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Publication numberUS2943966 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 5, 1960
Filing dateDec 10, 1954
Priority dateDec 30, 1953
Publication numberUS 2943966 A, US 2943966A, US-A-2943966, US2943966 A, US2943966A
InventorsLeno John Albert, Searle Arthur Mackenzie
Original AssigneeInt Standard Electric Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Printed electrical circuits
US 2943966 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 5, 1960 LENQ ETAL PRINTED ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 2 Sheets-She et 1 Filed Dec. 10, 1954 A Home y July 5,1960 J A LENO ETQAL 2,943,966 PRINTED ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS Filed Dec. 10, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIGS.

Inventor: J. A. LENO- A. M. SEARLE A ttorn e y PRINTED ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS John Albert Leno and Arthur Mackenzie Searl'e, London,

England, assignors to International Standard Electric Corporation, New York, N.Y.

Filed Dec. 10, 1954, $81. No. 474,566

Claims priority, application Great Britain Dec. 30, 1953 1 Claim. (Cl. 154-80) This invention relates to improved methods for making inductive windings for electrical apparatus.

Methods for producing what are commonly called printed circuits are well known and comprise forming conductive tracks upon an insulating surface such as by printing with, say, a conducting printing ink or electroplating or otherwise depositing the tracks upon the surface of an insulating carrier.

It is known from British Patent No. 639,591, to provide a carrier having a plurality of uniplanar turns of conducting track thereon which form an inductive winding.

The main feature of the present invention is a method of producing an inductive electrical winding which comprises printing or otherwise depositing a continuous conductive track on one surface of a fiat insulating carrier and folding the carrier through substantially 180 along a line crossed by the track whereby portions of the track on the carrier on each side of the line are brought into relative position about an axis at right angles to the surface of the carrier to form one turn of the winding.

The invention will be particularly described with reference to the accompanying drawings illustrating various embodiments.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 illustrates in plan view a conducting track on an insulating carrier;

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the carrier in Fig. 1 during folding;

Fig. 3 is a plan view of the carrier after folding has been completed;

Fig. 4 illustrates in plan view another embodiment having a more elaborate conducting track;

Figs. 5 and 6 are perspective views of the carrier in Fig. 5 at different stages of folding;

Fig. 7 is a plan view after folding has been completed;

Fig. 8 illustrates in plan view a further embodiment having a track comprising a plurality of loops or turns and Fig. 9 shows in perspective how a number of carriers may be folded together ot provide a transformer.

Referring first to Fig. 1 it will be seen that an insulating carrier, in the form of a piece of paper or fabric 1, which may have been impregnated with an insulating resin, has printed or otherwise deposited upon it in wellknown manner a conducting track 2 which may comprise silver or other metallic paste.

The carrier may be regarded as comprising a number of substantially equal sections or areas 3, 4, 5, 6 bounded by imaginary lines 7, 8, 9, shown dotted, along which the carrier will presently be folded. The shape of the track is such that, on each of the sections 3, 4, 5, 6, there is a portion 10, 1'1, 12 or 13, so shaped that when, for example, the carrier is folded through 180 along line 7 the portions 10, 11, on sections 3 and 4 combine, in plan, to form a substantially enclosed figure, such as a circle. Thus, when the carrier 1, is folded fan-wise about lines 7, 8, 9, as shown in Fig. 2, the portions 12,

2,943,966 Patented July 5, 1960 'ice' 13, on sections 5, 6 form a substantially complete turn as shown in Fig. 3 and, likewise, the portions 10, 1 1, on sections 3, 4 form another substantially complete turn immediately behind, the various portions being arranged to meet their neighboring portions at. the folding lines -i {7,-8, 9, or to be joined together as shown in Fig. 1 by means of short track lines 14. The track 2 may be terminated as shown by areas 15 to act as terminals. It will beappreciated that some means (not shown) of preventing contact between the track portions on adjacent jsections will be necessany, when folding takes place. Such means maybe by printing with'an insulating material or by interleaving, as will be explained in connection with Fig. 9.

The winding, as shown in Fig. 3 and which may have a hole therethrough for a core, may be suitably consolidated by heat and pressure in known manner. It will be understod that while the carrier 1 has been shown divided into only four sections 3, 4, 5, 6, thereby producing only a two-turn winding, it may be as long as desirable and be divided into any desired number of sec tions, bearing in mind that an even number of sections enables both the terminals 15 to appear on the outside faces of the winding.

In order that the carrier 1 shall not be unduly long, the track may be arranged as a substantially complete loop or turn as shown in Fig. 4. In this case the carrier 16 is arranged to be folded first along a centre line 17 as shown in Fig. 5 and then in fanwise or other fashion along lines 18, 19, 20, as shown, for example, in Fig. 6. The configuration of the track is such that portions 21, 22, ultimately form one turn, 23 and 24 another turn, and so on. Thus the track shown in Fig. 4 forms a winding having four turns when folded as in Figs. 5, 6, 7, the terminal areas 25, being conveniently arranged side by side at one end of the winding.

A considerably larger number of turns can be provided without appreciable increase in the size of the insulating carrier by arranging the track as shown in Fig. 8. In this case the track comprises a number of loops or turns arranged one within the next in spiral form.

In Fig. 8 the track is of the same general configuration as in Fig. 4, but consists of five loops or turns, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, substantially equidistant one from the next. It will be obvious that when folded along the centre line 17, the portions 31, 3-2, 33, 35 together with the respective portions 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, each form complete turns and that when folded fanwise as already explained there are produced five times as many turns as were provided from the track in Fig. 4, that is to say, the track shown in Fig. 8 provides a coil having twenty turns.

Fig. 9 shows how two carriers, having tracks thereon as in Fig. 8, may be folded together so that the two windings have a substantially common axis and are thereby inductively coupled as in a transformer.

The two carriers which are here designated 31, 32 are insulated from one another by means of an insulating foil or blank carrier 33, shown shaded. Other insulating foils (not shrown) or extensions of the foil 33, may be inserted where required to prevent undesired contact between portions of the track on each of the carriers 31, 32. By suitable arrangement of the carriers 31, 32, the terminals of each of the windings may be arranged to appear on an outside face of the transformer.

-It will be clear to those skilled in the art that various methods of interleaving or folding together of carriers may be employed and that the insulating material used may be plastic material equally well as resin-impregnated paper or fabric.

Furthermore the carriers 31, 32 may be replaced by a.

single carrierhaving the two tracks comprising the two windings printed one on each side thereof.

While the principles of the invention have been described above in connection with specific embodiments,

and particular modifications thereof, it is tube -clearly" understood that this: description is .madeonly by :way of Y exampleand not asa limit-ationon-thescope of the in vention.-

What ,we claim is:

An inductive electrical winding; comprising an -insu1at ing carrier having portions folded back-against each other,

thus forming aplurality of parallel surfaces, a printed circuit on certain of said surfaces, each- 0f saidprintedcircuits havin the configuration of portions only -of a plurality of complete turnsabout an axis perpendicular to said surfaces and cooperatingwith corresponding turn portions on another one of said surfaces to form a corresponding plurality of complete turns, said cooperating dicular to. each other, the printed circuits being arranged so that :both ends of the continuous conductor formed thereby are on the same portion of said carrier.

References Cited-in. the-file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 5

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2441960 *Feb 3, 1944May 25, 1948Eisler PaulManufacture of electric circuit components
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3027435 *Oct 14, 1960Mar 27, 1962Shlesinger Jr Bernard EMultiple contact switch
US3148098 *Nov 3, 1960Sep 8, 1964Day CompanyMethod of producing electrical components
US3238480 *Aug 14, 1964Mar 1, 1966 Printed circuit electrical windings and inductive apparatus using such windings
US3466586 *Feb 13, 1967Sep 9, 1969Emi LtdScanning coils
US4591814 *Jun 14, 1983May 27, 1986Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Electronic component comprising printed circuit elements disposed on a folded tape and method of making such component
US4873757 *Jun 27, 1988Oct 17, 1989The Foxboro CompanyMethod of making a multilayer electrical coil
US4935093 *Feb 11, 1988Jun 19, 1990Max ReebMethod for the continuous flow make of customized planar electrical circuits
US4959630 *Aug 7, 1989Sep 25, 1990General Electric CompanyHigh-frequency transformer
US5017902 *May 30, 1989May 21, 1991General Electric CompanyConductive film magnetic components
US5084958 *Jan 25, 1991Feb 4, 1992General Electric CompanyMethod of making conductive film magnetic components
US5134770 *Jun 4, 1990Aug 4, 1992General Electric CompanyMethod of fabricating a high-frequency transformer
US5250915 *Feb 19, 1992Oct 5, 1993Takeshi IkedaLaminate type LC filter
US5294290 *Sep 30, 1992Mar 15, 1994Reeb Max EComputer and electromagnetic energy based mass production method for the continuous flow make of planar electrical circuits
US5495213 *Jul 18, 1994Feb 27, 1996Ikeda; TakeshiLC noise filter
US6204745 *Nov 15, 1999Mar 20, 2001International Power Devices, Inc.Continuous multi-turn coils
US6208528May 28, 1999Mar 27, 2001Nidec America CorporationPower supply with surface mounted magnetic components having sheet material windings
US6222437 *May 11, 1998Apr 24, 2001Nidec America CorporationSurface mounted magnetic components having sheet material windings and a power supply including such components
US6377157Aug 17, 2000Apr 23, 2002International Power Devices, Inc.Continuous multi-turn coils
US6549176Aug 15, 2001Apr 15, 2003Moore North America, Inc.RFID tag having integral electrical bridge and method of assembling the same
US6577220Feb 14, 2002Jun 10, 2003Power-One, Inc.Continuous multi-turn coils
US7187263Nov 26, 2003Mar 6, 2007Vlt, Inc.Printed circuit transformer
US7249546May 13, 1991Jul 31, 2007Franklin Electric Co., Ltd.Die-shaping apparatus and process and product formed thereby
US7425884 *Dec 9, 2003Sep 16, 2008Canon Kabushiki KaishaElectrical device and method of producing the same
US8973252 *Sep 27, 2012Mar 10, 2015Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.Folded planar Litz wire and method of making same
US20040174240 *Dec 9, 2003Sep 9, 2004Canon Kabushiki KaishaElectrical device and method of producing the same
US20050110606 *Nov 26, 2003May 26, 2005Patrizio VinciarelliPrinted circuit transformer
US20080297297 *Dec 4, 2007Dec 4, 2008Delta Electronics, Inc.Conductive winding structure and transformer having such conductive winding structure
US20140077831 *Sep 11, 2013Mar 20, 2014Dtg International GmbhLinear motor for a device for testing printed circuit boards and device for testing printed circuit boards
US20140085031 *Sep 27, 2012Mar 27, 2014Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.Planar litz wire coil and method of making same
DE4024507A1 *Aug 2, 1990Feb 6, 1992Bodenseewerk GeraetetechHochfrequenzwicklung
DE202004007207U1 *Apr 30, 2004Dec 9, 2004Würth Elektronik Rot am See GmbH & Co. KGFlexible circuit substrate, comprises conductive track layer divided into repeated sections that are folded e.g. in zigzag
DE202012103517U1Sep 14, 2012Dec 19, 2013Dtg International GmbhLinearmotor für eine Vorrichtung zum Prüfen von Leiterplatten und Vorrichtung zum Prüfen von Leiterplatten
EP0469609A1 *Aug 1, 1991Feb 5, 1992Bodenseewerk Gerätetechnik GmbHWinding, especially for radiofrequency transformers
Classifications
U.S. Classification336/200, 29/609.1, 156/227, 216/20
International ClassificationH05K1/16, H01F17/00, H05K1/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01F17/0006, H05K1/0393, H05K1/165
European ClassificationH01F17/00A