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Publication numberUS2944608 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 12, 1960
Filing dateMar 25, 1958
Priority dateMar 25, 1958
Publication numberUS 2944608 A, US 2944608A, US-A-2944608, US2944608 A, US2944608A
InventorsRush Robert M
Original AssigneeRobbins & Myers
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Centralizing spider for wells
US 2944608 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 12, 1960 R. M. RUSH CENTRALIZING SPIDER FOR WELLS Filed March 25, 1958 INVEN'TOR. faazer M F054;

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United States Patent g V r 2,944,608

CEN'I'RALIZING SPIDER FOR WELLS Robert M. Rush, Springfield, Ohio, assignor to Robbins &hMyers, Inc., Springfield, Ohio, a corporation of 0 i0 Filed Mar. 25,1958, Ser. No. 723,694

1 Claim. (Cl. 166-241) in the form of a hub which tightly embraced the pipe and having a plurality of laterally extending spokes or vanes of such length as to contact the inside of the well casing.

One of the difficulties has been that different diameters of discharge pipe are used and the various discharge pipe diameters will be used in casings of different diameters. It has, therefore, been necessary to provide these centralizing spiders in a variety of sizes as to inside diameter of the hub and as to length of the spokes or vanes.

It is an object of the present invention therefore to provide a universal centralizing spider which will be capable of fitting a variety of discharge pipe sizes and a variety of well casings. It is another object of the invention to provide a device of the character described which is of unitary construction and which is relatively inexpensive to manufacture and simple in application.

These and other objects of the invention which will be described in more detail hereinafter, or which will be apparent to one skilled in the art upon reading these specifications, I accomplish by that certain construction and arrangement of parts of which I shall now describe an exemplary embodiment.

Reference is made to the drawings forming a part hereof and in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation more or less 'of a water system for a residence showing the well hole in cross-section.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the spider according to my invention.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view through a piece of well casing of small diameter showing the device in use. 7

Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3 but showing the device in use in a large diameter well casing.

Figure 5 is a perspective view of the device in opened up condition.

Briefly, in the practice of the invention I provide a member molded of rubber or rubber-like material and having at each end a collar element adapted to be clamped about a discharge pipe and extending between the collar members there are a plurality of spaced limbs. The limbs,

substantially midway between the collar elements, have an interior notch and an exteriorally convex bead to provide a preferential point of outward flexure midway of their length. The collars are preferably split so that the device may be opened up and placed around a discharge pipe. Post clamps may then be applied to the collars to clamp the device to the discharge pipe. In order that the central'portions of the limbs contact the interior of the well casing, the spacing between the collar members is adjusted to cause the connecting limbs to flex intermediate their ends until they contact the well casing.

- Referring now in more detail to the drawings, Figure 1 shows a well having a casing 10 secured with a cap member 11 to a top slab 12 at the surface of the ground. A submersible motor pump unit is indicated generally at 13 at the bottom of the well. The pump discharges water from the well through the discharge pipe 14 through a check valve '15 into a tank 16 from which a service line 17 extends. The tank will generally have a pressure relief valve 18 and a pressure gauge 19. Electric power from the control box 20 is supplied to the motor of the motor pump unit through the line 21 communicating with the water-proof conduit 22. In Figure 1, the spider according to the invention is generally indicated at 23.

Referring now to Figures 2 to 5 inclusive, the spider itself will be seen to have the upper and lower collar elements indicated generally at 24, each of these being slotted as at 25 so as to facilitate clamping action. Each may also be provided with the annular groove or seat 26 with which a hose clamp may engage. A plurality of limbs 27 extend between the collar members 24 and it will be observed that the collar members are split at a point 28 so that the device may be opened up as shown in Figure 5. The lines of separation 28 communicate between opposite slots 25 of the collar members and between a pair of adjacent limbs 27.

These limbs 27 are wider at their central portion than at their ends and are provided with an outwardly extending convex head 29 and an interior notch 30. The combination of the head 29 and notch 30 provides a preferential line of flexure at the midpoint of each of the limbs 27, so that if the device in the condition of Figure 2 is grasped with the hands and the two collars 24 are pushed toward each other, the limbs 27 will flex outwardly to the position shown in Figure 4.

In use, the device is opened up to the condition of Figure 5 and placed around a discharge pipe 14 as in Figures 3 and 4. Hose clamps 31 are then placed around the collar elements preferably seated in the grooves 26 and the collars are adjusted toward and away from each other so that the exterior beads 29 engage the interior of the casing 10.

In Figure 3 the device is shown in use in a small diameter casing-and it will be seen that the collar members 24 are separated to their maximum separation. In Figure 4, the device is shown in use in a large diameter casing and it will be seen that the collar elements 24 have been moved toward each other. In both Figures 3 and 4, the discharge pipe 14 is centered within the casing 10.

The device may be made of a variety of materials and it is only important that the material be one which will be flexible and yet stiff and that it not be deleteriously affected by constant contact with water. In the claims therefore the term rubber is understood to include any rubber, natural or synthetic, and other rubber-like materials as above outline.

It will be clear that various modifications in detail may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and I therefore do not intend to limit myself except as set forth in the claim which follows.

Having now fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

An adjustable centralizing spider for centering a pipe within a well casing, comprising a one-piece member of rubber having at each end a split collar element having an annular groove thereabout, and a clamp seated in said groove, whereby it is adapted to be clamped about'said pipe, and a plurality of spaced limbs extending between said collar elements, whereby the external diameter of said spider may be varied by varying the spacing between said collar elements when clamped about said pipe, each of said limbs, substantially midway between said collar elements, being provided with a notch facing toward the axis of the device and a convex bead on -the side thereof facing'outwardly from the axis of the device, to provide References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Brooder Oct. 12, 1886 Hogue Feb. 11, 19 19 Millikan Oct. 19, 1948 Brookes May 1, 1951 Kothny Sept. 23, 1952 Lewis Oct. 9, 1956 Pyle et al. Feb. 12, 1957 Loomis- Oct: 1, 1957 Swart Nov. 19, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US350655 *Oct 12, 1886 Packer for oil-wells
US1293777 *Nov 4, 1918Feb 11, 1919William J HogueOil-well-cleaning appliance.
US2451762 *Jul 4, 1945Oct 19, 1948Geophysical Res CorpPacking ring
US2550964 *Oct 1, 1948May 1, 1951Mccullough Tool CompanyDevice for determining point at which pipe is stuck in a well
US2611664 *Feb 16, 1946Sep 23, 1952Sperry Sun Well Surveying CoBorehole apparatus centering guide
US2765854 *Apr 15, 1954Oct 9, 1956Shell DevWell completion tool
US2781100 *Aug 1, 1955Feb 12, 1957Halliburton Oil Well CementingWell bore scraping device
US2807955 *Jan 10, 1955Oct 1, 1957Loomis Glenn LApparatus for testing oil well casing or the like
US2813697 *Jun 15, 1953Nov 19, 1957Security Engineering DivisionStabilizer for drill collars and drill pipes
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3125499 *Feb 26, 1962Mar 17, 1964 Richard b
US3282344 *Mar 12, 1964Nov 1, 1966Tripplehorn James CTubing-gripping rod scraper
US3561529 *Oct 2, 1968Feb 9, 1971Electric Wireline SpecialtiesThrough-tubing nonretrievable bridge plug
US3692109 *Oct 28, 1970Sep 19, 1972Grayson Bobby WWire line centralizer assembly
US3767266 *Aug 10, 1970Oct 23, 1973Cincinnati Mine Machinery CoResilient retaining means for connecting work tools and work tool holders
US3933203 *Mar 27, 1975Jan 20, 1976Evans Orde RCentralizer for production string including support means for control lines
US3963075 *Mar 27, 1975Jun 15, 1976Evans Orde RCentralizer for elastomer coated blast joint
US4067386 *Jul 23, 1976Jan 10, 1978Dresser Industries, Inc.Casing collar indicator
US8919437 *Sep 16, 2013Dec 30, 2014Petrowell LimitedCentraliser
US20140014370 *Sep 16, 2013Jan 16, 2014Petrowell LimitedCentraliser
U.S. Classification166/241.6, 174/28, 166/172, 166/176
International ClassificationE21B17/00, E21B17/10
Cooperative ClassificationE21B17/1028
European ClassificationE21B17/10C2B