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Publication numberUS2937795 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 24, 1960
Filing dateApr 24, 1957
Priority dateApr 24, 1957
Publication numberUS 2937795 A, US 2937795A, US-A-2937795, US2937795 A, US2937795A
InventorsPasquale Ciliberti
Original AssigneePasquale Ciliberti
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispenser closure cap-seal itself
US 2937795 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 24, 1960 P. CILIBERTI 2,937,795

. DISPENSER CLOSURE CAP SEAL ITSELF 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 24, 1957 I NVEN TOR. P4540342! mama 2m May 24, 1960 P. CILIBERTI DISPENSER CLOSURE CAP SEAL ITSELF 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 24, 1957 1N VENTOR. aw/{x4 5x035??? DISPENSER CLOSURE CAP-SEAL ITSELF Pasquale Ciliberti, 45 Men'ahan St., Brooklyn 21, N.Y.

Filed Apr. 24, 1957, Ser. No. 654,704

1 Claim. (Cl. 222-490) This invention relates to dispensing apparatus and more particularly to a dispensing closure for collapsible type fluid containers.

Various types of closuredevices have been provided for collapsible tube type containers that are usually provided for dispensing creams, pastes, lotions and the like. Most of these closures, however, require the use of a removable member for opening the top of the tube, which members often become lost and misplaced, thereby giving rise to various inconveniences and damage to the contents of the container.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a novel dispensing closure device for various types of collapsible containers in which the closure device is maintained in assembly with the container and has pressure responsive means for automatically dispensing the contents of the container through self contained valve means.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a dispensing closure device in which a tip is provided with a plurality of intersecting slits that define a predetermined quantity of flexible segments, which segments are adapted to spread apart in response to the build up of internal pressure within the container so as to automatically dispense the contents therethrough and in response to cessation of such pressure, the segments automatically close so as to prevent further loss of the contents or contamination thereof.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide a dispenser closure device that is simple in construction, eflicient in operation, and which will overcome the aforementioned difficulties.

All of the foregoing and still further objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent (from a study of the following specification, taken in connection with the accompany drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a dispensing device made in accordance with one form of the present invennon;

Figure 2 is a plan view of the device shown in Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a side view, with parts broken away, of the device shown in Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a side view, with parts broken away, of a modified form of the present invention in operative use;

Figure 5 is an elevational view taken along line 55 of Figure 4;

Figure 6 is a front elevational view of a still turther modified form of the present invention;

Figure 7 is a top plan view of the device shown in Figure 6;

Figure 8 is a cross sectional view taken along line 8-8 of Figure 7;

Figure 9 is a view similar to Figure 7, showing the closure device in an open position;

Figure 10 is a side elevational view showing the manner in which the device shown in Figures 6 to 9 is operated;

Figure 11 is a view similar to Figure 10, showing the parts in a completely open position; and

States PatentO ice Figure 12 is an exploded perspective view, with parts broken away, of a still further modified form of the present invention.

Referring now to the drawing and more particularly to Figures 1 to 3 thereof, a dispensing closure device 10 made in accordance with one form of the present invention is shown to include a collapsible tube 12 that has conical closure membenll at the upper end thereof.

The apex of this member .11 is provided with a plurality of intersecting slits 14 that divide the tip into a plurality of individual flexible quadrants 15. As is more clearly shown in Figure 3, the closure member 11 is hollow so that upon exerting a pressure upon the tube 12, an internal pressure is built up within the contents 16 thereof so as to force the quadrants apart, thereby permittingthe egress of the fluid therefrom.

In Figures 4 and 5, a modified form 20 of the present invention is shown wherein the closure member is in the form of a separate cap 21 that is integrally secured to the outlet member 22 at a collapsible tube 23-. This cap 21 is also of conical shape and is provided with a plurality of intersecting slits 24 at its apex. These slits divide the apex of the cap 21 into a plurality of separate flexible quadrants 25. Thus, upon the pressure exerted upon the tube 23, the contents thereof are operative to urge the flexible quadrants 25 apart so that the toothpaste 26 is expelled therefrom and may be applied to a brush 27 without removing any separate closure member. Upon release of the squeezing pressure upon the tube, the quadrants will return to their normally closed position, thereby cutting off the continued flow of fluid therefrom.

In Figures 6 to 11, a still further modified form 30 of the present invention is shown wherein the closure member is a combination of two elements. A sleeve 31 of hollow cylindrical con-figuration is secured to the outlet member 32 of the collapsible tube 34. A separate closure member 36 having a hollow cylindrical lower portion and a conical upper portion is slidably supported upon the sleeve 31. The conical portion of the member 36 is provided with a plurality of intersecting slits 37 that divide that end into a plurality of individual flexible sections 38. This arrangement may be operated in the manner hereinbefore described in connection with Figures 1 to 5, but may, if desired, be manually operated in the manner shown in Figures 10 and 11. By exerting a downward pull upon the closure member 36, the upper end of the sleeve 31 is operative to urge the sections 38 apart so that the contents of the tube may be poured or otherwise ejected therefrom without having to first build up the necessary pressure to force the sections 38 apart. Upon dispensing the desired amount of material, the closure member 36 may be raised from the lowered position 36a to the upper closed position as shown in Figure 6, whereupon the tube 34 is automatically sealed. Because of the resiliency of the material from which the closure member 36 is constructed, the sections 38 readily move between the closed position and the" open position 38a.

In Figure 12, a still further modified form 40 of the present invention is shown that is quite similar to the embodiment described in connection with Figures 6 to.

11. However, in this arrangement, the sleeve 41 is provided with an external helical thread 43 that is adapted to cooperate with a matching internal thread 44 on the closure member 46. The upper end of the closure member 46 is also of conical configuration and is provided with a plurality of intersecting slits 47 that divide that end of the member into a plurality of substantially equal flexible sections 48. Thus, the sleeve 41 may be applied to the outlet member of a collapsible container in the aforementioned manner. Then, by rotating the closure member 46 relative to the sleeve 41, the upper end of the sleeve 41 is operative to engage the inside surfaces of the sections 48 to spread them apart in a manner similar to that shown in Figures and 11. However, because of the threaded engagement of the parts, the threads provide a mechanical advantage for spreading the sections apart during the rotational movement of the closure member 46, rather than having to exert a sufficient downward force upon the closure member to obtain this result.

It will be recognizedthat any type of flexible material may be used for constructing the aforementioned embodiments of this invention. However, it has been found that various types of plastic material are particularly suited to this construction and provide a device that is easy to manufacture, and extremely low in cost. Because of the self sealing action of this device, the contents within the container are not exposed to the atmosphere any longer than necessary, thereby providing for a sanitary and efficient assembly.

While this invention has been described with particular reference to the construction shown in the drawing, it is to be understood that such is not to be construed as imparting limitations upon the invention, which is best defined by the claim appended hereto.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

A dispenser closure device for collapsible containers having fluid material stored therewithin, comprising, in combination, a flexible outlet member having a hollow conical tip open at one end, a plurality of intersecting slit lines extending across the apex of the opposite end of said tip and defining a plurality of flexible arcuate segments, all of said segments being of substantially identical size and shape with the outermost portions of said segments defining said apex being deformable between a normally closed relationship in engagement with the sides of each other and an open spaced apart relationship for permitting the pasage of a fluid mass therethrough in response to the establishment of an internal pressure forcing said segments apart, said container being provided with an outlet extension supporting said outlet member thereon, and said one end of said flexible member comprising a base slidably receiving said outlet extension therewithin, whereby the manual squeezing of said container is operative to pressurize the mass contained therewithin, and to establish said internal pressure to deform said segments into said open spaced relationship and to force said material outwardly through said opposite end of said tip through said intersecting slit means extending across said apex thereof upon movement of said arcuate outermost portions of said segments to said open spaced relationship.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,607,993 Loewy Nov. 23, 1926 1,650,966 Smith Nov. 29, 1927 1,973,459 Anderson Sept. 11, 1934 1,977,227 Berendt Oct. 16, 1934 2,516,040 Zumdahl July 18, 1950 2,679,954 Barnes June 1, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 636,486 France Jan. 12, 1928 464,834 Italy July 23, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1607993 *Dec 11, 1925Nov 23, 1926Loewy Raymond G FContainer tube
US1650966 *Jun 8, 1926Nov 29, 1927Smith Arthur EClosure for collapsible tubes
US1973459 *Mar 27, 1933Sep 11, 1934Sophie B DickmanAutomatic closure for outlet ends of dispensing receptacles
US1977227 *Aug 9, 1933Oct 16, 1934Alfred BerendtSelf-closing paste tube
US2516040 *Apr 18, 1946Jul 18, 1950Zumdahl Elmer HDispensing spout and slidable resilient sleeve closure
US2679954 *May 23, 1951Jun 1, 1954Barnes James FDispensing container having a slitted resilient closure disk and a sealing tab
FR636486A * Title not available
IT464834B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3161325 *Jun 19, 1963Dec 15, 1964George BoswinkleExpulsion device
US3281019 *Oct 22, 1963Oct 25, 1966Curry John PMaterial dispenser for packing a column of narrow tubing
US3430816 *Aug 17, 1967Mar 4, 1969Daubert Chem CoApparatus for dispensing adhesive materials
US4096597 *Sep 30, 1976Jun 27, 1978Duse Gregory EDrain opening device
US4728006 *Oct 1, 1984Mar 1, 1988The Procter & Gamble CompanyFlexible container including self-sealing dispensing valve to provide automatic shut-off and leak resistant inverted storage
US4991745 *Jan 9, 1990Feb 12, 1991Liquid Molding Systems, Inc.Dispensing valve with trampoline-like construction
US5005737 *Jun 29, 1989Apr 9, 1991Seaquist ClosuresFlexible dispensing closure having a slitted resilient outlet valve and a flanged vent valve
US5033655 *Apr 25, 1989Jul 23, 1991Liquid Molding Systems Inc.Dispensing package for fluid products and the like
US5115950 *Jan 14, 1991May 26, 1992Seaquist Closures A Divison Of Pittway CorporationDispensing closure with unitary structure for retaining a pressure-actuated flexible valve
US5531363 *Jun 10, 1994Jul 2, 1996Aptargroup, Inc.Dispensing closure cartridge valve system
US5950878 *Aug 4, 1997Sep 14, 1999Steris CorporationDispensing tube valve assembly
US6089411 *Feb 21, 1997Jul 18, 2000L'orealDispensing head and unit for a product with a liquid-to-viscous consistency comprising a flow reducer, and method of manufacturing same
US6752965Jan 28, 2002Jun 22, 2004Abner LevySelf resealing elastomeric closure
US7306127Aug 18, 2004Dec 11, 2007Seaquist Closures L.L.C.Container closure
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US7708035Jun 11, 2008May 4, 2010David Mitchell WindmillerBottom fillable bottles and systems for charging the same
US7766057Nov 21, 2005Aug 3, 2010David Mitchell WindmillerBottom fillable bottles and systems for charging the same
US7824545Nov 21, 2005Nov 2, 2010David Mitchell WindmillerBottom fillable bottles and systems for charging the same
US7842215Oct 3, 2007Nov 30, 2010Seaquist Closures L.L.C.Process of forming a container closure
US8082956Nov 21, 2005Dec 27, 2011David Mitchell WindmillerBottom fillable bottles and system for charging the same
US8113247Nov 21, 2005Feb 14, 2012David Mitchell WindmillerBottom fillable bottles and systems for charging the same
US8215344Mar 26, 2010Jul 10, 2012David Mitchell WindmillerBottom fillable bottles and systems for charging the same
US8827106Jan 12, 2012Sep 9, 2014David Mitchell WindmillerBottom fillable bottles and systems for charging the same
US20040251278 *May 29, 2002Dec 16, 2004Toshihiro AraiLiquid container having cap with slit valve
US20060037976 *Feb 18, 2005Feb 23, 2006John EimerContainer closure
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US20080277020 *Nov 21, 2005Nov 13, 2008David Mitchell WindmillerBottom Fillable Bottles and Systems for Charging the Same
US20080302711 *Jun 11, 2008Dec 11, 2008David Mitchell WindmillerBottom fillable bottles and systems for charging the same
USD671359Nov 27, 2012David WindmillerTop lid assembly for bottle
EP0495440A2Jan 13, 1992Jul 22, 1992AptarGroup, Inc.Dispensing closure with pressure-actuated flexible valve
EP1210275A1 *Jun 26, 2000Jun 5, 2002Seaquist Closures Foreign, IncValved dispensing system for multiple dispensing streams
WO1984001143A1 *Sep 19, 1983Mar 29, 1984Gerard EtchebarneReceptacle with automatic sealed closure after use
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/490
International ClassificationB65D47/20, B65D47/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/2031
European ClassificationB65D47/20E2