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Publication numberUS2938177 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 24, 1960
Filing dateJun 9, 1958
Priority dateJun 9, 1958
Publication numberUS 2938177 A, US 2938177A, US-A-2938177, US2938177 A, US2938177A
InventorsVogelman Joseph H
Original AssigneeVogelman Joseph H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for separating a large frequency band into a plurality of subbands
US 2938177 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

FREQUENCY Y OF SUB-BANDS 9, 1958 H. APPARATUS FOR SEI Filed June BAND INTO A PLURALIT May 24, 1960 INVENTOR. JSEPH V06 LNH/V Bul/H.

96E/VT APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING A LARGE-FRE- QUENCY BAND INTO A PLURALITY SUB- BANDS Joseph H. Vogelman, 404 W. Cedar St., Rome, N.Y.

Filed June 9, 1958, Ser. No. 740,981

4 Claims. (Cl. S33-9) (Granted under Title 35, U-S. Code (1952), sec. 266) bands, with a low insertion loss.

A further object is to provide an apparatus, for separating a large frequency band into a plurality of subbands, which requires fewer elements than prior art devices.

These and other objects will be more fully understood from the following detailed description taken with the drawing wherein:

Fig. 1 shows a coaxial transmission line having a plurality of output wave guides coupled thereto.

Fig. 2 is a sectional view along the line 2-2 of Fig. l.

Fig. 3 shows the system of Fig. l with low pass filters inserted between the wave guides.

Referring more particularly to Fig. l of the drawing, reference numeral refers to a coaxial transmission line having a plurality of wave guides 11-15 coupled thereto. The height H of the wave guide is selected for impedance matching and power handling capacity and the width W is selected to provide an appropriate cutoff wave length for the sub-bands to be separated from the large frequency band. Each of the wave guides 11-15 is constructed to have a different cutoff in accordance with the particular desired sub-band widths. Impedance matching elements 16-20, consisting of either, a dielectric or metallic disk are provided in each wave guide. Each of the matching structures is designed to couple maximum energy of the sub-band into the wave guide in which it is inserted. The spacing between the wave guides is adjusted so that a match is seen at the input of the coaxial line structure for all frequencies in the total band and a match is seen between wave guides 11 and 12 in the coaxial line for all frequencies of the over-all band excluding those in the sub-band of wave guide 11 and this is repeated for each wave guide coaxial combination. The wave guides are arranged so that the cutoff frequency for wave guide 11 is higher than for wave guide 12, wave guide 12 is higher than for wave guide 13, etc., then signals above the cutoi 11 will be received at vthe output of wave guide 11, signals above cutoff at wave guide 12 will be received at the output of wave guide 12, etc., and signals below the cutoff frequency of the last wave guide will be received at the output of the coaxial transmission line.

To sharpen the cutoff conditions between the wave guides, low pass lters 21-24 may be included in the coaxial line between the wave guides, as shown in Fig. 3. 'I'hese filters may be of the type shown in the patent to Reed, 2,762,986. Impedance matching structure may also be included within the sections to improve the overall performance.

tates Patent 2,938,177 Patented May 24, 1960 raicc There is thus provided an apparatus for separating a large frequency band into a plurality of sub-bands with a low insertion loss and which requires fewer elements than prior art devices.

While certain specific embodiments have been described in some detail, it is obvious that numerous changes may be made without departing from the general principles and scope of the invention.

I claim:

l. An apparatus for separating a large frequency band into a plurality of sub-bands, comprising: a coaxial transmission line; a source for supplying said large frequency band; a plurality of wave guides spaced along said coaxial transmission line, each having a different width, to thereby provide adiferent cutoff wave length; said wave guides being coupled to said transmission line progressively in order of increasing width away from said source; the height of each of said wave guides being selected for impedance matching and power handling capacity; said Wave guides having an impedance matching section of said transmission line located between each pair of wave guides to thereby provide an impedance match at the input of said transmission line for all frequencies in the total band and means within each of said Wave guides for matching the impedance of the transmission line with that of the wave guide.

2. An apparatus for separating a large frequency band into a plurality of sub-bands, comprising: a coaxial transmission line; a source for supplying said large frequency band; a plurality of wave guides spaced along said coaxial transmission line, each having a different cutoff wave length, coupled to said transmission line progressively in order of increasing cutoff wavelength away from said source; the height of each of said wave guides being selected for impedance matching and power handling capacity and the Width being selected for the appropriate cutoff wave length; said wave guides being spaced along said transmission line to provide an impedance match at the input for all the frequencies in the total band; means within each wave guide for matching the impedance of the transmission line with that of the wave guide; and a low pass filter located in the coaxial transmission line between each pair of wave guides; said filters having a bandpass for all frequencies below that which is coupled to the preceding wave guide. v

3. An apparatus for separating a large frequency band into a plurality of sub-bands, comprising: a coaxial transmission line; a source for supplying said large frequency band; a plurality of wave guides spaced along said coaxial transmission line, each having a different cutoff wave length, coupled to said transmission line progressively in order of increasing cutoff wavelength away from said source; the height of each of said wave guides being selected for impedance matching and power handling capacity and the width being selected for the appropriate cutoff wave length; said wave guides being spaced along said transmission line to provide an impedance match at the input for all the frequencies in the total band and means within each Wave guide for matching the impedance of the transmission line with that of the wave guide.

4. An apparatus for separating a large frequency band into a plurality of sub-bands, comprising: a coaxial transmission line; a source for supplying said large frequency band; a plurality of wave guides spaced along said coaxial transmission line, each having a different width, to thereby provide a different cutoff wave length; said wave guides being coupled to said transmission line progressively in order of increasing width away from said source; the height of each of said wave guides being selected for impedance matching and power handling capacity; said wave guides having an impedance matching section of said transmission line located between each pair of wave guides to thereby provide an impedance match at theinput of said transmission line for all frequencies in the total band; means within each of said wave guides for matching the impedance of the transmission line with that of the wave guide and a low pass ilter located in the section of transmission line located between pairs of Wave guides, said filters having a bandpass for all frequencies below that which is coupled to the preceding wave guide.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Martin July 11, 1950 Moreno Nov. 4, 1952 OTHER REFERENCES

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2514779 *May 14, 1947Jul 11, 1950Rca CorpWave guide system
US2616951 *Oct 4, 1944Nov 4, 1952Sperry CorpUltrahigh-frequency bridge
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3124768 *Dec 15, 1958Mar 10, 1964 Resonator
US3153768 *Mar 29, 1962Oct 20, 1964Alday John RMiniaturized tem microwave bandpass filter
US3205460 *Sep 18, 1961Sep 7, 1965Alday John RDielectric gap miniaturized microwave filter
US3659232 *Feb 24, 1970Apr 25, 1972Rca CorpTransmission line filter
US4206428 *Oct 20, 1978Jun 3, 1980Tx Rx Systems Inc.Series notch filter and multicoupler utilizing same
US4249147 *Feb 21, 1979Feb 3, 1981Tx Rx Systems Inc.Cavity filter and multi-coupler utilizing same
US4258435 *Jan 8, 1979Mar 24, 1981Microwave Development Labs. Inc.Manifold multiplexers
US4725796 *Sep 23, 1986Feb 16, 1988The Boeing CompanyMillimeter and infra-red wavelength separating device
DE1264636B *Jun 19, 1964Mar 28, 1968Siemens AgFilter fuer sehr kurze elektromagnetische Wellen
DE1272465B *Feb 26, 1962Jul 11, 1968Siemens AgKanalweiche fuer sehr kurze elektromagnetische Wellen
Classifications
U.S. Classification333/126
International ClassificationH01P1/213, H01P1/20
Cooperative ClassificationH01P1/2138
European ClassificationH01P1/213F