US 2944691 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 12, 1960 A. w. SERIO 7 2,944,691
RECEPTA LE AND COVER THEREFOR Filed May 15, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
34 7 Anthony W. Serio l6 BY 33 W? 771m ATTYJ' I y 1960 A. w. SERIO 7 2,944,691
RECEPTACLE AND COVER THEREFOR Filed May 15, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.2
2 F I G 3 IO 2o NTOR. An'rhon .Serio M $311 objects and.
rates r Psi C 4 Patented saw-r2. 196.0
r nearraenn eoyanrnnnnnon Anthony W. Serio, li icatonfiyjeg Elmira, N3, Filed May'fi, 1957, Ser.No..65l,322
This invention relates generally to the class ofreceptacles of all types and materials andacoversffor the-same. In homes and.'businessestablishments use is Imadeof many types of covered receptacles whereinlthe covers arehingedly attached either directly to the body or the "receptacleor, in the case of receptacles :of glassr or plastic,
are attached to a mountmg body which l isiin turn secured to thereceptacle. Many such receptacles are used-\for dispensing; or serving liquids, such as coilee, tea, soft drinks and theflike, and in rriost cases it is desirable that the cover. or closure for the -receptacle be' d'esig'ned to function in coaction with the design of' 'the mouth of l the receptacleto provide a relatively close or tight iit, either to pnotect the contents of the receptacle or, iithe recep- 1128.016 -'is used for hot liguids, to -keep the same from cooling. I p I a l "-I-nthe majority-oi instances the reeept-acleconers are attaeliedso-as to be nonfi emoi ahle or, if theylare removable, they K3311 only be removedwithdiihcnlty by the use of suitable tools or implements.
Covers for .recept-aclessu'ch as above-described, when permanently "attached, may also: become misaligned so that-they will'not close tightly in prove; the mouth of the acceptaele in addition, where receptacles have the covers or closureepermanentlyattached, they inter- =ferewiththe-ease of cleaning therecepta-cle.
'In the light of the .for'ego1ng,;*1t--1s aparticular-object ofthe present. --inventiontoprovidea receptacle and a cover designed for use therewith, iwhenein the design of "the cover and of-Ihe receptacle anouth-overwhich -it engages, is such as to guaranteeagood closing 'fitof the I cover to the receptacleopening or mouth.
Another object of'the invention is'to provide a receptacle cover and means for mounting the same whereby "the coyer will automatically center itself upon being released-to move-to closingposition.
Still another object ot the invention is to provide a receptacle cover and mountingmeans for hingedly attaching the cover to the receptacle :wherein the cover is adapted-to be easily and quickly removed from the receptaclewithoutthe usepfimplements.
still further object of the invention is to provide a receptacle poverandihinge mounting which is designed to perr nit -the cover to swing ireely to. opened position upon the tipping of the receptacle fordispen singthe conte nts and to return automatically to proper closedjand -tightjfit ting position in the mouth ,of'the, receptacleupon returmngdhe receptacle to an upright position.
fications mark no material and theinvention will be best understood from econsideration of the following detail description tal gen in connection with the accompanying drawings forming a part ofgthe specification,
with the understanding, however, that the invention :is not confined to astrict conformitywith the showing of the drawings but may be changed or modified so long as such changes :or mod departure from the :salient features of the invention as expressed in :the appende claims.
' In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a view in perspective of a pitcher .type.of. receptacle showing the novel mouth :or lip formation for coaction with the cover and showing :the new cover-and mounting means with the cover in closed position;
*Fig. 2 is a view in topplan on an enlarged scale of the structnreshown inFig; 1;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2 and showing in dotted outlines the cover in removed position above the mouth of the receptacle;
;Fig. 4 is 'an enlarged detail view partly in section,
showing the receptacle tipped 'for'pouring and illustrating the manner in which the cover swings open in the-pouring operation;
5 Fig. 5 is afifragmentary section taken transversely'of the receptacle handle through the cover hinge, the section being substantially on the line--5--5 of Fig. 1.
Referring now more particularlyto the drawings, the numeral 10 generally designates a pitcher type (pf-receptacle which is here shown-as being of glassalthough o'bviously it may be formed of plastic, metal or any other suitable material;
Also itis to be understood that in addition to the fact that the receptacle maybe made of anydesired material,
,it may be of any desired form or shape and not necessarily the form here illustrated,
In the receptacle illustrated, the upper portion tapers ordecreases in size slightly to a neck 12. leading to a mouth opening 14- .which is encircled :by a surrounding upwardly and outwardly flaring lip 16 of substantial width. This-lip 16, as here illustrated, is made to have ya gradually inereasing'height from the rear or back part of the receptacle to the front part and terminates in a 'reversely turned surrounding and narrow flange 18. It
- verging or outwardly flaring and relatively wide from top to bottom, .as illustrated, to cooperate. With the cover which is about to be described.
The numeral 20 generally designates a handle for the receptacle which, as is clearly shown in Fig. 1,'is generally in the form of an elongated ellipse. Accordingly the handle embodies an outer longitudinally arcuate gripping portion 21 and 'an inner longitudinally A still further object of the invention' is to-provide a new and novel receptacle and cover and hi-nge' constructionwherein the cover andhingeare secured to the-recept'ae1e body in a novel manner and :whereingthe cover. 1 may be easily and quickly removed from the receptacle by liftingthe .cover directlylupwardly irornl thermouth of thereceptacle.
V dyantagesroiithe innentionrtwill become apparent asthe disclosure of the same proceeds arcuate receptacle opposing portion 22. This'inner por- --t-ion in the upper half is materia'llythickenedor made heavier than the #lower half thereof, as indicated at 23,. and-has the longitudinally curved receptacle engaging surface 24 which, when the handle is secured to the receptacle, lies against -;the outerside of the lip mat the Iback of the receptacle'and against theouter side orwall of the receptacle bodypbelow rthe' neck :12, 'thus bridging the angle between ;the.1ipand :the neck port on. The lower end portions of the outer part 21 and inner or receptacle opposing part 22 of the handle extend outwardly and away from the body of the receptacle, joining in the relatively narrow or pointed lower end 25. The handle is fixed or secured to the receptacle body in the neck portion thereof preferably by the use of amounting collar band 26. This band is fitted tightly around the neck portion of the receptacle and has two end portions which are turned outwardly forming mounting ears 27 between which the part 23 of the handle positions. These mounting ears engage the part 23 of the handle approximately midway between the upper and lower ends of this thickened part 23 and are secured to opposite side faces of the thickened part by screws 28 or other suitable attaching elements. Preferably the opposite or lateral faces of the thickened part 23 are recessed as indicated at 29 to receive the mounting ears 27 although this is not required but it adds to the rigidity and strength of the construction.
When the handle is secured in position on the receptacle body the upper end portion where the inner and outer portions 21 and 22 merge or are joined together,
and which upper end portion is of substantial width as shown in Figs. 2 and 5, has formed therein an upwardly opening hinge socket 30. This hinge socket in addition to opening upwardly through the top of the handle structure, opens also toward the body of the receptacle or toward the lip, as is clearly shown in'Figs. 3 and 4.
Fixed to and extending transversely of the thickened top portion of the handle and across the upper part of the hinge socket 33 is the hinge bar or pin 31. This bar or pin is located approximately in the plane of the top of the adjacent portion of the lip flange 18 and is also spaced approximately midway between such flange and the outer side of the socket 36, thus providing, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, a substantial amount of space forwardly and rearwardly of the hinge bar 31 in the socket space.
The numeral 32 designates the lid or cover for the receptacle. The likewise may be formed of any suitable material and it is of circular contour as shown in Fig. 2 and has in the form illustrated a flat bottom face 33 and a slightly domed top surface or face 34. The cover is of substantial thickness and the faces 33 and 34 are joined by the outwardly sloping or inclined peripheral face 35, the angle of which face with respect to the center of the cover and of the receptacle is the same as the angle of the inner surface of the receptacle lip 16 against which the cover face 35 seats. Also the over-all diameter of the cover 32 is such as to position within the area defined by the receptacle lip 16. Thus the cover when in closed position will fit snugly in the area which the receptacle lip defines and the two opposing faces of the receptacle lip and the cover will lie flat one against the other to give a tight engagement.
The cover or closure 32 is hinged to the receptacle handle 2%) by the hinge pin 31 and the hinge ears 36. Thus as will be readily apparent, the pin 31 and the cars 36 constitute, with the means for coupling the ears to the cover, the cover hinge. The hinge cars 36 are joined to the body of the cover 32 in a suitable manner and in the construction here illustrated, the manner of joining the hinge embodies a long flat cover handle 37 which has an angularly extending inner end portion 38 which in turn is attached to or forms an angular extension of an elongate plate 39. This plate 39, where .it joins the angular portion 38 of the cover handle 37 is of substantial width and it tapers toward its free end and terminates in an aperture member or washer 4t and the length of the plate 39 is such that when the outer end thereof which joins the portion .38 is positioned adjacent to the edge of the cover, the inner or washerforming end 46 will be at the radial center of the cover and aligns with an axial passage 41 to receive the threaded outer end portion of an attaching screw 42,
4 which threaded outer end of the screw receives the blind nut 43.
Preferably the plate 39 is countersunk in the top surface of the cover in the recess 44 so that its top surface will be flush with the top surface of the cover.
It will be seen upon reference particularly to Fig. 3 that when the plate 39 is secured to the top of the cover, the portion 38 will extend at an angle upwardly and outwardly and this portion is of suflicient height to locate the attached end of the cover handle 37 well above the edge of the flange 18. Also as shown, the hinge ears 36 which are attached to or integrally a part of the opposite edges of the cover handle 37, are dis posed adjacent to the angular connecting portion 38 between this handle and the plate 39 and these hinge ears extend downwardly from the opposite edges of the cover handle 37 in proper spaced relation to position within the hinge socket 30.
I Each of the hinge ears 36 has formed therein the right angle or bayonet slot 45 and one arm 46 of the slot is directed downwardly andopens through the free lower edge of the hinge car while the other arm 47 of the slot extends away from the cover as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. The position of the bayonet slots 45 of the hinge cars is such that when the cover is lowered into the lip area of the receptacle, the hinge pin 31 will enter the open ends of the arms 46 of the slots and when the cover comes to rest on the inner surface of the lip, the hinge pin will lie in the angle between the arms of the bayonet slots.
With the foregoing construction it will be seen upon reference to Fig. 4 and it will also be readily apparent from Fig. 3, that when the receptacle is tippedfor the purpose of pouring out the contents, the cover will slip downwardly and forwardly and the hinge pin 31 will slide into the closed rear ends of the bayonet slot arm portions 47 and the cover accordingly will be suspended for free swinging movement and will not escape from the receptacle.
It will also be readily apparent that by the provision of the cover handle 37, which extends upwardly from the underlying receptacle handle 20, the handle 37 can be easily manipulated by the thumb of the hand grasping the handle 20 and due to the free play which the hinge cars 36 have on the hinge pin 31, that is, the freedom of movement of the ears slightly backwardly and forwardly on the pin 31, when the cover handle 37 is released to let the cover drop, it will automatically seat itself against the sloping surface of the receptacle lip 16. Also there is a slight amount of space between the outer sides of the hinge ears 36 and the opposing surfaces of the socket 30, as shown in Fig. 5 at 3011, which allows for some slight lateral movement or oscillation of the cover which coacts with the movement previously described of the cover forwardly and backwardly on the hinge pin 36, thereby further assuring the proper automatic seating of the cover for eflecting the relatively tight closure of the receptacle mouth.
Obviously from the foregoing, when the receptacle is to be washed, the cover can be easily and quickly removed so that it will not interfere with the washing or cleansing'of the receptacle as it can be lifted directly out of the lip area as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3, without the use of any implements for removing elements of the hinge mechanism.
From the foregoing it will be seen that-there is provided by the present invention a new and novel receptacle and cover combination which is of relatively simple design or construction so that it may be economically manufactured and which will enable the user to separate the parts with ease and re-join them as may be necessary in connection with washing or other jobs and also by the provision of the easy means for detaching the cover it will be seen that the filling of the receptacle is facilitated as itwill not 'be necessary for the cover to be held in opened hinge :coupling means is a position while such filling is taking place as it ,can be completely removed and laid aside to permit this.
toward said opening and secondguide meansextending at an angle with respect to said first guide means when the cover is in operative opening closing position whereby said cover may freely seek the said sealing engagement with the lip when pivoted on thehingecoupling to closed position.
2. The invention according to claim 1, wherein the relatively loose coupling means permitting free shifting and rocking of the cover "relative to the said top surface of the lip.
within the area enclosed by said lip ing, a closure ifor ,saidaopening having aperipheral edge face coacting with he opening .to elose'the latter, a :receptaclehandle secured v to :the side (of the receptacle ;and
having a top gportionadjacent tojthe-top' of thenceptacle,
3. For use with a receptacle having a mouth opening,
a cover body, a support therefor, means for securing the support to the receptacle in a position for the cover body to close the mouth opening, and a two part hinge connection between the cover body and the support therefor and comprising a pivot pin and an ear having a slot formed therein within which the pivot pin is detachably engaged, said slot being an angled slot including two arms, one arm thereof opening downwardly when the cover body is in opening closing position, and thev other of said arms continuing from said one arm: in a direction away from the cover. V I I 4. For use with a receptacle having a mouth opening,
- a cover body adapted to close the'mouth opening, ahandle for the receptacle, means for securing the handle to the side of the receptacle in a position for thecover body to close the mouth opening, said handle having a top part having an upwardly opening socket, a hinge pivot member in the socket and directed transversely of the handle, and a hinge ear carried by the cover body and extended into the socket and having a bayonet slot for detachably receiving the hinge pivot member, said bayonet slot including an elongated portion opening in a downward direction when the cover body is in opening closing position to permit free lift-01f of the lid in an upward direction.
5. In combination, a receptacle having a mouth opening and a relatively wide outwardly flaring lip surrounding the opening, a handle for the receptacle having an elongate part positioned against the outer side of said lip and the body, means securing the handle to the receptacle, the handle having a top portion having therein an upwardly opening hinge socket, a disk cover body, a bevel peripheral face adapted to seat upon the top surface of said lip to close the mouth opening, a plate secured to the top of the cover body and joining an upwardly and outwardly extending member at the edge of the cover body and adapted to extend above the edge of the lip when the cover body is closing the mouth opening, a cover handle forming an upward and outward extension of said member and overlying said socket, hinge ears carried by the cover handle and projecting into said socket, and means in the socket for detachably pivotally retaining the hinge ears therein.
6. The invention according to claim 5, wherein the last means includes angled slots in the hinge ears and open at one end andfixed pivot means in the socket engaging in the slots.
7. The inventionaccording to claim v5, wherein the last meansincludes bayonet. slots in the ears eachhaving an an opposite closed end directed away from the cover body and a pivot pin extending across the socket and lying in the bayonet slots. 1,
8. In combination, a receptacle having a mouth opening, .a closure for said opening a :cover. handle attached tothe cover andextending therefrom upwardly and-outwardly over saidtop portion ofthe receptacle handle, and a hinge connection between the cover handle andpthe underlying .top portion of the-receptacle handle designed to permit non-pivotal movement of the cover relative to the mouth openingfor accurate seating of the cover inopening closing position, said receptacle handle having a socket in the said underlying top portion of the receptacle handle, .andfiaidhingeconnection embodyingra hinge ear extendingdown from .said cover handle into the socket and having .aslot therein, and a fixed pivot member in the socket ,andlengaged .in said 2slot.. I 1
9. l-Incombination, aireceptacle having .a mouth :openhaving .a peripheral edge face ,coacting with the opening toclose the latter, are ceptacle handle secured to a cover handle attached to the cover and extending therefrom upwardly and outwardly over said top portion of the receptacle handle, and a hinge connection between the cover handle and the underlying top portion of the receptacle handle designed to permit non-pivotal movement of the cover relative to the mouth opening for accurate seating of the cover in opening closing position, said receptacle handle having a socket in the said underlying top portion of the receptacle handle, and said hinge connection embodying a hingeear extending down from said cover handle into the socket and having" a slot therein, and a fixed pivot member in the socket and engaged in said slot, 7
said slot being an angled slot having one arm thereof directed downwardly and opening through the lower part of said ear and having another arm continuing from said one arm in a direction away from the cover.
10. For use with a receptacle having a mouth opening, a cover, a support for said cover, means for securing the support to the receptacle in a position for the cover to close the mouth opening, and a two-part hinge connection between the cover and the support therefor, said hinge connection including a pivot pin and an ear having a slot formed therein within which the pivot pin is detachably engaged, said slot including a pair of arms, one of said arms extending downwardly and outwardly with respect to the cover when the cover is in opening closing position, the other of said arms extending substantially at a right angle to said first-mentioned arm and extending outwardly of said cover when the 'cover is in opening closing position.
11. In combination, a receptacle having a mouth opening, a closure for said opening having a peripheral edge face coacting with the opening to close the latter, a re ceptacle handle secured to the side of the receptacle and having a top portion adjacent to the top of the receptacle, a cover handle attached to the cover and extending therefrom upwardly and outwardly over said top portion of the receptacle handle, and a hinge connection between the cover handle and the underlying top portion of the receptacle handle designed to permit" non-pivotal movement of the cover relative to the mouth opening for accurate seating of the cover in opening closing position, said handle having an upwardly opening socket in the top portion thereof below the cover handle, the cover handle comprising an elongate flat member and said hinge end opening downwardly through an edge of the earand 7 connection embodying two spaced ears extending down .into'the socket from the side edges of the cover handle and each ear having a downwardly-opening bayonet slot and apivot pin extending across the socket and through said bayonet slots, said bayonet'slots being positioned to permit pivotal movement of the cover when the receptacle is in pouring position and to permit quick detachment of the cover from the receptacle. a
the side of the receptacle and having a top portion adjacent to the top of the receptacle,
12. In combination, a receptaclehaving a mouth opening, a cover formed to close said opening, and means hingedly coupling the cover with the receptacle for free swinging in the pouring position of the receptacle while remaining coupled thereto, said hinge coupling means including an elongated slot opening in a downward direction whenvthe .cover body is in opening closing position to permit free lift-off of the lid in an upward direction when the lid is in opening closing position without pivoting the cover about said hinge coupling means with respect to the receptacle.
13. In combination, a receptacle having a mouth opening, a closure cover for said opening having a peripheral edge face coacting with the opening to close the latter,
a receptacle handle secured to the side of the receptacle and having a top portion adjacent to the top of the receptacle, a cover handle attached to the cover and ex tending therefrom upwardly and outwardly of said top portion of the receptacle handle, and a hinge connection between the cover handle and the underlying top pontion of the receptacle handle constructed and arranged to permit non-pivotal movement of the cover relative to the mouth opening for accurate seating of the cover in opening closing position, said hinge connection including an elongated slot opening in a downward direction when the cover body is in opening closing position t o permit free lift-oft of the cover in an upward direction without pivoting the cover about said hinge connection with respect to the receptacle when the cover is in opening closing position.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 425,352 Streeter Apr. 8, 1890 572,217 Rebmann Dec. 1, 1896 2,359,189 Alsdorf Sept. 26, 1944 2,605,010 Sieling July 29, 1952 2,705,095 Neurnan Mar. 29, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 517,300 Italy 'Feb. 26, 1955 816,300 Germany Oct; 8, 1951