|Publication number||US2933574 A|
|Publication date||Apr 19, 1960|
|Filing date||Apr 26, 1954|
|Priority date||Apr 26, 1954|
|Also published as||DE1018128B, DE1042072B|
|Publication number||US 2933574 A, US 2933574A, US-A-2933574, US2933574 A, US2933574A|
|Inventors||Frink Russell E|
|Original Assignee||Westinghouse Electric Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (6), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 19, 1960 R. 1:.FRINK CIRCUIT INTERRUPTERS 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 26, 1954 p fo April 19, 1960 R. E. FRINK CIRCUIT INTERRUPTERS 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 26, 1954 0 O 6 6 2 l A 4 W 5 2 2 o 3 3 3 2 2 5 5 w58 2 3 3 l l 5 6 .lllnlsl 94 ma m I. 2l 45 /ff/f 3% 6 0 K.. 4 6 2. 2 3 3 g F April 19, 1960 R. E. FRINK CIRCUIT INTERRUPTERS 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 F ig 8.
Filed April 26, 1954 Fig.5.
United States Patent O CIRCUIT INTERRUPTERS Russell E. Friuk, Pittsburgh, house Electric Corporation, poration of Pennsylvania Pa., assignor to Westing- East Pittsburgh, Pa., a cor- This invention relates to and, more particularly, therefor.
A general object of my invention is to provide a circuit interrupter of improved and more effective construction.
A more specic object of my invention is to provide an improved circuit interrupter having plate structure which may be inexpensively manufactured and which may be easy for workmen to assemble.
A further object of my invention is to provide improved spacing means for spacing a plurality of plate-like portions of an interrupting structure apart.
An ancillary object of my invention is to cheapen the manufacturing processes and to cut down the assembly time for construction of circuit interrupters, generally of the spaced-plate type.
Further objects and advantages will readily become apparent upon reading the following specification, taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view through a circuit interrupter embodynig my invention, the contact structure being shown in the closed-circuit position;
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially along the line II-II of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially along the line III-III of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a top plan view of my improved circuit interrupter;
Figs. 5-7 illustrate details of the improved transfer stack plates of my interrupter;
Figs. 8 and 9 illustrate the constructional details of the main interrupting plates utilized in the circuit interrupter of Fig. l;
Fig. l is a fragmentary enlarged vertical sectional view of a portion of the main interrupting stack;
Fig. 1 1 is a fragmentary enlarged View taken substantially along the line Xl-XI of Fig. l, looking in the direction of the arrows;
' Fig. 12 illustrates a modified type of plate structure which may be used in place of that employed in Fig. ll; and
Fig. 13 illustrates still a further modified construction which may be substituted for that shown in Figs. 11 and l2.
Referring to the drawings, and more particularly to Fig. 1 thereof, the reference numeral 1 generally designates an arc chute comprising a pair of serially related stacks of arc-extinguishing plates 2, separated by a 'generally H-shaped magnet 3 disposed at a floating potential. A pair of serially related energizing coils 4, serve, when energized, to set up a magnetic field within the magnet 3. Associated with the energizing coils 4, 5 are a pair of transfer arc horns 6, 7, the transfer arc between which is extinguished within a transfer interrupting stack, generally designated by the reference numeral 8, and more fully described hereinafter. .Y Contact structure 9 is provided to close the circuit circuit interrupters in general, to arc-extinguishing structures cold-molded, and the through the interrupter. The contact structure 9 includes a relatively stationary contact 10, which may have a slight lateral motion to provide contact pressure, and a cooperating moving contact 11 positioned at the outer extremity of a rotatable contact arm 12, operated by any suitable mechanism, which forms no part of my invention. A line connection 13 may be made to the stationary contact structure 10, and the other line connection 14 may be made to the rotatable contact arm 12 in the manner indicated in Fig. 1.
Following operation of the contact opening mechanism the movable contact 11 moves leftwardly away from the stationary contact 10 to establish an arc therebetween. Because of the loop circuit including the substantially horizontal line connections 13, 14 and the movable contact arm 12, the established arc 15 drawn therebetween will tend to bow upwardly. Due to the proximity of the depending pole portions 16, the magnetic flux surrounding the established arc 15 will be distorted thereby. Thus, the flux above the arc 15 will pass through the depending pole portions 16 and through the yoke or centrally disposed core 17 of the magnet 3. The magnetic ux below the arc 1S will merely pass through the air space. Consequently, since the ux below the arc 15 has a greater iiux density than the flux density in the air above the arc 15 (the flux above the arc 15 having passed through the magnet structure 3), the arc 15 will be mag netically urged upwardly into contacting engagement with the transfer arc horns 6, 7.
I provide a plurality of spaced slotted insulating plates 1,8 associated with the transfer interrupting stack 8, and more clearly disclosed in Figs. 5-7 of the drawings. With particular reference to these figures, it will be observed that the insulating transfer plate 1S is molded as a unitary structure, having integrally molded therewith side spacing ridges or projections 18a. The side ridges 18a serve to space the several plates 18 apart into spaced relation, as shown more particularly in Fig. 1l of the drawings.
It will furthermore be observed that each insulating plate 18 has a slot 19 provided therein, the upper closed end 20 of which is laterally displaced to one side of the center line 21 of the plates 18. The plates 18 are assembled alternately, as shown in Figs. 2 and 11, with the closed ends 2t) thereof alternating about the center line 21, that is, the closed end 20 of one plate 18 being to one side of the center line 21, and the closed ends 20 of the immediately adjacent plates 18 being disposed to the other side of the center line 21. The resulting construction provides a zigzag arc passage 22, as indicated in Figs. 2 and l1 of the drawings.
By molding the plates 18 with the side edge spacing ridges 18a, the necessity for utilizing asbestos rope spacers cemented to the outer sides of the plates, which has been the practice heretofore, is eliminated, and consequently, assembly time has been considerably decreased.
In other words, heretofore a workman has painted the opposite side edges of each plate with a suitable adhesive cement, placed an asbestos rope upon the painted edges, placed another plate upon the aforesaid plate and repeated the process until the desired number of plates were in position. It was necessary to individually treat each plate with the cement and to separately place the asbestos rope spacers into position. With the construction illustrated in Figs. 5 7, the plates 18 are molded as a unitary structure and the provision of the ridges 18a eliminates the necessity for utilizing the asbestos rope spacers which were employed heretofore.
Preferably, the plates 18 are molded from an asbestos cement composition. In a particular instance, they were molds were steam heated to speed n extends-between the transfer arc horns 6, 7 and is extinguished within the transfer interrupting stack 8. This causes an energization of the two serially relatedblowout coils 41, surrounding the yoke or central core 17 of the H-shaped magnet 3, as shown more clearly in Fig. 2 of the drawings. n
it will be observed that the depending pole portions 16 extend downwardly below theleft-hand interrupting stack or arc-extinguishing section 2A, whereasthere is no, or relatively little, pole plate portion below the righthand extinguishing stack or section 2B. Thus, the trans verse magnetic field just below the interrupting staal; 2A is more intensified than the transverse Vmagnetic field just below the interrupting stack 2B. The reason for this is that normally the arc portion 15e, which is closer to the interrupting stack 2B, tends to rise up within the stack 2B fasterthan the arc port-ion 15a, which is initially drawn farther away from the interruptingstack 2A. However, for'most effective operation of the interrupter as a whole, it is desirable to have both arc portions 15a, 15e move upwardlyl at the same rate of i speed within the extinguishing stacks 2A, 2B.
By the particular configuration of the depending pole plate portion 16, as shown in Fig. l, the magnetic eld is intensified justibelow the extinguishing stack 2A and thereby accelerates the upward travel of the arc portion 15a within the stack 2A so that its position and speed upwardly within the extinguishing stack 2A approximates that of the portion 15e upward-ly within the extinguish-V ingv stack 2B.
Each extinguishing stack 2A, 2B includes a plurality 'of spaced ceramic or refractory plates 24, which more clearly are shown in Figs. 3, 8 and 9. Each plate 24 has a closed slot 25 extending upwardly therein, the upper closed end 26 thereof being laterally displaced to one side of the center line 27 of the plates 24.
As shown more clearly in Figs. 8 and 9, each of the main insulating plates 24 is molded as a unitary struc-l ture having side ridges 2.8 integrally molded therewith.
As mentioned heretofore, the plates 2.4 maybe molded from any suitable insulating material, one particular example being an asbestos cement composition. Other materials will readily suggest themselves toithose skilled in the art. adjacent plates 24 apart in a manner more clearly shown in Figs. 1, 4 and 10 of the drawings.
The pla-tes 24 may be assembled loosely in the stacks 2A and 2B, or they may be `cemented together to form a unitary structure. Sucli a unitary structure, or the loose plates 24, preferably rest upon the upper ends`29 of a-pair of ceramic arc shields 30. The arc shields 30 provide an entrance portion upwardly into the arc chute l and have lug portions 31 integrally formed therewith which extend through openings 32 provided in the insulating rectangularly-shaped arc-chute jacket 33, as more clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3 of-the drawings.
To prevent the gas pressure generated within the extinguishing stacks 2A, 2B from blowing the stacks 2A, ZB completely upwardly out of the arc chute 1, retainer Vstrips 34 are provided within the arc-chute jacket 33 at the upper end thereof, as indicated in Fig. 4of the drawings. Preferably, bolts 35 are utilized Vto maintain the retainer strips in position. .j
Certain features of the construction illustrated herein are described in more detailed manner and claimed in therU.S. patent application filed May 26, 1951, Serial No. 228,446, now United States Patent 2,692,319, issued October 19, 1954 to Robert C. Dickinson and Russell E.
The side integral ridges 28 serve to spaceY Frink, entitled Circuit Interrupter, and assigned to the assignee of the instant application.
The transfer arc horns 6, 7 have their lower ends curved around to form arc horns for the transfer stack 8. The upper portions 37, 38 of the arc horns 6 and 7, respectively, `serve as arc horns for the interrupting stacks 2A, 2B. Cooperating with the stationary contact 10 and connected thereto by' a strap connector 39 is an arc horn 4h. Disposed above the arc horn 4G is a barrier plate 41 which, as is the Ycase with the arc horn 40, is suitably secured to a pair of insulating plates 42 by suitable means, not shown.
Similarly, disposed at the outerY end of the 'circuit interrupter 1 is an are horn 43, above which is a barrier plate 44 secured by suitable means, not shown, to a pair plat-es ed. Spacer strips 23 space the stacks 2A, 2B away fromrthe arc horns 40, 43. c
Each transfer arc horn 6, 7 has a laterally extending lug portion 46 (Fig. 4) which extends through a slot 47 provided in leach side wall of the insulating arc chuteY jacket 33. Also, each transfera'rc horn 6, 7 has connected therewith a lug portion 43 which serves, as shown in Fig. 4 to laterally space insulating rectangularly-shaped washers i9 surrounding the yoke or core 17. A washer 49 is disposed immediately adjacent'each blow-outcoil 4, 5. Thus, it will be evident thatv there is provided wfithinmy improved arc chute 1 a pair of venting passages Sil` (Fig. 4),*each of which is defined by a pair` of the washers 49, the yoke 17 and the inner side of a transfer arclhorn 6, 7.
It will be observed that not onlyV are the washers 49 maintained laterally apart against the magnetic forces exerted by energizing the blow-out coils 4, 5 by the lugs 4S associated with the transfer arc horns 6, 7 but also the upper notchedends 51 of the plates 1S of the transfer interrupting stack 8 serve to maintainthe washers 49 apart, as more clearly shown in Fig. 2. The plates 18 are Vinserted into slots 52 provided in the upper ends of the arc ,shields 30. The two coils 4,5 are electrically connected together at the upper endsthereof by the ter minal leads 53, 54 and a connecting bolt 61. Consequently, both coils 4, 5 are in series electrically between the transfer arc horns 6, 7. i
The operationlof myimproved interrupting device is as follows: The moving contact 11jrst moves toward -the left, as viewed in Fig. 1, to the position 11a. The
arc 15 is established between it and the stationary contact 10. The arc 15 is affected by the depending'pole plate portions 16 of the magnet 3, and moves upwardly into engagement with the transfer arc horns 6, 7. Meanwhile, the movable contact 11 moves to the position 11b. The arc then consists of three portions 15a,T 15b and 15e indicated in Fig. l. The arc portions 15b is interrupted within Vthe transfer interrupting stack'. 8, `thereby energizing the serially related blow-out coils y4, 5, and providing a transverse magnetic field across the pole plates 55.
The left-hand end of the arc portion 15a transfers to the arc horn 43, and the right-hand end ofthe arc portion ldctransfersto the right-hand arc horn 40. The two arc portions within the respective extinguishing stacks 2A, 2B may then be respectively designated by the reference characters 56, 57, as indicated in Fig. 1. Each arc portion 56,V 57 rises upwardly within the stacks 2A, 2B at substantially the same rate `of speed, and is forced upwardly within the zigzag arc passages 58 provided by the several plates 24 provided in the extinguishing stacks 2A, 2B. These arc portions 56, 57 are quickly extinguished at the upper ends 26 of the slots Z5 Vprovided in the plates 2&4, and the circuit through the interrupter 1 is broken.
To maintain the pole plates 55 rigidly in position, a'
portions 66 extending fer arc` plates 18 within the slots 52. Then follows the transfer arc horns 6,7, the blow-out coils 4, 5 with the side walls of the arc chute jacket 33 pressed outwardly sufficiently far to enable the lug portions 46 of the transfer arc horns 6, 7 to be forced through the slots 47 of the arc-chute jacket 33. It will be noticed that the notches 51a of the corners of the plates 18 are held down by the blow-out coils 4, 5 and the washers 49.
The yoke 17 may then be placed in position, and then the extinguishing stacks 2A, 2B, together with the arc horns 40, 43. Then follows the side pole plates 55. The bolts 60 may then be inserted to rigidly hold the assembly in position.
Fig. 12 illustrates a modified type of construction of the plates, which could be used either for the construction of the transfer arc plates 18 or for the main interrupting plates 24. Referring to Fig. 12, it will be observed that the plates 65 have integrally formed therewith side edge only in one direction. The slots 19 are again provided, and with this construction, two types of plates 65 are provided. One type has the slots 19 asymmetrically located on one side of the center line 21 and the other type having the slot 19 asymmetrically locatedy on the other side of the center line 21. By utilizing alternately one plate of each type, as indicated in AFig.v 12, the resulting structure will again provide the zigzag arc passage 22. This construction has a slight disadvantage over that utilized in Fig. 11 in that two types of rplates are obviously required. For certain applications, however,its use may be desirable.
Fig. 13 shows a further modification of plate structure which may be employed either for the transfer stack 8 or for the main interrupting stacks 2A or 2B. Here the plates areof L-shaped configuration, each plate 67 having an integrally formed ridge 68 only along one outer side thereof. The longer leg of the L extends transversely across the arc chute. The slots 19 are again formed in the molded plate in an asymmetrical configuration, as employed heretofore. By inverting the plates 67, which may all be of one type, as indicated in Fig. 13, and by utilizing intermediately disposed insulating spacing strips 69 between adjacent sections, each section consisting of two plates 67, a substantially zigzag arc passage 22 may be provided. This construction has a slight disadvantage in that the rectangular spacing strips 69 are required between adjacent sections, the assembling of which requires additional time. However, with this construction of Fig. 13, the plates 67 are all of one type, and so asingle mold may be employed.
As will be obvious, the plate structures of Figs. l2 and 13 may be employed in the main interrupting stacks 2A, 2B in the same manner that they may be employed in the transfer stack 8.
From the foregoing description, it will be apparent that I have decreased the assembly time and have cheapened the cost of constructing a circuit interrupter incorporating spaced plate portions. By integrally molding the spacing ridges along one or both sides of the plates, the necessity for using separate spacing strips between each pair of adjacent plates is eliminated. In addition, the plate structure is stronger and has greater heat dissipating characteristics.
Although I have shown and described specific structures, it is to be clearly understood that the same were merely for the purpose of illustration, and that changes and modifications may readily be made therein by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
I claim as my invention:
1. A circuit interrupter including means for establishing 4an arc, an arc chute for extinguishing the arc including a plurality of spaced plates of insulating material, said plurality of spaced plates being disposed substantially transversely of the established arc and extending completely across the arc chute, means for moving at least a portion of said arc transversely directly against the edges of said spaced insulating plates to thereby effect the extinction of the arc, and one or more of the insulating plates having integrally formed spacing ridges along at least a portion of one edge thereof, said spacing ridges extending in opposite directions from the surface planes of the plate.
2. A circuit interrupter including means for establishing an arc, an arc chute for extinguishing the arc including a plurality of spaced plates of insulating material, said plurality of spaced plates being disposed substantially transversely of the established arc and extending completely across the arc chute, means for moving at least a portion of said arc transversely directly against the edges of said spaced insulating plates to thereby effect the extinction of the arc, and one or more of the insulating plates having integrally formed spacing ridges along at least a portion of both edges thereof, said spacing ridges extending in opposite directions from the surface planes of the plate.
3. The combination in a circuit interrupter of means for establishing an arc and an arc chute defining a zigzag arc passage including a plurality of insulating spaced slotted plates with the closed ends of the slots alternating on opposite sides of the center line of the arc chute, said plurality of spaced plates extending the full width transversely across the arc chute, means for moving at least a portion of said arc within the slots of the plates to the closed ends thereof so that the arc directly contacts the edges of the plates transversely thereof, and one or more of the insulating plates having `at least an integrally formed vspacing ridge along at least a portion of an edge of the plate.
4. The combination in a circuit interrupter of means for establishing an arc and an arc chute defining a zigzag arc passage including a plurality of insulating spaced slotted plates with the closed ends of the slots alternating on opposite sides of the center line of the arc chute, the slotted plates extending the full width transversely across the arc chute, means for moving at least a portion of said arc within the slots of the plates to the closed ends thereof so that the arc directly contacts the edges of the plates transversely thereof, and one or more of the insulating plates having integrally formed spacing ridges along opposite side edges of the plate.
5. A circuit interrupter including means for establishing an arc, an arc chute for extinguishing the arc including a plurality of spaced plates of insulating material, at least a plurality of the plates having an L-shaped crosssection with the longer leg of the L extending transversely across the width of the arc chute, adjacent L-shaped plates being inverted and disposed in paired sections, spacing means disposed between adjacent sections, and means for moving at least a portion of said arc transversely against the edges of said spaced plates to eiect the extinction thereof.
6. A circuit interrupter including means for establishing an arc, an arc chute for extinguishing the arc including a plurality of spaced plates of insulating material extending transversely completely across the width of the arc chute, and one or more of the plates having substantially an I-shaped cross-section with integrally formed side spacing ridges to space the plates apart, and means for moving at least a portion of said arc transversely against the edges of said spaced plates to effect the extinction thereof.
7. A circuit interrupter including contact means for establishing an arc, an arc chute for extinguishing the arc including a plurality of spaced slotted plates of insulating material into which the arc is moved, the arc directly contacting the edges of said plates transversely thereof, and one or more of the plates having unsymmetrical slots therein with substantially C-shaped crosssection to space the plates apart.
8. A circuit interrupter including means for establishing an arc, an arc chute including a pair of opposed arc shields having recesses therein, one or more blow-out coils, a transfer interrupting stack for assisting Vin energizing the one or more blow-out coils including a plurality of insulating plates having their edges disposed in said recesses and extending completely transversely across the Width between the arc shields, one or more of said plates having an integrally viorrned spacing ridge along at least a portion of one edge thereof, means for moving at least a portion of said initially established arc transversely directly against the edges of said plates oi said transfer interruptingstack to eect the extinction thereof, and extinguishing means for effecting the extinction of one or more remaining arc portions following energization of the one or more blow-out coils.
9. A circuit interrupter including means for establishing an arc, an arc chute including apair of opposed are shields having recesses therein, one or more blow-out coils, a transfer interrupting stack for assisting in energizing the one or more blow-out coils including a plurality of plates extending completelytransversely across the space between the arc shields and having their edges disposed in said recesses, an H-shaped magnet structure having two arc-extinguishing sections on opposite sides of the'yoke portion thereof, at least some of said plates having integrally formed spacing ridges along at least portions of the opposite sides thereof disposed in said recesses, and arcportions being extinguished within said two arc-extinguishing sections following energization of the one or more blow-out coils.
10. The combination in a circuit interrupter of a subalong a substantial length ofy one edge thereof, and theV spacing ridges extending in opposite directions from the surface planes of the plates.
flveferenfces Cited inu the tile'of this patent e UNITEDr STATES PATENTS 1,393,981Y Y kTritle Dec. 6, 1921 1,923,748 Roman c Aug. 22, 1933 2,276,859 Nau Mar. 17, 1942 Y2,568,377 f Zajic ......L f. Sept. `18, 1951 2,616,007 Dickinson et al. Oct. 28, 1952. 2,646,482 WoodY et al. c July 21, 1953 2,668,890 Latour Feb. 9, 1954 2,692,319 Dickinson et al. Oct. 19, 1954 2,713,101 Young K L July 12, 1955 2,759,073 Wood Aug. 14, 1956 Y Y FOREIGN PATENTS 695,528-
Gerniany --.Aug 27, 1940 Y 1118,717 Sweden L.' Apr. 29, 1947
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1398981 *||Dec 4, 1919||Dec 6, 1921||Gen Electric||Disruption of electric arcs|
|US1923748 *||Feb 19, 1932||Aug 22, 1933||Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co||Electrical discharge device|
|US2276859 *||Oct 29, 1940||Mar 17, 1942||Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co||Circuit interrupter|
|US2568377 *||Jun 26, 1948||Sep 18, 1951||Czechoslovak Metal & Engineeri||Magnetic switch|
|US2616007 *||Jan 4, 1947||Oct 28, 1952||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Circuit interrupter|
|US2646482 *||Jun 4, 1947||Jul 21, 1953||Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd||High-voltage circuit breaker|
|US2668890 *||Oct 3, 1950||Feb 9, 1954||Merlin Gerin||Device for extinguishing electrical arcs|
|US2692319 *||May 26, 1951||Oct 19, 1954||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Circuit interrupter|
|US2713101 *||May 1, 1952||Jul 12, 1955||Reyrolle A & Co Ltd||Arc chutes for air-break circuit-breakers|
|US2759073 *||Nov 22, 1952||Aug 14, 1956||Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd||High voltage magnetic arc extinguishing means|
|DE695528C *||Apr 18, 1937||Aug 27, 1940||Voigt & Haeffner Ag||Durch Querwaende unterteilte Lichtbogenkammer|
|SE118717A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3201551 *||Mar 23, 1962||Aug 17, 1965||Moloney Electric Company||Air-magnetic type circuit interrupter having planar blowout coils and primary conductor mounted puffer means|
|US4404442 *||Dec 29, 1980||Sep 13, 1983||Siemens-Allis, Inc.||Circuit interrupter having flash plates with interrupted surfaces|
|US5877467 *||Feb 10, 1997||Mar 2, 1999||General Electric Company||Circuit breaker current limiting arc runner|
|US6128168 *||Jan 14, 1998||Oct 3, 2000||General Electric Company||Circuit breaker with improved arc interruption function|
|US6144540 *||Mar 9, 1999||Nov 7, 2000||General Electric Company||Current suppressing circuit breaker unit for inductive motor protection|
|US6157286 *||Apr 5, 1999||Dec 5, 2000||General Electric Company||High voltage current limiting device|
|International Classification||H01H9/30, H01H9/44|