Article of knitted or wovetf wear
US 294779 A
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(No Model.) I f W. GODDARD'.- ARTICLE OIVKNITTBD 0R WUVBN WEAR.
' N-0294,779. v Patented Ma1-.11,'14884.
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of this specification, in which-l Y UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. s
WILLIAM eoDDAE-D, oF NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.
ARTICLE oF KNlTTEo on wovI-:NT WEAR.
srn'crrrcarroufoming pm of Letters Patent No. 394,779, dated mmh 11, 1884.
4Application med Septombexxl, 1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may'. concern: l
Be it known that I, WILLIAM GoDDAnD, of Newark, in'the countyof Essexand State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Articles of Knitted or Woven Wear; and I do hereby declare that thel following isla full, clear, and exact. descriptionthereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form part Figure '1 is a view of aI stocking as treated by my improved method. Fig. 2 is aview of part of a stocking, showing a shield which is adapted ffgr use in .the preparation ofthe stock- Ing or soc v This invntionhas for-its olije'ctthe strengthy ening or reenforcng ofgcertain partsof socks,
stockings, gloves, and other wearing-apparel, which aresubj ected tothe'greatest wear without lling up the'interstices between the. yarns 1n the woven or knit fabric; and the nature of my invention consists in the material strengthened by saturating it .atthe wearing points,
leaving the less wearing parts more pliable,
as will lbe fully understood from the followingV description and the annexed drawings*v As one practical exemplication of myinf vent-ion, I have illustrated in the annexed drawings a stocking as one -article of wearing-ap-- -parel hich I improve .by luy-invention,` although it, will. bev obvious from the following description that my invention isapplicable to gloves, to pantaloons, and, in fact, to every article of wearing-apparel where certain parts `are subjected to strain and .consequent wear.-
The knee A of the stocking which I illustrate, the heel, .and the toe parts thereof are,
it .is well-known, more liable to abrasion and wear than some ofthe other parts. 4vThis `being thecase, I lstrengthen these .parts preferably by4 a solution ormixture of the following ingredients: Formula-shellac, two pounds; dragons blood,one half pound; resin, onehalf pound; gum-kauri, one-halfpound; par;` aine,one`hal'fpound; 'rosin,onefourth pound masticone,fourth pound; gum-sandarac, onefourth pound; -copal, one-fourth pound; glycerine, one-ei hth pound; beeswax, one-fourth pound; coat oil, oneeighth pound; eaout pound. Dissolve; These proportionsare found bestnadapted for fabricslof medium `Weight or substance, but .the proportions may be va ried without changing the principle of my invention. For heavier fabrics I increase the quantity of shellac, so as to make thecompound stronger and more protective auddurable.v
A For lighter goods, I reduce the quantity of shellac and increase the quantity of paraine and kauri, thus making the composition more delicate, more elastic, and best adapted for the nature of the fabric to which it is applied.
4 As an example of one practical inode of carrying out my invention, I will state that I apply, by sponging, painting, or otherwise, the 'compound to those parts of, say, a stocking, which are most liable to wearfor instance,
-the heel, foot, bottom, toe, and knee, or` to either one of these parts, leaving those parts which are less liable to wear` untreated,"l
In the caseY of gloves, I may apply the compound to the inside of thepalms and fingers, or in some instances I may treatthe entire glove.
' It is not necessary to give further illustrations of the mode of carrying out my invention further than to state that-I may and prefer to use a shield, C, to cover and protect those parts ofthe stocking or other article of clothforce.
' I have described the rubbing-in or painting Vofthe sock or other article of wearing-apparel,
vtained `by dipping parts1of the stocking or other garment into the-strengthening solution. 4My obj ect is not especially to render a fabric water proof, but to .strengthen it at. those the yarns or threads with the strengthening .material before they are' woven or knitinto an article of clothing. 1
` It will be seen from the kabove description .that I apply a strengthening material to those parts of an article of wearing apparel which are most liable to wear out, leaving those parts which are not subjected to unduewear unof the solution in the treatment of certain parts,
chouc, one-fourth pound; celluloid,onefourth ing which it isdesired to strengthen or re-en- J A but the same result. .may be substantially obpoints which are most liable to wear'and tear; hence, I contemplate by myinventio'n to treat treated. Ithus eombine in asingle article o'f wearing-apparel' the 'compratively rigid and durable features with the free .or eomparaf.
tively p`liable feature. l
A Having described my invention,what I claim es new, vand desiro;to'secure by Letters Patent,v
A wovenor'k'nit 'garment'havingthoseparts of it whieh are subjected to the greatest'wear. r vand tear re-*enforoed rendered durable by a my owu'vI ax my signature inrpresenoe of x5` two witnesses.
e A \WILLIAM GODDABD.