Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2938664 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 31, 1960
Filing dateJan 17, 1956
Priority dateJan 17, 1955
Publication numberUS 2938664 A, US 2938664A, US-A-2938664, US2938664 A, US2938664A
InventorsHans-Georg Noller
Original AssigneeLeybold S Nachfolger Fa E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pump
US 2938664 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PUMP

2 Sheets-sheet 1 Filed Jan. 17, 1956 May 31, 1960 HANS-GEORG NLLER 2,938,664

PUMP

2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 1'?, 1956 Af/ /V//V/ I lllll i United States Patent O PUMP Hans-Georg Nller, Koln-Sulz, Germany, asslgnor to Firma E. Leybolds Nachfolger, Koln-Bayental, Germany Filed Jan. 17, 1956, Ser. No. 559,669

Claims priority, application Germany Jan. 17, 1955 9 Claims. (Cl. 23o-141) The present invention relates to a pump.

More particularly, the present invention relates to a cooling arrangement by means of which the pump members of a high vacuum pump are cooled by a cooling medium circulated through the pump members.

There exists pump devices, such as Roots blowers or Lysholm rotary compressors, wherein the individual pump members operate a pumping space in which a pressure of the order of 40 mm. of Hg, or less, prevails. It has been found desirable to provide these pump members with suitable cooling means, such as conduits which pass through the pump members and which have a cooling liquid or the like circulated therethrough. In practice, these conduits extend through the axle portions of the pump members by which axles the pump members are mounted for rotation in the pump housing. This, in turn, makes it necessary to project the axles exteriorly of the pump housing, and more particularly, exteriorly of the pumping chamber within which the pumping members rotate. As a result, the great pressure differential between the pressure prevailing within the pumping chamber and the pressure prevailing exterior thereof causes leakage along the exterior surface of the pump member axles. Known devices, therefore, require very elaborate and expensive sealing or packing between the pump member axles and the pump housing, particularly if the pump is to be used to create a high vacuum. However, even the best of known sealings and packings have been found to be insuciently huid-tight to enable the pump to produce extremely high vacuums.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a pump which incorporates a cooling arrangement that overcomes the above disadvantages.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a pump which incorporates a cooling arrangement that is capable of circulating a cooling liquid, such as oil, through the pump members.

The objects of the present invention also include the provision of a pump, such as a Roots blower or Lysholm rotary converter, wherein a cooling liquid or the like that is circulated through the pump members of the pump may be maintained at a pressure substantially equal to the pressure prevailing within the pumping space in which the pump members operate.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a pump wherein a cooling liquid that is circulated through the pump members is maintained at the proper temperature so as to produce eicient cooling of the pump members.

-It is also an object of the present invention to provide a pump incorporating a cooling arrangement in which the arrangement of the parts is such that the entire pump structure, including its cooling arrangement, is located in a iluid-tight housing.

With the above objects in View, the present invention mainly consists in an apparatus such as a pump or the like which includes a housing having at least two opposite 2,938,664 Patented May 31, 1960 walls defining between themselves a work space. At least one work member, which has a work portion in the work space and a pair of opposite axle portions projecting through the opposite walls, respectively, is mounted for rotation relative to the housing. The work member is formed with conduit means therethrough opening in the opposite axle portions. Wall means are connected to each of the opposite walls exteriorly of the work space. `The wall means form a pair of fluid-tight chambers respectively containing the projecting opposite axle portions of the work member so that the conduit means therethrough communicate with the duid-tight chambers,

respectively. Connecting conduit means place the fluidtight chambers in communication with each other. As a result, a temperature-controlling uid medium may under any desired pressure be circulated through the conduit means of the work member, thereby controlling the temperature thereof, while the same rotates in the work space relative to the housing.

The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of specic embodiments when read in connectionwith the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a cross sectional viewA of a preferred embodiment of the present invention; and

Fig. 2 is a cross sectional View of another preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Referring now to the drawings, and to Fig. 1 thereof in particular, there is shown a pump housing 50 forming a pumping chamber 51. A pair of cooperating pump members 11 and 12 are mounted for rotation within the pump housing and may be multi-lobe impellers of the type commonly used in Roots blowers and Lysholm compressors. The pump members 11 and 12 are supported for rotation within the housing 50 by means of a pair of shafts 1 and 2, respectively. The shafts 1 and 2 have opposite axle portions 1a, 1b and 2a, 2b extending through the opposite side walls 52 and 53 of the pump housing 50.

The axle portion 1a is formed with a conduit 3 extending therethrough, which conduit is formed with a plurality of radial bores 7. The axle portion 1b is formed with a conduit 5 extending therethrough, which conduit is formed with a plurality of radial bores 9. The pump member 11 is formed with passages 11a which communicate with the bores 7 and 9 so that the impeller or pump member which is constituted by the elements 1 and 11 is traversed by continuous conduit means.

Similarly, the axle portion 2a has a conduit 4 which is formed with radial bores 8, and the axle portion 2b has a conduit 6 which is formed with radial bores 10. The pump member 12 is formed with bores or passages 12a which communicate with the bores 8 and 10, so that the impeller constituted by the elements 2 and 12 is traversed by continuous conduit means.

A pair of uid-tight housing members or shells 54 and 55 are arranged on opposite sides of the pump housing 50. The arrangement of the parts is such that the end walls 56 and 57 of the shells 54 and 55, respectively, are adjacent the side walls 52 and 53 of the pump housing 5.0 so that the walls 52, 56 and the walls 53, 57 each constitute a composite partition wall through which the axle portions of the shafts 1 and 2 extend. If desired, suitable ball bearing means 58 may be provided for mounting the axle portions of the shafts 1 and 2 for rotation relative to the pump housing 50. In the illustrated embodiment, the bearing means 58 are shown as being ball bearing, with the inner ball'races 58a being secured tto the axle portion for rotation therewith and with the outer ball races 58b being secured to the shells 54 and 55. Suitable sealing or packing Ameans (not shown) may be pro vided for packing the bearing means so 'as to increase the fluid-tightnessof the mounting. h u Y The axle Vportions 1a and 2a mayy carrycooperating gears S9 and 60 so that the pump members 11 yand 12 are l motion transmittingly interconnected with each other, The axle portion 2b may extend throughathe shellV 55 by way'of va suitable seal or packing arrangement 61,"thereby Yenabling the shaft .2,and consequently the shaft '1, to b'e rotated by anexternal driving means (not shown),

TheV shells 54 and 55 define a pairiofiluid-'tight chambers 21 and'17, respectively, which are' placed in'communication with each otherby means of a connectin'grconduit 22j. Thus, the chambersY 21Aand 17, together with the conduit 22, form a single ifluid-tight chamber, hereinafter referredY to asa control chamber, which yis exterior ofthe pumping chamber 51, and it will Ybe seen that,thevcom-V posite walln52, 56 aswell as the composite wall 53, `57, each constitute a Wallof the pumping 'chamber' 51 Yaswell as a wall of the control chamber. y

f'lhe lower portion of the control chamber is adapted to contain a Ytemperature-controlling uid medium such as oil, which may be circulated through the control charnber and through the conduits traversing the pumping members 11 and 12.Y For this. purpose, a pump 20 may be provided which is preferably arranged below the; liquid level of the oil whileshafts 1 and 2'are located above the liquid level. The pump may be driven by a gear 62 which is in meshing engagementjwith the gear 60 ,carried by the axle portion 2a Aso that thepump 20 is`Y actuated during rotation of the'pump members 11A and V12. The pump serves to inject oil into the conduits 3 and Y4 by v way of tubes-13 and 14. Suitable sealing or packingA glands 15 and 16 maybe provided for closing the'lefthand free ends of the conduits' and 4.

When the pump members 11 and 12 are rotated, theV conduits 5 and 6 in the direction shown by the arrows.

The cross sectional `areas of the conduits 5 and 6 are greaterrrespectivelyothan the crossY sectional areas of the tubes A13 and '14, the cross-sectional arasof 'the latter constituting the effective cross sectional areas of the con` duits `formed `through lthe axle'portions 1a land 2a.

The i circulated oil is 'free'to leave the portat the open end of the conduit 5 and to drop in the direction shown by the arrow. The AVoil moving rightwardly through the conduit 6 may leave the sameby way of radial passages or bores 6a-ending in portslocatedin the upper *portion of chamber 17 and thereafter rlrop toward theY bottom of the chamber VV17. Thus, the oil'leavn'g'the conduits 5 and 6Y is recirculated, by way ofthe connecting conduit l22 into the chamber 21 where the pump '20 mayonee again inject theoilinto the conduits 3 and 4.

In practice, it is desirable to cool the pump `'ri'iembers 11'and 12 so as to avoid'excessive expansion thereof and consequent mutual blocking during rotation of the'pump members 11 and 12. It istherefore 'desirable toic'ool the oil leaving the conduits 5 and `6,*and suitable heat Yexchange means v18'may be provided for accomplishing this mission. The'heat exchange means 18 is located at the bottom of the chamber 17 and may' consist-of coolingV coils l18a that are traversed by any suitable heat exchange medium, as, forexample, Vairor water.Y A Hsuitable temperature Vresponsive control means V19 may be provided Yfor maintaining the temperatur-eci lthe circulatingoil constant or Yfor otherwise controlling the action of the heat 'exchange means '18. o

It will be seen from the above that 'the pumping chamber-:51 and 'the `control chamberwithin which the oil circulats'and into ,which-the axle -portionsxofetlie `shafts 1,

uand`l2 project )are two entirely separate chambers vwhich the order of 40 mmfof Hg, or less. Thus, if the axle portions of the shafts land 2,were to project into acharnber maintained at atmospheric pressure, the pressure differential between atmospheric pressure 'and the very high vacuum prevailing within the pumping chamber 51 would be suicient to cause leakage into this pumping chamber by way/ofthe space between the outersurfaces lof the axle portions ofthe shafts 1 and 2 and the inner surfaces of the composite walls 52, 56 and 53, 57.

yIt is therefore desirable that the axle portions of theA shafts 1 and 2 be contained ina chamber or chambers in which thepressure isv more nearly equal tothe pressure prevailing within the pumping chamber. It willbe seen that inasmuch as the controlchmber vinto 'which the axle portions of the shafts 1 and 2 projectfis `ailu'idtight one, the pressure therewithin may `be maintained Vat any desired pressure, particularly at a pressure which 'is substantially equal to that prevailing within the pumping chamber 51. Accordingly, in a device wherein the pressure within the pumping chamber 51 .is extremely low, the pressure within the control chamber should likewise be extremely low. According to the present invention, therefore, the control chamber which includes the chambers 21 and 17 is evacuatedy so that the oil is circulated under aV pressure which is substantially equal to that prevailing in the working chamber 51. This-evacuation may Ybe accomplished by providing suitable 'normally closed evacuating conduit means 21a and 17a Vcommunicating with the chambers V21 and 17 and adapted to 'beconnected to any suitable source of vacuum (not shown).

lf desired, the oil which is circulated through the control chamber may be brought into heat exchange relationship with the ybear-ings 5,8V and/ or the sealing or packing means therefor, and/or the gears. These elements may thus'be cooled and/or lubricated. The arrangementof the parts may be such that the oil is moved serially past the Aparts to be cooled and/or lubricated 4as well ias through thepump members 11 and 12. Alternatively, one or more separate or parallel'paths may be provided for the oil which serves kfor a purpose other than to cool the pump members 11 vand 12. In such valternative arrangement, additional pumpingmeans'may be provided for pumping the oil along such parallel paths. Thev additional pumping means may include one or vmore, additional pumps which are operatively connectedto one of the pump members in such a manner as to be actuated thereby during rotation of the pump members.

Pump 20 can supply suicient pressure to*A force 'the oil injected intojthe tubes^13 and 14 through the passages 11a and 12a. t o Y The embodiment shown in Fig. 2 is 'similar to that shown in Fig. 1 in Ythat it includes 'a pump vhousingjlSl) forming a pumping chamber 151. The shafts V101 and 102 support the pump"me'mbers111 and 112 :for rotation relative to the pump housing, the shafts having; portions extending into the chambers 121 and llTformed by the shells 15-4 and 155,y respectively. The connecting conduit 122 interconnects the chambers 117 and 121,

tureresponsive control means 119, is arranged at the Y bottom ofthe chamber 117. VThe embodiment. ofr'Fig. 2

tively. The right open end of the conduit 101:1 opens into the chamber-117 and the right end of the conduit 102a is formed with radial bores 102b which place the right end portion of the conduit 102a in communication with the chamber 117. The left end portions of the shafts 101 and 102 are formed with interior collar portions 123 and 124, respectively, which are adapted to receive the free ends of the tubes 113 and 114 through which the pump 120 injects the oil into the conduits M and 12a. Once the pump 120 has so injected the oil, the centrifugal force will normally suice to move the oil rightwardly through these conduits 101a and 102a in the direction of the arrows. The cross sectional areas of the conduits lilla and 102a, particularly the righthand end portions thereof, are greater than the cross sectional areas of the tubes 113 and 114, respectively. l

Pump 12() may be relied on to force the oil through the conduits 101a and 10211.

It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together, may also find a useful application in other types of pumps differing from the types described above.

While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in a Roots blower or Lysholm rotary compressor, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown, since various modifications and structural changes may be made without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention.

Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of the present invention that others can by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features that, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention and, therefore, such adaptations should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalence of the following claims.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

l. In an apparatus of the type described, in combination, housing means including rst wall means deiining a working chamber and including a pair of opposite walls constituting walls of said working chamber, said housing means including second wall means defining with each of said opposite walls a fluid-tight bearing chamber exterior of said working chamber; at least one rotor having a work portion in said working chamber and a pair of opposite axle portions projecting through said opposite walls, respectively, for turnably supporting said rotor on said opposite walls, said rotor being formed with conduit means in said work portion and in said axle portions opening in port means respectively located in said axle portions outside of said opposite walls and in said bearing chambers; a cooling medium located in said bearing chambers; pump means having an inlet means in said cooling medium and an outlet means connected to said port means for circulating said cooling medium through said conduit means in said rotor and through said bearing chambers; and duid-tight closed evacuating conduit means on said second wall means communicating with said bearing chambers and adapted to serve for the evacuation of said bearing chambers to substantially the same pressure as produced by said rotor in said working chamber so that no leakage takes place between said working chamber and said bearing chambers.

2. In an apparatus of the type described, in combination, housing means including first wall means dening a. working chamber and including a pairof opposite walls constituting walls of said working chamber, said housing means including second wall means defining with each of said opposite walls a huid-tight bearing chamber exterior of said working chamber; at least one rotor having a Work portion in said working chamber and a pair of opposite axle portions projecting through said opposite walls, respectively, for turnably supporting said rotor on said opposite walls, said rotor being formed with conduit means in said work portion and in said axle portions opening in port means respectively located in said axle portions outside of said opposite walls and in said bearing chambers; a liquid cooling medium located in a rst portion of each of said bearing chambers, said bearing chambers having second portions in which said axle portions are located spaced from said liquid cooling medium; pump means having an inlet communicating with said rst portions of said bearing chambers and outlet conduit means connected to said port means for circulating said cooling medium through said conduit means in said rotorand through said bearing chambers; and uid-tight closed evacuating conduit means on said second wall means communicating with said Ysecond portions of said bearing chambers and adapted to serve for the evacuation of said second portions of said bearing chambers to substantially the same pressure as produced by said rotor in said working chamber so that no leakage takes place between said working chamber and said bearing chambers.

3. in an apparatus of the type described, in combination, housing means including iirst wall means defining a working chamber and including a pair of opposite walls constituting walls of said working chamber, said housing means including second wall means defining with each of said opposite walls a fluid-tight bearing chamber eX- terior of said working chamber; at least one rotor having a work portion in said working chamber and ya pair of opposite axle portions projecting through said opposite walls, respectively, for turnably supporting said rotor on said opposite walls, said rotor being formed with conduit means in said work portion and in said axle portions opening in port means respectively located in said axle portions outside of said opposite walls and in said bearing chambers; a liquid cooling medium located in a lower portion of each of said bearing chambers, said bearing chambers having higher portions in which said axle portions are located spaced from said liquid cooling medium; pump means having an inlet communicating with said lower portions of said bearing chambers and outlet conduit means connected to said port means for circulating said cooling medium through said conduit means in said rotor and through said bearing chambers; and fluid-tight closed evacuating conduit means on said second wall means communicating with said higher portions of said bearing chambers and adapted to serve for the evacuation of said higher portions of said bearing chambers to substantially the same pressure asproduced by said rotor in said working chamber so that no leakage takes place between said working chamber and said bearing chambers.

4. In an apparatus of the type described, in combination, housing means including rst wall means defining a working chamber and including a pair of opposite walls constituting walls of said working chamber, said housing means including second wall means defining with each of said opposite walls a uid-tight bearing chamber exterior of said working chamber; at least one rotor having a work portion in said working chamber and a pair of opposite axle portions projecting through said opposite walls, respectively, for turnably supporting said rotor on said opposite walls, said rotor being formed with conduit means in said work portion and in said axle portions opening in port means respectively located in said axle portions outside of said opposite walls and in said bearing chambers; a liquid cooling medium located in a lower portion of each of said bearing chambers, said bearing chambers having higher portions in which said axle portions are located spaced from said liquid cooling medium; pump means having an inlet communicating with said lower portions of said bearing chambers and outlet conduit means connected to said port means for circulating said cooling medium through said conduit means in said rotor and through said bearing chambers; heat exchange means in said lower portion of at least one of said bearing chambers for' cooling said coolingmedium; and huid-tight closed evacuating conduit means ion said second wall means communicating with said higherportionsY of said bearing chambers and adapted to serve for the evacuation of said higher portions of'said bearing chambers tosubstantially the same pressure as produced by said rotor in said working chamber so that no leakage takesplace between said working chamber and said bearing chambers. v v5. In an apparatus of the type described, in combination, housing means including iirst wall means defining a working chamber and including a'pair of opposite wallsl cnstituting walls of said working chamber, said housing means including Second wall means de ning with each of said opposite walls a ,Huid-tight bearing chamber exterior of said working chamber; at least one rotor having a work portion in saidworking chamber and a pair of, opposite axle portions projecting through said opposite walls, respectively,V for turnablysupporting said Yrotor on said opposite wallssaidrotor being formed with conduit means in said work portion and in said axle' portions opening in port means respectively located in said axle portions outsideof `said opposite walls and in saidjbearing chambers; a liquid cooling medium located in a Afirst portion of each Yof said bearing chambers, s aid bearing chambers having higher portions in which said axle portions are located spaced from said liquid cooling medium; a connecting conduitrneans connecting s aid lower portions ofV said Huid-tight bearing chambers with each other and being lle/drwith said cooling medium; pump means located in one of said bearing chambers and having an inlet opening into said cooling medium in the lower portion of said one bearing chamber and outlet conduit means connected to said port means inisaid one bearing chamber for circulating said cooling medium through said conduit means in said rotor, through ythe other bearing chamber, and through said connecting conduit means; heatv exchange means in said'lower portion of at least one Vof said bearing cham- 8 and connecting @the respective axle portion with said pump means for driving the latter; wherein the other of said axle portions extends through the other bearing chamber and has a portion projecting out of said housing Y means so as to be driven, and wherein said conduit means in said pump rotor terminates Yin said other axle portion in the regionof said other bearing chamber in at least one radial conduit portion ending in said port of said other axle portion.

7. An apparatus as set forth in claim 5 and including heat exchange means located in the lower portion of said other control chamber for cooling said liquid cooling mediumv .A Y

8., Anfapparatus as set forth in claim 5 and comprising another pump rotor including a Vwork portion locatedin said pump chamber,cooperatingwith said work portion of said first-mentioned pump rotor and two axle portions turnably mounted in said opposite walls and respectively projecting intosaid bearingchambers, said other pump rotor being formed with other Vconduit means in said work portion and said axle portions opening in port means respectively located in said last-mentioned axle portions outside of said opposite walls and in said bearing chambers; and wherein said outlet conduit means of said pump means includes an outlet conduit portionconnected Vto saidgport in the axle portion of said other pump rotor located in said one hearing chamber so that said liquid medium is circulated through said conduit means in both said pump rotors and the other bearing chamber.

'9. An apparatus as set forth in claim 8 wherein-said pump rotors are spaced by a gap from the inner surface of said working chamber; and wherein each of said conduit means Vin said pump rotors includes radially extending conduit portions and axially extending conduit portions located near the outer surface of the work portion of the respective pump rotor.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2136117 *Dec 7, 1936Nov 8, 1938Tilghman S Patent Sand Blast CRotary compressor, exhauster, pump, and the like
US2477002 *Jul 25, 1942Jul 26, 1949Joy Mfg CoGear type air pump with changespeed gearing and lubrication
US2654530 *Aug 5, 1949Oct 6, 1953Eaton Mfg CoSupercharger
GB356078A * Title not available
GB604171A * Title not available
GB690185A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3059396 *Jan 5, 1959Oct 23, 1962Leybold Anlagen Holding A GA device for drawing off gaseous components from a gas-vapour mixture
US3302868 *Mar 29, 1965Feb 7, 1967Leybolds Nachfolger EFluid handling apparatus for use as vacuum pump
US3531227 *Jul 5, 1968Sep 29, 1970Cornell Aeronautical Labor IncGear compressors and expanders
US3986799 *Nov 3, 1975Oct 19, 1976Arthur D. Little, Inc.Fluid-cooled, scroll-type, positive fluid displacement apparatus
US4934908 *Apr 11, 1989Jun 19, 1990The Boc Group, PlcVacuum pump systems
US4983106 *Oct 4, 1989Jan 8, 1991Societe Anonyme Dite: Alcatel CitRotary screw machine with multiple chambers in casing for lubrication-coding fluid
US4983107 *May 11, 1988Jan 8, 1991Leybold AktiengesellschaftMultistage rotary piston vacuum pump having sleeves to fix shaft positions
US5028220 *Aug 13, 1990Jul 2, 1991Sullair CorpoationCooling and lubrication system for a vacuum pump
US6544020Jun 19, 1998Apr 8, 2003Leybold Vakuum GmbhCooled screw vacuum pump
US6758660 *Dec 9, 2000Jul 6, 2004Leybold Vakuum GmbhScrew vacuum pump with a coolant circuit
US8573956 *Oct 7, 2009Nov 5, 2013Ulvac, Inc.Multiple stage dry pump
US20110194961 *Oct 7, 2009Aug 11, 2011Ulvac, Inc.Dry pump
DE19745616A1 *Oct 10, 1997Apr 15, 1999Leybold Vakuum GmbhCooling system for helical vacuum pump
DE19748385A1 *Nov 3, 1997May 6, 1999Peter FriedenVacuum pump or compressor
DE19800825A1 *Jan 2, 1998Jul 8, 1999Schacht FriedrichTrockenverdichtende Schraubenspindelpumpe
DE19820523A1 *May 8, 1998Nov 11, 1999Peter FriedenSpindle screw pump assembly for dry compression of gases
Classifications
U.S. Classification418/85, 418/88, 418/84, 418/94
International ClassificationF04C29/04
Cooperative ClassificationF04C29/04
European ClassificationF04C29/04