US 2938248 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 1950 J. HADARY 2,938,248
ORNAMENTAL SCREEN Filed y 5 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.4
58 FIG. IO 59k:
- JOSEPH HADARY RMIWW,W?M
ATTORNEYS United States Patent F ORNAMENTAL SCREEN Joseph Hadary, 418 Dewey Ave., Evanston, Ill.
Filed July 3, 1958, Ser. No. 746,486
4 Claims. (Cl. 20-56.4)
This invention relates to improvements in ornamental screen constructions and is of particular value as applied to screens of the type used within the home for the purpose of concealing an unused object such as a fireplace, or to form a more-or-less temporary division of a room or area from some other room or area inside or outside of the main home, or for use with, as, or in, a door or window.
Screens of this general type are often constructed with frames, sometimes having a single leaf, but more frequently of multiple leaves, for example, two or more, which are arranged to fold together to occupy less space when the screen is to be removed and stored during certain seasons of the year. Also, the screen, whether of the single or multiple panel type, is frequently selected so as to match the style and decor of the place in which it is to be used.
Sometimes people get a little tired of the same decor or color scheme and decide to make a change in the decor as a result of which the ornamental panels which have been used in the old screen are out of harmony with the new type of decor. Hence, it is necessary to dispose of the old screen and substitute a new screen which has a decor which will match the new decoration scheme.
Sometimes the frame of the screen, being of a not too flamboyant color, will serve without requiring a re-painting job. However, for the panels of the screen, which may be decorated in the style of primitive American art, modern Oriental style panels may be required to suit the new decor of the room. Hence, it is usually necessary to disregard the old screen containing the primitive American style of decoration and purchase a new screen which will harmonize in color and style of the decor of a room intended to be redecorated in a modern Oriental fashion.
Accordingly, the principal object of the present invention is to provide a screen having a frame with removable panels which can be taken outquickly without injuring the existing panels so that they may be stored for future use and replaced with other panels of the desired style or period, all of which can be accomplished without special tools by a non-professional mechanic, without involving the skill of a craftsman.
In the drawings accompanying this application, I have disclosed a screen having four leaves adapted to be folded together for storage, and to be unfolded when in use, each leaf having three panes or panels. In'said drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the partially extended screen;
Figure 2 is an elevation of one of the leaves;
Figure 3 is a section taken on the line 33 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a section taken on the line 44 of Fig.- ure 2;
2,938,248 Patented May 31, 1960 Figure 5 is a section taken on the line 5-5 ure 2;
Figure 6 is a fragmentary section taken on the line 6-6 of Figure 2;
Figure 7 is a perspective view of the toothed clip shown in Figure 3;
Figure 8 is a side elevation of a slightly different type of clip;
Figure 9 is a side elevation of another type of clip;
Figure 10 is also a side elevation of another type of p;-
Figure 11 is a plan view of a blank which is used in the construction of the clips shown in Figures 8 and 9; and
Figure 12 is a plan view of a blank used in the construction of the clip shown in Figure 10.
Referring to the drawings, it will be seen that the screen as a whole is composed of leaves 20, 21, .22 and 23. The vertically extending spaced parallel frame bars 24, sometimes called mullions or stiles, are connected together by a lower, horizontally extending bar or transom 26 and an upper horizontally extending bar or transom 27 at the top of the leaf.
These stiles and transoms may be united together by the use of the usual tongue and groove construction, or by mortise and tenon joints.
In the present instance, there are two separate panels, an upper panel or pane 28 extending from the top transom 27 to a lower intermediate transom 29, and a lower pane 30 which extends from the aforesaid intermediate transom or spacer 29 to the bottom transom 26. In the case of a long panel such as the panel 28, it may be advisable to employ an additional upper intermediate spacer element or transom 29a extending horizontally between the stiles 24 and 25.
Referring now to Figures 2, 4 and 5, it will be seen that the inside opposing faces of the stiles 24 and 25 are made with slots or grooves 31 and 32, the lower portions of said grooves below the transom being preferably slightly wider at the bottom than at the entrance of the same, as shown in Figure 5. This is for a purpose which will later appear.
Describing now the manner in which the upper pane 28 is installed, it will be seen from Figure 6 that the lower intermediate transom 29 is made with a stationary part 36 permanently glued or otherwise secured to the inside opposed faces of the stiles 24 and 25. Said stationary transom part 36 has a central rectangular rib 37 which reinforces it to some extent, the upper and lower portions 38 and 39 of said transom part 36 serving as shelves or supports upon which are received the lower end of the upper pane 28 and the upper margin of the lower pane 30. It will also be observed that the lower transom 26 is grooved out, as shown at 40, to receive the lower end of the lower pane 30 and that the lower edge of the shelf 39 is cut back slightly as shown at 41 in order to form a narrow shelf for the upper end of the lower pane 30.
The lower margin of the upper pane 28 is supported by the shelf 38 and the upper margin of said pane 28 is supported by a shelf 42 at the lower edge or margin of the top transom 27. It is also supported by the fixed element 43 of the upper intermediate transom 29a.
I will now describe the manner in which the panes 28 and 30 are installed in the structure. The lower panel 30 may be a relatively stifi or inflexible sheet of plastic or other suitable material upon which the picture or other decor may be printed, painted or otherwise applied. As in the case of the upper pane 28, the lower pane may be transparent, translucent or opaque, depending upon the purposefor .which the screen is to be-used' To of Figinsert this lower pane 30 in the frame, the removable key-bar or keeper 44 is removed. The pane 30 is then placed with its lower edge on the top face of the bottom transom-2 6 in which positiorvthe upper edge of the pane 30'will be very slightly below the bottom edge of "the rib 29. Its side edge 45 can then be slid-into the slot 33until it engages the bottom of the slot 33, whereupon the outer end 46 of the pane-30 can be moved pastthe inner edge of the stile25 and -there -slid sideways into the groove 34. At that time, the upper margin 41 of the pane 30 will lie in the shallow rabbet at the lower end of the shelf 39 of the transom bar 36. After the pane 30'is inthe'po'sition described,'which will'be its final position in the 'screen,'it willbeheld 'in position'by the insertion of the keeper stick 44 which extends between the "stiles 24 and '25, and incidentally locked in such position by theclip arrangements which will later be described.
'-I will now describe thefmann'er in which the pane 28 is installed in the'frame. Thisiparticula'r pane is made of thin'elastic-material s'o thatit maybebowed, asshown in Figure 4, to enable its opposite vertical edges to be sprung into the'slots3'I and 32, without'the necessity of having the'lower ends of said slots flared, as shown in Figure 5. Thus, the-horizontalwidth of the pane 23 may be slightly less than the distance between the roots of the slots 31 and 32, subject to a slight clearance, as shown in Figure 4. Also, the top to bottom-length of the pane 28 need be only slightly less than the distance between the upper face of the rib '37-on the lower intermediate transom 36 and the edge of the-shelf 42 on the upper top transom 27. It will be understood that when the pane 28 is sprung into the slots 31 and 32, such operationbeing shown by the dotted lines in Figure 4, the keepers 47, 48 and 49 overlying the shelves 38, 4'3 and 42 have not yet been placed in position.
Inordertolock thepanes28and 30 into their final positions in the frame afterthey have been installed therein, the leaf of the'screen is preferably laid in a horizontal plane so that it occupies the position of Figure 6. In that position, the panes 28 and 30 are horizontal "and the shelves 39, 43 and 42 are on the under side'o'f the frame with the panes 28 and 30 resting thereon.
The keeper strips or sticks 47, 48 and 49 are then installed in their proper final position inth'e frame. Itis desirable to secure them in their final 'po'sition' -so that they will notzshake loose or otherwise become displaced while the screen is in use. Although various means for securing these keeper strips inposition may beemployed, I prefer to make use of concealed clips such as are shown in Figures 7-10 of the drawings. Figure7 shows the clip in perspective,designated -50 as a whole. Said clip '50 is preferably made from a'single blank of resilient material such as steel or brass, and it comprises a flat base portion 51 havinganose 52 formed by bending upwardly a limb or car portion .53 terminatingin'an upwardly extending flange 54.
The over-all width of the nose .or folded portion -"52 of 'the clip, plus the thickness of thepane 28, is such that when the edge of the pane and the .end 52 of the clipare inserted in .the slot 32, there is a'slight clearance. However, there is a substantial amount: of bending of the part 53 so that the free end of thepart 53-is forced strongly upwardly towards and in engagement with the wall of the slot 32. The-flange 54 of the clip-50is-in "such a'po'sition'that when theclip 50ris pushed into the slot above the pane '28, said flange engages the inner face of the stile 2 and serves to locate the clip at the right depthlin the slot 32.
As shown inFigure'3 of the drawings, the-keeper 49 is inserted'between the opposing inner faces of the'stiles 24 and-25 and with its upper edge in contact with the vuppertransom '27, as shownin Figure 6.. Thenthe keeper 49.-is for-cedrdownwardl-y with enoughipressureto cause the teeth @or .prongs 55 to penetrate into the wood -sor be done with the plain b'arbles's hooks.
other similar material of which the keeper 49 is made. Similar clips are provided at the other end of the "keeper 49 and also at each of the keepers, 43, 47 and 44 so that when the two panes and the four keepers, each held by a clip at each end, have been assembled, in the manner stated, the complete job of assembling the panes in the frame of the leaves and has been successfully accomplished.
When it is desiredto remove one-of-the panes so as to replace it with a new pane having a different design or decor, it is a simple matter to thrust a thin chiselshaped tool,-or a substitute therefor, such as the tapered end of a manicu'refile, into "theslight crevice indicated at 56 in Figure 3, "whereupon the keeper may be pried upwardly and released from the prongs 55 so that the keeper may then be removed and the panes taken out and replaced.
In Figure 8, I have disclosed a clip 57 of somewhat clilfer'e'nt specific construction'in that the prongs -58 are provided "with small barbs 59 which serve to lock the keepers to the clip somewhat more .securely than on Also, in said clip 57, shoWninFigure'S, thereis formed an upwardly extendingbe'nd or hump 68, the purpose of which ist'o support "the upper limb 61 of the nose 'ofthe clip 57 when it is forced into the slot 32.
Figure 9 is still another form of clip resembling "the clipfitishown in Figure 8, but instead of putting a hump 'infthe'fiat base portion of the clip, the hump is placed in the limb 62 of the clip, as shown at 63, so that said istructed from a single piece of strip material. In Figure 11,1 have-shown how the clips shown in Figures "8and'9 may be blanked out of a wide strip or sheet.
In Figure 10, I have shown another type of clipin which, instead of having the'lugs 58 extend outwardly from theblanln'as shown'in Figure ll,they may be cut from the interior portion of a narrow strip, as "shown in Figure 12. This effects savings of metal as compared with the type of blank shown in Figure 11. 7
Various of the features of the present invention-will be apparent from the appended claims.
1. An ornamental screen which includes "(11) a-frame comprising a pair of spaced, substantially parallel-stile bars'and a' pair of spaced, substantially parallel transom liars extending between the ends of the stiles, (b each bar of oneof the pairs 'havingan open slotextending in and along the bar and facing the'slot-in'the other bar of saidpair, (0') one of the other pair of barshaving a shelf extending from an edge done of said slots, (d) a pane having-opposite margins extending into said slots,'and (e) removable means for clamping another margin of said pane tosaid shelf, comprising 'a keeper engaging a part of said pane-w'hich 'overliessaid shelf and a clip insertable into one 'of'the slots betweenthe pane and anedge of the 'slot and havin'g a prong impaling the underside of saidkeeper.
2. :Incombination, a pane m'ounting which includes a frame barihaving arslotiin one side there'of, "a pane in said slot afclip having an end ,portion insertable inzsaid slot "and engaging the margin .of :said .panewhich extends into-said slot and a prongoutside of the slot and extendingperpendicularly-away from said pane, and a keeper impaled by said prong.
3. 'In combination, a pane mounting which includesa frame bar having a slot in one side thereof, a pane in said slot, a clip'having "an end portion insertable in said slot andengaging the margin of said pane which extends into said slot and having a prong outside of the'slot and extending perpendicularly away from said pane, 'a stationary shelf adjacent said slot for supporting said -pane under said clip, :a'nd a keeper impaled by said prong and over-lying said shelf.
4. In combination, a pane mounting which includes a frame bar having a slot in one side thereof, a pane having a margin engaging one wall of said slot but spaced from the other wall of said slot, a clip having a compressible, resilient end portion insertable in said space and resiliently engaging the margin of said pane which extends into said slot, and having a prong outside of the slot and extending perpendicularly away from said pane, and a keeper impaled by said prong.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS