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Publication numberUS2943373 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 5, 1960
Filing dateJan 24, 1957
Priority dateJan 24, 1957
Publication numberUS 2943373 A, US 2943373A, US-A-2943373, US2943373 A, US2943373A
InventorsGeorge M Rapata
Original AssigneeIllinois Tool Works
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plastic anchor member
US 2943373 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 5, 1960 G. M. RAPATA PLASTIC ANCHOR MEMBER Filed Jan. 24, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 w 2 INVENTOR.

o yefl wm wg/ Juiy 5, 1960 s. M. RAPATA PLASTIC ANCHOR MEMBER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

Filed Jan. 24, 1957 her and the panel.

United statfis 2,943,373 'PLASTIC ANCHOR MEMBER George M. Rapata, Chicago, Il1., assignor to Illinois Tool Works, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Filed 12111.24, 1957, Ser.No..636 ,1'31 4 j '6 Claims. 01. 24-216) :or stud, which receptacle is formed with spring like portions for resiliently urging other portions thereof into engagement with a stud element or the like inserted into the receptacle in a manner which minimizes concentration of forces within the material of the receptacle to an extent which might over stress the material.

more specific object of the present invention is to provide a novel plastic receptacle of the'above described type. wherein the springp'ortions therefor are formed so that they may be repeatedly flexed without injury thereto 'SOMlhttt the receptacle is particularly adapted for use an anchor member when it is contemplated; that a 1. stud will be repeatedly applied to andrenioved from the anchor 'member.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a novel anchor member or receptacle'of the above described type which is adapted to beapplied to an apertured work-piece or panel and which is constructed so that flexing of the spring portions thereof during application or removal of a stud element will not adversely' eifect' the connection between the anchor mem- A further specific object of the present invention is to provide a novel receptacle or anchor member of the above described type which is adapted to accommodate a stud element even though the stud element may be displaced, within limits, from the central longitudinal axis of the anchor member. i Other objects and advantages oflthe present invention will become apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings wherein:

Fig. l is an exploded perspective view-partially broken away showing a novel receptacle or anchor member incorporating the features of the present invention 'anda stud in position to be inserted into the anchor member;

corporating the features of the present invention, and

vmore specifically, Fig. 2 shows an anchor member disposed for receiving and supporting a stud like end portion of a sun visor of the type used inv trucks or buses;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged partial sectional. view showing a stud like element inserted into the novel anchor member which is assembled with an apertured workpiece; Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken along line 4--4 in Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is similar to Fig. l but shows a modified form of the present invention;

Fig. '6 is a partial sectional View showing an assembly of the elements of Fig. 5; i 7 e taken along line '7-7 in Fig. 6;

atent f 2.943.373" Patented July 5, 195g Fig.8 is'a headend view of the anchor member-shown in Figs. 5-7; I a Fig. 9 is a'perspective view showing an anchor'meiriber embodying another modified form of the present invention;

Fig. 10- is a sectional view of the anchor member taken 7 along line Iii-10 in Fig. 9 and further shows in solid and broken lines a stud element respectively in a position 'tobe assembled with the anchor member and in assembled relationship with the anchor member;

Fig. 11 is a perspective view showing a further slightly modified form of the present invention; 1

Fig. 12 is a perspective view showing anotherembodiment of the presentinvention;

a Fig. 13 is a perspective'view showing a receptacle incorporating the features of the present invention in. the form ofv a knob applied to an elongated stud element or lever suchfor example a heater control lever in an automobile; 1 V Fig. '14 is an enlarged partial sectional view taken along line 14--14 in 1 3; and

Fig. 15' is "a cross sectional view of the receptacle or "knob taken along line 15-45 in Fig. 14.

Referringnow mor'e'specifically to the drawings wherein like partsare designated by the same numerals throughout the variousfi'guresa receptacle or anchor member 26 incorporating one embodiment of the present invention is shown in Figs 1-4. The anchor member is preferably molded from a suitably resilient plastic material such as nylon andis provided with a head portion 22 engageable with one side of a workpiece or panel 24,

and a shank portion 26-insertable through an aperture 28 in the workpiece." -A central axially extending aper tune or recess 30 .is provided through the anchor member for receiving an end of a stud element 32 ion manner which will be more fully described hereinbelow.

In the structure shownfor the purpose of illustrating the present invention, the stud element 32 extends laterally from a free end of a bar 3 4 which carries a sun visor 36, which bar has its opposite end pivotally supported by a device 38 of known construction. The sun visor maybe of a: relatively large type such as that used in trucks. and. buses so that when it is swung to'a position for use the free end of the bar 34 must be supported to prevent it from sagging. In such an installation, the anchor member 20 will be located on the workpiece or panel 24 which forms a part'ofthe vehicle at a position for rewill be appreciated that in such an installation the stud I :55 Fig. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view one reduced scale and illustrates one use of an anchor-member inl P170 Fig. 7 1s a cross sectional view of the anchor member eeiving thestud element which extends from. thebar. It

element 32 will be inserted into and removed from'the anchor member repeatedly over a given time. 7

It is to'be particularly. noted that the shank portion 2610f the anchormember presents in transverse cross' section a pair of generally oppositely disposed G-shaped sections 40 and 42 which provide a spring action and are integrallyjoined byopposite side portions 44 and 46. The outer surfaces-of the G-shaped sp-ring portions 40 and '42. taper slightly from the head portion 22 toward their entering free ends, and the oppositely flattened side sections44 and 46-Tconverge relatively sharply toward their free entering ends from an intermediate area ofthe shank portion so as to facilitate insertion of the shank portion through the workpiece aperture and also to locate the free terminal ends of the side portions 4 4 and 46 a distance apart which is substantially less than the space in between the .free ends of the-C-shaped sections as shown best in Fig. 4. Transversely extending ribs 48 and 50 v are formed integral with the'side portions 44 and 46 adjacent their free entering ends for cooperating with the stud element inthemanner described below, which ribs are formed with concave surfaces 52 and 54 respectively for conforming to the stud element.

chor member.

ber is provided with integral, means insertable through the workpiece aperture and engageable behind the workpiece .ino'pposition to the headportion 22. In this embodiment this means comprises a pair of shoulders, 56 and 58 having laterally diverging surfaces between thehead portion :and the converging portions of the opposite side sections 44 and 46, which shoulders are adapted to be snapped through the workpiece aperture for engaging behind the workpiece.

The portion of the stud element 32 which is insertable within the anchor member is provided with an annular groove or reduced diameter section 60 adjacent an entering end section 62 thereof. The entering end section is pointed so as to facilitate passage thereof through the an- As' will be understood, the stud element is assembled with the anchor member merely by inserting it through the aperture or recess 30 until the trans- :and they opposite side sections 44 and 46 to be spread apart sufliciently to permit passage of the end section 62. In order to enable the side sections 44 and '46 to spread apart, the generally C-shaped sections 40 and 42 are flexed so that their C configuration is opened from its normal condition. When the end section 62 has passed the ribs,

the C-shaped sections spring back toward their normal shapes and contract the side sections 44 and 46 and urge the ribs for engagement with the shoulders of the stud element provided by the opposite sides of the groove .60. It will be noted that during insertion of the stud element the flexing of the anchor member is accomplished in a manner which minimizes concentration of stresses so that any possibility of failure of the anchor member is substantially reduced. The flexing action just described is, of course, repeated when the stud element is manually withdrawn from the anchor member. It will be noted that either during insertion of the stud element or withdrawal of the stud element the flexing action of the anchor member shank portion will not adversely effect the manner in which the shoulders 56 and 58 engage the workpiece, but to the contrary, the spreading of the side sections 44 and 46 will cause the shoulders 56 and58 to 'be urged .even more aggressively into engagement with the workpiece so that any possibility of the anchor member becoming disassembled from the workpiece is minimized.

Figs. 58 show a modified form of the present invention wherein elements similar to those described above are identified by the same reference numerals with the sufiix 0 added. This embodiment difiers primarily in that the anchor member is widened substantially transversely of the C-shaped spring sections so as to provide a relatively wide recess or aperature for receiving the stud element. Thus, the stud'element need not be axially aligned with the central axis of the anchor member 20a in order to be inserted into the'anchor member. This feature is especially useful in an installation 'suchas that shown in Fig. 2 wherein the length of the rod'34 might be either too long or too short. This embodiment also shows how the stud element may be formed with a rounded entering end section 62a rather than a pointed end section.

In Figs. 9 and 10 there is shown another embodiment of the present invention which is similar to thestructures described above as indicated by the application of identical reference numerals with the suffix b added to corresponding elements. This embodiment is particularly adapted for use as a latch for a cabinet structure or the like when the anchor member b is applied to a fixed part of the structure and the stud element 32b is secured to a door, not shown, of the cabinet structure. In this embodiment the opposite side sections 44b and 46b converge so as to position the transverse ribs 48b and 50b'relatively close together. In order to accomplish this while forming the C-shaped sections of sufiicient size and wtih a desired radius to obtain proper spring action, the C-shaped sections are provided with inwardly directed continuations 6466 and 6870. In this embodiment the shoulder means 56b and 581) are located on the sides of the C- shaped sections so that their engagement with a workpiece or panel will besubstantially undisturbed during insertion or removal of the stud element 32b and flexing of the anchor member shank portion.

A further slightly modified embodiment ofthe present invention is shown in 'Fig. 11 wherein elements similar to those described above are designated by the same reference numerals with the suffix c added. This structure differs from the anchor member shown in Figs. 9 and 10 in that the shoulder means 560 comprises a pair of elements respectively disposed on the C-shape portions 40c and 420 adjacent the marginal extensions 64c and 68c thereof, and similar shoulder elements, not shown, are disposed on the C-shape portions adjacent the opposite marginal extensions 66c and 70c. With this arrangement flexing of the C-shaped sections during insertion or removal of the stud element causes the shoulder means to be urged more aggressively into engagement with a workpiece so as to insure retention of the anchor member in assembled relationship with the workpiece.

In Fig. 12 there is shown an anchor member 20d which is similar to the above described structures as indicated by application of identical reference numerals with the suflix d added to corresponding elements. This embodiment differs in that the shank portion is provided with three generally C-shaped spring sections 40d, 42d .72 symmetrically arranged around the longitudinal axis of the anchor member. The shank portion is also provided with three side sections 44d, 46d and 74 integrally connecting the longitudinal margins of the C-shaped sections, each of which side sections has an inwardly projecting rib or protuberance respectively indicated by the numerals 48d, 50d and 76. In this embodiment the C-shaped sections 40d and 42d respectively have surfaces adjacent the head portion which fiare outwardly to provide the shoulder means 56d and 58d and the C-shape section 72 has a similar surface providing a shoulder 78. While the anchor member 20d is adapted to receive and retain the stud element in much the same manner as the anchor member described above, it may also be utilized as a rivet like fastener for securing a plurality of workpieces together, or as an anchor member for accommodating a helically threaded screw or as a plug for closing the hole in a workpiece.

In Figs. 13-15 there is shown a receptacle 202 which incorporates another modified form of the present invention. In this embodiment the receptacle is in the form of a hand knob having a continuous outer shell and an integral internal portion 26c which corresponds to the shank portions of the embodiments described above. The receptacle or knob 20e is adapted to be applied to an elongated stud element 322 which in this embodiment is a control lever of the type frequently used in automobile heater constructions. In this embodiment the portion 26c includes a pair of oppositely disposed C- shaped spring sections 40c and 42a and elongated substantially parallel connecting side sections 442 and 46e which are adapted to engage and grip a substantial length of the. stud element or lever 32c. It will be appreciated that the spring action of the C-shape sections in this embodiment and the manner in which the stud element is gripped are similar to the corresponding functions of the above described embodiments.

While the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described herein, it is obvious that many structural details may be changed without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

The invention is claimed as follows: v ,l. A one piece anchor member having a coextensive peripherally continuous head portion having marginal portions larger than theaperture inthe workpiece and a shank portion, said shank portion being characterized as of a deformed shape'relative tosaid head 'po rtiongjand comprising at least two elongated inwardly directed C.- shaped in transverse cross-section resilientspring portions forming a portion of a shank wall, at least two elongated intermediate portions adjoining the marginal edges of one of said C-shaped spring portions and disposed closer to the longitudinal axis than the latter and forming another portion of the shank wall, said intermediate portions including means for quick detachable engagement of said stud element, said C-shaped spring portions flexing on ingress and egress of said stud element, and retaining means disposed on said shank portion in spaced relation to said head portion for retention of said anchor member in said aperture, said C-shaped portions and said retaining means being so arranged and configured on said shank portion whereby flexure of said C-shaped portions on ingress and egress of said stud element causes more agressive engagement of said retaining means with said workpiece.

2. A one piece plastic anchor member having a coextensive longitudinal axial boreand adapted to be applied to an apertured workpiece for quick detachable receipt and retention of a stud element comprising an enlarged peripherally continuous head portion having marginal portions larger than the aperture in the workpiece and a shank portion, said shank portion being characterized as of a deformed shape relative to said head portion and comprising at least two elongated inwardly directed C-shaped in transverse cross-section resilient spring portions having an axial length greater than onehalf of the axial length of the shank. portion, at least two elongated intermediate portions coextensive with and adjoining the marginal edges of one of said C-shaped spring portions and disposed closer to the longitudinal axis than the latter, said intermediate portions including means for quick detachable engagement of said stud element, said C-shaped spring portions flexing on ingress and egress of said stud element, and retaining means disposed on said shank portion in spaced relation to said head portion for retention of said anchor member in said aperture, said C-shaped portions and said retaining means being so arranged and configured on said shank portion whereby flexure of said C-shaped portions on ingress and egress of said stud element causes more aggressive engagement of said retaining means with said workpiece.

3. A one piece plastic anchor member having a coextensive longitudinal axial bore and adapted to be applied to an apertured workpiece forquick detachable receipt and retention of a stud element comprising an enlarged peripherally continuous head portion having marginal portions larger than the aperture in the workpiece and a shank portion, said shank portion being characterized as of a generally uniform wall thickness and of a deformed shape relative to said head portion and comprising at least two elongated inwardly directed C- shaped in transverse cross-section resilient spring portions, at least two elongated intermediate portions forming a portion of a shank wall and adjoining the marginal edges of one of said C-shaped spring portions and disposed closer to the longitudinal axis than the latter, said intermediate portions including means for quick detachable engagement of said stud element, said C-shaped spring portions flexing on ingress and egress of said stud element, and retaining means disposed on said shank portion in spaced relation to said head portion for retention of said anchor member in saidaperture, said O- shaped portions and said retaining means;

jfle xure of said C-shaped portions 011'. ingressfanQggr 's s oftrsaid stud element causes v-moreiaggres'sive. engage 'ent ofsaid retaining .means with 7 assists ranged and; configured, on; sa d "shankv po r j q nie e.-

, .A one ,piec lastic anchor member'liaving,a o-' extensive longitudinalaxial bore andfadaptedtoheapplied to an apertured workpiece for quick detachable receipt and retentionof a stud element comprising an enlarged peripherally continuous head portion having marginal portions'l'a'rg'er than the aperture in the workpiece=and a shankportion, said-shank portion bein'gicharacterized as of a deformed shape relative to said head portion and comprising at least two elongated inwardly directed C-shaped in transverse cross-section resilient spring outer wall portions having an axial length greater than one-half of the axial length of the. shank'portion,

at least two elongated substantially planar intermediate outer wall portions adjoining the marginal vedges of one of said C-shaped spring portions and disposed closer to the longitudinal axis than the latter, said C-shaped spring portions flexing on ingress and egress of said stud element, retaining means disposed on said intermediate portions in spaced relation to said head portion for retention of said anchor member in said japerture, and.

means on'said intermediate portions for quick detachable engagement of said stud element.

5. A one piece anchor. member having a coextensive .longitudinalaxial bore and adapted to be applied to an apertured workpiecefor quick detachable receipt and retention of a stud element comprising an enlarged peripherally continuous head portion having, marginal portions larger than the aperture in the workpiece and a shank portion, said shank portion being characterized as v of a deformed generally rectangular shape having a relatively larger major and a relatively smaller minor transverse axis and comprising at least two curvilinear elongated longitudinally inwardly facing O-shaped in transverse cross-section resilient spring portions disposed on and defining the major transverse axis, at least two substantially. planar elongated intermediate wall portions adjoining the marginal edges of each of said O-shaped spring portions and defining the relatively smaller minor transverse axis, said intermediate portions including means for quick detachable engagement of said stud element, said O-shaped spring portions flexing on ingress and egress of said stud element, and retaining means 7 disposed on said shank portion in spaced relation to said head portion for retention of said anchor member in said aperture, said O-shaped portions and said retaining means being so arranged and configured on said shank portion whereby flexure of said C-shaped portions oningress and egress of said stud element causes more aggressive engagement of said retaining means with said workpiece.

6. A one piece plastic anchor member having a coextensive longitudinal axial bore and adapted to be applied to an apertured workpiece for quick detachable receipt and retention of a stud element comprising an enlarged peripherally continuous head portion having marginal portions larger than the aperture in the workpiece and a shank portion, said shank portion being charthe latter, inwardly directed stud engaging means disposed on said intermediate portions at the end of the shank portion opposite from the head portion for quick releasable retention of said stud element, said stud engaging means causing flexure of said C-shaped spring portions upon ingress and egress of said stud element,

and retaining means disposed on said shank portion in spaced relation to said head portion for retention of sai dianchor member in said aperture, said stud engaging meansQs aid C shaped portions and'said retaining means 'being soarranged and configured on said shank portion whereby flexure of said 'jC-shaped portionson ingress and egress of said stud elements causes more aggressive engagement of said retaining meanswith said workpiece.

References Cited in'the file of thispatent UNITEDSTATES PATENTS 2,225Q472 Franklin Dec. 17, 1940

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2225472 *Jan 27, 1940Dec 17, 1940Franklin Albert WBushing
US2235792 *Apr 10, 1939Mar 18, 1941Kurz Kasch IncUtensil handle
US2367657 *Sep 13, 1943Jan 23, 1945Duffy Mfg CompanyAttaching device
US2709290 *Jun 26, 1951May 31, 1955Rosenthal HarryPlastic closures
US2806080 *Apr 3, 1953Sep 10, 1957Raytheon Mfg CoBushings
US2829416 *Nov 25, 1955Apr 8, 1958Sam Sam WSnap fastener
US2838821 *Sep 23, 1953Jun 17, 1958Waldes Kohinoor IncSnap fasteners
*DE315088C Title not available
GB745788A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3116528 *Apr 27, 1960Jan 7, 1964Hartwell CorpFastener
US3208635 *Apr 11, 1963Sep 28, 1965Saxe Brothers IncLever actuating napkin dispenser
US3252742 *Mar 19, 1962May 24, 1966Spyraflo IncSpherical bearings and the like
US3283336 *May 6, 1964Nov 8, 1966Critser Russell FSafety device in combination with a football helmet
US3349530 *Mar 29, 1965Oct 31, 1967Zigler Herbert LAdjustable trim clip
US3386757 *Feb 23, 1967Jun 4, 1968Gen Motors CorpCombination mold and fastening means
US3415155 *Aug 1, 1966Dec 10, 1968Chrysler CorpBushing
US3524675 *Mar 19, 1968Aug 18, 1970Daimler Benz AgSecuring arrangement of the rod for the inner cover fabric of the roof of vehicles,especially passenger motor vehicles
US3665800 *Mar 20, 1970May 30, 1972Value Engineered ComponentsSnap-in fastener and apparatus for molding same
US4227594 *Apr 25, 1979Oct 14, 1980The Bendix CorporationBacking plate-wheel cylinder retaining clip
US4534530 *Mar 19, 1984Aug 13, 1985Phillips Plastics CorporationSupport assembly and apparatus using same
US4630984 *Jan 27, 1984Dec 23, 1986Elco Industries, Inc.Assembly for fastening a layer of compressible material to a rigid member
US4742984 *Jul 24, 1984May 10, 1988Chrysler Motors CorporationAttaching arrangement for vehicle seat cushion
US4859812 *Jan 28, 1987Aug 22, 1989Homac Mfg. CompanyFlat cable and sealing element
US4924038 *Apr 4, 1989May 8, 1990Homac Mfg. CompanyFlat cable sealing element
US4934333 *May 2, 1989Jun 19, 1990The Ducane Company, Inc.Safety apparatus for stove-top burners
US5005741 *Jan 8, 1990Apr 9, 1991B & G Plastics, Inc.Folded tail belt hanger with enhanced belt retention
US5046904 *Aug 13, 1990Sep 10, 1991General Motors CorporationNut for mounting trim to a motor vehicle
US5093976 *May 20, 1991Mar 10, 1992General Motors CorporationMethod of mounting trim to a motor vehicle
US5175911 *Nov 15, 1991Jan 5, 1993Terrels Joseph LSnap fastener
US5222852 *Mar 20, 1992Jun 29, 1993Nissan Research & DevelopmentQuick release clip-in-grommet fastener permitting limited sliding movement between objects fastened thereby
US5226809 *Jan 13, 1992Jul 13, 1993Precision Dynamics CorporationSecurity fastener application
US8221043 *Feb 18, 2008Jul 17, 2012Lockheed Martin CorporationReleasable fastener systems and methods
US8726473 *Jan 9, 2012May 20, 2014Faurecia Interieur IndustrieClipping fixation device allowing an adjustment in two directions
DE1204024B *Apr 25, 1961Oct 28, 1965Aviat Universal Supply CompanyBefestigungsvorrichtung
DE1288852B *Jun 5, 1963Feb 6, 1969Ft Products LtdHohlnietartiges Befestigungselement
DE19716992C1 *Apr 23, 1997Nov 19, 1998United Parts Fhs Automobil SysVehicle gearbox shaft plastics mounting bush
DE102012109596A1 *Oct 9, 2012Apr 24, 2014Webasto-Edscha Cabrio GmbHLagerbuchse und Lageranordnung mit Lagerbuchse
EP0041609A1 *Apr 28, 1981Dec 16, 1981Gebr. Happich GmbHFastening device for hand-grips, arm rests and the like on body-walls of vehicles
EP0205647A1 *Jun 28, 1985Dec 30, 1986Ignaz Vogel GmbH & Co KG, FahrzeugsitzeRetaining device for passenger seat parts
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/662, 411/908, 411/913
International ClassificationF16B21/07
Cooperative ClassificationY10S411/913, Y10S411/908, F16B21/075
European ClassificationF16B21/07L2