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Publication numberUS2934064 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 26, 1960
Filing dateApr 13, 1954
Priority dateApr 13, 1954
Publication numberUS 2934064 A, US 2934064A, US-A-2934064, US2934064 A, US2934064A
InventorsInvidiato Cosmo L
Original AssigneeInvidiato Cosmo L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Leg and ankle brace
US 2934064 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 26, 1960 c. L. INVIDIATO LEG AND ANKLE BRACE Filed April 13, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 .1. E

INVENTOR. [as/140 Z. Jivwo mro BY Z A flTTOPA/EY April 26, 1960 c. L. INVIDIATO use AND ANKLE BRACB 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 13, 1954 -INVENTOR.

Cos/W0 A. [VV/D/HTO QTTOR/VE) United States Patent LEG AND ANKLE BRACE Cosmo L. Invidiato, Paterson, NJ.

Application April 13, 1954, Serial No. 422,819

7 Claims. (Cl. 128-80) This invention relates to a surgical brace which is easily adaptable without structural change for use with a variety of ailments of the leg, including those of the thigh, knee, and ankle.

Surgical braces are frequently required in the treatment of a variety of ailments of the leg, the brace subjecting the leg to selected tensions and/or bracing it at the desired locations, usually while allowing the patient to walk. Some leg injuries may require the entire leg, from thigh to foot, to be placed in moderate traction while allowing a selected range of motion of the ankle. Qther injuries may require that the ankle be locked from pivotal motion. Still other leg injuries may require a moderate traction on the leg from above the knee to the foot, with perhaps a restraint of the knee from bending, with or without allowable motion of the ankle. Further, the injury may be confined to the ankle, which alone should then be held from motion by the brace.

Braces have been devised in the past for'specific application to legs which have sustained one or more of the above injuries. In the main, such braces have been more or less specifically made for the particular injury and patient, and have been heavy, cumbersome, and not readily adjustable. Thus, it was difficult for a surgical-brace manufacturer or supplier'to have on hand at all times a brace which would fit at least a majority of patients and fill the needs for a variety of leg injuries. This has been particularly true in surgical braces having an ankle-bracing function in which the shoe, in effect, became an integral partiof the brace. as finished articles, because the shoe had to fit the patient and the assembly of the brace with the shoe usually had to be made for each particular patient. If a complete combination of shoes and other brace parts were made,

up for stock, twice as many (lefts and rights) braces as there were sizes, styles, and colors of shoes would have to be carried in stock.

The surgical brace of the present invention provides a simple, economical brace which is readily adjustable for use with the right or left leg without structural change, either in the brace parts or in the patients shoe. The lower part of the present brace fits within the patients shoe and acts as anat least partial insole'therefor, preferably being .of such size relative to the shoe as to fit a considerable range of shoes of various sizes, and to be received in either the right or left shoe. The brace is readily adjustable as to the total height thereof, and thus the upper leg-embracing part may engage the leg below the knee, above the knee, or in one embodiment illustrated, at the thigh of the patient, and may exert a se lected degree of tension on the leg between the foot and Such braces could not usually be sold no tendency of the brace to impede the turning of the foot at the ankle other than the selectively operated stop device of the brace whereby the ankle may be locked in one position or may be allowed a predetermined range of pivoting. The pivotal connection between the upper and lower brace parts is such that the ease of turning of the parts is substantially unchanged even though the contour of the brace as a whole is appreciably changed, as when it is changed from a right to a left for one particular patient, or is altered by adjustment of its height to fit a different-sized patient.

The invention has among its objects the provision of a simple, compact, .and light brace which is readily adjusted to fit patients of various sizes, is readily adaptable without structural change to fit the right or left leg and foot of a patient, and is capable of immediate use by persons having an appreciable range of foot sizes.

A further object of the invention resides in the provision of a surgical brace of the above-described character wherein the lower, foot-engaging portion of the brace removably fits within the patients shoe, such lower portion of the brace preferably being of such size as to fit a reasonable range of shoe sizes and to fit within rightand left-hand shoes, and wherein the pivotal axis between the upper and lower parts of the brace lies close to the pivotal axis of the ankle of the wearer.

- Yet another object of the invention resides in the provision, in a' leg and ankle brace of the type indicated, of a simple and easily adjusted thigh-engaging member and of its connection to the upper ends of the vertical brace members, whereby the attitude of the thigh-engaging member, andthus the contour of the brace as a whole,

' lectively locking the ankle from pivotal movement or for the upper leg-engaging part of the.brace. A relatively allowing the pivoting thereof throughout a selected range.

Further objects and objects relating to details and economies of construction, manufacture, assembly, and use will more definitely appear from the detailed description to follow.

My invention is clearly defined in the appended claims. Where parts are for clarity and convenience referred to on the basis of their oriented position shown in the accompanying drawings, no limitation as to the positioning of the brace, except as it relates to the leg of the patient, is to be implied, since it will be understood that the leg of the patient with the brace of the invention thereon may be disposed in any position. Also, in both the description and the claims, parts at times may be identified by specific names for clarity and convenience, but such nomenclature is-to be understood as having the broadest meaning consistent with the context and with the concept of my invention as distinguished from the pertinent prior art. The best forms in which I have contemplated applying my invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, in which:

Fig. 1 is a view in front elevation of a first embodiment of the brace of the invention in the position it assumes when applied to the right leg of a patient, the leg not being shown, a portion of the shoe with which the brace cooperates being shown in dotted lines. The upper, thighengaging member of the brace is shown in dotted lines in the position it assumes when the contour of the brace is altered to fit the left leg of the patient.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a side portion of the brace of Fig. 1 partially in vertical section in a direction transverse to the plane of the paper in Fig. l and partially in elevation, certain of the parts being broken through to shorten them, the foot-engaging portion of the brace being shown fragmentarily.

Fig. 3 is a view in side elevation of a second embodiment of the brace of the invention, the leg to which the brace is applied and a portion of the shoe on such leg being shownin dotted lines, the brace being shown adjusted to extend from the foot to a location below the" knee. Fig. 4 is a viewin side elevation of the second embodiment of the brace modified by being extended'so thatitscludes two selectively extensible elongatedimembers-positioned one on each side of the'legr The stirrup-like,

lower brace member, taken with theshoe, provides a means whereby the foot may serve as a terminal point for traction. Various leg-engaging brace-securing means may be disposed on the upper brace memberto maintain the two elongated members parallel to the leg, to impose stiifening of the knee if desired, and to form the other terminus for traction, when'such is desired. 7

In the embodiment of Figs. 1 and 2, the lower,-footengaging member is designated as a whole'by the character 10. Such member, which is generally of U shape in front elevation,- has a central, at least partial insoleforming generally flat portion 14 which fitswithin. the shoe 15, as shown. On eachside of'; portion 14, there rises the flange portion 16 of part in close contact with the inner side surface of the upper; of the shoe,--

the flanges then being folded outwardly from the upper folded edge 17to' Iieabove the upper edge of the shoe and downwardly at 19to form dependingearsoutwardly ofthe shoe upper. v V U H Pivotally connected to each of the cars 19 is the. gen? e'r'ally' vertical rod 20, which is preferably square in section. One rod 20, as shown, lies alongside each side of the leg, and forms a lower section of the extensible upper brace member 11. The annular, lower end 21 of each rod 20 has a central passage therethrough. Pivotal-con nection to car 19 is effected by the two-part stud 27 extending through the car 19 and the end 21 of the rod,

there being a nylon bushing 22 snugly fitting within-thehole in part 21 and inner and outer nylon washers 24 and- 25 at the sides of member 21. metal washer 26 overlies the outer nylon washer. The'described pivotal connection is such that the parts remain reasonably tight and anti-rattling at all times while notpreventing the easy turning of lower brace part 10 with respect to the upper brace part ll of which rods 20 are a part. Further, the yieldability of nylon allows the alignmentof the parts to be somewhat changed, as when the brace. is changed in contour, without incurring any undue binding ofthe parts. t a

A vertically adjustable collar 29 is positioned on at least one of rods 20 and preferablyon each of rods 20 as shown, the collar being of such diameter thatits inner edge at least partially overlies the upper folded edge 17 of each of the depending ears 19. When the collar 29, which is provided with a rod-engaging. set screw 30, is adjusted on the rod so as to engage the central portion of edge 17, as shown in Fig. l, part 10 ofv the braceis effectively locked from any pivotal movement'with respect to the upper-part 11- of the brace. Theraising ofthe collar 29 on therodand the-lockingiof itat various heights above portion-17 of thelowerbrace member allows such lower bracemember toturnangularly through the desired angular range.

The upper section 31 of each upper brace m'embe'r'll is made in the form of a tube accurately receiving and guiding the upper end of rod 20 so that eachof' pa'rts 11 may be markedly extended or contracted as desired.

Member 11' is held at the desired-length by the lock member 32, shown-jndetail in Fig. 2--.- At:the-' lower:

upper surfaceof part- 35 and thelower surface of part 37 of the lock.

Member 37 may he released fi'orri effective clamping contact with rod' 20"by pres'sing the'handle member 44 to the right to swing member 37 counterclockwlse (Fig.

2). It will be seen that the brace member 11 may be extended without manipulation of lock 32 simply by pulling tube 31 relative torod 20, since the sprin 42 yields to allow member 37 momentarily to loosen on the rod. The lock, however, positively prevents mem-' ber 11 from shortening unless the member 37' of the lock is. released by handle44. V

The brace shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is desired for imposing moderate traction on the leg from the foot to the thigh. Positioned on the upper ends of 'the tubes'31 is the substantially" rigid generally semi-circular thighengaging is chiiim ring ormembe'r 12 composed of the rodlike core-member'45 provided withthe generally'tubular padding 46. Each forward end of core 45 is bent downwardly at 47 and rearwtrrdl at' 48', the rear end oil the downward-bent portion ofthe. core being reduced.

in diameter at 49am receiv e'd'in a passage 51 through the upper end'oftube 31. The freefend of portion 491is braced-to the coreby the memberl 50'. A thigh-engaging strap composed of opposite portions 52' and 54 completes thethigh-engaging rnembers The brace ma also include a furthefstrap' 55 attachedto tubes 31 by loops 58, such strap" being-vertically adjustable on the tubes so that itmay overlie'the. knee or' other portions of the leg, as

desired;

Itiwilll be seen that the brace of fI- igs. l and 2" may readily be adjusted as to' length as" a whole and" that lines in Fig'. l is-cha'ng'ed to the" contour shown in dotted lines, the locks32' then occupy the respective positions 32, and thigh-engaging member 12' occu ies" position 12', thepivotal connection betweenthef'upper ehtls of tubes" 31 and parts" 49 readily allowing such change of attitude' of member 12 (12'), the described pivotal'connection between parts 10"and 11 functioning satisfactorily regardless of lateral deviations of members 11 as a result of the change of contour of the brace. The embodiment of the brace of th'einvention shown inFigs. 3 and 4'engages the legyrespectively, below the knee and above the'knee. In these two figures, the same" reference characters are employed to designate the same parts, with the exception that a" prime is employed with 'each'suchcharacter in'Fig; 4. p

The insole portion. of; thejlow'er, foo't engaging metre e: sets designated 57; Thence flanges s9 of'the' u-; shaped member sen e; as before,- along thefjinside of the shoe, press the shoe" uppersat the folded edge 65, 1 and: are ben't qdwnwa'rdly outwar ly or the'- shoe upper sired, and the passages in tubes 67 guidingly receiving the rods also square.

In Fig. 3 the brace is shown applied to a leg, the ankle of which must be held from pivotal motion. Accordingly, the stop collar 64 is'shown tightly in engagement with the surface 65 of the car 60, so that brace portions 56 and 67 are, in effect, rigid. Portions 67 are maintained fixed with respect to the lower leg by means of the leg-embracing portion 69, the lower edge 70 of which engages the leg somewhat below the knee 71. Straps 72 maintain member 69 tightly in engagement with the leg. The upper ends of tube 67 are somewhat loosely received in vertical pockets 74 along the outside of member 69, being pivotally connected thereto at the upper end by the pin 73.

In Fig. 4 the same brace as shown in Fig. 3 is depicted, but extended so that leg-embracing member 69' lies slightly above the knee 71'. It will be assumed that such mounting of the brace is desired to treat a condition in which the knee is to be held substantially stiff but a desired degree of pivotal movement is to be given the ankle. The intermediate strap 75 connected to tubes 67 through the medium of tubular pockets 76 in conjunction with member 69' holds the knee substantially from flexing. Stop collar 64' is in this instance locked a predetermined height above surface 65' of the lower brace member so that the lower brace member 56 and thus the ankle are permitted to turn throughout the de sired angular range with respect to the upper brace member 68 and the lower leg, respectively.

I claim as new the following:

1. A surgical brace for a leg, comprising in combination at least one" elongated upper brace member adapted to lie along a side of the leg, means connected to the upper brace member for embracing, and fastening said upper brace member to, the leg, a lower brace member having a broad base portion in the form of an insole for a shoe, a laterally thin upright member rising from and connected to a side edge of the base portion and having a main portion adapted to lie inwardly of the upper side portion of the shoe of the wearer, and means pivotally connecting the lower end of the upper brace member to the upright member adjacent the upper end thereof to allow the free pivoting of the lower brace member with respect to the upper brace member,- the upright member having an outwardly and then downwardly extending portion attached to the main portion thereof, the main portion and the downwardly extending outer portion of the upright member being spaced from each other to receive therebetween the upper side portion of the shoe of the wearer, and the upper brace member being pivotally connected to the downwardly extending outer portion of the upright member.

2. A surgical brace as defined in claim 1, wherein there are two generally similar upright members, the main portions of said upright members being generally parallel and connected to opposite sides of the insole, wherein the outwardly extending portions of the respective upright members are oppositely directed, the main portion of each upright member and its downwardly extending outer portion receiving the upper edge portion of the respective side of the shoe therebetween, and there are two upper brace members adapted to be positioned on opposite sides of the leg, each upper brace member being pivotally connected at its lower end to the respective upright member adjacent the upper end of the latter.

3. A surgical brace for a leg, comprising in combination a pair of spaced parallel elongated upper brace members the lower ends or" which are adapted to lie along opopsite sides of the lower part of the leg, means detachably connecting the upper ends of the upper brace members together and for embracing, and fastening said upper brace members to, the leg, a lower brace member in the form of a removable insole for a shoe, said lower brace member having a toe and a heel portion, the

ass-14,064

lower brace member having upstanding ear portions on opposite sides thereof generally in a location close to the pivotal axis of the ankle of the wearer, and means connecting the lower ends of the upper brace members to their respective upstanding portions of the lower brace member, said last named means comprising means allowing the free pivoting of the lower brace member with' respect to the upper brace members, and an adjustable stop means at the joint between at least one of the upper brace members and the lower brace member including a collar slidable along the lower end of the upper brace member and cooperating with the upper surface of the confronting ear portion of the lower brace member, and means to secure the collar in a selected position longitudinally of the upper brace member.

4. A surgical brace for a leg, comprising in combination a pair of spaced parallel elongated extensible upper brace members the lower ends of which are adapted to lie along opposite sides of the lower part of the leg, means including a thigh engaging member connecting the upper ends of the upper brace members together and for embracing, and fastening said upper brace members to, the leg, each upper brace member having a plurality of telescopically mounted sections, means for locking such sections together against contraction, an elongated lower brace member in the form of a removable insole for a shoe, said lower brace member having a toe and a heel portion at opposite ends thereof, the lower brace member having upwardly and then outwardly and downwardly extending flange portions on opposite sides thereof generally in a location close to and generally vertically aligned with the pivotal axis of the ankle of the wearer, the upwardly and downwardly extending parts of the respective flanges being spaced from each other to receive therebetween the upper sides of the shoe of the wearer, means connecting the lower end of each of the lower sections of the upper brace members to the respective one of the downwardly extending parts of the flanges of the lower brace member along an axis below the pivotal axis of the ankle of the wearer, a collar slidable along the lower end of at least one of the lower sections of the upper brace members, said collar cooperating with the upper surface of the confronting ear portion of the lower brace member, and means to secure I the collar in a selected position longitudinally of the upper brace member whereby the lower brace member may be locked from pivotal movement in a horizontal position or may be allowed to pivot with respect to the upper brace members throughout a selected angular range.

5 A surgical brace for a leg, comprising in combination a pair of spaced parallel extensible elongated upper brace members the lower ends of which are adapted to lie along opposite sides of the lower part of the leg, means connecting the upper brace members together and for embracing, and fastening said upper brace members to, the leg, each upper brace member having a plurality of telescopically mounted sections, means for locking such sections together against contraction, a lower brace memher in the form of an insole for a shoe, said lower brace member having a heel end and a toe end, and means connecting the lower section of each of the upper brace members to the respective one of the opposite sides of the lower brace member along an axis close to and in substantial vertical alignment with the pivotal axis of the ankle of the wearer, each of the connections between the upper and lower brace members including resilient bearing means allowing the free pivoting of the lower brace member with respect to the respective upper brace member, the last named means being so constructed and arranged that the angularity of the upper brace members laterally of the lower brace member may be changed appreciably without materially altering the freedom of turning of the pivotal connections.

6. A surgical brace for a leg, comprising in combination a pair of spaced parallel elongated extensible upperbrace members the lower ends of which are adapted'to lie, alongopposite sides of the lower part of the leg, means: including: a thighcngag'ing member connecting the upper ends of the. upper brace members together andlfor embracing, and fastening said upper brace members to,

the leg, each upper brace member having a plurality oftelescopically mounted sections, means for locking suchsections together against contraction, an elongated lower, brace member. in the form of a removable insole for a shoe, said lower brace member having a toe and a heel portion at opposite ends thereof, thelower brace member having upwardly and then outwardly and downwardly extending flange portions on opposite sides thereof generally in a location close to and generally vertically aligned with the pivotal axis of the ankle of the. wearer, the upwardly and downwardly extending parts of the respective flanges being'spaced from each other to receive therebetween the upper sides of the shoe of the wearer, means connecting the lower end of eachof thev lower sections of the upper brace members to the respective one of the downwardly extending parts of the-flanges of the lower brace member along an axis below the pivotal axis of the ankle of the wearer, the last named means each comprising aligned bores through the lower end of the lower section and the downwardly extending part of the flange, a pivot pin extending through suchbores, a resilient plastic bearing sleeve on the. pin within, the bore in the section, and means retaining. the pin in place;

7. A surgical brace for a leg, comprising in combination a pair of spaced parallel elongated extensible upper brace members the lower endsof which are adapted to lie along opposite sides of the lower part of the leg, means including a thigh engaging member connecting the upper ends of the upper brace members together and for embracing, and fastening said upper brace members to, the leg, each upper brace. member having a plurality of telescopically mounted sections, means for locking such sections together against contraction, an elongated lower brace member in the form. of a removable insole for a shoe, said lower brace member having a toe and a heel portion at opposite ends thereof, the lower brace member having upwardly and then outwardly and downwardly extending flange portions on opposite sides thereof generally in a location. close the upwardly and'downwardly extending parts of the respective flanges being spaced from each other to receive,

therehetween the upper'sidesof the shoe of the: wearer, means connecting the lower end of each of thelower sectlons ofi the upper brace members tothe respectiveone of the downwardly extending parts of the flanges of:

the lowerbrace member along an axis below the pivotal axis of the. ankle of the wearer, the last named means each comprising aligned bores through the lower end of the lower section and the downwardly extending part of the flange, a pivotpin extending through such bores, a. resilient plastic bearingvslceve. on the pin within the bore in the section, resilient plastic bearing washers between the section and'the depending part of the flange and outwardly of thesection, and means retaining the pin in place, compressing the washers and urging the section against the depending part of the flange, a collar,

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS I Blattmachr. July 8, 1890 874,446 Slater Dec. 24, 1907 2,302,868 Invidiato Nov. 24, 1942 2,413,053v Kolarik Dec. 24, 1946 2,477,591 Follis. Aug. 2, 1949 2,516,872 Hauser et a1. Aug. 1, 1950 2,573,866 Murphy Nov. 6, 1951- OTHER REFERENCES Braces Today, page 2, September 1948. 7 (Copy in Div. 55.)

Orthopaedic Appliances Atlas, volume 1, page 383, April 10, 1952. .(Copy in Div. 55.)

.to and generally vertically. aligned with the pivotal axis of the ankle of the wearer,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US431797 *Apr 2, 1890Jul 8, 1890 Surgical brace
US874446 *Jan 21, 1907Dec 24, 1907Stanley C SlaterSurgical splint.
US2302868 *Mar 16, 1942Nov 24, 1942Invidiato Cosmo LSplint
US2413053 *Dec 15, 1944Dec 24, 1946John KolarikTraction splint
US2477591 *Dec 9, 1946Aug 2, 1949Follis Evan CSurgical brace
US2516872 *Jan 27, 1948Aug 1, 1950Hauser John MAnkle brace
US2573866 *May 14, 1948Nov 6, 1951Edward J McmullenLeg brace
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3470873 *Mar 17, 1967Oct 7, 1969Auburn Res FoundAdjustable animal splint
US4054130 *Dec 29, 1975Oct 18, 1977Paul William FrankeEmergency splint assembly
US4408600 *Feb 1, 1982Oct 11, 1983Davis Edward PLeg aid device and method
US4848326 *Jun 20, 1988Jul 18, 1989Robert LonardoKnee contracture correction device
EP2179712A1Oct 21, 2009Apr 28, 2010Pohlig GmbHOrthosis for elongated holding of flexible bony structures
Classifications
U.S. Classification602/27
International ClassificationA61F5/01
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/0111
European ClassificationA61F5/01D1D