|Publication number||US29436 A|
|Publication date||Jul 31, 1860|
|Publication number||US 29436 A, US 29436A, US-A-29436, US29436 A, US29436A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' UNITED STATESA PATENT OFFICE.
ISAAC LIN DSLEY, OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF, AND DANIEL F. TOMPKINS, OF NEW'ARK,l NEV JERSEY.
IMPROVEMENT IN ClGARS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 29,436, dated July 31, IECO.
l'o a/ZZ whom t may concern.-
Be it known that I, IsAAo LrNDsLEY, of the city of Providence, in the county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, have made y a certain new and useful inventionl in the vaperture, through the same; and Figs. 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, and 9 are transverse sections of hydraulicized cigars, showing variations and modifications in the form of the smoking-orices through the same; and Figs. 10, 11, and 12 show different formsof hydraulicized or compressed charges of tobacco suitable to be placed in a pipe for smoking. Fig. 3 shows the round piece of wire employed to for them aperturea, Figs. 1 and 2.
The same letters indicate like parts in all the figures.
lThe nature of my invention consists in subjecting tobacco by means of the hydraulic press to the highest degree of pressure, said tobacco being iirst placed or packed around a piece of iron wire or other hard metal, N, Fig. 3, said wire being larger at one end than at the other, in such a manner that when the tobacco is compressed and the wire drawn out the tobacco will present the exterior appearance shown at Fig.. 1, and having lengthwise through it the hole shown at a, Fig. 2. In other words, my invention consists in forming by a powerful .compression in a mold and around a suitable former a plain roll of tobacco of about two thirds the length and two-thirds the diameter of an ordinary cigar, and having a round hole lengthwise through its center, said hole being about two-thirds of the diameter of the roll at one end, and from thence tapering to about one-third of the diameter ofthe roll at the other end, (see a.,
Fig. 2.) To accomplish this purpose I first take a mold, of steel or other hard metal, of two parts, the interior of said mold presenting precisely the exterior shape shown at Fig. 1. I then take a piece of hard metal-iron is good enough-round and tapering, and having the shape shown at N, Fig. 3. I then place the former N within *the mold, and around this and within the mold I then place the tobacco. The mold is then placed underneath a hydraulic press and the tobacco subjected to the highest degree of pressure. The form N is then withdrawn, and the hydraulicized cigar is thus produced. Figs. 4, 5, 6, 7, S, 9 are introduced merely for the purpose of snowing how the orifice through the hydraulicized cigar may be varied in form, and that, as in Fig. 6, there may be several instead of one. Figs. 10, 11, 12 show the same principle of hydraulicizing tobacco applied to the production of a charge for apipe. Of course the shape of the cigar may be much varied-iiat, oval, tapering, &c.-and the mouth end may be shaped like the mouthpiece of a pipe, lif desired.
The benefits resulting from my invention are as follows: first, rapidity and cheapness of manufacturing the cigars, since alarge num` ber may be struck out from a sheet of tobacco at one impressing and by a single movement; Y
second, hydraulicized cigars occupy less space, and, third, such cigars will hold lire better and burn more evenly than ordinary cigars; fourth, they are of better flavor and more innoxious, from .the fact that being so thoroughly compressed kthe essential oils are more thoroughly consumed in burning; fifth, fine as well as leaf tobacco may be used in making them, thus using up waste tobacco. If desired, the interior ot' the hydraulicized cigar may be made of fine tobacco, and for vthe exterior leaf-tobacco may be employed.
' I do not claim the condensation of tobacco by pressing it into the form of a cigar or charge for a pipe. Neither do I claim simply the leaving or inserting of an aperture or iissure through the cigar or charge, as fissures now exist in the ordinary cigar; but
What I do claim as new and of my own in` vention, and desire to secure by Letters Patthrough the same the distinct aperture a,
ent of the United States, is- Fig. 2, or its equivalent, formed substantially The hydraulicizing or condensation of toin the manner and for the purposes described.
bacco to the highest possible extent into the ISAAC LINDSLEY.
form of a cigar or other form suitable for l Vitnesses: emoking, Fig. 1, when the tobacco so hydrauli EDWD. P. TIFFANY, lcized 0r condensed shall have running in and HENRY MARTIN.
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