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Publication numberUS2947312 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 2, 1960
Filing dateFeb 26, 1958
Priority dateFeb 26, 1958
Publication numberUS 2947312 A, US 2947312A, US-A-2947312, US2947312 A, US2947312A
InventorsKurt J Heinicke
Original AssigneeHeinicke Instr Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Washing and sterilizing machine for glassware
US 2947312 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1960 K. J. HEINICKE 2,947,312

WASHING AND STERILIZING MACHINE FOR GLASSWARE Filed Feb. 26, 1958 INVENTOR. KURT J. HEINICKE \m cg ATTORNEY United States Patent 6) Km: 1. Heinicke, Hollywood, Fla., assignor to Heinicke Instruments Company, Hollywood, Fla.

Filed Feb. 26, 1958, Ser. No. 717,722 3 Claims. (Cl. 134-191) This invention relates to newand useful improvements in surface treating apparatus and, is an improvement over that structure disclosed in my United States Patent No. 2,827,064, issued March 18, 1958. i The invention provides a system and apparatus for cleaning glassware and particularly laboratory glassware such as pipettes, syringes, syringe needles, vials, test tubes, flasks, bottles, petri dishes and the like.

Basically, as shown in the patent above noted, there was provided a rack or other support and a pair ofspray heads or tubes that were disposed above and below the rack to project both a cleaning and sterilizing spray tothe glassware supported in the rack, and, with either the spray heads or the rack being reciprocated in a horizontall path to bring the several articles of glassware into the line of the streams of water or sterilizing medium forcibly ejected from the spray heads in opposed relationso that the glassware was cleaned and/ or sterilized both internally and externally.

It has been found that certain deposits such as autoclaved protein could only be removed with dilficulty if at all. This also applied to other recalcitrant deposits upon the walls of the glassware.

I The purpose of this invention is to dispose within the fluid pressure line leading to the spray heads, a device whereby to set up in the stream a pulsing effect and with the pulsing-effect being carried throughout the fluid to the jet streams being projected upwardly and downv a lly by the spray heads, producing in efiect a push-pull action against the deposits in the glassware that successfully remove the deposits with a minimum of effort and in a minimum of time.

Further advantages of the invention will be more clearly apparent during the course of the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings wherein has been illustrated a preferred form of the invention and wherein like characters of reference are employed to denote like parts throughout the several figures.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a washer constructed in accordance with the invention,

Figure 2 is a horizontal section taken on line 22 of Figure 1,

Figure 3 is a transverse section taken substantially on line 3-3 of Figure 1,

Figure 4 is a section taken substantially on line 4-4 of Figure 3 and,

Figure 5 is a perspective view of the pulsation creating vane disposed within the fluid line.

Referring specifically to the drawings, the numeral 5 designates an open rack of any desirable construction, usually having partitions or the like for the upright support of laboratory glassware, such as that above noted. The rack 5 may either be stationary or reciprocatory, this being determined by a spray device to be described.

Overlying and underlying the rack 5 are a pair of tubular spray heads 6 and 7, connected by a common con- Patented Aug. 2., 1960 duit 8. The spray heads 6 and 7 are in parallel opposed relation and are apertured throughout their length as shown at 9, and with the apertures of the upper and lower. heads 6 and 7 being in axial opposed relation. As pointed out in the patent above noted, the jet streams 10 from the upper spray head 6 are relatively stronger than the jet streams 11 of the lower spray head 7 and whereby, to impart a downward pressure upon the articles of glassware to prevent their possible dislodgement from the rack by the force of the lower jets 11. This has all been clearly described and claimed in my prior patent.

Connected intermediate the height of the conduit 8, is a fluid line 12, having an L-coupling 13 at its lower end. The coupling is threaded at 14 for the threaded reception of a flange 15 carried by a fluid line 16. The fluid line 16 corresponds substantially to the diameter of the fluid line 12. The fluid line 16 has connection with the discharge side 17 of a conventional pump 18, driven in any conventional manner. The coupling 13 is provided with a hub portion 19, while the line 16 has a hub portion 20, carrying the threaded flange 15. As clearly shown in Figures 2 and 4, the hub 19 is slotted at diamet-. rically opposite points as at 21.. Disposed within the slots 21 are wing portions 22 of a flat metallic vane 23. The vane is disposed centrally with respect to the fluid line 16 and whereby fluid passing through the line 16 to the line 12 will engage with equal force and volume above and below the vane 23. The vane at its forward edge is slotted at 24, forming vibratory tongues 25. One tongue 25 is slightly curved upwardly from the slot 24, while the opposite tongue 25 is slightly curved down- V Wardly from the slot 24, providing a pair' of reed-like elements against which the stream of water impinges. Each of the tongues 25 are apertured at 26.

' In the use of the device, with the spray device including the spray heads 6 and 7 and the conduit 8 being assembled and supported in any desirable manner relative to the rack 5, the fluid lines 12 and 16 are assembled with respect to the pump 18. Prior to the assembly of the fluid line 16 with the coupling 13, the vane is engaged with the coupling 13 by sliding the wings 22 into the slots 21. The wings may have a snug engagement within the slots and if desired, they may be soldered for permanent connecion to the coupling 13. The fluid line 16 is then connected and also connected with the coupling and also connected with the pump 18. No attempt has been made to show various unions or other common expedients for assembling the fluid line, since this forms no important part of the invention. It the spray heads are of the type that reciprocates back and forth with respect to the rack 5, it will be clearly apparcut that a flexible fluid line will be substituted for the fluid line 12. Now with the parts in fully assembled relation, a rack 5 containing the glassware to be cleaned is installed within the machine to lie within the range of the spray heads 6 and 7. If the rack reciprocates, then the parts will be substantially as shown. The pump is then actuated and a relative high pressure stream is forced through the lines 16, 12 and distributed through the conduit 8 to the spray heads 6 and 7. As the stream of water passes the vane 23, a vibratory motion is imparted thereto, that is carried by resonance throughout the line 12, conduit 8, spray heads 6 and 7 and through the jets 10 and 11, impinging upon the glassware both internally and externally and setting up substantially a push-pull force that acts upon the deposits in the glassware and this push-pull action acts to quickly loosen and remove the racalcitrant deposits that would ordinarily not be disturbed by jet streams having no pulsing action. The tongues 25 act upon the stream of water to create this pulsing efiect and in actual tests, this pulsing is continned throughout the system and also throughout the jet streams and 11. The apertures 26 likewise create miniature jets within the streams and these jets coupled withwthe vibratory motion set up by the tongues 25, createthe pulsing flow of the water and/or sterilizing medium. To create the'desirable pressure within the fluid :lines, a suitable high pressure pump has been found necessary. While the coupling 13 has been illustrated as an L- coupling, it will be apparent that a union maybe .dis-

posed within the line 12 or the line 1-6 for supporting the vane23. The function of the vane 23 is similar in either types of coupling members.

It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise construction shown, 'butlthat changes are contemplated as readily fall within the spirit of the invention as shall be determined by the scope of the subjoined claims.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A surface treating apparatus of the character described comprising an article holder for supporting articles to be cleaned in an upright manner, a substantially U-shaped' spraying device including an upper horizontal portion overlying said holder and having downwardly facing orifices, such spraying device also including a lower horizontal portion underlying said holder and having upwardly facing orifices and whereby to spray a cleaning medium from above and below in opposed relation, the said spraying device and the article holder being relatively movable in a horizontal plane, a fluid line for conducting fluid jointly to the upper and lower horizontal portions of the spraying device, a pump com I nected to the fluid line, a coupling disposedwithin the fluid line, a flat vibratory element disposed within the coupling centrally thereof'to substantially span the diameter of the fluid line, the vibratory element being anchored at one end to one member of the'coupling and with its major length extending into the fluid line, the extended end of the vibratory element being slotted intermediate 'its width to form a pair of tongues that are disposed in the line of flow of the cleaning medium, the said tongues imparting a pulsating action to the fluid passing thereby and with the pulsating action being maintained throughout the fluid line and throughout the opposed sprays being directed to the articles within the article holder, the said sprays imparting a push-pull ac- 2. The structure according to claim 1 wherein the,

coupling embodies a hub section that is externally threaded for the reception of a female coupling carried by the fluid line, the hub section being slotted at diametrically opposite points, the said vibratory element comprising a flat relatively thin vane, a pair of wing portions formed upon the vane at one end for engagement within the slots and whereby to dispose the vane substantially centrally with respect to the axis of the fluid line, the vane having a free'portion that extends into the leading end of the fluid line, the tree end of the vane being longitudinally slotted to form a pair of vibratory tongues, each of the tongues adjacent to the slot being bent upwardly and downwardly, the fluid passing through the fluid line first engaging the said tongues to impart a pulsation to the fluid to be discharged from the spray device.

3."'-Iheistructure according to claim -1 wherein the coupling embodies a hub-section that is externally threaded for the reception of a female coupling carried by the fluid "line, the hub section being slotted at diametrically opposite :points, the said vibratory element comprising a flat relatively thin vane, a pair of wing portions formed upon the vane at one end for engagement within the slots and whereby to dispose the vane substantially centrally with respect to the accessof the fluid line, the tvane having a tree portion that extends into the leading end of the fluid line, the free end ofthe vane being longitudina-ll-y slotted -to for-ma pair of vibratory tongues each of the tongues adjacent to the slot being bent upwardly and downwardly,*the fluid passing through the fluid line firseengaging the said tongues to-irnp-art a pulsation to the 'flu-id to bedischarged from the spray device, .each

of the tong-ues being apertured to impart miniaturejet streams both above and below the vane.

-Referenccs {Jilted in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1142083 *Aug 24, 1914Jun 8, 1915Robert W DodgeSteam and hot-water dish-washer.
US2647846 *Feb 28, 1948Aug 4, 1953Bagno SamuelMethod and apparatus for washing articles by supersonic vibration in a flowing liquid
US2655164 *Jun 4, 1949Oct 13, 1953Lyman Homer FDishwashing apparatus
US2682213 *Nov 10, 1951Jun 29, 1954Mitchell ShapiroApparatus for washing photographic prints
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US2713998 *Apr 29, 1954Jul 26, 1955Henri EickenMeans for emulsifying sizing and the like products
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3096080 *Oct 26, 1960Jul 2, 1963Willems PeterApparatus for generating oscillations in fluid
US3169013 *Jan 14, 1963Feb 9, 1965John P B JonesSonic emulsifying and homogenization apparatus
US3277906 *Nov 22, 1961Oct 11, 1966Howard D TaylorAnimal cage washing machine
US3373752 *Nov 12, 1963Mar 19, 1968Inoue KiyoshiMethod for the ultrasonic cleaning of surfaces
US3499792 *Aug 11, 1965Mar 10, 1970Soniflow Equipment CoCleaning method and apparatus
US3517676 *Oct 25, 1967Jun 30, 1970Caterpillar Tractor CoQuench apparatus for providing pulsating and sweeping flow of quench fluid
US3542592 *May 2, 1968Nov 24, 1970Bell Tech Systems IncMethod and apparatus for cleaning members with fluids
US3687369 *Oct 12, 1970Aug 29, 1972North American Car CorpCleaning apparatus
US3854998 *Aug 30, 1973Dec 17, 1974Gen Motors CorpFluid powered ultrasonic washing, rinsing, and drying system for a dishwasher
US4509545 *Apr 10, 1984Apr 9, 1985Trotter Lamar SPortable washing and spray assembly
US7426931 *Oct 14, 2004Sep 23, 2008Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Dishwasher
US20050081895 *Oct 14, 2004Apr 21, 2005Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Dishwasher
U.S. Classification134/191, 134/199, 134/1, 134/148, 134/137, 366/339
International ClassificationA47L15/14, A47L15/16, A47L15/20
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/16, A47L15/20, B05B1/205
European ClassificationA47L15/16, A47L15/20, B05B1/20D