Combined corn-planter and fertilizer-distributer
US 293615 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) '2 Sheds-Sheet. 1. W. N. ARNOLD.
COMBINED UORN PLANTER AND FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTER.
No. 293,615. Patented Feb. 19,1884.
(No Model.) 4 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
' W N. ARNOLD. V GOMBINED GORNL PLANTER AND. FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTER. 310.293.615'. Patented Feb. 19, 1884'.
Z I aw #1.
N. PETEYRS. Pholo-Luhugmpher. wnhin wn. D. C.
V U ITE-n STATE PAT NT OFFICE.
' WILLIAM NOAH ARNOLD, or OMEN, TEXAS.
COMBINED CORN-PLANTER AND .FERTlLlZvER-DISTRlBUTER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No.'293,615, dated February 19, 1884.
I Application filed October 6, 1883. (No model.) I
T0 at whom it may concern Be it known that 1, WILLIAM N. ARNOLD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Omen, in the county of Smith and State of Texas, have invented a. new and useful Combined Corn Planter and Fertilizer Distributelyof which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings. This invention relates to combined cornplanters and fertilizer-distributers; and it has for its object to produce a machine which shall possess superior advantages in point of simplicity, durability, and general efficiency.
To this end my invention consists in certain improvements in the construction of the said machine, which will be hereinafter fully described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings hereto annexed, Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved combined corn-planter and iertilizer-distributer. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view of the same. Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional View taken on the line :20 x in Fig. 2, and Fig. 4 is a bottom view.
The same'letters refer to the same parts in all the figures A in the drawings designates a suitable frame, in the sides of which is journaled an axle, B, havingthe transporting-wheels C O. The frame A is provided with longitudinal. bars D D, supporting the hopper E, and it has at its front end the tongue F, to which the shank G of the furrow-opener H'is suitably secured and braced. The hopper E, which is designed to containthe fertilizing material, is provided with a transverse shaft, 1, which is provided with radial stirring or agitating fin gers J J. One end of the said shaft extends through the side of the hopper, and carries a pinion, K, meshing with a spur-wheel, L, upon the axle B, from which motion is thus transmitted to the agitating-shaft when the machine is in operation. E is formed by a pair of plates or levers, M and N, pivoted upon the longitudinal bars D D, under opposite sides of the hopper, and
The bottom of the hopper the front end of the frame A by a fractionspring, R, which serves to keep the bottom of the hopper normally in a closedposition. The other end of the lever M has an arm, S, extending so as to engage'blocks or bars T, secured on the inner side of the adjoining wheel 0 when the latter revolves.
The operation of this part of the invention will be readily understood. When the machine is in operation, the bars T upon the wheel 0 will strike the arm S of lever M, thereby forcing the latter in a forward direction. The arm 0 of said lever, being connected by rod P with the lever N, will at the same time force the latter in a rearward direction, thus opening the bottom of the hopper and causing a portion of its contents to escape, the stirrers or agitators serving to prevent the fertilizing material from packing. When the bar T has passed the arm S, the spring R, exercising its tension upon the arm S, automatically closes the bottom of the hopper and retains it until .the next bar, T, reaches arm S.
Secured between the bars D D, under the rear plate or lever, N, is a plate, U, and aseedhopper, V, is suitably mounted above the said lever N. The latter is provided with an opening or seed-cup, W, of suitable size, and adapted,when theleverNis moved rearwardly, to register with the seed-opening X in the bottom of the-hopper. The bottom plate, U, has an inclined opening or chute, Y. When the lever N moves back, its seed-cup W receives the seed from the hopper, and when, by the action of the spring, as described, it is moved in a forward direction, the seed is suddenly and forcibly thrown through the chute Y, the incline of which is so gaged that the seed shall be deposited on top of the fertilizing material, which has been dropped by the same action of the levers.
The rear end of the frame A carries shanks Z, having ,coverers A, and a drag or leveler, B, may be used when desired.
The operation and advantages of this invention will be readily understood from the foregoing description,taken in connection with the drawings hereto annexed. It is simple in construction, easily managed, and effective in operation. 3 r
I claim as my invention and desireto secure by Letters Patent of the United States-- 1. The combination of the frame, the revolving axle having transporting wheels, blocks or bars upon the inner side of one of the latter, longitudinal frame-bars, a hopper 5 mounted upon the same, a pair of levers or plates pivoted upon the longitudinal framebars, under opposite sides of the hopper, and forming the bottom of the latter, arms extending from the said levers and connected by a pivoted rod, a spring connecting the arm of the front lever with the frontpart of the frame, and an arm extending from the opposite side of the front lever and adapted to engage the blocks or bars upon the inner side of the ad- 15 joining transporting-wheel, substantially as set forth. I
2. In a combined corn-plauter and fertilizer-distributer, the combination of a hopper, a pair of levers, forming the bottom of the same, mechanism for moving'" or opening the said levers in opposite directions, so as to pcrmit the escape of a portion of the contents of the hopper, a seed-hopper arranged in rear of the main hopper above the rear lever, a seed- 25 cup formed in the latter, a bottom plate having an inclined opening or chute, and mechanism for automatically closing the levers or bottom plates of the main hopper, substan tially as set forth.
3. In a combined seed-planter and fertio lizer-distributer, the combination of theseedhopper, the seed-slide consisting of a lever, which forms part of the bottom of the fertilizer-hopper, mechanism for moving the said lever or seed-slide in a rearward direction to 3 5 receive seed from the hopper, a spring arranged to move the said lever or seed-slide in a forward direction by a quick and sudden action upon the cessation of the actuating mechanism, and a bottom plate having a forwardly- 40 inclined opening or chute, through which the seed will be thrown by the forward action of the seedslide, as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in 5 presence of two witnesses.
XVILLIAM NOAH ARNOLD.
JNO. Q. HANDLE, G. GEORGE OURris.