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Publication numberUS2949082 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 16, 1960
Filing dateMar 19, 1958
Priority dateMar 19, 1958
Publication numberUS 2949082 A, US 2949082A, US-A-2949082, US2949082 A, US2949082A
InventorsMccarley Lyndell T
Original AssigneeAbbott Lab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tablet machine
US 2949082 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 16, 1960 T. MCCARLEY 2,949,082

TABLET MACHINE Filed March 19, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet l Inventor Lynda" TlM f'arleg United States l atent TABLET MACHINE Lyndell T. McCarley, Waukegan, Ill., assignor to Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Filed Mar. 19, 1958, Ser. No. 722,505

4 Claims. (Cl. 107-17) This invention relates generally to an improvement in rotary tablet compressing machines and more particularly to an improvement in a rotary tablet machine forming tablets which are impressed with a 'bisect line, or marked with indicia on at least one of the surfaces thereof.

In the conventional rotary type tablet compressing machine which has means associated with the compression wheel to raise the lower punch so that the tablet can be removed from the upper surface of the punch on contact with a baflie or gate, the lower punch falls by gravity from the tablet as the punch leaves the wheel. As soon as the punch contacts the punch elevating means, it begins to rise and once again contacts the surface of the tablet. During the sequence of dropping and rising, however, the punch frequently rotates several degrees about its longitudinal axis. While this rotation of the punch has no adverse eifect on the plain unmarked tab-let, any slight rotation of the punch having a design or marking thereon is very objectionable and generally results in irreparable damage to the tablet, such as chipping, cracking, or otherwise breaking the tablet.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an inexpensive and simple means of preventing the rotation, of a tablet punch about its longitudinal axis.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a means for preventing the rotation of a tablet punch about its longitudinal axis without altering the structure of the punch or of the guide disc therefore.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide an improved tablet ejector cam means associated with the compression wheel for maintaining the end of the punch in contact with the tablet at all times until the tablet is removed from the die.

Other objects of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the detail description and claims to follow.

Fig. l is a partial side elevation view partially in vertical section of a rotary tablet compressing machine embodying the present invention.

Fig. 1A is a fragmentary diagrammatic side elevation view partially in vertical section embodying the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of the rotary tablet compressing machine shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged plan view of the novel cam assembly of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged side elevation view of the cam assembly of Fig. 3 in operative association with the compression wheel.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken along the line 66 of Fig. 3.

Figures 1 and 2 of the drawing illustrate a rotary tablet-forming machine having the improved ejector cam assembly of the present invention which comprises a stationary base or table 10 having a central spindle 11 around which the tablet-forming head 12 rotates. The rotating head 12 is made up of a number of superimposed spaced discs 13, 14 and 15. A plurality of small cylindrical apertures in axial alignment are spaced around the head 12 to form bearings and seats for a plurality of punch elements 16, 17 which are carried by the rotating head 12. Any number of apertures and punch elements may be disposed in the head with one tablet being made by each pair of oppositely disposed punch elements. The upper punch 16 has its bearing and guide in disc 13 and the lower punch 17 has its bearing and guide in disc 15. The die 18 in which the tablet is formed and into which punches 16 and 17 extend is carried in disc 14. The lower disc 15 can be provided with gear teeth 20 which are engageable with a suitable drive means which imparts the desired speed of rotation to the head 12.

Oppositely disposed compression rollers 21, 22 are placed at one or more points in the path of the punches and as the punches pass between these rollers the compression of the powder in the die 18 takes place, whereby the tablet is formed. This operation is further illustrated diagrammatically in Fig. 1A ,of the drawing. The lower compression roller 22 has its axle 23 supported in a carrier'25 with its fulcrum 25F fastened to the table 10. As the lower punch 26 passes over roller 22 it comes into immediate contact with the upper edge of roller 22 and is forced upwardly in the die 18 compressing the powder therein between it and the upper punch 27.

The vertical movement of the punch elements in the rotatable head 12 is controlled by one or more cam elements. The upper punch 16 coacts with cam 19 which is secured rigidly to spindle 11, and punch 16 is raised and lowered to suit the cycle of operation. The movement of the lower punch 17 is controlled by the ejector cam 24 assembly mounted on table 10.

As illustrated in Fig. 2, dies 30, 31 and 32 are filled with powder 33 from a feed hopper and feed frame 34 like that shown at 35 (the corresponding feed hopper for compression roller 23 is not shown). Excess powder is removed by means of a scraper 36, which is in close contact with the die bed '37. After the powder is compressed into tablets by means of the compression rollers and punches the tablets are raised by means of the lower punches and the ejector cam to the surface of the die bed 37 upon which the ejected tablet'travels until it strikes the deflecting baflie 38 and is guided into the chute 39.

The novel ejector cam assembly 24 of the present invention is shown in detail in Figs. 3 to 6. Fig. 3 shows the cam element 28 positioned in its supported housing 29. The cam element 28 is held in place in the housing 29 by means of a pivotal pin 40 which is inserted through accommodating openings in the cam element 28 and the housing 29. The cam housing 29 also has a lateral recess 41 therein to accommodate an enlarged head of the pivotal pin 40.

The cam element 28 is preferably of a curved configuration which conforms with the circumferential path in which the punch elements travel and has a gradual inclined surface extending from the forward edge rearwardly. The forward edge of the cam element 28 rides upon compression roller 22 and is held in contact therewith by means of a spring 43 exerting an upward force upon the inner end of the cam element causing it to pivot on its pivotal pin 40 thereby forcing the outer or forward end of the cam element 28 into contact with the compression roller 22 at the highest point on its circumference.

The lower surface of the outer end of the cam element 28 preferably conforms generally to the curvature of the compression roller 22.

Fig. 5 shows the ejector cam element 28 pivotally mounted in the cam housing 29. The upper surface of ejector cam 28 has a narrow flat ridge 44 on which the lower end of the punch 26 rides as it leaves the compression roller 22.

Fig. 6 shows a cross sectional view of the cam housing 29 immediately following the ejector cam element 28. The.

cam housing 29 is of a general inverted T shape having a raised center portion 47, and a narrow fiat ridge 45 along its upper surface which is in effect a continuation of the ridge 44 of the ejector cam 28. The assembly is of a curved configuration so as to conform to the circular pattern of the tablet machine and is fastened to the base of the tablet machine by means of a bolt 50 which is inserted through an opening 42 in the housing 29.

It should be understood that the cam element 28 and cam housing 29 can be made, if desired, as an integral unit and need not be separable as shown in the preferred embodiment of the invention.

Others may readily adapt the invention for use under various conditions of service, by employing one or more of the novel features disclosed or equivalents thereof. As at present advised with respect to the apparent scope of my invention, I desire to claim the following subject matter.

1. In a rotary tablet-compressing machine comprising a frame, a rotating head moving in a given direction, an upper punch and a lower punch, said punches being reciprocally mounted in said head for cooperating axial movement relative to each other, an upper and lower compression roller positioned at the top and bottom of the said head and contacting the upper and lower punches respectively: a cam element extending in said direction from the top of said lower roller, the end of said cam at said roller riding on said roller, said cam being pivotally mounted on said frame adjacent the end of said cam in said direction, said end of said cam in said direction being at a substantially greater elevation than said end of said cam at said roller, said cam having a curved cam track; and means to resiliently urge said end of said cam at said roller toward said roller.

2. In a rotary tablet-compressing machine the combination comprising a rotating head, an upper punch and a lower punch, said punches being mounted in said head for cooperating axial movement relative to each other, compression rollers located at the top and bottom of said head and contacting the upper andlower punches respectively, a cam means having a forward edge thereof in riding engagement with the bottom compression roller at the most elevated part on the peripheral surface of the bottom compression roller and having a narrow flat ridge disposed on its upper surface said upper surface inclined gradually upwardly to a flat horizontal surface, said cam enclosed in a cam assembly which is of a curved configuration so as to conform to the circular pattern of the tablet machine.

3. In a rotary tablet-compressing machine the combination comprising, a rotating head, an upper punch, and a lower punch, said punches being mounted in said head for cooperating axial movement relative to each other, compression rollers located at the top and bottom of said head and contacting the upper and lower punches respectively, a cam means having the forward edge thereof in riding engagement with the bottom compression roller at the most elevated part on the peripheral surface of the bottom compression roller and having a narrow flat ridge disposed on its upper surface said upper surface inclined gradually upwardly to a flat horizontal surface, said cam enclosed in a cam assembly and secured therein by means of a pin which is inserted transversely through accommodating openings in the cam and the cam assembly.

4. In a rotary tablet-compressing machine the combination comprising a rotating head, an upper punch and a lower punch, said punches being mounted in said head for cooperating axial movement relative to each other, compression rollers located at the top and bottom of said head and contacting the upper and lower punches respectively, a cam means comprising a cam assembly with a cam element mounted therein, said cam element having the forward edge thereof in riding engagement with the bottom compression roller at the most elevated part on the peripheral surface of the lower compression roller and having a narrow flat ridge disposed on its upper surface said upper surface inclined gradually upwardlyv to a fiat horizontal surface, said cam element being pivotally secured in the cam assembly by means of a pin and held resiliently in riding engagement with the said lower roller having a spring means mounted in said cam..

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,698,852 Miller at al. Jan. 15, 1929 2,043,085 Westin et a1 June 2, 1936 2,839,015 Frank June 17, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 321,748 Great Britain Nov. 21, 1929

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1698852 *Mar 6, 1922Jan 15, 1929Barrett CoCompression-producing machine
US2043085 *Mar 7, 1934Jun 2, 1936Stokes Machine CoTablet machine
US2839015 *Dec 12, 1955Jun 17, 1958Stokes F J CorpAdjustable pressure roll for rotary tablet press having self accommodating bridge
GB321748A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3125490 *Aug 9, 1961Mar 17, 1964 Tablet with contrasting indicia and method
US3408963 *May 2, 1967Nov 5, 1968Pennsalt Chemicals CorpTablet machine
US3910739 *Dec 21, 1973Oct 7, 1975Nikolai Semenovich TalisFeeding device for a rotary tablet machine
US4025270 *Nov 6, 1975May 24, 1977Robert Bosch G.M.B.H.Apparatus for stamping candy bits
US5234646 *Aug 7, 1992Aug 10, 1993Shionogi & Co., Ltd.Method for molding powder under compression
US5352112 *Apr 8, 1993Oct 4, 1994Moore Frederick JRotary press
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/353
International ClassificationB30B11/02, B30B11/08
Cooperative ClassificationB30B11/08
European ClassificationB30B11/08