US 2939621 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 7, 1960 A. MITTLEMAN CONTAINER Filed Jan. 27, 1959 ALBERT MITTLEMAN @MMMST 6 M64 2 3?/ rima-- ATTORNEY Ulflllitffd vflhsinvention relates to containersrandimore particularly to boxes and still more particularly' to oneepiece boxes.
Many items, expecially small ones such as washers, nuts, electrical splice caps and-terminal lugs, etc., are packaged many in one box. The user then opensthe box anddispenses the-items, and ideally when` this is line 16. v
2,939,621 Patented June 7, '1960 'ice i iria feld une 16. Betweenpanei 2s and nap asin a slit42.=` Y 'Y i Panel ltlhas' `an edge 44 perpendicular to and joining foldflinesi16 kand M and which is a continuation of fold lineflfL- y A 1ctfmguldr top' panel 46 similar to panel 28 is integrauy joined to 'the edge 0f panel. 10 remote from edge i4 on a fold line 48 perpendicular to and joining fold lines 16 and -24 and which Yis a continuation of edge 36. Panel 46 has an ledge 49r which is a continuation of'fold A nap .son integrany minetteY the ,edge lof panel 46 remotertrom-fold line 48 ona 'fold line SZparallel t'o foldV linev 48.-..Flap 50 be Vdescribed later in more detail.
A`modified lrectangular ap 54 isl integrally joined to panel 22 on a fold line 56 whichis a continuation of edge44. n
A modified square web 58 integrally joinsthat edge of panel 46 remote from edge 49 on a fold line 60 parallel f to edge 49 and that edge of panel 2-2 remote froinrfold done only as Ymany items as are immediately needed are Y removed from the box. With boxes 'which' are Acommonly used, it is common'th'at a greatlm'any more pieces fall out of lthe box than desired, resultingin loss of parts and general aggravation.
` The present invention overcomes the ditliculties rea fered to above in a simple and inexpensive way, and
important objects of the inventionare to provide a box possessing the above advantages;-
A-box embodying the invention comprises afbody portionincluding a front panel, a back-panelv andrstand secondY side panels, the aforementioned vpanels providing an open end forthe body portion, atop, panel integral with the back panel, afilaprdepending from thewppanel and overlapping and iny interengagement With-the front' panel, and `a bellows-like web` joining adjacent edges ofthev second side panel and the top panel, f y
The above and-other objects and .advantageswilljappear .from the following description of a prefer-fedex-v line 56 on a fold line 62 parallel to fold line 56. YFold line 6l) is a continuation ot' fold line-24 and fold lin'e 62 is a continuation of told line 48. Web 58vis composed of `two fdegreeright triangles integrally joined opposite l v4the right `-angles thereof on a fold line 64 which nter'- sects lfold lines'l) andI 62 at the point where the latter sfo .intersect eachfcvvther;A Fold lines 62 and 64 may be and as shown are perforated. 1 I Y Panel 8 has a1 pair o f spaced slits 66 and 67 therethrough whichtare parallel toeach-other and'tofold lines Toi-revert" lofilap Stil-ibisV part-includes a' pair Yof parallel opposite edges68 and 70.-' which`areof the' same *y length 'and whichiare continuations of edgej49 and fold line 6 0; .Startin'gatfthe' ends of edges 68 andjllremote ample ofthe invention and thevaccompanying drawings thereof in which: v
Fig.l 1 is 'a developed View` of a blank from rwhich a box embodying the invention can be made; and Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a box made Vfrom the f Fig. 1 shows a `one-pieceblank 4 of `cardboardor.the
like from which a box 6 (Fig. V2) embodying theinvention caribe made, blank 4 beingillustrated as s een from the side thereof destined lto become the inside'of jb'ox 6,*y -50 Blank 4 has `a rectangular front panel Sianjd a gener-alf ly similar` back panel 10. -A rectangulariside` panel:-12 is between and integrally joinspanels 8andy 10 on parallel fold lines 14 and 16 respectively. 1A' generally trapezoiclal panel 18 integrally joins that edge 'of panel 8 remote from panel 12 on a fold'line 20, and a rectangul-ar panel 22 similar to `panel y12 integrally joins that edge of panel l0 remote from panel 12 on fold line 24. v Fold lines 14, 16, 20 and 24 are parallel to each other.V
Panel 8 has an edge 26 perpendicular to and' extending from fold line 14 to fold line 20. A rectangular bottom panel 28 integrally joins that edge of panel 8V remote from edge 26 on a fold line 30` perpendicular to and extending from fold li'nef14 -to'lfold line 20. A generally trapezoidal ilap 32 integrallyV joins theA edge `of panel 28 yremote from panel '8 Von a fold line 34 parallel to fold line 30. Y
Panel 12 has an edge 36 which is a lcontinuation of edge 26, edge 36 being perpendicular to and extending from fold line 14 to fold line 16. A ap 38 integrally joins that edge of panel 12 remote from edge 36 on a fold line 40 perpendicular to and extending from fold line 72 and 74 which merge, respectively, with?edges68Q1'nd'y 1 7 0. AStar-ting' at tl 1e endsA of edgesr72 and`74 remote; from panelr46gilapf5 has a pairof' edgesy76- andl 78 Y, which 'mer-ge respectively, withedges72 and 74.- Edges 76 and 78 ai'egparallelvto feach' otheriand Ite edges 68l -A #fand and fare yspaced apart a distance `greater than that separating slitsf'66 and 67. Flap 50 further has an end portion 80 remotefrom vpanel '46, and having a-pair; of :similar oppositelyfacing tabs 82and 84.v Tab 82isseparated-from edge 76 by a slot86 and tab 84 is separa-tedfromedge 78 by a slot '88. Slots .86jand 88 have bottoms 90 and 92, respectively, which are separated byadistance slightly less'than that between slits 66 and 67. f
A'manner inwhich box6 may be made frornblank 4 Will now be described. The bending described will all be up-ward, that is, out of the plane of Fig. l unless otheny wise noted. Panel d8 is bent at right angles to panel 8' along fold line 20, panel 8 is bent at right angles to panel- 12 along fold line 14, panel'12 is 'bent at right angles to panel 10 along fold line 16 and panel 22 is bent at right angles to panel 10 alongfold line 24. Simultaneously with the last-mentioned bending Web 58 is bent at right angles to panel 46 along fold line 60. Thus panels 18 and 22 overlap each other. Panels 18 and 22 are secured together as by cementing, with panel 18 on the inside, that is, withfpanel- V18 closer to `panel 12 than is p`anel22.
vPanels 1 8 and 22 together provide'a second-sidelpanel 94 for box 6 and :front and back panels 8 and 10 and -side panels 12 and 94 provide a body portion of box 6 having lirst and second open ends at the ends thereof to which panels 46 and 28 are respectively joined.n
The rst open end may be closed by bending flap 50 toward the body portion of box 6 along fold line 52 'from falling out of box 6 between such adjacentedges.
Flap 50 now overlaps panel 8 and tabs 82 andgfM are inserted through slits 67V and 66, respectively. As shown, but. not necessarily,` the major portion of flap Sil is located -on *the outsideof the body portion of box 6 and only tabs 82 and 84 are onV the inside of such body portlon. p v 'A Thusftop panel-46 is movable between a closed positionN in which Iit coversthe rst open'end of the body portion ofbox 6 and an open position in which articles can be dispensed from box 6 between the adjacentedges of panels 12V and 46, these last two edges being unconnected to each other.v
As top panel 46 is moved between its closed and open positions tabs 82 and 84 slide back and forth in slits 67 and 66 and in the open position tabs 82 and 84 engage the ends of slits 67 and 66 adjacent edge 26 of panel 8. Thus the open position of top panel 46 is defined by the engagement of tabs 82 and 84 and the ends of slits 67 and 66 referred to. Y
Thus the opening between adjacent edges of panels 12 and 46 is governed as to its maximum size, in accordance with the size of the articles to be contained in box 6 and the number of such articles desired to be' dispensed at one time. f
The second open end may be closed in the usual way, by bending fiaps 38 and 54 toward each other along Vfold lines 40 and 56 respectively, by bending flap 32 toward the body Vportion of box 6 along fold line.34
panel having first and second parallel slits therethrough, each -said slit of predetermined length, a back panel and first and second side panels, said panels providing an open end for saidV body portion, aj'top panel integral with said back panel and movable between a closed positionY in which said top panel covers said open end and an open position, a flap integraljwith said top panel Yand depending fromfthe edge of* Asaid top panel remote -from said back panel and overlapping said front panel and having first yand second tabs passing through andlongitudinally slidablein said'efirstand second slits, respectively, and a lbellows-like web integrally connecting adjacent edges of said second side panel and said top panel, adjacent edges of said first side panel and said top panel being unconnected to each other, the ,portion of said first tab in said first slit having a dimension lengthwise of said first slit substantially less than said length of said first slit and the portion of said second tab in said second slit having a dimension lengthwise of saidsecond slit lsubstantially lessY than said-lengthL of said second slit.
3. A box comprising a body portion including av front panel having rst and second parallelslits therethrough, each said slit of predetermined length, a back panel Vand Vfirst and second sideY panels, said panels providing an Y able inv said first and second'slits, respectively, said tabs until it is perpendicular to panel 28,1by bending panel 28 along foldlirie 30 until' it is perpendicular to Ypanel 8 and covers the first open end andsimultaneously tuck- V ing ap32 inside the body portion of box 6. V
Normally vthe first open end ofthe body portion of box 6 'will be closed as aforesaid and box 6 Vwill be filled v from the `second end'prior to closing'the second end..
Then the user of the contents 'needs merely to push onl flap 50 to move top panel 46 toits open position, dispense articles las aforesaid and move top panel 46 to its closed position. A
The invention is well adapted to the` attainment of the stated objects' and advantages and others. j
Y Many changes in the illustrated details can be made without departing. from the invention. Therefore those details are not to be taken as limitations on the invention except as they may be included in the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A box comprising a body portion including a front panel, a back panel and first and second side panels, said panels providing an open end for said body portion, a top panel integral with said back panel and movable between 2. closed position -in which said top panel covers said open end and an open position, a flap integral with and depending from the edge of said topy panel remote from said back panel Vand overlapping and in slidable interengagement with said front panel at all positions of said top panel between and including said open and closed positions, and a bellows-like web integrally connecting adjacent edges of said second side panel and said -top panel, adjacent edges of said first side panel andV said top panel being unconnected to each other.
2. A box comprising a body portion including a front being-fthe only paits ofV said flap inside said box, -and a bellows-like web integrallyconnecting adjacent edges of said secondside panel and said'top panel, adjacent edges of' said first side. panel and said top panel being unconnected to each other, `the portion of rsaid first tab in said Afirst slit having a dimension lengthwise of said first slit substantially less than said length of said first slit and the portonfof said second `tab lin said second slit having a dimensionlengthwise of said second slit substantially less than said length of said second slit.
4. A box comprising a body'portion 'including a front panel having first and second parallel slits therethrough, each `said slit 'of predetermined length, a back panel and first and second side panels,l said panels providing an open end for saidV body portion, a top'panel integral with said back panel and movable between a closed position in which said top panel covers said open end and an open position, a ap integral with said top panel `and depending from the edge of said top panel remote from said back panel and overlapping, said -front panel and having first and second tabs passing through and longitudinally slidable in said first and second slits, respectively, -said open position limited by engagement of said `tabs and ends oi said slits, and a bellows-like web integrally connecting adjacent edges of said second side panel and said top panel, adjacent edges of said first side panel and said top panel being unconnected toY each other, the portion of said first tab in said first slit having a dimension lengthwise of said first slit substantially less than said length of said first sli-t and the portion of said second `tab in said second slit having a dimension lengthwise of said second slit substantially less than said length of said second slit.
2,133,590 stopper oct. 18,1938
Maxon l Aug. 2l, 195iv