somewhere in the doll body, with similar color receiving compartments in the doll head. These were interconnected by a plurality of connecting tubes, one for each container. By applying pressure on the selected storage container, that particular color would be transferred through the connecting tube to the head of the doll to change the color. This structure was complex and was very expensive to manufacture.
The instant invention takes advantage of the well-known principle that oil and water are immiscible, to provide a doll head with but a single chamber, the several different colors being retained in this chamber at all times.
It is the primary object of the invention to provide a doll head able to produce changes in complexion by simple manipulation of the position of the doll.
It is another object to utilize the principle of immiscible liquids in a specially constructed chamber whereby first one liquid and then another is brought into view.
-It is still another object to color fluids having diflerent specific gravities and which are immiscible with each other and placing them in a unitary chamber of a doll head, whereby altering the position of the doll will expose one or the other of the colored fluids to view, depending upon the position of the doll.
It is yet another object to provide a chamber in a doll head that is so constructed that only a portion of material retained therein is capable of being visible.
And it is still another object to provide a device that is simple in construction and relatively inexpensive to manufacture, while capable of carrying out its function in an efiicient manner.
These and other objects will become readily apparent as the description proceeds, and when taken in conjunction with the drawings, wherein Fig. 1 illustrates a dolls head having the complexion changing chamber constructed in accordance with the teaching of the invention;
Fig. 2 shows the doll head of Fig. l in a horizontal position;
Fig. 3 is a vertical section of another form of the doll head and chamber of the invention;
Fig. 4 is a vertical section of still another form of the invention, utilizing but a single liquid;
Fig. 5 is a horizontal view of the doll head of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a face view of a diflerent form of the doll head depicting a change in complexion due to changes in weather condition;
Fig. 7 shows another form of the invention utilizing a removable container;
Fig. 8 is an enlarged section of the chamber per se,
holding the complexion liquid and is utilized in Fig. 9;
Fig. 9 is a face view of a doll head depicting measles and adapted to receive the chamber of Fig. 8;
Fig. 10 is a vertical section of the doll head of Fig. 9, without the chamber of Fig. 8 therein, and
Fig. 11 is a vertical section ofstill another doll head with a separable chamber containing a viscous liquid mounted therein.
Referring to the figures, wherein like structures are identified by like numerals, the basic inventive conception lies in providing a compartmentor chamber directly in the head of a doll that is able to retain several immiscible liquids, while only one such liquid is visible at a time.
Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate a doll head 10 of a suitable skin-colored translucent plastic, such as polyethylene plastic, having a face 12 similar to that of a childs face, or the like. The dolls face must be of translucent material so that a complexion change is readily visible. As the face portion 12 merges into the head portion 10, a thickened head wall section 14 is provided for a purpose which will soon become apparent.
The thickened head wall portion extends downwardly within the doll head as a rear wall portion 16 to define, together with the face portion 12, a chamber or compartment 18. Chamber i8 is adapted to retain therein two or more immiscible liquids. These liquids are inserted through a suitable opening in the wall 16, and are retained therein by means of a sealing plug 20.
In the embodiment of Fig. 1, two liquids are used, such as water 22, colored pink or red and an oil 24, colored yellow. Obviously, other immiscible liquids may be substituted, if desired. It is also important that the liquid be of different specific gravity so that the lighter liquid, used to present a changed complexion, will float on the second liquid and will be hidden from view in the thickened head wall portion 14'when the doll is held in a ver-' tical position. In Fig. 2, the doll is shown in a reclining or horizontal position, causing the heavier pink water 22 to extend across the rear of the chamber 18, while the lighter yellow oil 24 also floats as a layer (on the water) across the chamber but adjacent the face portion 12.
It thus becomes readily apparent that when the doll is held with the head up, the pink water becomes visible through the translucent skin 10 to give the child" a ruddy and healthy appearance. The lighter oil 24 floats on the water and is not visible because of the thickness of the head wall 14. When the doll is placed in a horizontal position, the water flows across the bottom of the chamber, with the lighter oil floating on top of the water. A sallow complexion, due to the yellow color of the oil, is now visible in the face of the doll, simulating illness.
In some instances, it is not desirable to provide a thickened head wall, yet it is necessary to keep one of the liquids hidden from view. This is accomplished by the doll head of Fig. 3. In this form of the invention, the doll head 10 includes a face 12, but the complexion change takes place in the cheek area rather than in the full face. A portion of the head wall 10 extends inwardly at 12 to form an oval chamber 26. The chamber extends into the cheek area at 28 and slopes at 30 towards the dolls head and is completely separated from the wall structure of the doll 10. Thus, when the doll is in the vertical position of the figure, the heavier liquid 22 is visible in the cheek area, while the lighter oil 24 floats on the water and is hidden from being seen through face 12.
As was true in Fig. 2, when the doll is at rest, the oil 30 floats into the doll cheek section to depict a sick It is sometimes desirable to use a single liquid in carrying out this invention. The chamber 32 shown in Figs. 4 and 5 is designed to obtain this effect. The chamber 32 is similar to the chamber 26 of Fig. 3, except that an intermediate construction wall 34 divides the-chamber into a lower cheek compartment 36 and an upper" free area 38. In addition, the area 38' is slanted at an exaggerated angle of more than 45 in relation to the area 36 to insure free flow of the liquid 40 between the compartments of the chamber 32. A viscous liquid such as glycerine, or some heavy oil of any desired color, as yellow, is supplied to the chamber and sealed off at 20.
p In the vertical position shown, the doll will look pale whereas, when in the position in Fig. 5, all of the liquid has oozed into the compartment 38 and is hidden from view. This leaves the clear, ruddy complexion of the skin of the doll.
, The invention is adapted to take advantage of known hygroscopic materials whereby changes in the weather affect the complexion of the doll. In Fig. 6, the face 12 of the doll is shown and is of translucent plastic. The inner surface of the skin is lined with a material such as cobalt chloride 42., which is an inexpensive hygrometer, affected by changes in humidity to alternate between a pink color when the humidity is high, and a blue-violet color, When the humidity is low. Access to the atmosphere and to changes in humidity is gained by suitable vent holes 44. A high humidity causes the chemical material to change to pink; hence the ruddy complexion.
The inventive idea is also carried out in other forms. While it is simple and less expensive to provide integrally constructed chambers, it is often desirable to utilize removable chambers or containers for the liquids where different liquids or repair is to be carried out. Thisprinciple is illustrated in Figs. 7-11.
Fig. 7 discloses the conventional doll head with a face 12. in this form of the invention, lip means 46 and 48 extend in opposite directions from the head and the chin of the doll respectively, within the head cavity, to form a pocket 50. Pocket 50 is adapted to receive and retain, in removable fashion, a liquid container 52. That portion of the container adapted to fit against the interior of the face of the doll, is molded at 54 to conform to such face while the rear wall 56 contains an annular projection or flange 58, sealed closed by a cap 60. The water 62 and the oil 64 is poured into the chamber 62 before sealing. The chamber 62 is also grasped by the flange 53 when it is desired to remove the complexion material from the doll head. As in Figs. 1 and 2, the doll face 12 is of translucent material. This is also true for the pocket 50.
It should be noted that, while the doll head 10 could be constructed with a thick head wall, as was done in Fig. l, it is also within the inventive concept to make the translucent doll head of uniform thickness and instead, the upper front end of the chamber 52 contains a thickened wall section 66 to effectively prevent the lighter colored oil 64 from being visible when the doll is held in an upright position.
Figs. 8, 9 and i0 disclose this removable type of construction but, in addition, is designed to simulate a baby with the measles. Since both the chamber insert and the doll head are translucent, red measle spots may be painted on the chamber itself, as shown in Fig. 8 at 68, or on the lower exterior surface of the doll head, as
shown in Fig. 9, at 70 or on the interior surface of the dolls face, bring out the measles spots and simulatingrealistically a generally unhealthy condition.
When it is desired to utilize a viscous liquid, a removable container'74, similar in construction to the integral chamber 32, is inserted within an angled pocket in the doll head 10, as is shown in Fig. 11. The inwardly extending lip 76 is slotted to receive a projecting tip 78 on the container 74. The lower portion of the container fits within the pocket and is held there by the cooperation of the slotted lip means 76 and the projection 78 as well as the extended lip member 80. The container 74 is provided with a construction 82 to divide it into the two compartments 84 and 86. An annular projecting flange 88. is utilized to receive the viscous liquid after which a cap seals the liquid within the container. The doll is manipulatedin a manner similar to the modification of Figs. 4 and 5, the liquid traveling slowly from the compartment 84 to the compartment 86 in the cheek area.
It is readily apparent that a novel invention, adaptable in many forms, has been devised. The construction illustrated is merely exemplary and is not limited to the several figures. For example, the plug means illustrated in Figs. 1-6 could be provided in the base of the dolls head if desired. Or other means to retain the removable liquid containers in the doll head, could be utilized. I
The doll of the invention could be sold separately, or could be made part ofia toy medical kit. Further, the
principle of complexion change could be applied to other forms, such as to a clowns face. 7
Having thus described the invention, it is obvious that various immaterial modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, which should not be limited to the exact form, arrangement construction and combination of the parts herein described and shown, except as defined within the scope of the claims.
What is claimed is:
l. A device for changing the'complexion of a doll comprising a translucent doll head including a face portion, a translucent liquid receiving chamber in said doll head adjacent said face portion only, said translucent liquid receiving chamber comprising a rear wall and a front wall, said front wall being contoured to match the face of the doll, a liquid retained in said chamber, said liquid being adapted to change position in said chamber when the doll is moved from one plane to another and to thereby change the complexion of the doll, and lip members extending into the interior of the doll head to form, together'with the doll face a chamber retaining said translucent liquid receiving chamber.
. 2. The combination of claim 1, including an inlet means comprising an annular flange, and a cap sealing said flange after the liquid has been added to the chamber.
3. device for changing the complexion of a doll, comprising a translucent doll head including a face,'a rear wall portion spaced from said face and defining a chamber therebetween, a thickened head wall above said face to reduce the amount of translucent area, inlet means in said rear wall for receiving a liquid in said chamber liquid means retained in said chamber and wherein said liquid means in said chamber comprises two immiscible liquids of different specific densities. 1
4. A device for changing the complexion of a doll comprising a translucent doll head having a doll face, lip means extending towards each other into the interior of the doll head and defining with the doll face a container retaining pocket open at one end, and a translucent liquid holding container containing two immiscible liquids of different specific densities and having a complementary doll face seated in said pocket and held in position by said lip means.
5. The combination of claim 4, wherein said container includes a thickened wall portion hiding some of the im-'- miscible liquids, a annular flange opening in said container, and amp sealing said'opening after the container is filled with immiscible liquids.
6.'-The" combination of claim 5, wherein said doll-head a includes a plurality of markings similar in color to one of the immiscible liquids in the container in order to simulate the presence of measles.
7. A device for changing the ccmplexion of a doll comprising a translucent doll head including a face, opposed retaining means adjacent said face and extending interiorly of said head and towards each other, and a translucent closed complexion altering chamber cooperatii/ely mounted within said retaining means adjacent said doll face and means retained in said closed chamber adapted to change the complexion of the doll face. i f;
8. The combination of claim 7, wherein said chamber extends above said doll face and contains two immiscible liquids of different specific densities so that when the doll is in an upright position one liquid will be visible through the face and when the doll is placed in a prone position the other liquid will be visible through the face, thereby simtt lating a change in complexion.
9. The combination of claim 7, wherein said opposed retaining means and said doll face form a pocket and said closed liquid retaining chamber is removably mounted in said pocket.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,268,714 Hoefler June 4, 1918 1,341,985 Kemp June 1, 1920 1,765,152 Hart June 17, 1930 2,111,507 Hogan Mar. 15, 1938 2,689,424 Clagett Sept. 21, 1954 2,732,658 Goldfarb Jan. 31, 1956