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Publication numberUS2938532 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 31, 1960
Filing dateApr 16, 1956
Priority dateApr 16, 1956
Publication numberUS 2938532 A, US 2938532A, US-A-2938532, US2938532 A, US2938532A
InventorsJames Fraser
Original AssigneeSpeakman Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vacuum breaker
US 2938532 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 31, 1960 J. FRASER 2,938,532

VACUUM BREAKER Filed April 16, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet l F s 27 32 F'G, 4. 25

29 3O 24 5 I 6. 6O

INVENTOR. JAMES FRASER.

ATTOR NE Y6 May 31, 1960 J. FRASER 2,938,532

VACUUM BREAKER Filed April 16, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 21 Hi 2| 5 4 C 20 1 2o 1 3 m E E 3i INVENTOR. JAMES FRASER VACUUM BREAKER James Fraser, Wilmington, Del., assignor to The Speakman Company Filed Apr. 16, 1956, Ser. No. 578,317

4 Claims. (Cl. 137-218) This invention relates to a valve device, and more in particular to a vacuum breaker adapted to be used in a water system where there is danger of back syphonage occurring and thereby causing contamination of the supply water system.

Heretofore vacuum breakers have generally been made having an opposed lip or lips which under normal conditions are closed to the flow of water by the rigidity of the flexible valve member. The prior devices of this type have an inherent disadvantage that under extreme vacuum the flexible valve member is inverted and the seal formed by the opposed lips is broken. Another type has a cup-shaped member which protrudes through the flexible valve member and forms a seal. Under extreme vacuum conditions these lips will be inverted and tear and thereafter the lips will not form the required seal.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a vacuum breaker that is normally'open and therefore may be drained without disassembly.

It is another object of this invention to provide a vacuum breaker which under pressure will seal the tubular casing at a plurality of points.

It is still another object of this invention to :provide a vacuum breaker that will be simple in construction and free from parts that usually tear under excessive pressure.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a vacuum breaker free from opposed lips and to provide a rigid support for the flexible part under back pressure.

These and other features of novelty which characterise this invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming part of this'specification. For the better understanding of the invention, however, its advantages and specific objects attained with its use, reference should be had to the accompanying drawings and descriptive matter in which have been illustrated and described the preferred embodiments of the invention.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a top viewof thespreferred embodime'ntof the invention.

Fig. 2 is aside view of Figure '1.

Fig. 3 is a'bottomview of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is'a sectional view on li-neIV-IV of Fig. l, with the valve shown in normal position.

Fig. 5 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 4, illustrating the valve under pressure. 7 V

Fig. 6 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 4, illustrating the valve under vacuum.

Fig. 7 is a top view of a second embodiment of this "invention.

the invention.

nited States Patent 0 Patented May 31, 1960 ice Fig. 12 is a sectional view on line X[IXII of Fig. 11, showing the valve in normal position.

Fig. 13 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 12, showing the valve under pressure.

Fig. 14 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 12, showing the valve under vacuum.

Fig. 15 is a sectional view of the flexible sleeve mem her.

The embodiment of the invention illustrated in Figs. 1 to 6 of the drawings comprises a casing 20 having air ports 21, 21 in the side thereof and a flange 22 on the upper end thereof. This flange fits within the coupling 23 as shown in Fig. 4, for attachment to the flush valve (not shown). The casing conducts the water admitted thereto by the valve member to the source of use, usually a toilet. The ports 21, 21 are normally open to the air and cause the interior of the casing 20 to be subjected to atmospheric pressure conditions. This casing may be made of any material that is desired, usually brass or iron tubing and has the air ports pierced or punched therein.

Within this casing is a baflie 24 supported by a spider 25. This batfle may be made of metal or of a molded plastic material such as nylon, polyethylene or any other material that will not deform or deteriorate due to constant exposure to Water. If it is made of a plastic material as illustrated in the drawings, it is desirable to have an opening 26 countersunk in the bottom thereof to avoid excessive strain during molding caused by a thick section. This opening 26 does not connect with any other part of the valve mechanism and is only used to lighten the molded part.

A flexible valve member 27 shown in Fig. 15 is placed around the baflle 24 and lies between it and the casing 20. Normally this valve member takes the position shown in Fig. 4, and for convenience in securing a water-tight fit between the spider 25 and the flange 22 by means of the coupling 23, it is desirable to have the flexible valve member 27 cover both edges of the spider 25 as shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 6. This flexible valve member has the side wall 23 tapered so that it is thinner at the bottom than it is at the top, and the bottom Wall 29 is as thin as the bottom part of the side wall. The bottom wall has a vent 31) near the central portion thereof, shown in section in Fig. 6 and in Fig. 3. This vent normally takes the open position shown in Fig. 4 allowing any seepage from the valve member (not shown) that precedes the vacuum breaker to flow around the battle, and through the vent 30. This vent is always in the open position unless a vacuum condition exists in the main supply line.

The flexible valve member 27 may be made of synthetic rubber, natural rubber, or any other material that will regain its original shape after being deformed. Where the side wall and the bottom wall intersect, a head 31 shown in Fig. 15, is formed on the exterior part thereof.

This head when forced against the casing forms a seal therewith.

When the water is admitted to the casing by the control valve (not shown) it flows by the spider through the passage 32 around the outside of the baifle 24 forcing the side wall 28 of the flexible valve member against the casing, as shown in Fig. 5, and flows through the vent 30 into the lower part of the casing and is thereby admitted to the toilet. This seals the air ports 21, 21 preventing the water from escaping through these ports. The bead 31 is always forced against the side wall of the casing thereby forming a double seal. The advantage of having a positive double seal under the pressure cycle prevents any liquid from escaping through the air ports line and thesupply valve is open, a vacuum condition is aas'apsa toilet into the, main supply line and contaminate the same. If this condition should exist the vacuum breaker takes the position shown in Fig. 6 and admits, air through the air ports 21, 21 in the wall of the casing and closes the water vent 30 against the bottom of the battle and prevents the raising of any fluid through the casing 20.

- During the vacuum cycle the positive opening of the air ports 21, 2.1 is caused by the movement of the side wall 28 in and around the baflle 2.4. This baffle positively prevents the inverting of the rubber cup formed by the side wall and the bottom wall thereof, which is a com:

therein. A baflie 40 adjustably mounted on the spiderZS being held in position by means of coupling 23, has a flexible valve member 41 held in position by the spider 25. This flexible valve member has side walls similar .to the side walls described above and shown in Fig. 15, I

but 'in addition thereto it has a top wall 42'which has slits 43, 43 cut therein, as shown in Fig. 7. The central ,opening in the top wall lies under the central part 44 of the spider 2S and forms therewith a seal on the vacuum cycle asthe portions of the top wall between the slits are prevented from inverting by the spider 25. When water is admitted under pressure, as shown in Fig. 9, the top wall being unsupported on its under side allows the water to flow therethrough around the baffle and through the vent 30 in the bottom wall thereof forcing the side walls against'the casing forming a seal therewith where the bead 31 contacts the side wall and also the side wall seals over the air ports 21, 21. This forms a double seal on the pressure cycle. On the vacuum cycle the upper wall is sealed against the under side of the spider as described above and the vent in the bottom thereof seals against the baflle 40, as shown in Fig. 10, thus forming a double seal in the vacuum cycle.

I A third modification is illustrated in Figs. 11, 12, 13 and 14, wherein the bafiie 33 is attached to the shaft 34 having the flange 35, by means of the nut 36 on the inner end thereof. This shaft is held in sliding relation to the the spider 37. This spider as shown in Fig. 11 has four openings 37' m the top thereof to allow water to flow therethrough. The baffle has water vents 38 in the sides thereof. a The same flexible valve member 27, that is described above, as illustratedrin Fig. 15, is placed about the baflie and covers the edge of the spider as described above. "The baffle is shown in the normal position in Fig. 13 and is held in a retracted position by the flexible valve member 27 so that the upper surface of the baffle 33' and the rubber washer 45 thereon contacts the lower part of the spider housing 37, and forms a sealed closure therewlth. When water is admitted under pressure the .baflie moves downwardly and admits the water which forces the flexible valve member against the casing, closing the air ports therein and forces the head 31 against the side wall thereof forming a double seal thereon. The water flows through the water vents 38 and through the vent 30 into the casing 20, as shown in Fig. 13. When this valve is subjected to vacuum conditions it assumes the position shown in Fig. 14, the side wall 28 closing the vent 38 and the upper surfaces of the baffle seat against the spider housing 37 forming a double seal under the vacuum condition, and opening the airports 21, 21 to allow air free access to the casing 20. 7

While in accordance with the provisions of the Statutes the best forms of embodiment of this invention have been illustrated and, described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes may be made in the form of the apparatus disclosed'without departing from the and thatin some, cases features ofthis invention may be 7 used without the corresponding use of other features.

'What is claimed is:

1. A vacuum breaker valve device of the character described comprising a casing having an inlet end and an outlet end with a chamber therebetween; air ports in the side of said casing near-the inlet end thereofya rigid baflie having a plane bottom surface supported within said casing, a flexible valve member intermediate said baflle and said casing, said valve member having a greater side wall thickness near the inlet end thereof than at the outlet end thereof, and extending below said air ports and around the'bottom of said baffle and having a central vent normally pen in its bottom wall, said bottom wall normally having an opening between its inner surface and the plane bottom surface of said baflle, the exterior portion of said valve member having a bead on the side walls at the lower end. thereof, said bead normally not being in contact with said casing.

'2..A vacuum breaker valve device of the character described comprising a casing having an inlet end and an outlet end with a chamber therebetween; air ports in the side of said casing near the inlet end thereof, a flange on the top of said casing; a rigid baffle within said casing supported by a spider overlying said flange said baflle having a plane bottom surface and a side wall substantially perpendicular thereto, a flexible valve member having a side wall and a bottom wall intermediate said bafile and said casing the upper edges of said side wall overlying both sides of -said spider, said valve member having a greater side wall thickness near the inlet end thereof than at the outlet end thereof, and extending below said air ports. and around the bottom of said baffle and having a central vent normally open in its bottom wall, said bottom wall normally having an opening between its inner surface and the plane bottom surfaceof said baffle,'the exterior portion of said 'valve member having a head on the side walls at the outlet end thereof, said head normally being not in contact with said casing, whereby under conditions of water pressure the side wall of the valve member at its thickened portion seals the air ports in the casing and said bead'forms a second seal against the casing below the air ports, and under conditions of vacuum the bottom wall of said valve member seals against the bottom surface of said bathe and the side wall of said valve member seals'against the side wall of said baflie member thereby producing a double seal under these conditions.

3. A vacuum breaker valve device of the character described comprising a casing having an inlet end and an outlet end with a chamber therebetween; air ports in the side of said casing near the inlet end thereof, a flange on .the top of said casing, a rigid baflle within said casing supported by a spider overlying said flange said baffle having a plane bottom surface and a side wall substantially perpendicular thereto, a rubber valve member having a side wall and a bottom wall, the upper edge of said side wall overlying both sides of said spider, said valve member having a greater side wall thickness near the inlet end thereof than at the outlet end thereof, and extending below said air ports and around the bottom of said baflle and having a central vent normally open in its bottom wall, said bottom wall normallyhaving an opening between its inner surface and the plane bottom surface of said bafide, the exterior portion of said valve member having a head on the side wall at the outlet end thereof, said bead normally not being in contact with said casing, whereby under conditions of water pressure the side walls of the valve member at its thickened portion seals the air ports in the casing and said head forms a second seal against the casing below the air ports,'and under conditions of vacuum the bottom wall of said valve member ,seals against the bottom surface .of said baffle andthe side wall of said va ve member seals against the side wall of said bafiie member thereby producing a double seal under these conditions.

4. A vacuum breaker valve device of the character described comprising a casing having an inlet end and an outlet end with the chamber therebetween; air ports in the side of said casing near the inlet end thereof, a flange on the top of said casing; a rigid baffle supported within said casing, said baifie having a plane bottom surface at least one-half as wide as the bafiie and the side wall being substantially perpendicular thereto; a flexible valve member having a side wall and a bottom wall intermediate said bafiie said casing, said valve member having greater side wall thickness near the inlet end thereof than at the outlet end thereof and extending below said air port and around the bottom of said baflle and overlying substantially all of the bottom surface of the baflle and having a central vent normally open in its bottom wall, said bottom wall being substantially as thick as the thinner portion of said side wall, normally having an opening between its inner surface and the plane bottom surface of said bafile, the exterior portion of said valve member having a bead on the side wall at the outlet end thereof, said bead normally not being in contact with said casing whereby under conditions of water pressure the side wall of the valve member at its thickened portion seals the air ports in the casing and said bead forms a second seal against the casing below the air port, and under conditions of vacuum the bottom wall of said valve member seals against the bottom surface of the bafiie and the side wall of said valve member seals against the side wall of said bafile member producing a double seal under these conditions.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,270,737 Langdon Jan. 20, 1942 2,347,988 Burke May 2, 1944 2,629,393 Langdon Feb. 24, 1953 2,663,309 Filliung Dec. 22, 1953 2,707,481 McPherson May 3, 1955 2,746,477 Krause May 22, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2270737 *Jul 26, 1940Jan 20, 1942Langdon Jesse DSiphon breaker and valve
US2347988 *Oct 20, 1943May 2, 1944Burke Ormonde JValve construction
US2629393 *May 5, 1949Feb 24, 1953Langdon Jesse DCombined check valve and vent valve
US2663309 *Dec 16, 1949Dec 22, 1953Sloan Valve CoVacuum breaker
US2707481 *Sep 28, 1951May 3, 1955Weir Mcpherson HalValves
US2746477 *Jun 23, 1950May 22, 1956Sloan Valve CoVacuum breakers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2988103 *Sep 30, 1957Jun 13, 1961Canvasser DarwinDevice for preventing back syphoning in water pipes
US3334646 *Mar 15, 1965Aug 8, 1967Sloan Valve CoVacuum breakers
US4582081 *Dec 21, 1984Apr 15, 1986Woodford Manufacturing CompanyVacuum breaker
US4726390 *Mar 20, 1987Feb 23, 1988Waltec, Inc.Hose bibb vacuum breaker
US5454396 *May 23, 1994Oct 3, 1995Kwc AgSanitary safety device for preventing the backflow of water
US5551483 *Aug 17, 1994Sep 3, 1996Kwc AgFor sanitary devices
US6119713 *Nov 4, 1998Sep 19, 2000Pino; Wilton J.Apparatus to prevent rapid multiple flushing
US7527073Apr 7, 2004May 5, 2009Neoperl GmbhBackflow preventer
US20100193040 *Jun 27, 2008Aug 5, 2010Deca Italia S.R.L.Siphoning Group for Food Waste Disposers
DE1500236B1 *May 4, 1965Mar 11, 1971Sloan Valve CoRuecksaugverhinderer fuer Spuelklosettanlagen od.dgl.
DE10316903A1 *Apr 12, 2003Oct 28, 2004Neoperl GmbhRückflussverhinderer
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/218
International ClassificationE03C1/10
Cooperative ClassificationE03C1/10
European ClassificationE03C1/10