|Publication number||US2944608 A|
|Publication date||Jul 12, 1960|
|Filing date||Mar 25, 1958|
|Priority date||Mar 25, 1958|
|Publication number||US 2944608 A, US 2944608A, US-A-2944608, US2944608 A, US2944608A|
|Inventors||Rush Robert M|
|Original Assignee||Robbins & Myers|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (10), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 12, 1960 R. M. RUSH CENTRALIZING SPIDER FOR WELLS Filed March 25, 1958 INVEN'TOR. faazer M F054;
United States Patent g V r 2,944,608
CEN'I'RALIZING SPIDER FOR WELLS Robert M. Rush, Springfield, Ohio, assignor to Robbins &hMyers, Inc., Springfield, Ohio, a corporation of 0 i0 Filed Mar. 25,1958, Ser. No. 723,694
1 Claim. (Cl. 166-241) in the form of a hub which tightly embraced the pipe and having a plurality of laterally extending spokes or vanes of such length as to contact the inside of the well casing.
One of the difficulties has been that different diameters of discharge pipe are used and the various discharge pipe diameters will be used in casings of different diameters. It has, therefore, been necessary to provide these centralizing spiders in a variety of sizes as to inside diameter of the hub and as to length of the spokes or vanes.
It is an object of the present invention therefore to provide a universal centralizing spider which will be capable of fitting a variety of discharge pipe sizes and a variety of well casings. It is another object of the invention to provide a device of the character described which is of unitary construction and which is relatively inexpensive to manufacture and simple in application.
These and other objects of the invention which will be described in more detail hereinafter, or which will be apparent to one skilled in the art upon reading these specifications, I accomplish by that certain construction and arrangement of parts of which I shall now describe an exemplary embodiment.
Reference is made to the drawings forming a part hereof and in which:
Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation more or less 'of a water system for a residence showing the well hole in cross-section.
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the spider according to my invention.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view through a piece of well casing of small diameter showing the device in use. 7
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3 but showing the device in use in a large diameter well casing.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the device in opened up condition.
Briefly, in the practice of the invention I provide a member molded of rubber or rubber-like material and having at each end a collar element adapted to be clamped about a discharge pipe and extending between the collar members there are a plurality of spaced limbs. The limbs,
substantially midway between the collar elements, have an interior notch and an exteriorally convex bead to provide a preferential point of outward flexure midway of their length. The collars are preferably split so that the device may be opened up and placed around a discharge pipe. Post clamps may then be applied to the collars to clamp the device to the discharge pipe. In order that the central'portions of the limbs contact the interior of the well casing, the spacing between the collar members is adjusted to cause the connecting limbs to flex intermediate their ends until they contact the well casing.
- Referring now in more detail to the drawings, Figure 1 shows a well having a casing 10 secured with a cap member 11 to a top slab 12 at the surface of the ground. A submersible motor pump unit is indicated generally at 13 at the bottom of the well. The pump discharges water from the well through the discharge pipe 14 through a check valve '15 into a tank 16 from which a service line 17 extends. The tank will generally have a pressure relief valve 18 and a pressure gauge 19. Electric power from the control box 20 is supplied to the motor of the motor pump unit through the line 21 communicating with the water-proof conduit 22. In Figure 1, the spider according to the invention is generally indicated at 23.
Referring now to Figures 2 to 5 inclusive, the spider itself will be seen to have the upper and lower collar elements indicated generally at 24, each of these being slotted as at 25 so as to facilitate clamping action. Each may also be provided with the annular groove or seat 26 with which a hose clamp may engage. A plurality of limbs 27 extend between the collar members 24 and it will be observed that the collar members are split at a point 28 so that the device may be opened up as shown in Figure 5. The lines of separation 28 communicate between opposite slots 25 of the collar members and between a pair of adjacent limbs 27.
These limbs 27 are wider at their central portion than at their ends and are provided with an outwardly extending convex head 29 and an interior notch 30. The combination of the head 29 and notch 30 provides a preferential line of flexure at the midpoint of each of the limbs 27, so that if the device in the condition of Figure 2 is grasped with the hands and the two collars 24 are pushed toward each other, the limbs 27 will flex outwardly to the position shown in Figure 4.
In use, the device is opened up to the condition of Figure 5 and placed around a discharge pipe 14 as in Figures 3 and 4. Hose clamps 31 are then placed around the collar elements preferably seated in the grooves 26 and the collars are adjusted toward and away from each other so that the exterior beads 29 engage the interior of the casing 10.
In Figure 3 the device is shown in use in a small diameter casing-and it will be seen that the collar members 24 are separated to their maximum separation. In Figure 4, the device is shown in use in a large diameter casing and it will be seen that the collar elements 24 have been moved toward each other. In both Figures 3 and 4, the discharge pipe 14 is centered within the casing 10.
The device may be made of a variety of materials and it is only important that the material be one which will be flexible and yet stiff and that it not be deleteriously affected by constant contact with water. In the claims therefore the term rubber is understood to include any rubber, natural or synthetic, and other rubber-like materials as above outline.
It will be clear that various modifications in detail may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and I therefore do not intend to limit myself except as set forth in the claim which follows.
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
An adjustable centralizing spider for centering a pipe within a well casing, comprising a one-piece member of rubber having at each end a split collar element having an annular groove thereabout, and a clamp seated in said groove, whereby it is adapted to be clamped about'said pipe, and a plurality of spaced limbs extending between said collar elements, whereby the external diameter of said spider may be varied by varying the spacing between said collar elements when clamped about said pipe, each of said limbs, substantially midway between said collar elements, being provided with a notch facing toward the axis of the device and a convex bead on -the side thereof facing'outwardly from the axis of the device, to provide References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Brooder Oct. 12, 1886 Hogue Feb. 11, 19 19 Millikan Oct. 19, 1948 Brookes May 1, 1951 Kothny Sept. 23, 1952 Lewis Oct. 9, 1956 Pyle et al. Feb. 12, 1957 Loomis- Oct: 1, 1957 Swart Nov. 19, 1957
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US350655 *||Oct 12, 1886||Packer for oil-wells|
|US1293777 *||Nov 4, 1918||Feb 11, 1919||William J Hogue||Oil-well-cleaning appliance.|
|US2451762 *||Jul 4, 1945||Oct 19, 1948||Geophysical Res Corp||Packing ring|
|US2550964 *||Oct 1, 1948||May 1, 1951||Mccullough Tool Company||Device for determining point at which pipe is stuck in a well|
|US2611664 *||Feb 16, 1946||Sep 23, 1952||Sperry Sun Well Surveying Co||Borehole apparatus centering guide|
|US2765854 *||Apr 15, 1954||Oct 9, 1956||Shell Dev||Well completion tool|
|US2781100 *||Aug 1, 1955||Feb 12, 1957||Halliburton Oil Well Cementing||Well bore scraping device|
|US2807955 *||Jan 10, 1955||Oct 1, 1957||Loomis Glenn L||Apparatus for testing oil well casing or the like|
|US2813697 *||Jun 15, 1953||Nov 19, 1957||Security Engineering Division||Stabilizer for drill collars and drill pipes|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3125499 *||Feb 26, 1962||Mar 17, 1964||Richard b|
|US3282344 *||Mar 12, 1964||Nov 1, 1966||Tripplehorn James C||Tubing-gripping rod scraper|
|US3561529 *||Oct 2, 1968||Feb 9, 1971||Electric Wireline Specialties||Through-tubing nonretrievable bridge plug|
|US3692109 *||Oct 28, 1970||Sep 19, 1972||Grayson Bobby W||Wire line centralizer assembly|
|US3767266 *||Aug 10, 1970||Oct 23, 1973||Cincinnati Mine Machinery Co||Resilient retaining means for connecting work tools and work tool holders|
|US3933203 *||Mar 27, 1975||Jan 20, 1976||Evans Orde R||Centralizer for production string including support means for control lines|
|US3963075 *||Mar 27, 1975||Jun 15, 1976||Evans Orde R||Centralizer for elastomer coated blast joint|
|US4067386 *||Jul 23, 1976||Jan 10, 1978||Dresser Industries, Inc.||Casing collar indicator|
|US8919437 *||Sep 16, 2013||Dec 30, 2014||Petrowell Limited||Centraliser|
|US20140014370 *||Sep 16, 2013||Jan 16, 2014||Petrowell Limited||Centraliser|
|U.S. Classification||166/241.6, 174/28, 166/172, 166/176|
|International Classification||E21B17/00, E21B17/10|