Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2952343 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 13, 1960
Filing dateMay 6, 1958
Priority dateMay 6, 1958
Publication numberUS 2952343 A, US 2952343A, US-A-2952343, US2952343 A, US2952343A
InventorsModrey Henry J
Original AssigneeModrey Henry J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Support structure for supporting articles on perforated sheet material
US 2952343 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 13, 1960 H. J. M v SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR SUPPORTING ARTICLES ON PERFORATED SHEET MATERIAL ODREY 2,952,343

Filed May 6, 1958 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 HENRY J. MODREY BY HWM ATTORNEYS Sept. 13, 1960 H. J. MODREY 2,952,343

SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR SUPPORTING ARTICLES ON PERFORATED SHEET MATERIAL 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 6, 1958 FIG. 6

INVENTOR. HENRY J. MODREY Sept. 13, 1960 Filed May 6, 1958 H. J. MODREY 2,952,343 SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR SUPPORTING ARTICLES ON PERFORATED SHEET MATERIAL 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR.

HENRY J. MODREY BY Hm mm ATTORNEYS Sept. 13, 1960 H. J. MODREY 2,952,343

SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR SUPPORTING ARTICLES ON PERFORATED SHEET MATERIAL Filed May 6, 1958 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR.

HENRY J. MODREY MMMW ATTORN EYS United States Patent SUPPORT ESTRUCTURE FOR SUPPORTING ARTICLES ON PERFORATED SHEET MA- TERIAL The present invention relates to a detachable support structure for supporting articles on apertured or perforated sheet material.

The term sheet material as herein used refers to both sheets and boards of any configuration. The material may be cut from fibrous material such as hardboard, plywood, metal, etc. The apertures may be disposed in any distribution, but rows are generally provided.

There are known several article supporting structures of the general kind above referred to, which terminate at one end in a hook portion which is inserted in a selected one of the apertures of the sheet material. Such an attachment of the support structure is inherently rather unstable and the supports are especially likely to become dislodged when the support is slightly lifted as often occurs when an article is removed from the support. Furthermore, the insertion of a hook portion in an aperture and the thickness necessary to lend sufiicient strength to the hook require considerable clearance on the side of the board or sheet opposite the side of the insertion which entails that spacers or furring strips must be interposed between the sheet material proper and the wall on which it is mounted.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved article supporting structure which can be rapidly and positively locked to any selected two apertures of the sheet material and which can be equally rapidly detached from the sheet material. Such positive locking aifords the advantage over support structures as heretofore known that the support structure and the articles supported by it will not become accidentally dislodged.

It is also an object of the invention to provide a novel and improved article supporting structure which does not require either for insertion or removal an appreciable clearance behind the sheet material. As a result, the aforementioned spacers or furring strips are no longer required, but the perforated sheet material can be mounted flat upon a supporting wall for instance, by simply nailing or screwing it to a wall.

Another object of the invention is to provide as supporting wall for the article supporting structure according to the invention, a laminated wall, one layer of which is a solid sheet and another is an apertured sheet, the apertures in which are slightly countersunk on the side facing the solid sheet to provide the minimal space required for mounting the structures of the invention. This affords the advantage that an outer wall or partition Wall and the article supporting sheet material can be installed as a unitary structure and in a single operation thereby materially reducing the cost of an installation.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved support structure of the general kind above referred to, which is attachable to perforated sheet ma terial by simply fitting a mounting component of the structure in any two selected apertures an operation which does not require any tools or mechanical skilland which will lock itself automatically and positively to the sheet material when the assembly of the structure is completed by the insertion of an article supporting locking component in the mounting component. The removal of the mounted support structure from the sheet material is equally simple. Withdrawal of the article supporting component will unlock the mounting component and with it the entire support structure.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved support structure which permits the use of a nearly infinite variety of designs and shapes of the article supporting locking component of the structure. This component may be designed to maintain a fixed angular position relative to the sheet material or to swivel relative thereto. It may be made of fiat or rounded stock. The locking component. as such may also constitute an article in itself or part of an article, for instance, a name plate or a price tag.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a novel and improved support structure which is releasably but positively attachable to perforated sheet material and which is suitable as a mounting for containers, panels, lighting fixture bases, displays, fabrics, etc. The aforementioned and numerous other items may be equally well suspended from an overhead structure such as a ceiling, supported on a vertical wall, or rest upon a horizontal base. In each installation, the respective item is locked to the supporting surface or released therefrom by the assembly or disassembly of one or several support structures according to the invention.

It is a still further object of the invention to provide a novel and improved support structure which can be releasably but positively attached to perforated sheet material and which when thus attached constitutes a guide track for guiding a sliding panel, glass plate, door or other similar item.

It is also an object of the invention to provide a novel and improved support structure which when mounted is substantially shock and vibration proof so that it lends itself to use on vehicles or on aircraft.

It is still a further object of the invention to provide a novel and improved support structure which can be inexpensively manufactured by typical mass production operations such as punching or stamping.

Other and further objects, features and advantages of the invention will be pointed out hereinafter and set forth in the appended claims constituting part of the application.

The basic concept of the invention resides in providing a support structure which is releasably but positively attachable to perforated sheet material by forcing a flexible member such as a springy strip or clip from a normally flexed or bent configuration into a substantially straight configuration and by utilizing the resulting elongation of the spatial distance between two locking elements on said member to move the two elements from positions just fitting through two selected apertures in the sheet material into positions underlying the rims of the apertures thus locking the member to the sheet material. The flexible member is forced from the flexed condition into a straight condition by a straight locking member which may also constitute a carrier for articles to be supported, or the article itself.

In the accompanying drawing, several preferred embodiments of the invention are shown by way of illustration and not by way of limitation.

In the drawing:

Fig. l is a perspective view of a locking member of a support structure according to the invention.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the mounting member of the support structure of Fig. 1-

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the support structure of Figs. 1 and 2 attached to a perforated board.

Fig. 4 shows in four sectional views deslgnated A through D the sequence of steps involved in the mounting of a support structure according to the invention.

. Fig. 5 is a bottom view of Fig. 4D.

Fig. 6 shows in three modifications designated A, B and C the article supporting locking member and the corresponding configuration of the mounting member.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a support structure with a substantially shock and vibration proof article supporting member.

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a support structure, the article supporting component of which is positively secured against swiveling and affords a comparatively broad and strong gase for supporting a heavy article.

Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a mountlng member of the supporting structure designed for mounting in a corner.

Fig. 10 is a perspective view showing the use of the support structure according to the invention for mounting a wall member on perforated sheet material.

Fig. 11 is a sectional view which illustrates the suspension of a lighting fixture by means of a support structure of the kind shown in Fig. 10.

Fig. 12 is a perspective view showing the util1zation of a support structure according to Fig. 10 for attaching a container to perforated sheet material.

Fig. 13 is a perspective View showing the attachment of a support structure according to the invention to fabrics such as canvas having holes for the purpose.

Fig. 14 is a perspective view of a mounting member of the structure of the kind shown in Fig. 2 and of a safety clip coacting with the mounting member to increase the strength of the locking action and thus the load carrying capacity of the support structure.

Fig. 15 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale of a support structure including the safety clip of Fig. 14. Fig. 16 is a perspective view of a support structure designed for mounting panels and similar plate-shaped components.

Fig. 17 shows a glass plate mounted with supports according to claim 16.

Fig. 18 is a perspective view of a support structure designed for use as a guide track for slidable panels, doors, glass plates, etc.

Fig. 19 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale showing a support according to Fig. 18 mounted as a guide track.

Fig. 20 is a perspective view of a support, the locking member of which is designed to receive a name plate, price tag or similar item.

Fig. 21 is a perspective view of a support structure both components of which are made of flat stock.

Fig. 22 is a perspective view, partly in section, showing the mounting of a support structure according to the invention on laminated material one layer of which is perforated to receive the support structure, and

Fig. 23 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale of the laminate according to Fig. 22 and the support mounted thereon.

Turning now to Figs. 1 through 5 which show a support structure according to the invention, a perforated sheet or board 1 is mounted on a wall 2. The support structure of the invention does not require an appreciable space between sheet 1 and wall 2 and as a result sheet or board 1 can be mounted flat on wall 2 for instance by simply nailing or screwing the perforated sheet to the wall, a fastening screw 9 being shown. The inherent flexibility of the sheet material between points at which it is nailed or screwed to its supporting wall provides ample space for mounting the support structure.

The support structure according to the invention comthe aperture in which strip 12 is to be fitted.

prises a mounting member 10 and a locking member 11. The mounting member comprises a flexible clip or strip 12 made of suitable springy material such as metal for instance by stamping, and curved about a crosswise or transverse line to have the slight curvature clearly shown in Fig. 2. From the concave side of the spring extends at or near each end thereof a locking element 13. This locking element is shown in the form of a shoe having a leg portion 14 and a terminal portion 15 extending substantially parallel to the plane of strip 12. Each leg portion has preferably a rounded cross section the radius of which corresponds to the radius of The concave sides of the two leg portions 114 face in opposite direction. Shoes 13 are preferably formed so that tongues 12 protrude on each side of the shoe for a purpose which will become evident from the subsequent description. The longitudinal spacing of the shoes and the dimensions thereof are so selected that the shoes including the lateral terminal portions 15 will just fit through any two apertures of the sheet material. Sometimes it may be advantageous to provide a spacing of the shoes such that a slight increase in the curvature of strip 12 is required to fit the shoes through the apertures. In this connection it may be mentioned that the two apertures may be disposed horizontally,

perpendicularly or diagonally. The support according to the invention permits full freedom in that respect. The apertures need not be adjacent, but several apertures may be spanned by strip 12 depending upon the length thereof. As a matter of fact all that is necessary for mounting the support structure of the invention is that there are two apertures through a sheet which fit the spacing of shoes 13.

Mounting strip 12 has on its convex side retaining means which are shown as a pair of longitudinally spaced hoops 16 forced or lanced out of the material of the strip. It is also possible to provide more than two hoops or a single longitudinally elongated hoop.

The locking member 11 is shown as a rod or sufiiciently rigid wire which has a substantially straight portion 17 continued in a portion 18 which may have any configuration suitable for its specific purpose, such as supporting an article. As the configuration of rod portion 18 is not essential for the understanding of the invention it is shown in fragmentary form only. Rod portion 17 may be made of round stock but may also be flattened at 1% to retain the article supporting portion 18 in a fixed angular position relative to the mounting strip 12 and to sheet 1. In order to steady the rod further relative to the mounting member the rod portion 17 is partly flattened to form cars 20 which also limit the depth of insertion of rod portion 17 through hoops 16. Turning now to Fig. 4, this figure shows the mounting of strip 12 in four stages.

Fig. 4A shows as the initial step of the mounting the left hand shoe of strip 12 inserted in a selected aperture. Fig. 4B shows the insertion of the second shoe by applying downward pressure to strip 12 just above the second shoe. If it is found that the spatial distance between the two shoes is slightly wider than the spacing between the two apertures, the second shoe is simply pushed slightly toward the shoe already inserted thereby correspondingly increasing the curvature of strip 12 and correspondingly shortening the spatial distance between the shoes.

Fig. 40 shows both shoes inserted in apertures but not locked in the same. As will be noted, the forward edge of shoe portion 15 is still within the perimeter of the aperture. Fig. 4D shows the completion of the mounting byinserting locking rod 11. Tongues 12 now rest flat upon the sheet material 1.

7 As is evident, the insertion of rod portion 17 through both hoops will force strip 12 from its curved position into a flat position. The flattening of the strip causes a corresponding elongation of the spatial distance between the locking shoes whereby lateral shoe portions are forced into a position underlying the rim of apertures 21 and 22 and the curved leg portion 14 into a position hugging the corresponding wall portions defining apertures 21 and 22. The mounting strip is now safely and positvely locked in apertures 21 and 22 and will remain so locked until the locking rod 11 is withdrawn. At the same time the locking rod is frictionally retained in the hoops by the recoil pressure of springy strip 12.

To release the supporting structure all that is necessary is to withdraw the locking rod. Neither the locking operation nor the release operation of the support requires any tools or mechanical skill on the part of the user,

Fig. 6 shows in three detail figures, A, B and C designs for retaining the locking and article supporting rod 11 in or returning into the right angle position relative to mounting strip 12.

According to Fig. 6A rod portion 17a is considerably flattened thereby positively securing the locking rod agalnst turning.

Fig. 6B shows a more rounded portion 1719 which is flattened for instance by grinding or by a press operation at 25. The design of Fig. 613 permits turning of the rod, but the spring action of hoops 16 in conjunction with the flattened rod portion 25 will tend to return the rod portion into the right angle position, or in other words, the design of Fig. 6B is self-centering.

According to Fig. 6C mounting strip 12a has a raised pip or longitudinal ridge 26 which coacts with a corresponding groove in an otherwise round rod portion 170. The rod in the design of Fig. 6C can be turned by force but it is spring held in the right angle position. The proper right angle position and depth of insertion of the rod will be indicated by an audible click when the pip or ridge engages the groove.

Fig. 7 shows an arrangement in which the locking rod is positively retained within the hoops 16 of the mounting strip. To this end locking rod 30 is shown formed of doubled springy cotter pin wire generally of D-shaped cross section in the manner of a cotter pin. The rod thus formed is undercut near its end at 33, and the tip of the rod is preferably tapered at 34 to facilitate passage of the tip of the rod through the hoops. When the rod is fully pushed home recess 33 will lock with the second or lower hoop 16 whereby the rod becomes positively latched to the mounting strip. In contrast to the previously described arrangements in which the looking rod can be pulled out against the frictional force by which it is retained, the locking rod of Fig. 7 can be removed only by pressing together the two wire or rod portions 31 and 32. Otherwise the function of the support structure according to Fig. 7 is the same as has been previously described and will be evident. It will also be evident that the support structure of Fig. 7 is shock and vibration proof and cannot he accidentally dislodged even by a forceful upward push. The design is thus suitable for use in locations subjected to vibrations such as vehicles or aircraft.

Fig. 8 shows a double mounting strip 35 designed to be mounted in four perforations. Accordingly the strip has four locking elements 13 and four retaining means shown as hoops 16. The details of the locking shoes and retaining means are the same as previously described. The article supporting locking member 36 has accordingly two legs or straight rod portions 37 which are insertable in the hoops to flatten the strip as was previously described. There is no need to secure the locking member 36 against turning, but a pip or ridge 26 coacting with a longitudinal groove 27 as described in connection with Fig. 6C may be provided to secure the locking and support member 36 against dislodgement by an accidental upward push and also to indicate the correct position of member 36 by the aforementioned click. The design is particularly suitable for heavy loads.

Fig. 9 shows a design for fastening two perforated sheets, partition walls or boards having each at least two suitably spaced perforations to each other at a desired angle by means of a structure according to the invention.

According to Fig. 9 two mounting clips 11 of the kind previously described are joined along one edge at 40. The two strips are shown as defining a 90 angle but of course they may define any other desire-d angle. The two strip halves are each secured to the respective sheet or Wall (not shown) by inserting a straight locking rod through hoops 16 as previously described. In this design the looking rod may also be designed and used to support an article but it may also be used only for securing the mounting strips to the perforated sheet, or in other words, in this design the rod may perform its locking function only and not its article supporting function.

The concept of using the locking member as a locking component only rather than as an article supporting component also is carried forward in the subsequent figures although it should be understood that in each design the locking rod may serve both aforementioned functions. According to the design of Fig. 10 the support structure is used to fasten a panel or board 45 to the sheet material. To this end, panel 45 has two apertures 46 and 47 to receive hoops 16. The height of the hoops in this design must of course be such that the part of the hoops protruding from openings 46 and 47 is sufficiently wide to accommodate the straight rod portion 17. As is evident, insertion of rod portion 17 through the protruding hoop parts will flatten mounting strip J12 thereby causing the locking engagement of the locking shoes of strip 12 with the sheet material and the locking rod will press panel 45 against the mounting strip. As a result, the mounting panel is safely and positively locked to the mounting strip and through it to the sheet material 1 until the locking .rod 17 is removed. In this connection it should be mentioned that the length of the rod portion 17 may be such that the rod portion can be inserted through the hoops of several aligned mounting strips.

:Fig. 11 shows an arrangement in which the concept of Fig. 10 is used to mount an implement or appliance flush to a perforated wall which may either be a perpendicular Wall or a horizontal wall upon which the article to be mounted rests or from which it is to be suspended. More specifically, Fig. 11 shows the suspension of the base of a fluorescent lighting fixture 50 from a ceiling 51. For this purpose, the ceiling is shown as having four apertures 52 but may be visualized as a perforated ceiling. The base 53 of the lighting fixture is shown as having in its bottom wall appropriately spaced holes 54 through which protrude the hoops 16 of the two mounting strips 12 of the kind previously described. Two locking rods 55 or a single rod of appropriate length is pushed through the hoops to mount the lighting fixture on the ceiling as has been previously described for the mounting of panel 45. As may be observed, the rods are pushed in sideways thus permitting flush mounting. Instead of rods long screws may be used. The threads in the screws increase friction and make them more difficult to withdraw. If the threads are coarse enough the screws will move properly because the springy hoops form a primitive nut. In other words, the screws are self-retaining All that is necessary to release the lighting fixture from the ceiling is to withdraw rods 55. The only change that need be made in the fixture are holes 54 which may be drilled or punched in the bottom of the base.

In the structure of Fig. 12 the principle of Figs. 10 and 1:1 is used to mount a box or other container to a perforated panel or board 1. Depending upon the weight of the box and its contents one or several mounting strips may be provided. There are shown four mounting strips, only the hoops 16 of which are visible. The mounting strips and thus the box are locked to panel 1 as previously described by the insertion of the locking members in the form of rods or long screws. The locking means for the four pairs ofhoops are shown as a U-shaped rod 61, but individual locking rods may of course also be provided. As is further evident, more or less than two rows of mounting strips may be installed depending upon the weight to be supported as previously mentioned. The structure of Fig. 12 lends itself to quick attachment of motors, switch gear, electrical apparatus, tool boxes, etc., to perforated sheet material. The box and its contents can be equally quickly released from the supporting wall by withdrawal of U-lcck 61.

Fig. 13 shows the utilization of the support structure according to the invention for the attachment of items to flexible material such as canvas, plastic and similar material.

To attach a support to the canvas 62 or similar ilexibie material two appropriately spaced eyelets 63 and 64 are provided in the canvas to give the necessary strength to the material. These eyelets serve the same functions as the perforations in the afore-referred to sheet material. In other words, the canvas or similar material constitutes in effect sheet material within the scope of the present invention. A mounting strip 12 having a pair of locking shoes 13 and retaining means in the form of two hoops 16 is pressed into the eyelets as previously described and secured to the canvas by insertion of the locking rod portion 17. The portion .18 may serve to support articles or may also be designed to constitute an article itself.

As is apparent from an analysis of the previously described exemplifications of the invention the tensile strength with which a locked mounting strip according to the invention resists to being pulled out is determined by the resistance of the shoes against flattening of the lateral shoe portion 15. Figs. 14 and 15 exemplify a further development of the invention which permits a very considerable increase of the tensile strength of a locked mounting strip without increasing the overall dimensions of the support proper. The mounting strip 12 and the locking rod are the same as shown for instance in Fig. 2 and also function in the same manner. The increase in tensile strength is attained by providing a safety means in the form of a strip 65 from which depend two studs 66 secured to the strip by rivet 67 or other suitable means. The spacing of the studs and the diameter thereof are so selected that the studs will fit the two apertures in which the shoes 13 of the mounting strip are inserted as can be clearly seen in Fig. 15. The safety clip is inserted after the shoes of the mounting strip are inserted in the apertures by slipping the safety clip through the hoops. The subsequent insertion of the locking rod will then press down both the safety clip and the mounting strip. As is apparent, the studs effectively resist flattening of the shoes by pull applied to the locking rod.

Tests have shown that the tensile strength is about tripled by the insertion of a safety clip.

In all the previously described figures the retaining means are shown in the form of closed hoops. However, it is not necessary that the retaining means have a closed configuration such as that of hoops. It is only essential that the retaining means are so designed that the insertion of a substantially straight locking member forces the mounting strip from its initial curved configuration into a substantially straight or flat configuration. Accordingly, Fig. 16 shows open retaining means in the form of two longitudinally spaced guide tracks 74 and 71. The guide tracks may be pressed or stamped out directly from the material of strip .12 or, as shown, they may be separated shaped elements secured to strip 12 for instance by any suitable means such as rivets 72 or by spot welding.

The locking member coacting with the guide channels for flattening strip 12 as previously described, is shown as a fiat key 73. -As is evident, insertion of the key in the guide channels will force shoes- 13 into the locking position. Key 73 is preferably provided with a longitudinal slot or indentation -74- engageable with ridge 26 on strip 12. Engagement of the slot and the ridge will indicate by a click the correct positioning of the key and retain the latter within the guide channels. The key may have an attachment for securing articles thereto or it may be used to join two panels or walls in the manner shown in Fig. 9. Furthermore, the open retaining means of Fig. 16 may obviously be used in any of the aforedescribed exemplifications.

In the embodiment of Fig. 16, the retaining means serve a dual purpose. They are formed with raised lips 75 and 76 which constitute guides for a sliding panel. Fig. 17 shows a panel 77 guided by four supports of the kind shown in Fig. 16.

Figs. 18 and 19 show the use of a support of the kind shown in Fig. 16 which is specifically designed for slidably guiding a sliding panel. The mounting strip 12 and the guide lips are the same as those shown in Fig. 16. To facilitate sliding of the panels locking key 73 of Figs. 18 and 19 is doubled over and formed with a center hole 78. The rims of the center hole are bent out in opposite directions at 79 to form a cage for a ball 80. The ball protrudes through a circular hole 81 in strip 12 into an aperture of the sheet material. The doubled over parts of the key are secured together by any suitable means such as rivet 82. As is apparent from Fig. 19, the ball constitutes a simple ball bearing for panel 77. The ball will automatically engage hole 81 and the aperture in sheet 1 when key 7 3 is pushed home.

Fig. 20 show-s retaining means similar to those of Figs. 16 and 18 but formed in a simplified manner by turning over the longitudinal edges of strip 12 to constitute tracks 83. Strip 12 of Fig. 20 is straightened during the locking operation by the insertion of a key 84 in the form of a flat metal frame. This frame may serve to receive as indicated a price tag, a name plate, a display, etc. The inserted tag and key are held in position by the springiness of strip 12.

Fig. 21 shows a support structure similar to those shown in Figs. 16 through 20 in that the retaining means on the convex side of the strip 12 are in the form of guide channels. These guide channels may be separate elements as shown in Figs. 16 and 18, or they may be formed by turning over the longitudinal edges of the strip. Three pairs of track or channel sections, 85, 86 and 87, are shown. The three guide channel pairs may be conveniently produced by turning over the edges along the entire length and then notching the turned over edges to permit straightening of the strip. The locking member 88 is shown as a rod made of fiat stock having a straight portion 89 and a bent-off portion 90 serving as support for articles, or as a bracket for mounting a fixture or other article. The article may be secured on the bracket 90 by any suitable means such as screws passed through holes 91. To increase the rigidity of the bracket, an indentation 92 may be pressed in the bent corner of the locking strip 88. The mounting strip is provided with a raised dimple 93 which engages a hole 94 in strip pontion as when this portion is pressed home.

The special features hereinbefore described can be transferred to fiat-stock fixtures. For example, the double lock shown in Fig. 7 can be paralleled by a flat-stock fixture according to Fig. 21 in which the engagement portion of the fixture is slotted on its center line and provided with two cut-cuts on the sides. if this fixture is inserted, it will operate precisely like Fig. 7. The slotted portion will compress during insertion until the cut-outs engage the lower hoop and are retained therein. Conversely, removal requires compression of the slotted portion which disengages the two cut-outs.

In all aforedescribed embodiments of the invention, it has been assumed that the perforated sheet material is secured flat for instance by nailing or screwing to a supporting wall and that the inherent flexibility of the said material provides the required space for shoe part 15. As is evident, the required space is not more than the thickness of the metal of strip 13, or more specifically of shoe portion 15. Due to this minimal space requirement behind the sheet material, the same may constitute one layer of a laminate 95. Figs. 22 and 23 show a twolayer laminate. Layer 96 is perforated and layer 97 constitutes a solid wall. The two layers are bonded to each other by any suitable means and the space required for shoe portion is provided by countersinking apertures in layer 96 to form a shallow recess 98 which is engaged by shoe part 15 when the support is locked to the laminate as is shown in Fig. 23.

The support structure shown mounted in Fig. 22 is the one of Figs. 2 and 3, but obviously the other exemplified designs can also be used.

The possibility of mounting support structures according to the invention on laminate according to Figs. 22 and 23 affords the advantage that both the perforated wall and the supporting wall, which may be visualized as an outer wall or a partition wall of a building structure, can be erected simultaneously.

While the invention has been described in detail with respect to certain now preferred examples and embodiments of the invention it will be understood by those skilled in .the art after understanding the invention that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and it is intended, therefore, to cover all such changes and modifications in the appended claims.

What is' claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

l. A support structure for releasable attachment to perforated sheet material, comprising a curved springy mounting member, two locking elements depending from the concave side of said member spaced in the direction of the curvature thereof by a distance corresponding to the spacing of two perforations in the sheet material, each of said locking elements fitting through one of said perforations, retaining means on the convex side of said curved member located on both sides of the apex of the curvature thereof and including a keying portion, and a rigid locking member having a curvature less than that of the mounting member and a length at least equal to that of the retaining means in the direction of the curvature, said mounting member being lengthwise slidable into said retaining means from one end thereof and across the apex of the curvature, insertion of the locking member in said retaining means forcing the curved mounting member into a more flattened position and retaining the same in said position, thereby increasing the spatial distance between said locking element-s to lock the same in said two perforations.

2. A support structure for releasable attachment to perforated sheet material, comprising a flexible mounting strip curved about a transverse line, a pair of locking elements depending from the concave side of said strip in longitudinally spaced relationship, said locking elements fitting the spacing vbetween the two perforations of said sheet material, retaining means on the convex side of said strip including a keying portion and defining a curved guide path substantially matching the convex curvature of the strip and extending across the apex thereof, and a rigid locking member of less curvature insertable in said guide path from one end thereof and having a length at least equal to that of the guide path, insertion of the locking member in said curved guide path forcing the strip into a more flattened configuration thereby correspondingly increasing the spatial distance between said locking elements, said increase locking-the locking elements in said perforations of the sheet material.

3. A support structure for releasable attachment to perforated sheet material, comprising a mounting strip curved about a transverse line, a pair of locking shoes on the concave side of the strip in longitudinally spaced relationship, each of said shoes having a depending leg portion and a terminal portion extending in the longitudinal direction of the strip, said two terminal portions facing in opposite direction and being insertable in two apertures in said sheet material in the curved condition of the strip, retaining means on the convex side of the strip including a keying portion and defining a curved guide path substantially matching the convex curvature of the strip and extending across the apex of said curvature, and a rigid locking member having a length at least equal to that of the guide path and a curvature less than that of the guide path, said mounting member being slidably insertable in said guide path from one end thereof, insertion of the locking member in said guide path forcing said strip into a more flattened configuration thereby correspondingly increasing the spatial distance between said shoes, said increase causing said terminal shoe portions to underlie the rims of the respective apertures, thereby locking the strip to the sheet material and frictionally retaining the locking member in the retaining means.

4. A support structure for releasable attachment to perforated sheet material comprising a springy mounting strip curved about a transverse line, a pair of locking shoes on the concave of the strip, each of said shoes being in the form of a depending L-element, the lateral branches of the elements extending in opposite direction, said shoe being longitudinally spaced to fit two apertures of said sheet material, retaining means on the convex side of the strip including a keying portion and forming a longitudinal guide path substantially following the convex curvature of the strip and extending across the apex of the curvature, and a rigid locking member of less curvature insertable in said guide path from one end thereof, insertion of said locking member in said guide path forcing said strip into a more flattened configuration, thereby correspondingly increasing the spatial distance between said shoes, said increase causing: said lateral branches to underlie the rim of the respective apertures whereby the mounting strip is locked to the sheet material and the locking member is frictionally retained in the retaining means.

5. A support structure according to claim 4 wherein said apertures in the sheet material are circular and the depending branches of said locking elements have a correspondingly rounded cross section, the concave sides of said branches facing each other.

6. A support structure according to claim 4 wherein said retaining means comprises two longitudinally spaced hoops of substantially equal height relative .to the strip.

7. A support structure according to claim 4 wherein said retaining means comprise longitudinally extended keying guide channels substantially matching the curvature of said strip.

8. A support structure according to claim 7 wherein said guide channels are formed by two laterally spaced tracks, each having an inwardly turned portion.

9. A support structure according to claim 8 wherein said tracks comprise two longitudinally spaced sections.

10. A support structure according to claim 7 wherein said tracks have raised lips for supporting 'therebetween a plate member.

11. A support structure according to claim 3 and further comprising a safety member having depending protrusions fitting said two perforations in the sheet material also engaged by said terminal portions of the shoes when inserted in the perforations.

12. A support structure according to claim 11 wherein said safety member comprises a strip having two longitudinally spaced depending studs, said studs being in sertable between said mounting strip and said locking member.

13. A support structure for releasable attachment to perforated sheet material comprising a flexible mounting strip curved about a transverse line, a pair of locking eiements depending from the concave side of said strip in longitudinally spaced relationship, said locking elements fitting the spacing between two perforations of said sheet material, retaining means on the convex side of said strip including a keying portion and defining a curved elongated guide path substantial-1y matching the curvature of the strip and extending across the apex of the curvature and a rigid locking rod having a substantially straight portion insertable into said retaining means from one end thereof and having a length at least equal to that of the guide path, insertion of the straight rod portion in said curved guide path forcing the strip into a substantially flat configuration thereby correspondingly increasing the spatial distance between said locking elements, said increase locking the locking elements in said perforations of the sheet material.

14. A support structure for releasable attachment to perforated sheet material, comprising a mounting strip curved about a transverse line, a pair of locking shoes on the concave side of the strip in longitudinally spaced relationship, each. of said shoes having a depending leg portion and a terminal portion extending in the longitudinal direction of the strip, said two terminal portions facing in opposite direction and fitting through two apertures in said sheet material in the curved condition of the strip, each of said retaining means having a keying portion, two longitudinally spaced retaining means on the convex side of said strip, and a locking rod having a portion of less curvature and of a length spanning both said retaining means, said portion being insertable in said two retaining means, insertion of the rod portion in said retaining means forcing said strip into a more flattened configuration thereby correspondingly increasing the spatial distance between said shoes, said increase causing said terminal shoe portions to occupy positions underlying the rims of the respective apertures thereby locking the strip to the sheet material and frictionally retaining the locking rod in said retaining means.

15. A support structure according to claim 13, wherein said rod portion includes means engageable with said mounting member to prevent longitudinal pivoting of the rod relative to the mounting strip.

16. A support structure according to claim 15, wherein said rod portion has lateral protrusions resting upon the mounting strip when the rod is inserted in said retaining means.

17. A support structure according to claim 15, wherein said rod portion has a plane surface engageable with the adjacent side of the mounting strip when inserted in the retaining means.

18. A support structure according to claim 14, wherein said rod portion and said mounting strip have a protrusion and an indentation respectively engaging each other.

19. A support structure according to claim .13, wherein said rod portion comprises a springy latch portion engageable with said retaining means for a substantially vibration proof releasable retention of the rod by the retaining means.

20. An assembly for supporting an article on perforated sheet material, said assembly comprising, in combination, a flexible mounting strip curved about a transverse line, a pair of locking elements depending from the concave side of said strip in longitudinally spaced relationship, said locking elements fitting the spacing between two perforations of said sheet material, retaining means on the convex side of the strip, a locking member having a substantially straight portion insertable in said retaining means, insertion of said member portion in the retaining means forcing said strip into a substantially straight configuration thereby correspondingly elongating the spatial distance between said locking elements, said elongation causing locking of the locking elements in said two perforations in the sheet material; ai'id an article having a wall portion including two openings spaced to receivesaid retaining means protruding through the openings whereby passage of said straight member portion through the protruding retaining means locks said mounting strip to the sheet material and said wall portion to the mounting strip. v

21. An article supporting structure comprising, incombination, a laminate mounting board including, bonding together a solid layer and a perforated layer, said perforated lay'er including apertures countersunk on the side facing the solid layer, a mounting strip curved about a transverse line, a pair of locking shoes on the concave side of the strip in longitudinally spaced relationship, each of said shoes having a depending leg portion and a terminal portion extending in the longitudinal direction of the strip, said terminal portions facing in opposite direction and being insertable in two apertures in said perforated layer in the curved condition of the strip, retaining means on the convex side of the strip defining a curved guide path substantially matching the convex curvature of the strip, and a substantially straight locking member insertable in said guide path, insertion of the locking member in said guide path forcing said strip into a substantially straight configuration thereby correspondingly increasing the spatial distance between said shoes, said increase causing said terminal shoe portions to underlie the rims of the respective apertures thereby looking the strip to the mounting board and frictionally retaining the locking member in the retaining means.

22. A mounting member for an article supporting structure releasa'bly attachable to perforated sheet material, said mounting member comprising a curved flexible mounting strip, two locking elements depending from the concave side of said strip, spaced in the direction of the curvature thereof, said locking elements being adapted to be inserted in two perforations of said sheet material, and retaining means on the convex side of said curved member including a keying portion and extending in the direction of the curvature across the apex thereof, said retairiing means being adapted to receive and retain a less curved locking member of the support structure.

23. A mounting member for an article upporting structure releasably attachable to perforated sheet material, said mounting member comprising a flexible mounting strip curved about a transverse line, a pair of locking shoes on the concave side of the strip in longitudinally spaced relationship, each of said shoes having a depending leg portion and a lateral terminal portion, said terminal portions facing in opposite direction, and retaining means on the convex side of the strip including a keying portion and defining an curved guide path substaritially matching the convex curvature of the strip, said guide path being adapted to receive and retain a less. curved locking member of the support structure.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 9,203 Shaw c- Aug. 13, 1852 1,839,293 Boyce Jan. 5, 1932 2,087,141 Farrar July 13, 193.7 2,400,666 Tinnerrnan May 21, 1946 2,462,622 Farrow Feb. 22, 1949 2,532,162 Goss Nov. 28, 1950 2,580,849 Schwartz Jan. 1, 1952 2,797,817 Shugarman July 2, 1957 2,817,131 Seegers Dec, 24, 19 57 FOREIGN PATENTS 493,063 Canada May 19, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US9203 *Aug 17, 1852 Bedstead-fastening
US1839293 *Oct 24, 1929Jan 5, 1932Colton Boyce EdwardArticle support
US2087141 *Sep 22, 1932Jul 13, 1937Union Carbide & Carbon CorpCabinet for fuel gas cylinders
US2400666 *Dec 11, 1943May 21, 1946Tinnerman Products IncFastening device
US2462622 *Sep 4, 1946Feb 22, 1949Philco CorpMounting means for vacuum tubes
US2532162 *Jan 9, 1948Nov 28, 1950James W GossObject supporting means
US2580849 *May 2, 1949Jan 1, 1952Schwartz Fred JEngaging and holding means for drapery headings and the like
US2797817 *Apr 1, 1955Jul 2, 1957Vaco Products CoDisplay and storage rack
US2817131 *Sep 4, 1953Dec 24, 1957Illinois Tool WorksPanel fastener
CA493063A *May 19, 1953Robert L BrownFastener
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3170028 *Dec 24, 1962Feb 16, 1965Otten Bernard JAdjustable electrical box and plate
US3189129 *Oct 4, 1962Jun 15, 1965Bendix CorpBrake shoe retainer
US3198469 *Mar 2, 1964Aug 3, 1965Callanan Robert A EHook mountable in an apertured panel
US3203059 *Jan 22, 1963Aug 31, 1965United Carr IncFastener clip member
US3211510 *Jan 14, 1965Oct 12, 1965Ronthor Reiss CorpDrawer guide and system
US3214127 *Sep 3, 1963Oct 26, 1965Jackson John EHanger for a suspended ceiling
US3229239 *Feb 16, 1960Jan 11, 1966Modrey Henry JSupport structure for supporting articles on perforated sheet material
US3245645 *Mar 10, 1965Apr 12, 1966Dupler Raymond RHanger assembly
US3319922 *Jul 22, 1965May 16, 1967Buckhorn CorpTrophy mount
US3516552 *Jan 29, 1968Jun 23, 1970Masonite CorpArticle support system and fixture
US3516634 *Jan 29, 1968Jun 23, 1970Masonite CorpFixture assembly for perforated panel
US3664510 *Apr 16, 1970May 23, 1972Eitra CorpCard cage for printed circuit cards
US3677415 *Sep 17, 1970Jul 18, 1972Ready Metal Mfg CoCantilever merchandise support
US3921812 *Dec 22, 1972Nov 25, 1975Products Inc EnterpriseSupporting device
US3934901 *Nov 29, 1974Jan 27, 1976Hammerly Robert CQuick release mud flap hanger assembly for trucks and trailers
US4043754 *Jun 28, 1976Aug 23, 1977J. Sklar Mfg. Co., Inc.Instrument sterilizing pin
US4150381 *May 4, 1977Apr 17, 1979Verini Anthony JMounting assembly for automobile antenna
US4332052 *Jun 13, 1978Jun 1, 1982Presto Lock Company, Division Of Walter Kidde & Company, Inc.Support assembly for luggage
US4389133 *Mar 9, 1981Jun 21, 1983Acorn Corrugated Box Co.Plastic connectors for corrugated material
US4414121 *Dec 14, 1981Nov 8, 1983Shell Oil CompanyAqueous lubricating compositions
US5664754 *Apr 2, 1996Sep 9, 1997Hilti AktiengesellschaftHanging device
US9486913 *Apr 7, 2009Nov 8, 2016Ironsides Storage Solutions, LlcFastener and storage systems
US20040045815 *Sep 10, 2003Mar 11, 2004Skydon Corp.Modified electrolysis cell and a housing for the same
US20090249592 *Apr 7, 2009Oct 8, 2009Ironsides Storage Solutions, LlcFastener and storage systems
US20140144006 *Nov 26, 2012May 29, 2014Brand Services LlcLadder ring cage
US20150211549 *Jul 26, 2013Jul 30, 2015Andrey Yurievich YazykovAuto pump bracket
EP0667423A1 *Jan 5, 1995Aug 16, 1995HILTI AktiengesellschaftHanging device
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/376, 248/223.41, 248/224.7, 403/408.1, 248/221.11
International ClassificationF16B9/02, F16B5/06, F16B2/24, F16B5/12, G09F3/20
Cooperative ClassificationF16B2/241, F16B5/125, F16B5/0685, G09F3/20, F16B9/023
European ClassificationF16B5/12F4, F16B2/24B, G09F3/20, F16B9/02B, F16B5/06C