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Publication numberUS2936762 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 17, 1960
Filing dateApr 9, 1953
Priority dateJun 5, 1952
Publication numberUS 2936762 A, US 2936762A, US-A-2936762, US2936762 A, US2936762A
InventorsDenis Bernard Pierre
Original AssigneeDenis Bernard Pierre
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Application of modulated decreasing frequencies to the body
US 2936762 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 17, 1960 P. p. BERNARD 2,936,762

APPLICATION OF MODULATED DECREASING FREQUENCIES TO THE BODY Filed April 9, 195a s 2. 6 {4 r 7 l a J J u' RECTIFIER FILTER 4OSC|LLATOR AMPLIFIER o- RECTIFIER 1 If 3 lnvcnlvr:

Arry3 United States-Patent O APPLICATION OF MODULATED DECREASING FREQUENCIES TO THE BODY Pierre Denis Bernard, Paris, France Application April 9, 1953, Serial No. 347,701 I Claims priority, application France JuneS, 1952 3 Claims. cans-.422

Various techniques imply the application of alternating currents the frequencies of which range between a few cycles and millions of cycles per second. Physiology which consists in studying the-phenomena of life and medical science which forms the diagnosis and defines the treatment of disturbances in such phenomena, resort either to. low frequencies which have a sensitive and nervegoverningeffect or else to high frequencies which, have no such sensorimotor action, so that it is possible to apply them under high intensities with a view to obtaining the desired thermic action.

,ln ,contradistin'ction, the intermediary frequencies which may be termed mean frequencies and. range between say .1000 and 100,000 cycles per second'have been but. little studied and used for. medical purposes.

The-reason of this fact lies in the absenceof any standard apparatus adapted to produce, such frequencies and chiefly in the lack of sta'bilityof the physiological action of such frequencies; thus the effect on thesensitivity and motivity of the patient are reduced when=the frequencyrises and increase when the latter sinks. When all other conditions vremain the same and for a given uniform and unvarying frequency, the actions on the sensitivity and motivity decrease rapidly byreason; of the action of habit when the duration of application increases and this action disappears sometimes-completely after a few minutes. 5 v

Lastly, certain therapeutic applications may benefit by the simultaneousapplication of medium frequency and low frequency currents, the association of which has never been proposed hitherto. '1"; Onjthev other hand, it is possiblet'o .use generators of frequencies above 50,000 cycles per second for the production of ultra sounds and generators of frequencies ranging between 30 and,.5000 or 10,000 cycles pe'r'sec'ond for the production of sounds. In contradistinction, mean frequencies. ranging between 5000v and 50,000 periods per :second and corresponding to the transitional zone between sounds and ultra-sounds have been investigated only to" a .slight extent and are practically not'used. Their interest 'resideshowever in: .Thepossibility of defining the threshold between sounds and ultra-sounds, which threshold varies according to the patient and depends on age and various ailments.

The possibility of acting on parts that are particularly sensitive to such frequencies, except as concerns perception through the auditory channels, such as Cortis organs and the labyrinth and therethrough on the nervous system.

My invention has for its object the production of a periodic current submitted to a very slow decrease in frequency between about 50,000 and 5,000 cycles, said decrease lasting between two and ten minutes or thereabouts while at least one modulation of say to 600 cycles is applied to said decreasing frequency.

This is obtained by means of a conventional oscillating system to which I incorporate variable capacities with a view to modifying gradually the frequencies to obtain a final current the shape of which depends on various that the capacity varies between a minimum correspondv 2 factors, such as the physiological effect to be obtained and also the reduction of intensity of such efiect's'through habit and the physiological sensitivity of the different patients.

The physiological effects decrease as a matter of-fact with the duration of application for a predetermined frequency and intensity and the benefit of the action at the start is speedily lost, however, as such effects increase when the frequency drops,'it is possible to extend the benefit of the initial action by lowering gradually and automatically the frequency from a maximum'down to a predetermined minimum.

To this end and in conformity with the present invention, a condenser of variable capacity is connected with a mechanical or electric motor driving the movable parts of the condenser at an adjusted speed in'a manner such ing to a maximum frequency and a maximum corresponding to a minimum frequency during a lapse of time of 2, 3, 4- 10 minutes or thereabouts.

The physiological action decreasing as a consequence of habit when a predetermined constant frequency is applied continuously, it is possible to benefit according to a further feature of the present invention by a partial break inhabit, as provided by intermittent action and more specifically by modifying the frequency in a period? ical manner such as a modulation at the rate of say one period per second extending over say 100 cycles. This may be obtained by inserting and cutting periodically a capacity corresponding to 'the desired modification, in and out of the oscillating circuit, this insertion andcutting out being performed preferably in a sudden manner by means of any suitable automatically and'periodically operating switch. It is thus possible to obtain a periodical modification in frequency which is of particular interest with a view to obtaining rapid modifications of a mag;

nitude of 10 to 100 per second.

The modification of this capacity may in contradistinc modulation depends on the speed of rotation of the movable members, the amplitude of modulation depending'on the value of said variable capacity.

A. delayed habit may also occur for a predetermined type of frequency modulation and it is consequently possible, in accordance with a further feature of my invention,

to cutout said habit by superposing two or moredifferent types of modulation having difierent characteristics as to the periodicity and magnitude of the modulation. For this purpose, I associate two or more of the above arrangements as disclosed hereinahove so as to produce different modulations; thus for instance, I may-superpose on a modulation of 100 cycles per second a periodical .modulation'which-is both slower-and of'a greater'exter'it,

of say 600 cycles every 10 seconds.

The physiological sensitivity to such a predetermined modification or type of modulation of frequency, is furthermore much more important at low frequencies than,

at high frequencies and it is possible according to my invention to reduce the amplitude of the frequency modualation in conformity with the automatic reduotio-n of the fundamental frequency.

I may use therefor a variable capacity, inserted in series with the capacities submitted to periodical modification with a view to producing modulations in frequency, the movable elements of said variable capacity being submitted to a movement opposed to that of the elements of the precedingly specified condenser, adapted to extend the benefit of the original action. One of the capacities decreases when the other increases and the ac- I Patented May 17, 1960 tion of the periodical variations of Said capacities decreases consequently when the fundamental frequency decreases.

As low frequency currents ranging between about 50 and 100 periods have special physiological efiects, it is of interest to benefit by their action in superposition: over that of the frequencies of mean value as provided, in particular by proceeding with a modulation of intensities at low frequencies of mean frequency currents.

To this end, in the mean frequency generator, the constant voltage feeding the oscillating tube is replaced, according to my invention, by a pulsatory voltage obtained by the rectification of an alternating current at say 50 or 60 periods, the filtration being cut out or adjusted according to requirements, by modifications in the values of the filtering capacities.

Under such circumstances when a single alternation is used, the mean frequency current intensity is modulated at a frequency of say 50 or 60 cycles and when both rectified alternations are used, the current is modulated at a-frequency of 100 or 120 cycles.

. It may also be of interest to shift, as required or periodically, the modulation at 50 or 60 periods to a modulation at 100 or 120 periods.

To this end, I provide a hand-operated or automatic periodically operating switch in the rectifying circuit fed with one of the rectified alternations.

It may be lastly of interest to resort to the mean fre' quency current, whether modulated or otherwise, in its rectified form, in which case a rectifier of the thermionic or copper oxide type is inserted in accordance with the invention beyond the precedingly described device or devices ahead of the utilization circuit.

I have illustrated by way of example in the single figpre of accompanying drawings and by no means in a limiting sense a wiring diagram of a generator feeding mean frequency current in accordance with my invention.

In said figure, 2 designates an oscillator of any suitable type, whether of the coil or of the resistance type, while 3, 4, 5 designate respectively an amplifier, a filter and a rectifier which are also of any known or suitable type and 6 designates the connection between the generator and the AC. mains, 7 and 8 designating the connections leading towards the utilization circuit at the output of said arrangement, respectively in the case of the use of an alternating current and of the use of a rectified alternating current.

Across the terminals of the oscillator 2 are inserted shuntwise condensers shown respectively at 9, 10, 12 The condenser 9 has a variable capacity, the value of which increases gradually. It is connected with a motor driving its movable elements at an adjusted speed .in'a manner such that the value of thecapacity increases between a minimum, corresponding to maximum frequency to a maximum corresponding to minimum frequency in 2, 3, 4 10 minutes e.g.

The condensers 10, 12 have capacities the modifications of which vary by different amounts and at different frequencies and they are inserted and cut out periodically with reference to the capacity of the oscillating circuit. These condensers 10, 12 are inserted in series with a capacity 13, the capacity of which has a gradually decreasing value so as to reduce the amplitude of the frequency modulation, while the fundamental frequency is being reduced by the condenser 9.

In addition to the connection of these condensers with the oscillator 2, my improved generator includes: a condenser 14 of variable capacity inserted shuntwise across the. terminals of the filter 4; a periodically operating switch 15 inserted in the anode circuit of the rectifier 5; a periodically'operating switch 16 inserted in the heating circuit of a tube forming part of the rectifier; a rectifier 17 of the thermionic or copper oxide type, inserted beyond the amplifier 3.

Obviously, my invention is by no means limited to the single arrangement of a generator of medium frequency currents disclosed hereinaboye by way of example and it covers all the modifications thereof falling within the scope of accompanying claims.

' What I claim is: a

' 1. A method for treating physiological disturbances consisting in applying to the patient a current at a frequency decreasing gradually between tWovalues lying within the upper and the lower part respectively of a range comprised between 50,000 and 5,000 cycles during a lapse of time selected between about 2 and 10 minutes and simultaneously frequency modulating the decreasing frequency at a rhythm of about 600 cycles per second.

2. A method for treating'physiological disturbances, consisting in applying to the patient a current of frequencies ranging between about 5,000 and 50,000 periods, and lowering gradually and automatically said frequency between the upper and lower frequency of said range 'during a lapse of time selected between about two and ten minutes and modulating the said decreasing frequency at a rhythm comprised between about ten and one hundred periods per second.

3. A method for treating physiological disturbances, consisting in applying to the patient acurrent of frequencies ranging between about 5,000 and 50,000 periods, lowering gradually and automatically said frequency between the upper andthe lower frequency of said range during a lapse of time selected between about two and ten minutes and modulating the said decreasing frequency at a rhythm comprised between about ten and one hundred periods per second, and modulating it further at a rhythm of about 600 cycles per second.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,992,441 Purington Feb. 26, 1935 2,099,511 Ceasar Nov. 16, 19-37 2,350,797 Morland et a1. June 6, 1944 2,381,496" Hansell Aug. 7, 1945 2,434,497 Kearsley Jan. 13, 1948 2,469,289 Beard et a1. May 3, 1949 2,520,141 Hardy Aug. 29, 1950 2,545,087 Hart Mar. 13, 1951 2,590,216 Schuhfried Mar. 25, 1952 2,779,336 Abbe Jan. 29, 1957 2,792,829 Calosi May 21, 1957

Patent Citations
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US1992441 *Sep 6, 1930Feb 26, 1935John Hays Hammond JrSingle side band transmission and reception
US2099511 *Jan 9, 1934Nov 16, 1937Viktor CaesarOscillator for the biological treatment of living tissue
US2350797 *Sep 3, 1941Jun 6, 1944Morland PrebenMeans for producing electric impulses
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3050695 *Sep 10, 1959Aug 21, 1962W W Henry Co IncPulse generator for human treatment
US3096768 *May 27, 1960Jul 9, 1963Tron Inc FaElectrotherapy system
US4026304 *Nov 6, 1974May 31, 1977Hydro Med Sciences Inc.Bone generating method and device
US4763656 *Dec 17, 1987Aug 16, 1988Beatrice T. KesterTranscutaneous electrical nerve stimulation device and method
EP0152963A2 *Feb 22, 1985Aug 28, 1985Werner Dipl.-Ing. KrausApparatus for electrotherapy
EP0152963A3 *Feb 22, 1985Jun 4, 1986Werner KrausApparatus for electrotherapy
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/68
International ClassificationA61N1/40
Cooperative ClassificationA61N1/40
European ClassificationA61N1/40